TV Cultura

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TV Cultura
Culture TV
Broadcast areaSão Paulo as TV Cultura, and Brazil, through its affiliate stations and broadcast relay stations and Worldwide
AffiliatesSee List of TV Cultura affiliates
HeadquartersSão Paulo, Brazil
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 480i for the SD feed)
OwnerDiários Associados (1960–1969)
Fundação Padre Anchieta (since 1969)
Launched20 September 1960; 63 years ago (1960-09-20) (original)
15 June 1969; 54 years ago (1969-06-15) (relaunch)
Former namesC2 Cultura (1960-1969)
TV2 Cultura (1969-1979)
Rádio e Televisão Cultura (RTC) (1979-1987)
Rede Cultura (1993-2002)
Digital terrestrial television

TV Cultura or simply Cultura, is a free Brazilian public television network headquartered in São Paulo and a part of Father Anchieta Foundation, a non-profit foundation funded by the São Paulo State Government. It focuses on educational and cultural subjects but also has sports as entertainment options.

According to research by the BBC and the British institute Populus, published in 2015, TV Cultura is the second highest quality channel in the world, behind only BBC One.[1][2]


TV Cultura logo between 1992 and 2010.

TV Cultura was founded in 1960 by Diários Associados and Rede de Emissoras Associadas, who also owned TV Tupi. The station's transmitter was the former one used by TV Tupi São Paulo, which up until August 1960 broadcast on channel 3, and in order to move to the new frequency, Tupi built a new transmitter at Sumaré.[3]: 364 

On September 20, 1960, two days after TV Tupi celebrated its tenth anniversary, its "younger sister" was born. TV Cultura became the fifth television station in the city of São Paulo.[3]: 415  The station was initially scheduled to launch in the first semester of 1960, but was later delayed to August, September 7 and finally September 20. The launch campaign in local newspapers framed the station as having state-of-the-art equipment for its time, with a strong emphasis on its local output. The station broadcast from 7 pm to 11 pm.[3]: 417  Mario Fanucchi created a special illustration featuring the TV Tupi mascot - with the number 4 in his body - feeding the newborn sister, representing channel 2.[3]: 418 

The formal launch ceremony was held at 7 pm on September 20, 1960 at the Fasano Winter Garden[3]: 418-420  followed by a special variety show at 9 pm, where artists from the Associadas stations from other states took part.[3]: 420 

The following day, TV Cultura presented its normal schedule. Similar to TV Tupi, its offer included news, sports, plays, children's programs, cartoons and feature-length films. The 10 pm newscast Telejornal Pirelli was presented in association with one of its newspapers (Diário da Noite) featuring a wide local, national and international newscast. The press reported its "never-before seen characteristics".[3]: 421  Although the station's name alluded to a "cultural" facet, TV Cultura under its administration was a commercial television station, however, educational programming was still present since the outset, starting with English classes and from March 1961, an experimental television learning system.[3]: 421-422  Shortly before the 1964 military coup, it was suggested that TV Cultura should switch to a news format, which included a proposal from Philips to bring equipment, including outside vans, to accommodate its conversion to the new format. Philips rejected the plan.[3]: 423 

On April 28, 1965, at the end of ABC Show, a fire broke out at Studio A, the fire later spread to the entire floor where TV Cultura broadcast from, knocking it off the air. By 2 am, the fire was controlled. The possible cause was a short circuit. While there were no victims, the material damage was high. The following day, TV Cultura started broadcasting provisionally from TV Tupi's Studio C at Sumaré.[3]: 423-424 

Instead of returning to the old facilities, TV Cultura decided to build a new facility from scratch in Água Branca.[3]: 424-425 

In 1968, the São Paulo State Government bought TV Cultura from Associadas and subsequently donated the channel to Fundação Padre Anchieta ("Father Anchieta Foundation") in 1969. It is a public TV Station with an Educational and Cultural agenda and receives public investments from the government of São Paulo's state and it claims to have intellectual, political and administrative independence not only for TV Cultura, but also its two affiliated radio broadcasting channels, Rádio Cultura AM and Rádio Cultura FM.

Current programming[edit]

News and current affairs
Music shows
Reality shows/Game shows
  • Talentos
  • Prelúdio
  • Tá Certo?
  • Cultura, O Musical
  • Quem Sabe, Sabe! (2013)
Children's programming

Former programming[edit]

News and current affairs
Children's programming
TV Series


Between 1980 and 2007, TV Cultura became a strong educational television network, and several educational broadcasters across the country joined the network. In 1998, TVE Brasil, the station owned by the federal government of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro joined TV Cultura and together they formed the Public Television Network, today ABEPEC (translated from Portuguese, the Brazilian Association of Public and Educational Broadcasters). In 2007, with the creation of a public corporation, Brazil Communication Company and the creation of TV Brasil, the partnership with TV Cultura was dissolved, but the partnership was resumed two years later. From 2008 to 2012, more than half of TV Cultura's affiliates left it for TV Brasil, generating a rapid shrinkage of the network. However, the situation was reversed between 2016 and 2019. In 2013, the IBOPE index showcased that TV Cultura's had an audience growth in the daily average audience of Greater São Paulo, allowing it for its re-expansion. Currently, the station is present in 2,000 municipalities and 27 states, either through partner stations or network relays.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "TV Cultura é a 2ª emissora mais bem avaliada do mundo". Veja (in Brazilian Portuguese). 31 January 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  2. ^ "International Perceptions of TV Quality" (PDF). BBC. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k TV Tupi: Do Tamanho do Brasil [TV Tupi: As Big as Brazil] (in Brazilian Portuguese). ABERT. 2020. ISBN 9786500464719.
  4. ^ "Bundesliga - Campeonato Alemão". TV Cultura (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2023-10-29.
  5. ^ "Cultura vai exibir mais de 30 jogos e mantém o NBB na TV aberta". Terra (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-05-30.
  6. ^ "Depois de fechar com Fórmula E, TV Cultura anuncia Fórmula Indy". NaTelinha (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-05-30.
  7. ^ "TV Cultura transmite jogo entre Eintracht Frankfurt e Barcelona pela Europa League". TV Cultura (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-04-26.
  8. ^ "Grade de programação". TV Cultura - UOL (in Portuguese).
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Póss, Karol (31 July 2016). "18 desenhos e programas da TV Cultura para relembrar a infância". Elfo Livre (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 14 November 2021.

External links[edit]