20955 West Tejas Trail
|Motto||Nihil Supra Mores|
Ducit qui Servit
|Religious affiliation(s)||Episcopal Church in the United States of America|
|Founder||James Steptoe Johnston|
|Chairman of the Governors||The Rt. Rev. David M. Reed|
|Headmaster||The Rev. Scott J. Brown|
|Average class size||15 students|
|Student to teacher ratio||9:1|
|Campus size||80 acres (320,000 m2)|
|Song||For the Splendor of Creation|
|Athletics||19 Interscholastic Sports|
|Mascot||Prima the Panther|
|Accreditations||Independent Schools Association of the Southwest (ISAS) and Southwestern Association of Episcopal Schools (SAES)|
|School fees||$23,255 (Middle School day students); $24,330 (Upper School day students); $44,015 (5-day boarding) $48,270 (7-day boarding students, American or international) as of 2017|
TMI Episcopal is a Private School in San Antonio. Previously known as Texas Military Institute, TMI is a selective coeducational Episcopal college preparatory school with a military tradition in San Antonio, Texas for boarding and day students. It is the flagship school, and sole secondary school, of the Episcopal Diocese of West Texas. TMI is the oldest Episcopal college preparatory school in the American Southwest. Founded as West Texas School for Boys, the school was later known as West Texas Military Academy, and popularly nicknamed 'West Point on the Rio Grande', though it is several hours from the Rio Grande itself.
TMI was founded in 1893 by the Rt Revd James Steptoe Johnston, DD, Second Bishop of West Texas in the Protestant Episcopal Church. Johnston was a native Mississippian of the planter class who had participated in twelve engagements in the Civil War. He fought most of these battles with the Eleventh Mississippi Regiment.
Johnston's earliest name for his school in San Antonio was "The West Texas School for Boys," which was quickly changed to "West Texas Military Academy" (WTMA). In 1926, the name was changed to Texas Military Institute.
At the time of the school's foundation, San Antonio lay on the edge of the American frontier, with forts all along the high ground east of the Rio Grande. Though Bishop Johnston wanted his boys to receive as good an education as boys anywhere in America, he knew that a New England-style prep school would not work in West Texas, so he created a premier academic school with a full-fledged military discipline. The specifically Southern boarding school tradition was not often military.
Bishop Johnston saw the need to provide young men with a classical liberal and scientific education that would enable them to go on to careers in business, agriculture and ranching, the Church, the civil service, and the officer corps of the United States Army. He set out to develop "the Christian character amongst the rising generation... for character is the only true wealth." He assumed that "the best use of wealth is to coin it into character." The quotation shows that WTMA was part of the "church school movement" of the nineteenth century, which featured character formation as the means to personal success in many areas, including academic pursuits. Hence, WTMA may be counted among other church schools such as Saint James in Maryland (1842), St. Paul's in New Hampshire (1856), Shattuck-Saint Mary's in Minnesota (1858), St. Mark's School (1865) and Groton School (1884), both in Massachusetts, and St. George's School in Rhode Island (1896).
The first rector and headmaster of WTMA/TMI, the Rev. Allan Lucien Burleson, had been prepared at the Shattuck School, founded by J. Lloyd Breck in 1858. Breck was a protege of the great William Augustus Muhlenberg, "father" of the church school in America. Burleson served as the head of school between 1893 and 1900. WTMA was largely funded by donations from wealthy residents of the eastern seaboard, many of whom had been inspired by speeches Johnston had given on the importance of academic and moral education for all young men. When the school first opened, there were just six teachers and twelve students.
One of the great educators in Texas history took over WTMA in 1926. Dr W. W. Bondurant changed the name to "Texas Military Institute." In 1936 Bishop Capers, feeling the pinch created by the Great Depression, sold TMI to Bondurant, who sold the school back to the Episcopal Church in 1952. Back in 1926 Bondurant had merged the Upper School of San Antonio Academy with TMI. Bondurant was a strong Presbyterian layman, yet the chaplain remained an Episcopal priest and the Book of Common Prayer continued to be used in daily chapel services.
