TMS Entertainment

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TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd.
Native name
株式会社トムス・エンタテインメント
Kabushiki-gaisha Tomusu Entateinmento
Formerly called
  • Tokyo Movie (1964–1976)
  • Tokyo Movie Shinsha (1976–1995)
  • TMS-Kyokuchi (1995–2001)
Kabushiki kaisha
Industry Animation studio
Founded August 1964; 52 years ago (1964-08)
Founder Yutaka Fujioka
Headquarters Nakano, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Hideki Okamura
(Chairman)
Parent Sega Sammy Holdings
Subsidiaries
  • Telecom Animation Film
  • TMS Photo
  • TMS Music
  • TOCSIS
Website www.tms-e.co.jp/english/

TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. (株式会社トムス・エンタテインメント Kabushiki-gaisha Tomusu Entateinmento?), formerly known as Tokyo Movie Shinsha (東京ムービー新社 Tōkyō Mūbī Shinsha?), also known as Tokyo Movie or TMS-Kyokuchi, is a Japanese animation studio, founded in 1964.

TMS is one of the oldest anime studios in Japan; best known for produced numerous anime franchises such as Lupin the 3rd, Detective Conan, Bakugan D.Gray-man, and Sonic X and feature length films Akira and Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland alongside animation works for western animation such as Animaniacs, Batman: The Animated Series, Ducktales, Spider-Man: The Animated Series and Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears.

The company has animation subsidiaries collaborating in conjunction with the company, Telecom Animation Film (TAF), which co-animates shows with TMS, and Koko Enterprises, located in Seoul, South Korea. In 2010, TMS Entertainment became a wholly owned subsidiary for Sega Sammy Holdings in the entertainment and contents business.[1]

History[edit]

Foray into animation[edit]

The company was originally established in 1946,[2] however, the company started its venture into the animation industry under the name Tokyo Movie (東京ムービー Tōkyō Mūbī?) in 1964 by Yutaka Fujioka after his previous studio, Tokyo Ningyo Cinema failed.[3][4] The first production of the studio was an animated adaptation of Osamu Tezuka's Big X. Tokyo Movie collaborated with a company called A production.[citation needed] Notable figures in A production include Daikichirō Kusube, Osamu Kobayashi and Tsutomu Shibayama, most of Tokyo Movie's animation productions would be made with A production.[citation needed]

Hayao Miyazaki was also associated with Tokyo Movie before founding Studio Ghibli.[5] He co-directed Lupin III with Isao Takahata, provided the screenplay and key animation for Panda! Go Panda!, provided key animation for the first episode of Tokyo Giants, provided the original concept for Jungle Kurobe, provided the director role for Lupin III: Tales of the Wolf, provided key animation for the Ulysses 31 pilot in conjunction with Diffusion Information Communication, provided the director role for The New Adventures of Zorro, provided key animation for the Inspector Gadget pilot, and provided the chief director role for season 1 of Sherlock Hound. However, this most notable work is his role as the director of The Castle of Cagliostro, which is notable for being Hayao Miyazaki's first feature-length debut.[citation needed] Miyazaki eventually left to form Studio Ghibli.

In 1972, Madhouse was established with funding from Fujioka, and co-produced its earliest series with Tokyo Movie.[citation needed] In 1977, Fujioka reformatted Tokyo Movie into Tokyo Movie Shinsha. Its first production was Lupin the Third Part II, which aired in 1977–1980. The movie adaptation, The Mystery of Mamo, was the first feature-length movie produced in the studio's history. Another TMS subsidiary, Telecom Animation Film, was founded in 1975, but didn't start production until after Tokyo Movie was restructured.[citation needed]

In 1989, TMS released Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland in Japan and the United States. The movie was infamous for being in Development hell with figures such as George Lucas, Chuck Jones, Hayao Miyazaki, and Gary Kurtz being involved with the movie before dropping out. The movie was released as a commercial failiure, and in response to this, Fujioka decided to retire from the animation business. TMS, having to recoup Little Nemo's losses, increased production on locally based anime programs and became highly involved in animation for Western based productions, including Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Batman: The Animated Series.[6]

The Tokyo Movie Shinsha Entertainment logo from 1984 until 1988.

