Taal, Batangas

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For the lake, see Taal Lake.
Taal
Municipality
The Heritage Town of Taal
The Heritage Town of Taal
Official seal of Taal
Seal
Map of Batangas showing the location of Taal
Location within Batangas province
Taal is located in Philippines
Taal
Taal
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°53′N 120°56′E / 13.88°N 120.93°E / 13.88; 120.93Coordinates: 13°53′N 120°56′E / 13.88°N 120.93°E / 13.88; 120.93
Country Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 1st District
Founded April 26, 1572
Barangays 42 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Fulgencio I. Mercado
Area[2]
 • Total 29.76 km2 (11.49 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 56,327
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 32,998
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4208
IDD:area code +63 (0)43
Income class 3rd class
PSGC 041029000

Taal, officially the Municipality of Taal (Filipino: Bayan ng Taal), is a municipality in the province of Batangas in the Calabarzon (Region IV-A) of the Philippines. The population was 56,327 at the 2015 census.[3] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 32,998 registered voters.[4]

Taal is famous for its old ancestral houses. Its poblacion (central business district) is designated as a National Historical Landmark.[5] The municipality is known as the Balisong and Barong Tagalog Capital of the Philippines.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The town of Taal was founded by Augustinian friars in 1572.[6] In 1575, the town transferred later to the edge of Bombon lake, now Taal Lake in 1575. In 1754, Taal Volcano erupted endangering the town of Taal which stood at present day San Nicolas. Threatened by the new danger, the townspeople, together with the Augustinian Francisco Benchucillo, sought refuge in the sanctuary of Caysasay.[7]

In 1955 the northern barrios of San Nicolas, Gipit, Bangin, Pansipit, Calangay, Sinturisan, Talang, Abilo, Balete, Bancora, Saimsim, Maabud, Mulawin, Tambo, Calumala, Alasas, Calawit, and Pulangbato were separated from Taal and formed into the municipality of San Nicolas.[8]

Geography[edit]

Taal is located at 13°53′N 120°56′E / 13.88°N 120.93°E / 13.88; 120.93.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 29.76 square kilometres (11.49 sq mi)[2] constituting 0.95% of the 3,119.75-square-kilometre- (1,204.54 sq mi) total area of Batangas.

A dominant feature of the province of Batangas is Taal Lake.[relevant? ] It covers an area of 270 square kilometres (100 sq mi) and is drained by Pansipit River down into Balayan Bay. Pansipit is one of the major ecological highways that allow migration of two fish species: maliputo (Cranx ignobilis) and muslo (Cranx marginalis) which are unique to lake Taal. Adult fish migrate to the sea from Taal Lake via Pansipit River and Palanas River in Lemery. The tawilis (Harengula tawilis) is a freshwater sardine also endemic to Taal lake.

Climate[edit]

Taal has two seasons: dry from November to April, and wet during the rest of the year. The lowest minimum temperature does not drop below 20 °C (68 °F) while the highest maximum temperature of 34.5 °C (94.1 °F) occurs from March to July of each year.

Barangays[edit]

Taal is politically subdivided into 42 barangays.[9]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[10]
041029001 Apacay 3.8% 2,117 1,955 +1.53%
041029002 Balisong 5.5% 3,097 2,839 +1.67%
041029003 Bihis 1.2% 702 572 +3.98%
041029004 Bolbok 2.0% 1,131 1,027 +1.85%
041029005 Buli 7.2% 4,033 3,460 +2.96%
041029006 Butong 8.7% 4,926 4,627 +1.20%
041029007 Carasuche 1.4% 766 669 +2.61%
041029008 Cawit 3.8% 2,150 1,843 +2.98%
041029009 Caysasay 1.1% 610 577 +1.06%
041029010 Cubamba 1.6% 904 772 +3.05%
041029011 Cultihan 3.5% 1,948 1,812 +1.39%
041029012 Gahol 2.1% 1,202 1,060 +2.42%
041029013 Halang 2.5% 1,410 1,250 +2.32%
041029014 Iba 5.3% 2,962 2,633 +2.27%
041029015 Ilog 2.1% 1,183 1,113 +1.17%
041029016 Imamawo 1.2% 700 615 +2.50%
041029017 Ipil 1.4% 796 712 +2.15%
041029018 Luntal 2.3% 1,315 1,186 +1.99%
041029019 Mahabang Lodlod 2.2% 1,218 1,089 +2.15%
041029020 Niogan 0.7% 411 341 +3.62%
041029021 Pansol 1.6% 881 819 +1.40%
041029022 Poblacion 11 0.5% 294 355 −3.53%
041029023 Poblacion 1 0.7% 419 401 +0.84%
041029024 Poblacion 10 1.2% 700 760 −1.55%
041029025 Poblacion 12 0.5% 283 249 +2.47%
041029026 Poblacion 2 0.5% 280 323 −2.68%
041029027 Poblacion 3 1.3% 760 918 −3.53%
041029028 Poblacion 4 0.5% 284 395 −6.09%
041029029 Poblacion 5 3.2% 1,805 1,710 +1.03%
041029030 Poblacion 6 1.5% 858 828 +0.68%
041029031 Poblacion 7 0.3% 158 258 −8.91%
041029032 Poblacion 8 1.8% 1,036 761 +6.05%
041029033 Poblacion 9 1.7% 977 925 +1.05%
041029034 Pook 2.3% 1,316 1,077 +3.89%
041029044 Seiran 5.3% 2,995 2,678 +2.15%
041029045 Laguile 5.0% 2,790 2,544 +1.77%
041029046 Latag 1.7% 960 950 +0.20%
041029047 Tierra Alta 1.7% 963 893 +1.45%
041029048 Tulo 4.8% 2,717 2,370 +2.64%
041029049 Tatlong Maria 2.3% 1,287 1,159 +2.01%
041029050 Poblacion 13 0.8% 477 449 +1.16%
041029051 Poblacion 14 0.9% 506 529 −0.84%
Total 56,327 51,503 +1.72%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Taal
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 34,925 —    
1995 38,722 +1.95%
2000 43,455 +2.50%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2007 51,459 +2.36%
2010 51,503 +0.03%
2015 56,327 +1.72%

