TG&Y

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TG&Y
Variety store chain
Industry Retail sales
Fate Defunct
Founded 1935
Founder Rawdon E. Tomlinson, Enoch L. "Les" Gosselin, and Raymond A. Young
Defunct 2001
Headquarters Oklahoma City, United States
Owner McCrory Stores, Inc. (1986 - 2001)
Parent McCrory Stores, Inc. (1986 - 2001)

TG&Y was a five and dime, or variety store, chain in the United States. At its peak, there were more than 900 stores in 29 states. Starting out during the Great Depression in rural areas and eventually moving into cities, TG&Y stores were firmly embedded in southern culture as modern-day general stores with a bit of everything, and often called "Turtles, Girdles and Yoyos," "Toys, Games and Yoyos," and other irreverent monikers. The chain used the advertising slogan, "Your best buy is at TG&Y."[1] The founders articulated their business philosophy as, "...have what people want at a price they can afford to pay,"[2]

History[edit]

Founded in 1935, the chain was headquartered in Oklahoma City and named for its three founders: Rawdon E. Tomlinson, Enoch L. "Les" Gosselin, and Raymond A. Young. The three men each owned separate variety stores in Oklahoma when they met at a trade show in 1932.[a] In 1935, the three pooled their financial resources to form the Central Merchandising Corporation and built a warehouse in Oklahoma City, allowing their stores to buy merchandise in bulk directly from manufacturers, instead of through wholesalers. They opened their first jointly-owned store in 1936.[2] The owners' initials were ordered according to the ages of the three, with Tomlinson being the oldest.[3][4] Raymond Young, the only partner remaining with the chain, oversaw operations until his retirement in 1970.[5]{{efn|Tomlinson died in 1947 and Gosselin died in 1977.[6]

In 1957 TG&Y was acquired by Butler Brothers of Chicago, with the stipulation that Young's leadership remain unchanged. After Young's retirement, leadership changed frequently.[5] By this time, there were 127 retail stores. By 1960, the entire TG&Y operation had become a wholly owned subsidiary of City Products, a Chicago based company which already operated other variety stores. In 1966, Household Finance Corporation (HFC) acquired City Products.[2]

In 1975 David Green left a supervisor job at TG&Y to open the second location in what would become the Hobby Lobby chain of arts and crafts stores, also based in Oklahoma City.[7]

In 1986, when it had about 920 stores, TG&Y was acquired by competitor McCrory Stores.[4] McCrory was a division of Rapid-American Corporation, a holding company that owned several retail chains. At the time, Rapid-American was solely owned by businessman and money manager Meshulam Riklis.[8]

At its peak, the chain had nearly 1000 stores in 29 states, from Florida to California.

Demise[edit]

After its heyday in the 1960s, unsuccessful attempts were made to expand and rebrand TG&Y under the trade names, TG&Y Dollar, Aim for the Best, and Dollar-T. By March 1986, McCrory announced that it would sell about 200 of the 743 T. G.& Y. operations it had so recently acquired.[9] Shortly after acquiring the struggling chain, McCrory's cut over 8,000 TG&Y employees and closed 205 stores, including 23 in its former home state of Oklahoma.[10]

Ultimately, over 36,000 TG&Y employees were displaced. Many went to work for Walmart, helping fuel their remarkable growth resulting from TG&Y vacating thriving markets. TG&Y and Walmart historically avoided locating in the same market and with TG&Y Stores out of the picture, there was no such restraint. Others found employment with Hobby Lobby, headed by former TG&Y associate David Green. History shows that Walmart and Hobby Lobby both benefited greatly from this.

In 2001 TG&Y's owner McCrory Stores filed bankruptcy and all stores were eventually closed.[5] Raymond Young, the youngest and last survivor of the three founders, died in the same year.[2]

Legacy[edit]

In January, 2014, the Chisholm Trail Museum of Kingfisher, Oklahoma put on an exhibit commemorating the TG&Y chain, featuring music, merchandise and other displays from its "golden era." The Kingfisher store had opened in 1927. Adam Lynn, museum director, was evidently surprised by the popularity of the exhibit, which had been scheduled to run only through March. He said that over one thousand former employees from as far away as Kansas and Texas had visited this exhibit, which the museum had extended until August of that year. He noted that all the former employees had expressed that they loved working at the store and that they would have continued working there until retirement if the company had not gone out of business.[6] The museum later decided to make the exhibit permanent, and won the "Leadership in History Award of Merit" from the American Association for State and Local History.[11]

A former TG&Y manager, Tom Clinton, decided to open a new version of the old store on January 6, 2013, in Sapulpa, Oklahoma. His opportunity arose when he learned in 2001 that the last TG&Y had closed. He bought the name. He was able to buy a former Drug Warehouse building, which provided 12,000 square feet (1,100 m2) of space. His emphasis is on craft items and household goods, but aisles display food products, toys, pet supplies, stationery, yarn, ceramics, tools and hardware, and health and beauty aids.[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tomlinson's operations had been based in Frederick, Oklahoma, Gosselin's in Cordell, Oklahoma and Young's in Kingfisher, Oklahoma.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Variety in Store" SLICE Magazine, retrieved March 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e Wilson, Linda D. "T.G.&Y. Stores." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed August 2, 2017.
  3. ^ "Say goodbye to TG&Y". Journal Record, The (Oklahoma City). 2001-12-03. Retrieved 2017-07-06. (Subscription required (help)).
  4. ^ a b "T.G.&Y. STORES". okhistory.org. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Lackmeyer, Steve (2009-01-27). "The Demise of TG&Y". OKC History. Archived from the original on 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  6. ^ a b Griffin, Andrew W. "TG&Y exhibit in Kingfisher a reminder of variety store chain's golden era." Red Dirt Report. April 22, 2014. Accessed August 3, 2017.
  7. ^ "Hobby Lobby's history". The Oklahoman. 2003-10-23. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  8. ^ Belkin, Lisa. "Rapid-American to buy T.G.&Y. Store Chain." New York Times. December 27, 1985. Accessed August 3, 2017.
  9. ^ Groves, Martha. "McCrory to Sell or Convert 700 TG&Y Stores." Los Angeles Times. March 8, 1986. Accessed August 3, 2017.
  10. ^ ""8,000 TG&Y Employees Terminated by McCrory / 2,000 Cut in State since Purchase" by Carter, Kim - THE JOURNAL RECORD, September 5, 1986 - Online Research Library: Questia".
  11. ^ "Kingfisher museum wins national award for TG&Y exhibit." Enid News. June 10, 2015. Accessed August 3, 2017.
  12. ^ Blossom, Debbie. "A store from before." Tulsa World. March 28, 2003. Accessed August 3, 2017.

External links[edit]