|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012)|
MT Hellespont Alhambra enters U.S. waters on her maiden voyage 16 May 2002, with nearly 440,000 tons of crude oil.
|Builders:||Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering, Okpo-dong, South Korea|
|General characteristics |
|Type:||Ultra Large Crude Carrier|
|Length:||380 m (1,246 ft 9 in) o/a|
|Beam:||68 m (223 ft 1 in)|
|Draught:||24.5 m (80 ft 5 in)|
|Speed:||16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph) (laden)|
|Capacity:||3,166,353 barrels (503,409,900 L)|
The TI Class of supertankers are currently the four largest ships in the world (by displacement, deadweight tonnage ≈ cargo mass, and gross tonnage, a formula value based on internal volume, not mass). The class comprises the ships TI Africa, TI Asia, TI Europe and TI Oceania, where the "TI" refers to the VLCC Tanker Pool operator Tankers International L.L.C. The class were the first ULCCs (ultra-large crude carriers) to be built in 25 years.
Compared to the TI Class, the Maersk Triple E class container ships are longer and have a higher cargo volume, including above deck containers. The previous largest ship, the supertanker Seawise Giant, was scrapped in 2010.
All four oil tankers were constructed for shipping company Hellespont by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering in Okpo, South Korea in 2002/3. The class was originally named Hellespont Alhambra, Hellespont Fairfax, Hellespont Metropolis and Hellespont Tara. In 2004 the class was jointly purchased.
Euronav NV, a Belgian shipowner, purchased Hellespont Fairfax and Hellespont Tara, renaming them TI Oceania and TI Europe respectively flagged for Belgium. Overseas Shipholding Group (OSG) purchased Hellespont Alhambra and Hellespont Metropolis and renamed them TI Asia and TI Africa respectively flagged Belgium.
In 2009 and 2010, TI Asia and TI Africa met the same fate as the former Knock Nevis and were converted into sophisticated Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FSO) vessels. The extensive conversions were carried out by Euronav and OSG at Dubai Dockyards. The FSO Asia and FSO Africa were placed in the Al Shaheen oilfield offshore Qatar in January and August 2010 respectively.
The coatings in the ballast tanks are protected by two features, a full-time double-scrubbing system supplying drier inert gas to the ballast tanks, and also by the white painted upper hull reflecting the sun’s energy. The inert gas system also increases safety. Keeping down the cargo temperatures also minimizes hydrocarbon emissions.
- Tankers International (2008). "Fleet List". tankersinternational.com. Tankers International. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
- "Hellespont Alhambra". Wärtsilä. 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010.[dead link]
- "TI Europe". Auke Visser´s International Super Tankers. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "FSO". Euronav. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "FSO Asia". Auke Visser's International Super Tankers. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- "Hellespont to name ULCC's". News Updates. marinelog.com. 2002-03-22. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
- Euronav (2008). "Owned vessels". Euronav.com. Euronav. Retrieved 7 July 2010.