TWA Flight 841 (1974)
A Boeing 707-331B of TWA, similar to the aircraft involved in the incident
|Date||September 8, 1974|
|Summary||Terrorist bombing causing structural and control system failures followed by stall|
|Site||Over the West Coast of Greece (Ionian Sea)|
|Aircraft type||Boeing 707-331B|
|Operator||Trans World Airlines|
|Flight origin||Ben Gurion International Airport,|
Tel Aviv, Israel
|2nd stopover||Ellinikon International Airport,|
|3rd stopover||Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport, Rome, Italy|
|Destination||John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City, U.S.|
On September 8, 1974, a Boeing 707-331B (registered N8734) operating as TWA Flight 841 from Tel Aviv to New York City via Athens and Rome crashed into the Ionian Sea, killing all aboard. After stopping for 68 minutes in Athens, it departed for Rome. About 30 minutes after takeoff, the plane crashed into the Ionian Sea. The out-of-control aircraft was observed by crew on the flight deck of Pan Am Flight 110. They watched the aircraft execute a steep climb, followed by the separation of an engine from the wing and a death spiral. All 79 passengers and nine crew members were killed. The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the plane had been destroyed by a bomb hidden in the cargo hold. The detonation of the bomb destroyed the systems responsible for operating the plane's control surfaces, causing the plane to pitch up until it stalled and dove into the ocean.
After the ousting of the PLO from Jordan following the Jordanian-Palestinian civil war, the Palestinian military organizations made South Lebanon into their headquarters, enlisting militants from Palestinian refugee camps. South Lebanon was also referred to as Fatahland, due to the almost complete control of Fatah and other military Palestinian organizations over this officially Lebanese area, which they used to stage attacks against Israel.
The airline's Tel Aviv office said 49 passengers boarded the plane there for Rome and the United States. They included 17 Americans (plus a baby), 13 Japanese, four Italians, four French, three Indians, two Iranians, two Israelis, two Sri Lankans, an Australian and a Canadian. The nationalities of 30 other passengers and the nine crew members were not immediately known at the time. Reuters reported a total of 37 Americans aboard. The crash occurred about 50 nautical miles west of Cephalonia, Greece.
In Beirut, it was reported that a Palestinian youth organization claimed it had put a guerrilla on the plane with a bomb. However, a spokesman for TWA said sabotage was "highly unlikely." Later, the National Transportation Safety Board determined that the plane was indeed destroyed by a bomb hidden in the cargo hold, which caused structural failure resulting in uncontrollable flight. The USS Independence CV-62 was tasked with picking up the debris and bodies.
- Barry Werth, 31 Days: Gerald Ford, The Nixon Pardon and a Government in Crisis (New York: Anchor Books). 2006. pp. 324–5 ISBN 978-1-4000-7868-4
References in fiction
The UK TV series Utopia refers to the bombing of TWA Flight 841 and several other real-life incidents around the same time as deliberate and coordinated acts by a fictional organization known as The Network.
- "FAA Registry (N8734)". Federal Aviation Administration.
- "AAR 75-07 Boeing 707 Ionian Sea Crash" (PDF). Airdisaster.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Final report, p. 1., PDF p. 5/46
- New York Times story, September 9, 1974.
- Barry Werth, 31 Days : Gerald Ford, The Nixon Pardon and a Government in Crisis (New York: Anchor Books). 2006, p. 324-5. ISBN 978-1-4000-7868-4
- Terrorist who plotted 1973 car bombs, Khalid Al-Jawary, gets deported