By the 1930s, the school was considered by some to be one of the best schools in America.
Although Bishop Johnston had, in part, intended the school to train young men for seminary and eventual ordination in the Episcopal Church, the school has always been open to students of any religious faith or lack thereof.
The JROTC, or Corps of Cadets, has been optional for girls since their admission in 1972, and for boys since 1974.
From 2005 to 2017, the school presented itself by the name of TMI: The Episcopal School of Texas. However, in December of 2017 under the new leadership of its 31st headmaster, the Rev. Scott J. Brown, the school decided to change its official title to TMI Episcopal.
Three Presidents of the United States have visited the school. The first was William Taft. The next was John F. Kennedy, who visited on November 21, 1963, the day before his assassination. The most recent was George W. Bush. Future President Theodore Roosevelt also visited when he was in San Antonio recruiting for the Rough Riders.
In the summer of 2009, Katharine Jefferts Schori, the Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, visited the school and gave a speech on the importance of Episcopal schools to the overall mission of the Church.
TMI has moved three times, each time relocating to the edge of an expanding city. The first campus was on Government Hill, next to Fort Sam Houston; the second was in Alamo Heights; and the current campus, dating from 1989, is in far northwest San Antonio, on the edge of the Texas Hill Country. The campus is modern in architecture and built almost entirely from local limestone. Features of the campus include:
- The Frost Athletic Center is a large gym, incorporating two basketball/volleyball courts, two squash courts, a rifle range and a natatorium with a half-olympic length pool, as well as the school infirmary and offices for athletic and JROTC staff.
- Coates Hall, the main academic building, incorporates most of the classrooms, labs and faculty offices. It is built around two courtyard gardens with open-air hallways. A small greenhouse built alongside Coates hall is used for botany lessons.
- The All Saints' Chapel is a 500-seat modern chapel, used for daily service of Morning Prayer and for Eucharistic services on the first Wednesday of every month as well as for quarterly school Evensongs, choral concerts and the annual baccalaureate Mass. The chapel, designed by alumnus Chris Carson of Ford, Powell & Carson, was recognized as one of the best religious buildings of 2009 by the Interfaith Forum on Religion, Art and Architecture, a knowledge community of the American Institute of Architects. The chapel organ is a two manual, 18 voice Schoenstein & Co. opus.
- The Johnston Amphitheatre is used for graduation and for some school assemblies during fair weather.
- Ayres Hall incorporates administrative offices, a black box theatre, kitchens, refectory, and library, which houses music, archived newspapers and magazines for much of the 20th century, as well as 17,000 books, including a rare books conservation section.
- The Butterfly Garden was built and is maintained by the environmental science class.
- The Roger Kramer Observatory and Virgil Espino Telescope is used for astronomy classes.
- The Orchard has apple and plum trees.
- Houses and Dormitories house boarding students and some residential faculty, while the headmaster, chaplain, school physician and other resident faculty live in detached houses.
There are currently around 400 students. Students come mostly from South Texas and Mexico, as well as other areas of the United States, including Michigan and Tennessee, and from foreign countries, including Afghanistan, Australia, China, Colombia, Hong Kong, Nigeria, Russia, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam.
TMI had an informal honor system from the beginning, with the current formal system originating in 1908. All students sign their name to the school's honor code at the start of each term, and from then on write the word "pledge" on all their tests and papers, signifying their pledge to uphold their promise. The honor code reads, "Because I believe integrity is essential, I promise not to lie, cheat, or steal." Students suspected of being in violation of the honor code are sent before the Honor Council, an elected body of students that holds confidential hearings and, where appropriate, assigns disciplinary measures, including community service. It can also require that the student write a letter of apology. Repeat offenders may be referred to the headmaster.
