Tabernaemontana pandacaqui

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Tabernaemontana pandacaqui
Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Blanco1.41-cropped.jpg
1880 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Tabernaemontana
Species: T. pandacaqui
Binomial name
Tabernaemontana pandacaqui

Tabernaemontana pandacaqui grows as a shrub or tree up to 14 metres (46 ft) tall. Its flowers feature white or pale yellow corolla lobes. The fruit is orange, red or yellow with paired follicles, each up to 7 centimetres (2.8 in) in diameter. The plant is found in a wide variety of habitats, particularly in drier areas.[4] It is native to China, Taiwan, Thailand, Malesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia and many Pacific islands.[3] The species is also reportedly naturalized in the Windward Islands, Trinidad and Tobago and Panama.[3] Common names include windmill bush and banana bush.[5]


  1. ^ 1880 illustration from Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.) - Flora de Filipinas, Gran edicion
  2. ^ "Tabernaemontana pandacaqui". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Tabernaemontana pandacaqui". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Middleton, David J. (September 2004). "Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Lam." (PDF). In Soepadmo, E.; Saw, L. G.; Chung, R. C. K. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions). 5. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 57–58. ISBN 983-2181-59-3. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. (Dec 2010). "Factsheet – Tabernaemontana pandacaqui". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 10 August 2013.