TICAD Delegations are those attending the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD), which is a conference held every five years in Japan with the objective "to promote high-level policy dialogue between African leaders and development partners." The first four of these conferences were held in Tokyo; and the fifth one was held in nearby Yokohama.
TICAD has been an evolving element in Japan's long-term commitment to fostering peace and stability in Africa through collaborative partnerships. The exchange of views amongst the conference delegates serves to underscore the case for more, not less assistance from the major world economies.
The TICAD conferences were intended to help to promote high-level policy dialogue amongst African leaders and their development partners.
- 1 TICAD-I (1993)
- 2 TICAD-II (1998)
- 2.1 African Countries
- 2.2 Asian Countries
- 2.3 Donor Countries
- 2.4 International Organisations
- 2.5 Co-organizers
- 2.6 Observers (Countries)
- 2.7 Observers (International Organisation)
- 2.8 Observers (Regional Organisations)
- 2.9 Observers (NGOs)
- 2.10 Observers (Japanese Organisations)
- 2.11 Observers (Others)
- 3 TICAD-III (2003)
- 4 Ministers and others
- 5 TICAD-IV (2008)
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Delegations from 48 African nations participated in the conference, including four heads of state:
- Democratic and People's Republic of Algeria, Slim Tahar Debagha
- People's Republic of Angola, Armando Mateus Cadete
- Republic of Benin, Nicéphore Soglo, President -- Benin Head of State
- Republic of Botswana, G.K.T. Chiepe
- Burkina-Faso, Blaise Compaore, President -- Burkina Faso Head of State
- Republic of Burundi, Bernard Ciza
- Republic of Cameroon, Augustin Frederic Kodock
- Republic of Cape Verde, José Tomás Wahnon de Carvalho Veiga
- Central African Republic, Thierry Bingaba
- Republic of Chad, Ibni Oumar Mahamat Saleh
- Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros, Caabi El Yachrouti Mohamed
- Republic of Congo, Benjamin Bounkoulou
- Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, Daniel Kablan Duncan
- Republic of Djibouti, Abdou Bolok Abdou
- Arab Republic of Egypt, Said Rifaat
- Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Faustino Nguema Esono
- State of Eritrea, Haile Woldense
- Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Duri Mohammed
- Gabonese Republic, Jean Mindoumbi
- Republic of the Gambia, Bakary Bunja Dabo
- Republic of Ghana, Jerry John Rawlings, President -- Ghana Head of State
- Republic of Guinea, Ibrahima Sylla
- Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Nelson Gomez Dias
- Republic of Kenya, George Saitoti
- Kingdom of Lesotho, Selometsi Baholo
- Republic of Madagascar, Ramarozaka Maurice
- Republic of Malawi, L.J. Chimango
- Republic of Mali, Mahamar Oumar Maiga
- Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Taki Ould Sidi
- Republic of Mauritius, Nababsing Paramhamsa
- Kingdom of Morocco, Rachidi El Rhezouani
- Republic of Mozambique, Pascoal Manuel Mocumbi
- Republic of Namibia, Hidipo L. Hamutenya
- Republic of Niger, Abdoulkarimou Seyni
- Federal Republic of Nigeria, Isaac Aluko-Olokun
- Republic of Rwanda, Rucogoza Faustin
- Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, Mateus Meira Rita
- Republic of Senegal, Papa Ousmane Sakho
- Republic of Seychelles, Danielle de St. Jorre
- Republic of Sierra Leone, Karefa A.F. Kargbo
- Kingdom of Swaziland, A.P. Mkhonza
- United Republic of Tanzania, John Samuel Malecela
- Republic of Togo, Yanja Yenchabre
- Republic of Tunisia, Hannichi Salah
- Republic of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni, President -- Uganda Head of State
- Republic of Zaire, Gbiamango Yewawa
- Republic of Zambia, Ronald Penza
- Republic of Zimbabwe, Nathan M. Shamuyarira
Representatives from twelve developed countries participated in the conference. A delegation from what was then known as the Commission of the European Communities was also attended.
