TGF beta receptor 1

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Transforming growth factor, beta receptor 1
Protein TGFBR1 PDB 1b6c.png
PDB rendering based on 1b6c.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Symbols TGFBR1 ; AAT5; ACVRLK4; ALK-5; ALK5; ESS1; LDS1; LDS1A; LDS2A; MSSE; SKR4; TGFR-1; tbetaR-I
External IDs OMIM190181 MGI98728 HomoloGene3177 ChEMBL: 4439 GeneCards: TGFBR1 Gene
EC number
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 7046 21812
Ensembl ENSG00000106799 ENSMUSG00000007613
UniProt P36897 Q64729
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001130916 NM_009370
RefSeq (protein) NP_001124388 NP_033396
Location (UCSC) Chr 9:
99.1 – 99.15 Mb
Chr 4:
47.35 – 47.41 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Transforming growth factor, beta receptor I (activin A receptor type II-like kinase, 53kDa) is a TGF beta receptor. TGFBR1 is its human gene.


The protein encoded by this gene forms a heteromeric complex with type II TGF-β receptors when bound to TGF-β, transducing the TGF-β signal from the cell surface to the cytoplasm. The encoded protein is a serine/threonine protein kinase. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Loeys–Dietz aortic aneurysm syndrome (LDS, LDAS).[1]


TGF beta receptor 1 has been shown to interact with:


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Entrez Gene: TGFBR1 transforming growth factor, beta receptor I (activin A receptor type II-like kinase, 53kDa)". 
  2. ^ a b Razani B, Zhang XL, Bitzer M, von Gersdorff G, Böttinger EP, Lisanti MP (Mar 2001). "Caveolin-1 regulates transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta/SMAD signaling through an interaction with the TGF-beta type I receptor". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 276 (9): 6727–38. doi:10.1074/jbc.M008340200. PMID 11102446. 
  3. ^ Guerrero-Esteo M, Sanchez-Elsner T, Letamendia A, Bernabeu C (Aug 2002). "Extracellular and cytoplasmic domains of endoglin interact with the transforming growth factor-beta receptors I and II". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 277 (32): 29197–209. doi:10.1074/jbc.M111991200. PMID 12015308. 
  4. ^ Barbara NP, Wrana JL, Letarte M (Jan 1999). "Endoglin is an accessory protein that interacts with the signaling receptor complex of multiple members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 274 (2): 584–94. PMID 9872992. 
  5. ^ Wang T, Donahoe PK, Zervos AS (Jul 1994). "Specific interaction of type I receptors of the TGF-beta family with the immunophilin FKBP-12". Science 265 (5172): 674–6. PMID 7518616. 
  6. ^ Liu F, Ventura F, Doody J, Massagué J (Jul 1995). "Human type II receptor for bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs): extension of the two-kinase receptor model to the BMPs". Molecular and Cellular Biology 15 (7): 3479–86. PMC 230584. PMID 7791754. 
  7. ^ Kawabata M, Imamura T, Miyazono K, Engel ME, Moses HL (Dec 1995). "Interaction of the transforming growth factor-beta type I receptor with farnesyl-protein transferase-alpha". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 270 (50): 29628–31. PMID 8530343. 
  8. ^ Wrighton KH, Lin X, Feng XH (Jul 2008). "Critical regulation of TGFbeta signaling by Hsp90". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105 (27): 9244–9. doi:10.1073/pnas.0800163105. PMC 2453700. PMID 18591668. 
  9. ^ Mochizuki T, Miyazaki H, Hara T, Furuya T, Imamura T, Watabe T, Miyazono K (Jul 2004). "Roles for the MH2 domain of Smad7 in the specific inhibition of transforming growth factor-beta superfamily signaling". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 279 (30): 31568–74. doi:10.1074/jbc.M313977200. PMID 15148321. 
  10. ^ Asano Y, Ihn H, Yamane K, Kubo M, Tamaki K (Jan 2004). "Impaired Smad7-Smurf-mediated negative regulation of TGF-beta signaling in scleroderma fibroblasts". The Journal of Clinical Investigation 113 (2): 253–64. doi:10.1172/JCI16269. PMC 310747. PMID 14722617. 
  11. ^ Koinuma D, Shinozaki M, Komuro A, Goto K, Saitoh M, Hanyu A, Ebina M, Nukiwa T, Miyazawa K, Imamura T, Miyazono K (Dec 2003). "Arkadia amplifies TGF-beta superfamily signalling through degradation of Smad7". The EMBO Journal 22 (24): 6458–70. doi:10.1093/emboj/cdg632. PMC 291827. PMID 14657019. 
  12. ^ Kavsak P, Rasmussen RK, Causing CG, Bonni S, Zhu H, Thomsen GH, Wrana JL (Dec 2000). "Smad7 binds to Smurf2 to form an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets the TGF beta receptor for degradation". Molecular Cell 6 (6): 1365–75. PMID 11163210. 
  13. ^ Hayashi H, Abdollah S, Qiu Y, Cai J, Xu YY, Grinnell BW, Richardson MA, Topper JN, Gimbrone MA, Wrana JL, Falb D (Jun 1997). "The MAD-related protein Smad7 associates with the TGFbeta receptor and functions as an antagonist of TGFbeta signaling". Cell 89 (7): 1165–73. PMID 9215638. 
  14. ^ a b Datta PK, Moses HL (May 2000). "STRAP and Smad7 synergize in the inhibition of transforming growth factor beta signaling". Molecular and Cellular Biology 20 (9): 3157–67. PMC 85610. PMID 10757800. 
  15. ^ Griswold-Prenner I, Kamibayashi C, Maruoka EM, Mumby MC, Derynck R (Nov 1998). "Physical and functional interactions between type I transforming growth factor beta receptors and Balpha, a WD-40 repeat subunit of phosphatase 2A". Molecular and Cellular Biology 18 (11): 6595–604. PMC 109244. PMID 9774674. 
  16. ^ Datta PK, Chytil A, Gorska AE, Moses HL (Dec 1998). "Identification of STRAP, a novel WD domain protein in transforming growth factor-beta signaling". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 273 (52): 34671–4. PMID 9856985. 
  17. ^ Ebner R, Chen RH, Lawler S, Zioncheck T, Derynck R (Nov 1993). "Determination of type I receptor specificity by the type II receptors for TGF-beta or activin". Science 262 (5135): 900–2. PMID 8235612. 
  18. ^ Oh SP, Seki T, Goss KA, Imamura T, Yi Y, Donahoe PK, Li L, Miyazono K, ten Dijke P, Kim S, Li E (Mar 2000). "Activin receptor-like kinase 1 modulates transforming growth factor-beta 1 signaling in the regulation of angiogenesis". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97 (6): 2626–31. PMC 15979. PMID 10716993. 
  19. ^ Kawabata M, Chytil A, Moses HL (Mar 1995). "Cloning of a novel type II serine/threonine kinase receptor through interaction with the type I transforming growth factor-beta receptor". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 270 (10): 5625–30. PMID 7890683. 

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