Like most prep schools, TMI has developed a not insubstantial canon of traditions and idiosyncrasies. These include:
- Chapel Talks: Every final year student must give a speech on a moral or spiritual topic before the entire student body, faculty and administrative staff during a daily chapel service. These talks are diverse and may be based upon personal experience or reading, but must promote positive ethical values. Although conducted within the context of a chapel service, such talks need not be, and usually are not, on explicitly religious subjects. Final year students prepare their speeches under the guidance of the English faculty and are graded by a faculty panel. A passing grade is required to graduate, although in practice, all students who stick to a previously approved message are given passing grades. Members of the faculty also occasionally give their own chapel talks. The Burleson Prize, named after the school's first headmaster, is given every year for the best student chapel talk.
- Daunt Lectures: Named for the Reverend Canon Nelson Daunt, a former headmaster, the annual Daunt Lectures in Church and Society explore the religious dimensions of contemporary moral, social and public issues. Speakers come from diverse religious backgrounds, and the invitation to speak at the school does not imply an endorsement of the speaker's views. Previous speakers have included Peter Kreeft, as well as members of the theology and philosophy faculties of universities from around Texas and the United States.
- Founder's Day: Every year, students have one day off of class in commemoration and celebration of the school's founder, Bishop James Steptoe Johnston. Part of the day is dedicated to speeches, but the majority of it is spent in a school wide competition in which teams of costumed students from various years, led by those in their final year, compete in a series of tasks of varying levels of farcicality.
- Homecoming Tailgate Party: The annual homecoming tailgate party, which always features local Kiolbassa Sausage, was covered by the Food Network show Unwrapped in 2008.
- Military Ball: This annual formal ball is hosted by the corps of cadets at a local hotel. All members of the school community — students, faculty, staff, alumni and parents — are invited. The event includes dinner and a guest speaker, usually a military officer of general officer rank or equivalent. The dress code mandates mess dress for cadets and all serving or retired military personnel with semi-formal evening dress or national costume for all other attendees.
- The Steptoe: This cheer in honor of Bishop Johnston is used at athletic events and on other occasions. It consists of the person cheering taking two exaggerated steps forward and motioning with a partially open hand to simulate the paw of a big cat, whilst shouting "Steptoe! Steptoe! Rah, rah, rah!".
Corps of Cadets
Approximately one third of TMI students are members of the corps of cadets. The TMI corps of cadets is under the command of MAJ Joe Claburn (USA, Ret.), who has been the commadant of cadets since the beginning of the 2019-2020 school year, MSG Chad Gooding (USA, Ret.), and SGT Ray Purifoy (USA, Ret.), and is affiliated with the United States Army's Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps. The Panther Battalion has also been named as an Honor Unit with Distinction, the highest possible unit award for a school JROTC program, for over a decade. Due to its high ranking, TMI cadets can apply for places at United States Service academies without the congressional recommendation usually required.
The battalion is organized into three companies: Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie. Due to expansion in the 2014-2015 school year a fourth company, Delta, was briefly added, but as the amount of participants in the program fell, and the number of cadets not being enough to justify the existence of a four companies, it was removed before the start of the 2015-2016 school year. Companies are completely organized by the students, with each company having a senior company commander and a junior first sergeant. The companies are divided into two platoons, with two or three squads in each platoon. The Corps is run by a staff consisting entirely of junior and senior Cadets. It sponsors a bagpipe band, a color guard, a sabre guard, a drill team and a rifle team
Academia and science
- Robert M. Ayres, former Vice-Chancellor of the University of the South
- Light Townsend Cummins, historian (did not graduate)
- Cresson Kearny, inventor and expert on nuclear survival
- Ray Keck (Class of 1965), president of Texas A&M International University in Laredo, Texas
- David Scott, astronaut, pilot of the Gemini 8 and Apollo 9 space flights and commander of Apollo 15
- Lewis Sorley, military historian
