T (New York City Subway service)

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"T" train symbol
Second Avenue Local
Northern end Harlem–125th Street
Southern end Hanover Square
Stations 16
Started service June 24, 1916; 102 years ago (1916-06-24) (West End service)
Discontinued November 26, 1967; 50 years ago (1967-11-26) (West End through service)
1968; 50 years ago (1968) (West End shuttle)

The T Second Avenue Local is a prospective rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. It is proposed to run on the Second Avenue Subway in Manhattan and its route symbol will be turquoise.

The first phase of the Second Avenue Subway opened in January 2017, from 63rd Street to 96th Street, and is served by the Q train.[1] The full Second Avenue Line will be built in four phases, and the planned T service will not run until the third phase of the line opens from Houston Street to 63rd Street.[2] Currently, the third phase is not funded or scheduled.[3]

From 1961 to 1968, the T designation was also used for trains running along the BMT West End Line in Brooklyn, which was replaced by the B train and later by the W. The West End Line is now served by the D train.

Historical designation[edit]

Original service[edit]

R1 BMT 3.gif
Original 3 designation for the West End Line

The T designation was originally used for West End local and express trains in Brooklyn. The elevated BMT West End Line opened in 1916, replacing the original West End surface Line that opened in 1863 and branched off of the former Fifth Avenue Elevated. The BMT West End Line connected to the recently-opened BMT Fourth Avenue Line subway. The new elevated line's service was originally labeled 3 by the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT). On June 24, 1916, 3 service began running between 18th Avenue and Chambers Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line via the Manhattan Bridge and the Nassau Street Loop. This service was extended to 25th Avenue on July 29, 1916 and Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue on December 23, 1918.[4]

On September 4, 1917, the first part of the BMT Broadway Line opened, and 3 service ran to 14th Street – Union Square. Chambers Street service was probably suspended until the remainder of the Nassau Street loop was completed. Service began running to the newly opened Times Square – 42nd Street station on January 15, 1918. Service began running part-time to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue on July 10, 1919, and this extension was probably axed in 1920.[4]

The BMT Nassau Street Line and the Nassau Loop were completed on May 31, 1931. Weekday AM and PM service and Saturday AM local resumed service from Bay Parkway or 62nd Street to Chambers Street running via the Montague Tunnel, and returning via the Manhattan Bridge south tracks.[4]

The Saturday local service to Chambers Street, on June 24, 1950, was discontinued. All express trains began running to 57th Street on May 2, 1957. On October 24, 1957, late night service was replaced by locals to Chambers Street, running via the tunnel in both directions, and terminating at Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue. Express service was eliminated during middays, being replaced by locals extended to Coney Island on May 28, 1959. At this time all locals to Chambers Street began running via the tunnel in both directions.[4]

R27endt.gif|R27endtt.gif

R27 rollsigns

Letters began appearing in the summer of 1961, when R27 subway cars began running on the line. Express trains were given the label of T, and the locals were given the label of TT, in accordance with the Independent Subway System's old system labeling express trains with single letters and local trains with double letters. On January 1, 1961, rush hour T expresses began running to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard in along the BMT Astoria Line in Queens, and until April 2, 1962 so did Saturday service. TT local service on January 1 began running between Bay Parkway and Chambers Street. During middays, local service only ran between Coney Island and Chambers Street. After April 2, 1962, T service began running to 57th Street during evenings and Saturdays; on nights and Sundays TT shuttle service ran to 36th Street.

Post-Chrystie Street Connection[edit]

TT Train (1967).svg
Short-lived TT bullet from 1967-1968

The T was discontinued on November 26, 1967, after the Chrystie Street Connection opened. This connection linked the new express tracks of the IND Sixth Avenue Line to the Manhattan Bridge, allowing for increased subway service between Brooklyn and Midtown Manhattan. As a consequence, the connection between the Nassau Street Line and the Manhattan Bridge was severed, ending the Nassau Street Loop in Lower Manahttan. The BB, a Sixth Avenue Line service which formerly operated solely in Manhattan, was now extended to Brooklyn via the Manhattan Bridge, running along the BMT Fourth Avenue Line and BMT West End Line to Coney Island. This new B service replaced T and TT service into Manhattan. However, late-night and Sunday shuttle service between Coney Island and 36th Street was still labeled TT. The new color scheme for subway routes introduced that day included a blue TT bullet.[5] On July 1, 1968, the TT designation was discontinued entirely with late-night/Sunday shuttle service labeled B instead.[4]

