This species presence in riparian areas of the Caatinga of northeastern Brazil is a crucial resource for Spix's macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii), which is extinct in the wild with fewer than 100 birds remaining in captivity. Any future reintroduction would have to provide sufficient T. aurea for nesting and other purposes - while the tree is not considered threatened on a global scale, locally it has declined due to unsustainable use for timber and some other factors.
Bueno, M.L.; Damasceno-Junior, G.A.; Pott, A. (May 2014). "Structure of arboreal and herbaceous strata in a neotropical seasonally flooded monodominant savanna of Tabebuia aurea". Brazilian Journal of Biology. 74 (2): 325–337. doi:10.1590/1519-6984.16612.
Reis, FP; Senna Bonfa, IM; Cavalcante, RB; et al. (December 2014). "Tabebuia aurea decreases inflammatory, myotoxic and hemorrhagic activities induced by the venom of Bothrops neuwiedi". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 158 (Pt A): 352–7. PMID25446588. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2014.10.045.