- Kingdom of Belgium, Eric Drtyce
- Canada, Huguette Labelle
- Kingdom of Denmark, Helle Degn
- French Republic, Antoine Pouilleute
- Federal Republic of Germany, Harald Ganns
- Republic of Italy, Carmelo Azzará
- Kingdom of the Netherlands, Roland van den Berg
- Kingdom of Norway, Randi Krumsvik Bendiksen
- Portuguese Republic, Jose Briosa e Gala
- Kingdom of Sweden, Alf T. Samuelsson
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Lynda Chalker, Baroness Chalker of Wallasey
- United States of America, George Moose
- European Commission (formerly known as the Commission of the European Communities), Peter Pooley
Observers from 17 nations were accredited at the conference; and these included:
- Commonwealth of Australia, Geoffrey Miller
- Republic of Austria, Johannes Skriwan
- Republic of Brazil, Paulo Pires do Rio
- People's Republic of China, Sun Guangxiang
- Republic of Finland, Gien Lindolm
- Hellenic Republic, Vassilios Tolois
- Republic of Hungary, István Rácz
- Republic of Indonesia, Poedji Koentarso
- Republic of Ireland, James Anthony Sharkey
- Republic of Korea, Park Jay Son
- Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, François Bremer
- Malaysia, Datuk H.M. Khatib
- Romania, Tatiana Isticioaia
- Russian Federation, Sergei Krilov
- Republic of South Africa, D.W. Auret
- Kingdom of Spain, Francisco Javier Jimenez de Gregorio
- Swiss Confederation, Peter Reinhardt
Observers (International Organizations)
Observers (NGOs and Others)
Observers from eleven non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and others were amongst the participants at this conference, including:
- African American Institute, Vivian Lowery Derryck
- NGO Forum "Africa Now", Yoko Ozeki
- African National Congress (South Africa), Jerry Matsila
- Africa Watch, William Carmichael
- CARE (relief) (Japan), Kiyohisa Mikanagi
- Carter Center, Richard Joseph
- Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, Mark Hughes
- Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA), Nick Christodoulou
- South-North Development Institute, Roberto Mizrahi
- Synergos Institute, Peggy Dulany
- Trust for Peace and Prosperity in South and Southern Africa (TPPSSA), Robert Tusenius
Observers (Japanese Organizations)
Observers from five Japanese organizations were participants in the conference, including:
- Japan Export-Import Bank (JEXIM), Kenji Hashimoto
- Institute Developing Economies (IDE), Takehiko Haraguchi
- Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Koichi Kobayashi
- Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Takeshi Kagami
- Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF), Shunro Kageyama
TICAD-II discussed poverty reduction in Africa and Africa's fuller integration into the global economy. in 1998. This conference produced the "Tokyo Agenda for Action" (TAA), which was intended to become a commonly understood strategic- and action-oriented set of guidelines. Ideas proposed at TICAD-II were also taken up by the G8 in the creation of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Delegations from 51 African nations participated in the conference, including eight heads of state:
- Democratic and People's Republic of Algeria, Boudjemaa Delmi
- Repùblica de Angola, António Domingos Pitra Costa Neto
- République du Bénin, Mathieu Kérékou, Président -- Benin Head of State
- Republic of Botswana, Festus Mogae, President -- Botswana Head of State
- Burkina-Faso, Blaise Compaore, Président -- Burkina Faso Head of State
- République du Burundi, Célestin Niyongabo
- Republique du Cameroun, Justin Nidoro
- Repùblica de Cabo Verde, Jose Luis Jesus
- République Centrafricaine, Jean Mete-Yapende
- République du Tchad, Mahamat Saleh Annaadif
- République Fédérale Islamique des Comoros, Salim H. Himidi
- République du Congo, Rodolphe Adada
- République Démocratique du Congo, Badimanyi Mulumba
- République de Côte d'Ivoire, Kablan Duncan Daniel
- République de Djibouti, Hassan Gouled Aptidon, Président -- Djibouti Head of State
- Arab Republic of Egypt, Ibrahim Ali Hassan
- República de Guinea Ecuatorial, Teresa Efua Asangono
- State of Eritrea, Berhane Abreche
- Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi
- République Gabonaise, Vincent Boulé