In the 40 or so years after the opening of the Chrystie Street Connection, a series of service changes caused by construction work led to service patterns temporarily mimicking those of the original T and TT services. From April 26, 1986 to December 11, 1988, the northern tracks of the Manhattan Bridge, leading to the Sixth Avenue Line, closed for repairs, akin to the conditions of the subway prior to the opening of the Chrystie Street Connection. During this time, the T's old service pattern was almost exactly recreated, with B service running via Broadway Express from Coney Island to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard during rush hours, and during middays, evenings and weekends to Queensboro Plaza.[6] The TT's route via the BMT Nassau Street Line was replicated in 1987, when the M was rerouted from the Brighton Line to the West End Line running to Bay Parkway. The M ran on the BMT Nassau Street and West End Lines on weekdays until June 25, 2010. [7][8][9][10]

The Manhattan Bridge's north side tracks closed for repairs again on July 22, 2001; B service in Brooklyn via the Sixth Avenue Line was replaced by the new W service, running via Broadway express to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard, essentially recreating the T route once again.[11] This lasted until February 22, 2004, when, following the completion of repairs to the Manhattan Bridge, the D was rerouted over the West End Line, providing full-time service via Sixth Avenue Express, which continues today.[12][13][14]

T currently appears on R32 rollsigns as a black letter on a white circle. The T was programmed into R44 and R46 side signs as a West End route, with various Broadway, Sixth Avenue and Nassau Street designations.[4]

Planned Second Avenue Subway service[edit]

Map of the future Second Avenue Subway (SAS), with the T service shown in turquoise. The Q currently serves the line between 72nd and 96th Streets.

Designation[edit]

During planning for the Second Avenue Subway in the early 2000s, the MTA decided to designate the line's future full-length service with the letter T, in part because:[15]

  • The letters O and I are too easily confused with the digits 0 and 1, respectively.[15][16]
  • The letter K was used until the late 1980s to denote services on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, and earlier on the BMT Jamaica Line, and thus is not preferred. H is the Rockaway Park Shuttle's internal route designator.[15]
  • The letters P, U and Y are more easily confused with common words.[16]

The T's route emblem is colored turquoise (hex triplet #00ADD0, which could also be considered robin's egg blue or teal) because the color had also been used for the JFK Express in the past. In 2011, turquoise was considered "the color of the year", and at the time of the color's selection in the 2000s, it was also considered a very upscale color.[17]

Planned service pattern[edit]

When the construction of the Second Avenue Subway's Phase 3 is completed, the proposed T service will operate from Harlem–125th Street to Houston Street.[18][19] After Phase 4 opens, T service will run the full length of the line, from Harlem–125th Street to Hanover Square.[19][20] The new T service is planned to operate at a frequency of 14 trains per hour during rush hours.[20]

As planned, the T will use the following lines with the same service pattern at all times.

Line From To Tracks
IND Second Avenue Line Harlem–125th Street Houston Street (Phase 3) all
Hanover Square (Phase 4)

Planned station listing[edit]

