TMS Entertainment

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TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd.
株式会社トムス・エンタテインメント
Kabushiki kaisha
Industry Animation studio
Founded August 1964; 52 years ago (1964-08)
Founder Yutaka Fujioka
Headquarters Nakano-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Hideki Okamura
(Chairman)
Parent Sega Holdings Co., Ltd
Subsidiaries Telecom Animation Film
TMS Photo
TMS Music
TOCSIS
Website www.tms-e.co.jp

TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. (株式会社トムス・エンタテインメント Kabushiki-gaisha Tomusu Entateinmento?), formerly known as Tokyo Movie Shinsha (東京ムービー新社 Tōkyō Mūbī Shinsha?), also known as Tokyo Movie or TMS-Kyokuchi, is a Japanese animation studio, founded in 1964. TMS is one of the oldest anime studios in Japan; it has produced numerous animated series airing in countries such as France, the United States, and Italy. The company uses "TMS Entertainment, Ltd." as its corporate name. The company also has a fully owned subsidiary, Telecom Animation Film (TAF), which co-animates shows with TMS.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The company was founded as Tokyo Movie (東京ムービー Tōkyō Mūbī?) in 1964 by Yutaka Fujioka after his previous studio, Tokyo Ningyo Cinema failed.[1] The first production of the studio was an animated adaptation of Osamu Tezuka's Big X. A year later, Daikichirō Kusube, Osamu Kobayashi and Tsutomu Shibayama formed a unit called A Production, where most of Tokyo Movie's animation productions would be made, as TM itself had few animators. Among the animators that were employed at A Production were Yasuo Otsuka, Osamu Dezaki, and Studio Ghibli co-founders, Isao Takahata and Hayao Miyazaki.

In 1972, Madhouse was established with funding from Fujioka, and co-produced its earliest series with Tokyo Movie. In 1976, due to a decrease in animated TV series, Tokyo Movie was shut down, and A Production was spun off into Shin-Ei Animation (shin meaning new in Japanese). In 1977, Fujioka reformatted Tokyo Movie into Tokyo Movie Shinsha (literally New Tokyo Movie Company). Its first production was Lupin the Third Part II, which aired in 1977–1980. The movie adaptation, The Mystery of Mamo, was the first feature-length movie produced in the studio's history. Another TMS subsidiary, Telecom Animation Film, was founded in 1975, but didn't start production until after Tokyo Movie was restructured. The real potential for Telecom wasn't realized until the studio produced The Castle of Cagliostro,[original research?] which was Hayao Miyazaki's feature-length debut. Miyazaki remained employed at Telecom until he left to direct his second feature film, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind.

TMS logo circa 1987.

In 1980, TMS began collaborating with Diffusion Information Communication, co-producing Ulysses 31. Throughout the 1980s and the 1990s, TMS animated for various companies, including DiC, Walt Disney Television Animation, Warner Bros. Animation, Marvel Films Animation, Shogakukan Music & Digital Entertainment. and outsourced to smaller studios such as Telecom Animation Film, Ajia-do, Magic Bus, Studio Jungle Gym, Nakamura Production, Tokyo Kids, DR Movie, and Orange. The studio has been credited as a key factor for the "American animation renaissance".[citation needed]

TMS struggled at the beginning of the 1990s, due to a combination of factors: competition from Toei Animation's Dragon Ball Z and Slam Dunk; a reliance on foreign co-productions; the financial failure of Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland.[original research?] Sega-Kyokuichi purchased TMS in 1992 after Fujioka retired. During this period, productions by TMS were credited as TMS-Kyokuichi. Since 2000, TMS has focused on its own productions, rather than outsourcing animation for other studios. However they still do outsourcing for studios like Sunrise, Studio Ghibli and Bones.[original research?]

Productions[edit]

TV series[edit]

1960s[edit]

  • Big X (Aug–Oct. 1964)
  • Obake no Q-tarō (1965–1967)
  • Perman (1967–1968)
  • Kyojin no Hoshi (original) (Mar. 1968–1971)
  • Kaibutsu-kun (Apr. 1968–1969)
  • Umeboshi Denka (Apr. 1st–Sept. 23rd 1969)
  • Roppō Yabure-kun (Apr. 28th–Sept. 26th 1969)
  • Moomin (Oct. 1969–1970)
  • Attack No. 1 (Dec. 1969–1971)

1970s[edit]

  • Chingō Muchabe (produced in 1967 but didn't air until Feb–Mar. 1971)
  • Shin Obake no Q-Tarō (Sept. 1st, 1971–Dec. 1972)
  • Tensai Bakabon (original) (Sept. 25th, 1971–June. 1972)
  • Lupin III (original) (Oct. 1971–Mar. 1972)
  • Akadō Suzunosuke (Apr. 1972–1973)
  • Dokonjō Gaeru (original) (Oct. 1972–1974)
  • Jungle Kurobe (Mar.–Sept. 1973)
  • Arano no Isamu (Apr. 1973–Mar. 27th, 1974)
  • Karate Baka Ichidai (Oct. 3rd, 1973–Sept. 25th, 1974)
  • Ace o Nerae! (original) (Oct. 5th, 1973–March. 29th, 1974)
  • Samurai Giants (Oct. 7th, 1973–Sept. 15th, 1974)
  • Judo Sanka (Apr. 1974–Sept. 30th 1974)
  • Hajime Ningen Gyatruz (Oct. 1974–1976)
  • Ganba no Bōken (Apr.–Sept. 1975)
  • Gensō Tensai Bakabon (Oct. 1975–1977)
  • Hana no Kakarichō (1976–1977)
  • Shin Kyōjin no Hoshi (Oct. 1st, 1977–Sept. 1978)
  • Hyouga Senshi Guyslugger (co-produced with Toei Animation; a semi-remake of Cyborg 009) (Apr. 1977–Aug. 1977)
  • Ie Naki Ko (Remi, based on the French book Sans Famille) (Oct. 2nd, 1977–Oct. 1978)
  • Shin Lupin III (Oct. 3rd, 1977–1980)
  • Takarajima (Treasure Island) (Oct. 8th, 1978–Apr. 1979)
  • Shin Ace o Nerae! (Oct. 14th, 1978–Mar. 1979)
  • Shin Kyōjin no Hoshi 2 (Mar.–Sept. 1979)
  • Versailles no Bara (Oct. 1979–Sept. 1980)

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

Theatrical films[edit]

× - Pilot film to a later television series / ×× - Film that tied-in to the original TV series

Television movies and specials[edit]

  • Bōchan (Jun.1980)
  • Nijū-yon [24] no Hitomi (Oct. 1980)
  • Sugata Sanshirō (1981)
  • Son Goku: Silk Road o Tobu!! (1982)
  • Annual Lupin III TV movies (1989–present)
  • Soreike! Anpanman
    • Minami no Umi o Sukae (1990)
    • Kieta Jam Oji-san (1993)
    • Keito no Shiro no Christmas (1995)
  • Rayearth: Zokan go (1995)

OVA[edit]

Foreign projects[edit]

TMS has also contributed animation to various non-Japanese studios.

Additional work[edit]

In addition to the above, TMS Entertainment has also worked on the following as an additional subcontactor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "思い出のキャラ図鑑". Ningyonoie.com. Retrieved 2015-12-04. 

External links[edit]