Ta'wiz

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A ta'wiz. The black pouch contains a paper with duas written on them.

The ta'wiz, tawiz (Urdu: تعویز‎,[1] ), muska (Turkish) or taʿwīdh (Arabic: تعويذ‎‎) is an amulet or locket usually containing verses from the Quran or other "islamic" prayers and symbols. The Tawiz is worn by some Muslims, to protect them from evil.[2][3] As such it is intended to be an amulet. The word ta'wiz is also used to refer to other types of amulets. It may be a pendant, carvings on metal or even framed duas.

Most ta'wiz are made up of a small paper with Quranic verses or prayers written on it, typically in ink or with saffron paste.

Etymology[edit]

The Urdu word ta'wiz comes from the Arabic.[4] The Arabic word taʿwīdh, meaning "amulet" or "charm" is formed from the verb ʿawwadha which means "to fortify someone with an amulet or incantation".[5]

Permissibility of wearing ta'wiz in Islam[edit]

If an amulet is made with something other than Qur’aan or du’aa’s narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), or if it contains symbols, mumbo-jumbo and strange words that cannot be understood, then there is scholarly consensus that it is haraam and constitutes shirk. But if the amulet is made with Qur’aan or du’aa’s narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), then there is a difference of opinion among the salaf, but the correct view is that it is haraam. See question no. 10543 https://islamqa.info/en/10543.

The scholars of the Standing Committee said:

The scholars are agreed that it is haraam to wear amulets if they are made with anything other than Qur’aan, but they differed concerning those that are made with Qur’aan. Some said that it is permissible to wear them and some said that that is not permissible. The view that it is not allowed is more likely to be correct because of the general meaning of the ahaadeeth, and so as to prevent the means that may lead to shirk. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/212.

It was narrated from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir al-Juhani that a group came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) [to swear their allegiance (bay’ah) to him]. He accepted the bay’ah of nine of them but not of one of them. They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, you accepted the bay’ah of nine but not of this one.” He said, “He is wearing an amulet.” The man put his hand (in his shirt) and took it off, then he (the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) accepted his bay’ah. He said, ‘Whoever wears an amulet has committed shirk.”

(Narrated by Ahmad, 16969)

This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 492.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Also t'aweez, tabiz and other variant transliterations
  2. ^ "On the Permissibility of Writing Ta‘widhat" Trns. Zameelur Rahman May 1, 2010. Prepared by Deoband
  3. ^ Chishti, Hakim (1985). The Book of Sufi Healing. New York: Inner Traditions International. 
  4. ^ Moberley, A. N. (1907). "Amulets as agents in the prevention of disease in Bengal". In Asiatic Society of Bengal. Memoirs of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Volume 1. Calcutta: The Asiatic Society. pp. 223–248.  page 224.
  5. ^ Hans Wehr's Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic page 768.