If Phase 3 of the Second Avenue Subway is ever built, the proposed T route would run entirely in Manhattan and would be the only New York City Subway service that is not a shuttle to run only within one borough,[2] and will be the second in the system's history, as the 8 did so, until it ended in 1973.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
Station Handicapped/disabled access Phase Transfers and connections Notes
Manhattan
Introduction in Phase 3
125th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 Northern terminal station for T train
N selected rush-hour trips once the line opensQ all times once the line opensR one a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only once the line opens
4 all times5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
connection to Harlem–125th Street (Metro-North Railroad)
at Lexington Avenue and 125th Street
116th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 N selected rush-hour trips once the line opensQ all times once the line opensR one a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only once the line opens
106th Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 N selected rush-hour trips once the line opensQ all times once the line opensR one a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only once the line opens
96th Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 N limited rush hour service onlyQ all timesR one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only
86th Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 N limited rush hour service onlyQ all timesR one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only
72nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 N limited rush hour service onlyQ all timesR one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only
55th Street Handicapped/disabled access 3 E all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Queens Boulevard Line) at Lexington Avenue–53rd Street
4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line) at 51st Street
42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 3 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
S all except late nights (IRT 42nd Street Shuttle)
4 all times5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line) at Grand Central–42nd Street
connection to Grand Central Terminal (Metro-North Railroad, with connection to Long Island Rail Road once East Side Access Project is completed)
34th Street Handicapped/disabled access 3 M34 and M34A Select Bus Service
23rd Street Handicapped/disabled access 3 M23 Select Bus Service
14th Street Handicapped/disabled access 3 L all times (BMT Canarsie Line) at Third Avenue
Houston Street Handicapped/disabled access 3 F all times (IND Sixth Avenue Line) at Second Avenue Southern terminal station for T train (Phase 3)
Phase 4 extension
Grand Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
Chatham Square Handicapped/disabled access 4 at Worth Street
Seaport Handicapped/disabled access 4 at Fulton Street
Hanover Square Handicapped/disabled access 4 at Old Slip
Southern terminal station for T train (Phase 4)

References[edit]

  1. ^
    • Slotnik, Daniel E.; Wolfe, Jonathan; Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Palmer, Emily; Remnick, Noah (January 1, 2017). "Opening of Second Avenue Subway: Updates". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
    • Rivoli, Dan; Sandoval, Edgar; Brown, Stephen Rex (January 1, 2017). "New Yorkers take historic first ride on Second Ave. subway". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
    • Nessen, Stephen (January 1, 2017). "See Inside: The 2nd Avenue Subway Opens to All". WNYC. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "MTA Capital Construction - Second Avenue Subway Project Description". mta.info. MTA. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  3. ^ Kabak, Benjamin. "What future the Second Ave. Subway?". Second Avenue Sagas. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  5. ^ http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/show?36091
  6. ^ "If You Ride These Subway Lines, You Know Something Drastic Has To Be Done". TheJoeKorNer.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1986. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  7. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Major Subway Changes Set for Monday". www.mta.info. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  8. ^ "Evaluation of 2010 Service Reductions" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. September 23, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  9. ^ Schuerman, Matthew (June 25, 2010). "A Guide to NYC Bus and Subway Service Cuts". WNYC News. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  10. ^ DeJesus, Juan (June 25, 2010). "Last Stop: New Yorkers Bid Adieu to V and W". NBC New York. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  11. ^ BMT West End Line
  12. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  13. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". February 5, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  14. ^ Son, Hugh (February 15, 2004). "ABC's of subway swap Manhattan Bridge fix changes 7 lines". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  15. ^ a b c Reeves, Hope (October 26, 2006). "The Second Avenue Subway Is Brought to You by the Letter T". New York Magazine. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
  16. ^ a b Haddon, Heather (June 20, 2010). "V and W trains join a long list of routes that have bowed out of the subways - am New York". amny.com. amNewYork. Archived from the original on June 20, 2010. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  17. ^ Haughney, Christine (August 22, 2011). "Train Line Far From Arrival Has a Color to Be Noticed". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
  18. ^ Hirschman, David (July 21, 2008). "The T Train: NYC Will Get Its First New Subway Line in 70 Years". Wired (Aug '08): 36. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2014. The old (1960s) T service was also called the West End train. The reference was to Brooklyn. By contrast, the new T service will serve the East Side of Manhattan, and 'will unite the Upper and Lower East Sides.'
  19. ^ a b "Making the Case" (PDF). fta.dot.gov. Federal Transit Administration. August 20, 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 27, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
  20. ^ a b "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS): Chapter 5B: Transportation—Subway and Commuter Rail" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2004. Retrieved December 17, 2016.