Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet

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Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet
Flag of Estonia.svg
48th cabinet of Estonia
Taavi Rõivas.jpg
Date formed9 April 2015
Date dissolved23 November 2016
People and organisations
Head of stateKersti Kaljulaid (2016-present)
Toomas Hendrik Ilves (2006-2016)
Head of governmentTaavi Rõivas
No. of ministers15
Member partiesEstonian Reform Party,
Social Democratic Party,
Pro Patria and Res Publica Union
Opposition partiesEstonian Centre Party
Estonian Free Party
Conservative People's Party of Estonia
Election(s)2015 election
Legislature term(s)4 years
PredecessorTaavi Rõivas' first cabinet
SuccessorJüri Ratas' first cabinet
Coat of arms of Estonia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet was the cabinet of Estonia, in office from 9 April 2015 to 23 November 2016.[1] It is a coalition cabinet of liberal centre-right Estonian Reform Party, Social Democratic Party and conservative Pro Patria and Res Publica Union.

On 7 November 2016, the Social Democratic Party and Pro Patria and Res Publica Union announced that they were asking Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas to resign and were planning on negotiating a new majority government.[2] The announcement came soon after the opposition had submitted a motion to express lack of confidence in Rõivas’ government. SDE and IRL proceeded to support the motion, leaving the Reform the only party to support Rõivas.[3] Rõivas commented the situation by declining to resign and arguing that a democratically elected government should be only removed by a democratic vote.[4] In the following vote of confidence on 9 November, the majority of Riigikogu voted in favor of removing the prime minister’s government.[5] In the following coalition talks Center Party, SDE and IRL formed a new coalition led by Center Party's chairman Jüri Ratas. The new coalition was sworn in on 23 November.[6]


Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Government's Office
Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas26 March 201423 November 2016Reform
Ministry of Finance
Minister of Finance Sven Sester9 April 2015to the next cabinetPro Patria and Res Publica
Minister of Public Administration Arto Aas9 April 201523 November 2016Reform
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Foreign Affairs Keit Pentus-Rosimannus17 November 20141 July 2015Reform
 Marina Kaljurand16 July 201512 September 2016Independent
 Jürgen Ligi12 September 201623 November 2016Reform
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure Kristen Michal9 April 201523 November 2016Reform
Minister of Entrepreneurship Urve Palo9 April 201530 August 2015Social Democratic
 Liisa Oviir14 September 201523 November 2016Social Democratic
Ministry of Justice
Minister of Justice Urmas Reinsalu9 April 2015to the next cabinetPro Patria and Res Publica
Ministry of Defence
Minister of Defence Sven Mikser26 March 201414 September 2015Social Democratic
 Hannes Hanso14 September 201523 November 2016Social Democratic
Ministry of Culture
Minister of Culture Indrek Saar9 April 2015to the next cabinetSocial Democratic
Ministry of the Interior
Minister of the Interior Hanno Pevkur26 March 201423 November 2016Reform
Ministry of Education and Research
Minister of Education and Research Jürgen Ligi9 April 201512 September 2016Reform
 Maris Lauri12 September 201623 November 2016Reform
Ministry of the Environment
Minister of the Environment Marko Pomerants9 April 2015to the next cabinetPro Patria and Res Publica
Ministry of Social Affairs
Minister of Social Protection Margus Tsahkna9 April 201523 November 2016Pro Patria and Res Publica
Minister of Health and Labour Rannar Vassiljev9 April 201514 September 2015Social Democratic
 Jevgeni Ossinovski14 September 2015to the next cabinetSocial Democratic
Ministry of Rural Affairs
Minister of Rural Affairs Urmas Kruuse9 April 201523 November 2016Reform


On 1 July 2015 Minister of Foreign Affairs, Keit Pentus-Rosimannus, resigned due to a court decision which made her partly liable for debts accumulated by her father's bankrupt company.[8] Reform Party decided to nominate independent Marina Kaljurand as her successor.[9]

On 30 August 2015 The Social Democrat council vote whether to continue in the government coalition, with the result turning out positive Urve Palo, the Minister of Entrepreneurship, resigned in protest.[10] She was replaced with Liisa Oviir. Social Democrats also decided to bring their new chairman Jevgeni Ossinovski into the government as Minister of Health and Labour. The Minister of Defence and former chairman of Social Democrats Sven Mikser was replaced with Hannes Hanso.[11]

On 9 September 2016 Minister of Foreign Affairs, Marina Kaljurand, announced her resignation to run independently in the 2016 Estonian presidential election. She had previously been the favourite for Reform Party nominee, but was eventually dropped in favour of Siim Kallas.[12] In a ministerial reshuffle Jürgen Ligi was moved from the chair of Minister of Education to Minister of Foreign Affairs with Maris Lauri taking his seat in the Ministry of Education and Research.[13]


  1. ^ "Otseülekanne: kolme erakonna koalitsioonileping saab allkirjad". Postimees. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Government falls as Social Democrats and IRL leave coalition". ERR. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Five parliamentary groups give Rõivas until 2 p.m. Wednesday to step down as prime minister". ERR. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas not going to resign". ERR. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Prime Minister loses no confidence vote, forced to resign". ERR. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  6. ^ "President appoints Jüri Ratas' government". ERR. 23 November 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Coalition agreement signed and new ministers announced". ERR. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Estonian Foreign Minister Pentus-Rosimannus resigns due to Autorollo case". ERR. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Kaljurand appointed foreign minister". ERR. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  10. ^ "SDE votes to continue in government; Palo resigns". ERR. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  11. ^ "SDE in ministerial reshuffle". ERR. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Marina Kaljurand to step down as foreign minister, announce presidential candidacy". ERR. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  13. ^ "President appoints new ministers". ERR. Retrieved 13 September 2016.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Taavi Rõivas' first cabinet
Government of Estonia
Succeeded by
Jüri Ratas' cabinet