The ta'wiz, tawiz (Urdu: تعویز, ), muska (Turkish) or taʿwīdh (Arabic: تعويذ) is an amulet or locket usually containing verses from the Quran or other "islamic" prayers and symbols. The Tawiz is worn by some Muslims to protect them from evil. As such it is intended to be an amulet. The word ta'wiz is also used to refer to other types of amulets. It may be a pendant, carvings on metal or even framed duas.
Most ta'wiz consist of a small paper with Quranic verses or prayers written on it, typically in ink or with saffron paste.
The Urdu word ta'wiz comes from the Arabic. The Arabic word taʿwīdh, meaning "amulet" or "charm" is formed from the verb ʿawwadha, which means "to fortify someone with an amulet or incantation".
- Also t'aweez, tabiz and other variant transliterations
- "On the Permissibility of Writing Ta‘widhat" Trns. Zameelur Rahman May 1, 2010. Prepared by Deoband
- Chishti, Hakim (1985). The Book of Sufi Healing. New York: Inner Traditions International.
- Moberley, A. N. (1907). "Amulets as agents in the prevention of disease in Bengal". In Asiatic Society of Bengal. Memoirs of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Volume 1. Calcutta: The Asiatic Society. pp. 223–248. page 224.
- Hans Wehr's Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic page 768.