- Justin Blanchard, actor (Broadway ("Journey's End"), television ("Law and Order:SVU") and film)
- Dan Blocker, actor and producer, co-star of the Bonanza television series
- Julian Onderdonk, painter, known for Texas landscapes, called the "Father of Texas Painting"
- "Wammo", DJ, beat poet and lead vocalist for the Asylum Street Spankers
Business and Ranching
- John B. Armstrong, manager of the King Ranch
- James A. Baker, Jr., partner of the law firm Baker Botts; father of James Baker
- Sam Barshop, founder of La Quinta Inns and philanthropist (Barshop Institute and the Barshop Jewish Community Center of San Antonio)
- Tom Frost, banker and philanthropist, senior chairman of the boards of Frost National Bank in San Antonio and Cullen/Frost Bankers
- Charles Schreiner, III, rancher from Kerr County who helped to preserve and expand herds of Texas Longhorn cattle
- Robert R. Brown, 9th Bishop of Arkansas, author of "And One Was a Soldier": The Spiritual Pilgrimage of Robert E. Lee (1998)
- Frank Juhan, Bishop of Florida, 1924–1956, and inductee of the College Football Hall of Fame (a Sewanee player)
Government and politics
- Jeremy Bernard, gay rights activist and the first man to serve as White House Social Secretary, appointed Feb. 25, 2011 by President Barack Obama
- Henry E. Catto, Jr., sometime US Ambassador to the Court of St. James and to the Republic of El Salvador, Vice-Chairman of the Aspen Institute
- Maury Maverick, Jr., attorney, Texas state legislator and longtime columnist for the San Antonio Express-News
- George Berham Parr, the 'Duke of Duval County', South Texas political boss.
- US Rep. Lamar S. Smith, representing the 21st Congressional District from 1987–present
- Milton H. West, seven-term Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives (1933–48)
- Horace Clyde Balsley, pilot of the Lafayette Escadrille, recipient of the Croix de guerre and the Médaille militaire
- Lt General John B. Coulter, Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations 1953-58
- Lt General (retired) Robert Gard, Chairman of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation
- General Ralph E. Haines, Jr., Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army; commander of United States Army Pacific
- General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers etc., recipient of the Medal of Honor
- Lt General (retired) Michael L. Oates, former Commanding General of the 10th Mountain Division
- Brigadier General John L. Pierce, holder of various armored commands in the Second World War.
Recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross
- Lieutenant James Siman, class of 1912
- Captain Tobin Rote, class of 1913
- Major Edgar Tobin, class of 1914, first World War air ace, pioneer of aerial mapping
- Brigadier General David Lee "Tex" Hill, class of 1932, air-ace, member of Flying Tigers
Notable faculty members
- Frederick Ahl — Latin and prize-winning translator of Vergil, now Stephen H. Weiss Presidential Fellow at Cornell University
- Paul K. Davis — History
- Page Morris - Mathematics
- Josef R. Sheetz — Interim Headmaster in 1954
- Lamar Smith — Former member of Congress, and chair of the House Science Committee
History of the School Name
- 1893 - West Texas Military Academy (WTMA)
- 1926 - Texas Military Institute (WTMA merged with the upper school of San Antonio Academy and the school was renamed Texas Military Institute)
- 2004 - TMI – The Episcopal School of Texas
- 2017 - TMI Episcopal (adopted in November 2017)
- "TMI Episcopal Profile | San Antonio, Texas (TX)". Boarding School Review - College-Prep & Jr. Boarding Schools | BoardingSchoolReview.com. Boarding School Review LLC. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "TMI - The Episcopal School of Texas - San Antonio Private School". tmi-sa.com. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- "TMI produced military leaders". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- John A. Coulter II, "TMI Bugle Notes". Published Privately: 2002. Pg. 4
- "TMI Faculty and Staff Directory Search". tmi-sa.org. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- Coulter, Op. Cit.
- Eugene Wigner, Biographical Note on Cresson Kearny's Nuclear War Survival Skills, Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1979, pg. 13
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- (opens as PDF, free subscription required)
- "NAES: News from Our Members|TMI Chapel, Alumnus Win Architecture Award". web.archive.org. 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
- "161 TMI The Episcopal School of Texas San Antonio TX 3" (PDF). schoenstein.com.
- "TMI Faculty and Staff Directory Search". tmi-sa.org. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- [dead link]
- Dunham, Richard. "Obama names San Antonian as social secretary". San Antonio Express News. Retrieved 2011-02-25.