- Republic of The Gambia, Famara Jatta
- Republic of Ghana, Jerry John Rawlings, President -- Ghana Head of State
- République de Guinée, Mamadou Cellou Diallo
- República da Guinée-Bissau, Issufo Sanha
- Republic of Kenya, A. Godana
- Kingdom of Lesotho, L. V. Ketso
- Republic of Liberia, Monie R. Captan
- Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Saad M. Mujber
- République de Madagascar, Lila Ratsifandrihamanana
- Republic of Malaŵi, Cassim Chilumpha
- République du Mali, Alpha Oumar Konaré, Président -- Mali Head of State
- République Islamique de Mauritanie, Sid'El Moctar Ould Naji
- République de Maurice, Rundheersing Bheenick
- Royaume du Maroc, Sâad Eddine Taib
- República da Moçambique, Joaquim Chissano, President -- Mozambique Head of State
- République du Niger, Ibrahim Assane Mayaki
- Federal Republic of Nigeria, T. A. O. Odegbile
- République Rwandaise, Pierre Celestin Rwigema
- República Democrática de São Tomé and Príncipe, Francisco Carlos Afonso Fernandes
- République du Sénégal, Mouhamadou El Moustapha Diagne
- Republic of Seychelles, Jeremie Bonnelame
- Republic of Sierra Leone, James Jonah
- Republic of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki
- Republic of the Sudan, Abdalla Hassan Ahmed
- Kingdom of Swaziland, King Mswati III -- Swaziland Head of State
- United Republic of Tanzania, Fredrick T. Sumaye
- République Togolaise, Barry Moussa Barque
- République Tunisienne, Fathi Merdassi
- Republic of Uganda, Sam Kuteesa
- Republic of Zambia, Edith Nawiki
- Republic of Zimbabwe, Richard C. Hove
Delegations from 10 Asian nations participated in the conference, including:
- Brunei Darussalam, Dato Malai Haji Ahmad Murad.
- People's Republic of China, Zhang Cixin.
- Republic of India, Siddharth Singh
- Republic of Indonesia, Ir. Zuhal
- Republic of Korea, Shin Kee-bock
- Malaysia, Mahathir bin Mohamad, Prime Minister
- Republic of the Philippines, Jesus I. Yabes
- Republic of Singapore, Zainul Abidin Rasheed
- Kingdom of Thailand, Sukhumbhand Paribatra
- Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Nguyen Quoc Dung
Observers (International Organisation)
Observers (Regional Organisations)
Observers (Japanese Organisations)
TICAD III reviewed the achievements of the ten-year TICAD process and discussed the future direction TICAD should take. TICAD-III brought together over 1000 delegates, including 23 heads of state and the Chairperson of the African Union.
Ministers and others
A number of government ministers and others were amongst the participants in the conference, including:
|Japan||Japan||Junichiro Koizumi||Prime Minister|||
|Japan||Japan||Yoshiro Mori||former-Prime Minister|||
|Japan Ministry of Finance||Japan|
|Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs||Japan|
|Japan International Cooperation Agency||Japan International Cooperation Agency|
|Japan Bank for International Cooperation||Japan Bank for International Cooperation|
|Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO)||Japan External Trade Organization|
|United Nations||United Nations|
|United Nations World Food Programme||World Food Programme|
|United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)||United Nations Children's Fund||-- formerly "United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund" (1947-1953); name shortened, but acronym unchanged|
|United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)||United Nations Industrial Development Organization||Carlos Magariños||Director-General|||
|World Bank||World Bank|
|African Development Bank||African Development Bank|
|European Union||European Union|
TICAD-IV focused on strategies for better mobilizing the knowledge and resources of the international community in the core areas of: (a) economic growth; (b) human security, including achieving the UN's Millennium Development Goals; and (c) environment/climate change issues. In addition, TICAD-IV tried to identify possible inter-linkages within the context of the G8 Hokkaidō Tōyako Summit in July 2008. The event brought together 2,500 participants, including representatives of 51 African countries, among whom were 40 African heads of state and government. Attendees came from over 70 international organizations.