In the 2015 census, Taal had a population of 56,327.[3] The population density was 1,900 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,900/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 32,998 registered voters.[4]

The first census in 1903 recorded a total population of 17,525. The 2007 population was 51,459 growing at 2.44% annually over the previous 7 years, with 7,961 households. By 2010, the population slightly increased to 51,503.

Cultural events[edit]

  • The EL PASUBAT Festival, celebrated annually during the month of April, is the conglomeration of the trademarks of Taal. "EL PASUBAT" stands for Empanada, Longganisa, Panutsa, Suman, Balisong, Barong Tagalog, Tapa, Tamales, Tawilis, Tulingan — the delicacies and crafts that Taal is known for.[13]
  • The Feast of St. Martin of Tours is held November 11 every year. Celebrations are in the form of prayer, hymns, declamation, flower offerings and big religious processions. Most houses celebrate with food and drinks for visitors right after.
  • The Feast of Our Lady of Caysasay, the well known miraculous image of the Immaculate Conception, is celebrated every December 8. A joint town fiesta celebrated on December 9 honoring both Our Lady of Caysasay and Saint Martin of Tours.
  • Lua is a traditional declamation in the vernacular recited by a maiden to honor the Virgin Mary or a boy in praise of a male saint like Saint Martin of Tours. In the procession, young girls and ladies in their pretty gowns make up the hila (pull), so called because they are supposed to pull the cord of lights originating from the Virgin’s karosa (procession carriage) bedecked with flowers.

List of Cultural Properties of Taal[edit]

Local products and delicacies[edit]

Plaza and heritage houses in Taal

Since the Spanish period, the people of Taal lived by farming and commerce. The main produce are cotton, cacao and sugar which are made through the use of crude sugar mill called trapeche. Weaving and embroidery of barong and camisa (blouses) made from piña are popular home industries. Local embroidery businesses later expanded their products to include curtains, piano covers, pillow cases, table cloth, table napkins and bed covers, adding more fame already earned by Taal embroidery.

Other products produced in the town are: balisong (fan knife) and various food treats such as the panocha (peanut brittle candy) and suman salehiya (a sweet suman), tapa (cured pork product) and the local longganisa, all of which are available at the public market. Popular Filipino dishes that originated from Taal are Adobo sa Dilaw (Yellow Adobo) and Sinaing na Tulingan (Bonita Fish Soup).

Notable people[edit]

Felipe Agoncillo
Philippine Revolution
Other notable Taaleños

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ NHCP Historic Preservation Division. "Portion of the Town of Taal". National Registry of Historic Sites & Structures in the Philippines. Retrieved on 2013-07-03.
  6. ^ Worcester, Dean C. (April 1912). "Taal Volcano and Its Recent Destructive Eruption". The National Geographic Magazine. 
  7. ^ Galende, O.S.A, Pedro G.; Javellana, S.J, Rene B. (1993). Great Churches of the Philppines. pp. 46–47. 
  8. ^ "An Act Creating the Municipality of San Nicolas, Province of Batangas". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  9. ^ "Municipal: Taal, Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  11. ^ "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "El Pasubat". Taal Tourism Office. 

External links[edit]