Throughout the 1980s and the 1990s, TMS animated for various companies, including DiC, Walt Disney Television Animation, Warner Bros. Animation, Marvel Films Animation, Shogakukan Music & Digital Entertainment,[7] and outsourced to smaller studios such as Telecom Animation Film, Ajia-do, Magic Bus, Studio Jungle Gym, Nakamura Production, Tokyo Kids, DR Movie, and Orange.[citation needed]

Acquisition and expansion[edit]

In 1995, Kyokuichi merged with Tokyo Movie Shinsha Co. Ltd, animation production company. In 1996, the Los Angeles studio division was established for overseas TMS animation, and in 2000, the company’s name was changed to TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. In 2001, the Paris studio division was established.[2] In 2003, American brokerage group Merrill Lynch became the second-largest shareholder in TMS Entertainment Ltd. after acquiring a 7.54 percent stake in TMS. Merrill Lynch purchased the stake purely for investment purposes and had no intention of acquiring control of the firm’s management.[8] In 2005 Sega Sammy announced they now owned 50.2% of TMS.[9] In 2006, the Los Angeles studio was renamed to TMS Entertainment, USA, Inc. and the head office was relocated to Shinjuku, Tokyo. In 2007, the subsidiaries TMS MUSIC (UK) LIMITED and TMS MUSIC (HK) LIMITED were established. In 2012, the head office was relocated to Nakano, Tokyo, and in 2015, TMS Entertainment was designated as a subsidiary for SEGA Holdings Co., Ltd.[2]

TMS Entertainment/Telecom Animation productions[edit]

[10][11][12]

Television series[edit]

1960s[edit]

Title Broadcast Network(s) Year(s)
Big X TBS 1964
Obake no Q-tarō TBS 1965-1997
Perman TBS 1967-1968
Kyojin no Hoshi Nippon Television 1968-1971
Kaibutsu-kun TBS 1968-1969
Umeboshi Denka TBS 1969
Roppō Yabure-kun Nagoya Broadcasting Network 1969
Moomin Fuji TV 1969-1970
Attack No. 1 Fuji TV 1969-1971

1970s[edit]

Title Broadcast Network(s) Year(s)
Chingō Muchabe
Shin Obake no Q-Tarō Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1971-1972
Tensai Bakabon Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1971-1972
Lupin The Third Part I [10] Yomiuri TV 1971-1972
Akadō Suzunosuke Fuji TV 1972-1973
Dokonjō Gaeru ABC 1972-1974
Arano no Isamu Fuji TV 1973-1974
Karate Baka Ichidai NET 1973-1974
Aim for the Ace! Mainichi Broadcasting System 1973-1974
Samurai Giants Yomiuri TV 1973-1974
Judo Sanka Nippon TV 1974-1974
Hajime Ningen Gyatruz ABC 1974-1976
Ganba no Bōken[10] Nippon TV 1975
Gensō Tensai Bakabon Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1975-1977
Hana no Kakarichō TV Asahi 1976–1977
Shin Kyōjin no Hoshi Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1977–1978
Hyouga Senshi Guyslugger TV Asahi 1977
Nobody's Boy: Remi Nippon TV 1977-1978
Lupin III Part II [10] Nippon TV 1977-1980
Treasure Island Nippon TV 1978-1979
New Aim For the Ace Nippon TV 1978-1979
Shin Kyōjin no Hoshi 2 Yomiuri TV, Nippon TV 1979
The Rose of Versailles Nippon TV 1979-1980

1980s[edit]

Title Broadcast Network(s) Year(s)
Mū no Hakugei Yomiuri TV 1980
Tetsujin 28-go [10] (1980s series; known as The New Adventures of Gigantor in the U.S.) Nippon TV 1980-1981
Ashita no Joe 2 Nippon TV 1980-1981
Ohayo! Spank ABC 1981-1982
Shin Dokonjō Gaeru Nippon TV 1981-1982
Ulysses 31 [11] 1981
Rokushin Gattai God Mars Nippon TV 1981-1982
Jarinko Chie MBS 1981-1983
Acrobunch Nippon TV 1982
Donde Monpe 1982-1983
Ninjaman Ippei Nippon TV 1982-1982
Space Cobra [10] Fuji TV 1982-1983
Perman TV Asahi 1983–1985
Lady Georgie TV Asahi 1983-1984
The Super Dimension Century Orguss [11] MBS 1983-1984
Cat's Eye [10] NTV 1983-1984
Lupin III Part 3 [10] YTV 1984-1985
God Mazinger NTV 1984
Mighty Orbots 1984
Sherlock Hound ABC 1984-1985
Onegai! Samia Don (based on Five Children and It by E. Nesbit) NHK 1985–1986
Robotan YTV 1986
Honey Bee in Toycomland (Bug-tte Honey) 1986–1987
Anpanman[12] NTV 1988-

