Tabatinga

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For the city in State of São Paulo, see Tabatinga, São Paulo.
Tabatinga
Municipality
Tabatinga Amazonas.jpg
Flag of Tabatinga
Flag
Location of the municipality inside Amazonas
Location of the municipality inside Amazonas
Tabatinga is located in Brazil
Tabatinga
Tabatinga
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 4°15′9″S 69°56′17″W / 4.25250°S 69.93806°W / -4.25250; -69.93806Coordinates: 4°15′9″S 69°56′17″W / 4.25250°S 69.93806°W / -4.25250; -69.93806
Country  Brazil
Region North
State Amazonas
Founded July 28, 1866 (Limits committee - Department of state of the Brazil)
February 1, 1983 (Official foundation)[1]
Government
 • Mayor Saul Nunes Bemerguy (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 3,225.064 km2 (1,245.204 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m (200 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 62,346
Time zone ACT (UTC–5)

Tabatinga, originally Forte de São Francisco Xavier de Tabatinga, is a municipality in the Três Fronteiras area of Western Amazonas. It is located in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Its population was 59,684 (2014)[2] and its area is 3,225 km²[2] Together with the neighbouring Colombian city of Leticia and the Peruvian city of Santa Rosa de Yavari, the urban area has more than 100,000 residents spread along the Amazon river. The first Portuguese settlement in the area was founded in the 18th century as a military outpost.[3] It became an autonomous municipality on February 1, 1983.[3] Formerly, it was part of the Municipality of Benjamin Constant. The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Alto Solimões.

Due to the extensive border with Colombia and Peru, Tabatinga is considered, by the federal police and the Brazilian Army, one of the main entry points of cocaine in Brazil.[4]

History[edit]

It was established as a Portuguese military outpost Forte de São Francisco Xavier de Tabatinga in 1766.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Panorama IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) cidades.ibge.gov.br/brasil/am/tabatinga/panorama
  2. ^ a b Data for Tabatinga Archived 2011-05-16 at the Wayback Machine. from IBGE (in Portuguese)
  3. ^ a b "Nossa Cidade" (in Portuguese). Portal Tabatinga. Archived from the original on 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 
  4. ^ Tom Philips (4 January 2011). "Rio drug trade turns Amazon city into crime capital". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2011. Much of the cocaine sold in Rio is said to arrive through Tabatinga, a smuggling mecca lost on Brazil's tri-border with Peru and Colombia, around 700 miles upriver from Manaus. 

External links[edit]