Heads of State
Invitations were extended to 52 African countries and many heads of state decided to attend, including:
Ministers and others
A number of government officials and non-government organization delegates were amongst the participants in the conference, including:
Observers and others
The UN Development Programme (UNDP), in partnership with the NEPAD Business Group, the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) made plans in advance to organize on the sidelines of TICAD-IV. They worked together to create an event which they hoped would attract the attention of the national delegations in Yokohama for TICAD—a meeting which they called Innovative Approaches to Private Sector Development for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Africa. The event organizers provided a unique venue for presentations included actual case studies developed by the UN organizations and first-hand testimonials from various local private sector actors who have been beneficiaries or advocates of TICAD-inspired private sector development initiatives in Africa. Selected new and innovative approaches by global partners were showcased to demonstrate how market-based business activities and private sector investments can help achieve the MDGs.
World Bank President Zoellick participated in a meeting on the global food crisis jointly-organized with the African Union, the World Food Program, the Food and Agriculture Organization and the International Fund for Agricultural Development. This meeting was designed to focus attention on the immediate and medium-to-long term actions needed to tackle the global food crisis.
Some representatives from international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) complained their participation in the ongoing policy dialog between Japan and various African governments was thwarted at TICAD-IV. A group of 55 African, Japanese and international NGOs came uninvited to Yokohama; this was the first time that a 'civil society forum' was incorporated into the compressed agenda. Six observers were allowed in as observers; and the NGOs construe such limited participation as reflective of a view of NGOs as unimportant.
The shared perspectives of the TICAD-IV's official participants and unofficial observers served to underscore the case for immediate assistance to help Africa’s vulnerable economies to weather the current global food and fuel crisis. Questions remain about how best to achieve such salutary goals.
- Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): What is TICAD?
- "Japan to Increase Asian-African Aid," 'New York Times. September 14, 1966.
- Attah, Haruna. "TICAD ends today Kufuor to close proceedings," Acra Daily Mail.May 29, 2008.
- Tembo, Fletcher (2008) "Where next for TICAD: Building lasting partnerships", London: Overseas Development Institute; Bonsu, Kwaku Osei. "President Kufuor arrives in Japan for TICAD IV," Ghana News Agency. May 26, 2008.
- Juma, Monica Kathina et al. (2006). Compendium of Key Documents Relating to Peace and Security in Africa, p. 491-505.
- Japan, MOFA: 28 African nations
- Japan, MOFA: 12 donor countries + EC
- Canadian delegation included representatives of Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
- Swedish delegation included representatives of Swedish International Development Agency (Sida or SIDA)
- US delegation included representatives of United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
- Japan, MOFA: 17 Observer nations
- Japan, MOFA: 11 Observer NGOs
- Japan, MOFA: 5 Japanese observer organizations
- Japan, MOFA: 51 African nations
- Japan, MOFA: 10 Asian nations
- 40th Anniversary Celebrations of the Organisation of African Unity, 25 May 2003.
- "Towards a vibrant Africa, Kufuor at TICAD IV," Accra Daily Mail. May 27, 2008 -- 2003 speech: "TICAD and the Way Forward: The African Perspective".
- UNIDO: TICAD-III, summary
- main themes of G* summit
- "Bank Group Participates in TICAD IV," African Development Bank (Tunis). June 3, 2008.
- Yan Liang. "Japanese PM continues series of talks with African leaders," China View (Xinhua). May 29, 2008.
- "President Isaias Holds Talks With Different Japanese Government Officials in Yokohama City," Shabait(Asmara). May 28, 2008.
- "African heads of state flock to Japan for TICAD IV," Afriquenligne. May 27, 2008.
- "Mozambique: Guebuza in Japan for the TICAD Summit," Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo). May 28, 1008.
- "African leaders in Japan seek business, not charity," Agence France Press (AFP). May 28, 2008.
- "Kenya: Kibaki off to Japan for TICAD," Afriquenligne. May 25, 2008; Masese, Pauline. "41 African heads to attend TICAD," KBC" (Kenya Broadcasting Corporation). May 21, 2008.