1990s[edit]

Title Broadcast Network(s) Year(s)
Mischievous Twins: The Tales of St. Clare's NTV 1991
Kinkyū Hasshin Saver Kids TV Tokyo 1991-1992
Ozanari Dungeon OVA 1991
Jarinko Chie: Chie-chan Funsenki MBS 1991-1992
I and Myself: The Two Lottes (based on Das Doppelte Lottchen, or Lottie and Lisa, or The Parent Trap by Erich Kästner) NTV 1991-1992
Tetsujin 28 FX[10] NTV 1992-1993
A Dog of Flanders NTV 1992-1993
Red Baron[11] NTV 1994-1995
Mahō Kishi Rayearth[10] YTV/NTV, ABC 1994–1995
Virtua Fighter[10] (anime TV series) TV Tokyo 1995-1996
Kaitō Saint Tail ABC 1995-1996
Case Closed/Detective Conan [10] YTV/NTV 1996-
B't X[10] TBS 1996
Wankorobe TV Tokyo 1996–1997
Devil Lady[10] MBS 1998–1999
Monster Farm: Enban Ishi no Himitsu TBS 1999-2000
Shūkan Storyland NTV 1999-2001
Gozonji! Gekko Kamen-kun TMS (Oct. 17, 1999–Mar. 26, 2000)
Karakurizōshi Ayatsuri Sakon WOWOW (Nov. 1999–Apr. 2000)

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

Feature length films[edit]

× - Pilot film to a later television series / ×× - Film that tied-in to the original TV series

Television feature length/specials[edit]

  • Bōchan (Jun.1980)
  • Nijū-yon [24] no Hitomi (Oct. 1980)
  • Sugata Sanshirō (1981)
  • Son Goku: Silk Road o Tobu!! (1982)
  • Annual Lupin III TV movies (1989–present)
  • Soreike! Anpanman
    • Minami no Umi o Sukae (1990)
    • Kieta Jam Oji-san (1993)
    • Keito no Shiro no Christmas (1995)
  • Magic Knight Rayearth: Zokan go (1995)

Original video animation[edit]

Video games[edit]

Foreign production history[edit]

TMS Entertainment/Telecom Animation Film[edit]

DiC Entertainment[edit]

Disney Television Animation[edit]

Warner Bros. Animation[edit]

Other productions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Notice Concerning Exchange of Shares to Convert Sammy NetWorks Co., Ltd., SEGA TOYS CO., LTD. and TMS ENTERTAINMENT, LTD. into Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS INC" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings Inc. 27 August 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. Company Profile". Tms-e.co.jp. 2015-03-31. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  3. ^ "思い出のキャラ図鑑". Ningyonoie.com. Retrieved 2015-12-04. 
  4. ^ "TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. Company". Tms-e.co.jp. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  5. ^ "Hayao Miyazaki //". Nausicaa.net. 1941-01-05. Retrieved 2017-01-08. 
  6. ^ "テレコム・アニメーションフィルム オフィシャルサイト". Telecom-anime.com. Retrieved 2017-01-08. 
  7. ^ "About us | テレコム・アニメーションフィルム オフィシャルサイト". Telecom-anime.com. Retrieved 2017-01-08. 
  8. ^ "Merrill Lynch ups stake in TMS". The Japan Times. 2003-12-31. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  9. ^ Clements, Jonathan; McCarthy, Helen (2014). The Anime Encyclopedia: A Century of Japanese Animation (3rd ed.). Stone Bridge Press. p. 850. ISBN 9781611720181. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Title List Action and Adventure". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Title List Science Fiction". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Title List Family Entertainment". TMS Entertainment. Retrieved January 18, 2017. 
  13. ^ Patten, Fred (September 15, 2013). "The "Teenagers From Outer Space" Genre". Cartoon Research. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]