Taï Forest ebolavirus

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Species Taï Forest ebolavirus
Virus classification
Group: Group V ((−)ssRNA)
Order: Mononegavirales
Family: Filoviridae
Genus: Ebolavirus
Species: Taï Forest ebolavirus
Member virus (abbreviation)

Taï Forest virus (TAFV)

The species Taï Forest ebolavirus is a virological taxon included in the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales. The species has a single virus member, Taï Forest virus (TAFV).[1] The members of the species are called Taï Forest ebolaviruses.[1]

Tai Forest ebolavirus, has been seen in a single human infection due to contact chimpanzee from the Tai Forest in Ivory Coast.[2]

Nomenclature[edit]

The name Taï Forest ebolavirus (/tɑː’iː ‘fɔːrɨst iːˌboʊlə’vɑɪrəs/) is derived from Parc National de Taï (the name of a national park in Côte d'Ivoire, where Taï Forest virus was first discovered) and the taxonomic suffix ebolavirus (which denotes an ebolavirus species).[1] According to the rules for taxon naming established by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), the name Taï Forest ebolavirus is always to be capitalized, italicized, never abbreviated, and to be preceded by the word "species". The names of its members (Taï Forest ebolaviruses) are to be capitalized, are not italicized, and used without articles.[1]

The species was introduced in 1998 as Cote d'Ivoire Ebola virus.[3][4] In 2002, the name was changed to Cote d'Ivoire ebolavirus.[5][6] The name was proposed to be changed to Taï Forest ebolavirus in 2010,[1] and this proposal was immediately accepted by the ICTV.

A virus of the genus Ebolavirus is a member of the species Taï Forest ebolavirus if:[1]

  • it is endemic in Côte d'Ivoire
  • it has a genome with three gene overlaps (VP35/VP40, GP/VP30, VP24/L)
  • it has a genomic sequence different from Ebola virus by ≥30% but different from that of Taï Forest virus by <30%.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kuhn, Jens H.; Becker, Stephan; Ebihara, Hideki; Geisbert, Thomas W.; Johnson, Karl M.; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro; Lipkin, W. Ian; Negredo, Ana I; et al. (2010). "Proposal for a revised taxonomy of the family Filoviridae: Classification, names of taxa and viruses, and virus abbreviations". Archives of Virology. 155 (12): 2083–103. PMC 3074192Freely accessible. PMID 21046175. doi:10.1007/s00705-010-0814-x. 
  2. ^ Baize, Sylvain; Pannetier, Delphine; Oestereich, Lisa; Rieger, Toni; Koivogui, Lamine; Magassouba, N'Faly; Soropogui, Barrè; Sow, Mamadou Saliou; Keïta, Sakoba; De Clerck, Hilde; Tiffany, Amanda; Dominguez, Gemma; Loua, Mathieu; Traoré, Alexis; Kolié, Moussa; Malano, Emmanuel Roland; Heleze, Emmanuel; Bocquin, Anne; Mély, Stephane; Raoul, Hervé; Caro, Valérie; Cadar, Dániel; Gabriel, Martin; Pahlmann, Meike; Tappe, Dennis; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas; Impouma, Benido; Diallo, Abdoul Karim; Formenty, Pierre; et al. (2014). "Emergence of Zaire Ebola Virus Disease in Guinea". New England Journal of Medicine. 371 (15): 1418. PMID 24738640. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1404505. 
  3. ^ Netesov, S. V.; Feldmann, H.; Jahrling, P. B.; Klenk, H. D.; Sanchez, A. (2000). "Family Filoviridae". In van Regenmortel, M. H. V.; Fauquet, C. M.; Bishop, D. H. L.; Carstens, E. B.; Estes, M. K.; Lemon, S. M.; Maniloff, J.; Mayo, M. A.; McGeoch, D. J.; Pringle, C. R.; Wickner, R. B. Virus Taxonomy—Seventh Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. San Diego, US: Academic Press. pp. 539–48. ISBN 0-12-370200-3. 
  4. ^ Pringle, C. R. (1998). "Virus taxonomy-San Diego 1998". Archives of Virology. 143 (7): 1449–59. PMID 9742051. doi:10.1007/s007050050389. 
  5. ^ Feldmann, H.; Geisbert, T. W.; Jahrling, P. B.; Klenk, H.-D.; Netesov, S. V.; Peters, C. J.; Sanchez, A.; Swanepoel, R.; Volchkov, V. E. (2005). "Family Filoviridae". In Fauquet, C. M.; Mayo, M. A.; Maniloff, J.; Desselberger, U.; Ball, L. A. Virus Taxonomy—Eighth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. San Diego, US: Elsevier/Academic Press. pp. 645–653. ISBN 0-12-370200-3. 
  6. ^ Mayo, M. A. (2002). "ICTV at the Paris ICV: results of the plenary session and the binomial ballot". Archives of Virology. 147 (11): 2254–60. doi:10.1007/s007050200052. 

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