- Yoko Kubota, Yoko and Alex Richardson. "Japan Vows to Double Africa Aid, Investment," New York Times. May 27, 2008.
- An Lu. "AU Chief calls for more, balanced investment in Africa," China View (Xinhua). May 28, 2008.
- "President Koroma and 32 African leaders start big conference in Japan tomorrow," Cocorioko Newspaper. May 27, 2008.
- Attah, A. Harruna. "Japan, a genuine friend," Accra Daily Mail. May 27, 2008.
- Kusungami, Grace. "Fulfill promises, Levy tells G8," Times of Zambia. May 29, 2008.
- Osike, Felix. "Museveni woos Japanese investors," New Vision Online. May 28, 2008.
- Karasaki, Taro. "Fukuda opens TICAD IV with $4-billion pledge," Asahi Shimbun. May 29, 2008.
- "Namibia: President Off to Japan," The Namibian (Windhoek). May 27, 2008.
- «Rencontres entre le Président Ravalomanana et le Premier Ministre japonais Fukuda ainsi qu’avec le Directeur Executif de l’UNICEF, Mme Ann M. Veneman» Présidence de la République de Madagascar. May 27, 2008.
- "President Sirleaf Addresses TICAD Conference," Liberia Government (Monrovia). May 28, 2008.
- Fragoso, Garrido. "PM defende rigor na cooperação entre Estados africanos e o Japão," Jornal de Angola. May 28, 2008.
- "Morocco PM in Japan for TICAD IV," Afriquenligne. May 27, 2008.
- Mekkawi, Mahitab. "Japan follows peers in holding Africa summit," AfricaNews. May 27, 2008.
- "Fukuda plans marathon talks at TICAD," Yomiuri Shimbun. May 20, 2008.
- "UN deputy chief calls for more investment in African agriculture," People's Daily (Xinhua). May 28, 2008.
- "Japan: Angolan Premier Meets Japanese Counterpart," AngolaPress. May 29, 2008.
- "Participants at TICAD IV meeting call for productive use of aid," China View (Xinhua). May 28, 2008.
- "World Bank Group President in Japan for TICAD IV," World Bank. May 26, 2008.
- Fukushiro Nukaga
- Masahiko Koumura
- "Zambia: President Mwanawasa to lead Zambian delegation to TICAD IV," Afriquenlign 9Lusaka). May 27, 2008.
- Executive Director, Josette Sheeran
- Uyxia, Jiang. "Unicef calls for global efforts to improve African child survival," China View (Xinhua)/ May 28, 2008.
- Yamazaki, Hiroshi. "Fukuda's summer of diplomacy," Asia Online (UPI -- United Press International). May 26, 2008.
- "Ethiopian Prime Ministers leaves for TICAD IV," Afriquenligne (Addis Adaba). May 26, 2008.
- Tadataka Yamada
- "Mbeki in Japan for conference on African development," The Citizen (Johannesburg). May 27, 2008.
- President, Sadako Ogata
- Governor, Koji Tanami (2008)
- "IFRC says human security fundamental for Africa's development," People's Daily (Xinhua). May 29, 2008.
- President, Yoichi Iwasaki
- "Fukuda begins marathon talks with African leaders ahead of TICAD," World Bank News & Broadcast. May 27, 2008.
- Bhowmick, Nilanjana. "Non-Governmental Organizations Unhappy With Observer Status In Tokyo Conference On African Development," AHN News. June 4, 2008.
- Hook, Glenn D., Julie Gilson, Christopher W. Hughes, Hugo Dobson. (2005). Japan's International Relations: Politics, Economics and Security. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-33638-4
- Juma, Monica Kathina, Rafael Velásquez García, and Brittany Kesselman. (2006). Compendium of Key Documents Relating to Peace and Security in Africa. Praetoria: Praetoria University Law Press. ISBN 0-9585097-3-5
- Taylor, Ian and Paul Williams. (2004). Africa in International Politics: External Involvement on the Continent. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-35836-1
- TICAD-I: Index
- TICAD-II: Index
- TICAD-III: Index
- TICAD-IV: Index
- TICAD-V: [Ministry for Foreign Affairs web site—to be constructed]