Table of Japanese kanji radicals

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Table of Japanese Kanji radicals)
Jump to: navigation, search

Kanji radicals are graphemes, or graphical parts, that are used in organizing Japanese kanji in dictionaries. They are derived from the 214 Chinese Kangxi radicals.

Table key[edit]

The following table shows the 214 Kangxi radicals, which are derived from 47,035 characters.

The frequency list is derived from the 47,035 characters in the Chinese language.

The Jōyō frequency is from the set of 2,136 Jōyō kanji.[1]

Top 25% means that this radical represents 25% of Jōyō kanji. Top 50% means that this radical plus the Top 25% represent 50% of Jōyō kanji. Top 75% means that this radical plus the Top 50% represent 75% of Jōyō kanji.[2]

Many radicals are not commonly written by themselves so people wouldn't know the technical Hiragana reading given here. The simplified table of Japanese kanji radicals page only lists common readings.

Table of radicals[edit]

No. Radical (variants) Stroke count Meaning and reading Frequency Jōyō freq Examples Group
1 1 one (いち ichi?) 42 50 七三丈不丘世
2 1 line (ぼう ?) 21
3 1 dot (てん ten?) 10 丸主
4 丿 1 bend ( no?) 33 久之乎
5 (乚) 1 second, latter (おつ otsu?) 42 九也
6 1 hook (はねぼう hanebō?) 19 了事
7 2 two (ふた futa?) 29 五井些亞
8 2 lid (なべぶた nabebuta?) 38 亡交京
9 (亻,𠆢) 2 human (ひと hito?) 794 83 仁休位今 Top 25%
10 2 legs (にんにょう ninnyō?) 52 兄元
11 (𠆢) 2 enter (いる iru?) 28 入全兩
12 (ハ) 2 eight (はちがしら hachigashira?) 44 公六共兵
13 2 upside down box (まきがまえ makigamae?) 50 内再
14 2 cover (わかんむり wakanmuri?) 30 冗冠
15 2 ice (にすい nisui?) 115 冬冶冷凍
16 2 desk, table (つくえ tsukue?) 38
17 2 container, open mouth (うけばこ ukebako?) 23 凶出函
18 (刂,⺈) 2 knife, sword (かたな katana?) 377 37 刀分切初利刻則前 Top 75%
19 2 power, force (ちから chikara?) 163 力加助勉 Top 75%
20 2 wrap, embrace (つつみがまえ tsutsumigamae?) 64 勾包
21 2 spoon (さじのひ sajinohi?) 19 化北
22 2 box (はこがまえ hakogamae?) 64
23 亡 () 3 dead, gone (かくしがまえ kakushigamae?) 17 亡 妄 忙 忘 盲 荒 望 慌 網
24 2 ten, complete (じゅう ?) 55 35 十千午半博 Top 75%
25 (⼘,⺊) 2 divination (ぼくのと bokunoto?) 45 占卦
26 (㔾) 2 seal (ふしづくり fushidzukuri?) 40 印危卵
27 2 cliff (がんだれ gandare?) 129 厚原
28 2 private ( mu?) 40 去參
29 2 again, right hand (また mata?) 91 友反取受
30 3 mouth, opening (くち kuchi?) 1,146 100 口古可名君否呉告周味命和哲唐善器 Top 25%
31 3 enclosure (くにがまえ kunigamae?) 118 四回國圖 Top 75%
32 3 earth (つち tsuchi?) 580 42 土在地型城場壁壓 Top 50%
33 3 scholar, bachelor (さむらい samurai?) 24 士壹
34 3 winter (ふゆがしら fuyugashira?) 34 夏 夆
35 3 winter variant (すいにょう suinyou?)
36 3 evening, sunset (ゆうべ yūbe?) 34 夕外多夜
37 3 big, very (だい dai?) 132 大天奈奧 Top 75%
38 3 woman, female (おんな onna?) 681 31 女好妄妻姉始姓姫 Top 50%
39 3 child, seed ( ko?) 83 子孔字學
40 3 roof (うかんむり ukanmuri?) 246 37 守家寒實 Top 50%
41 3 sun (unit of measurement) (すん sun?) 40 寸寺尊將 Top 75%
42 (⺌, ⺍) 3 small, insignificant (ちいさい chīsai?) 41 小少
43 (尤,尣) 3 lame (まげあし mageashi?) 66
44 3 corpse (しかばね shikabane?) 148 尺局 Top 75%
45 3 sprout (てつ tetsu?) 38
46 3 mountain (やま yama?) 636 山岡岩島 Top 75%
47 (川,巜) 3 river (かわ kawa?) 26 川州巡
48 3 work (たくみ takumi?) 17 工左巫差
49 已 (,巳) 3 oneself (おのれ onore?) 20 己巳
50 3 turban, scarf (はば haba?) 295 市布帝常 Top 75%
51 3 dry (ほし hoshi?) 9 平年
52 3 short thread (いとがしら itogashira?) 50 幻幼
53 广 3 dotted cliff (まだれ madare?) 15 序店府度座庭廣廳
54 3 long stride (いんにょう innyō?) 9
55 3 two hands, twenty (にじゅうあし nijūashi?) 50
56 3 ceremony, shoot, arrow (しきがまえ shikigamae?) 15 式弑
57 3 bow (ゆみ yumi?) 165 弓引弟弱彌 Top 75%
58 (彑) 3 pig's head (けいがしら keigashira?) 25
59 3 hair, bristle, stubble, beard (さんづくり sandzukuri?) 62 形彦
60 3 step (ぎょうにんべん gyouninben?) 215 役彼後得徳徼 Top 75%
61 (忄,⺗) 4 heart (りっしんべん risshinben?) 1,115 67 必忙忌性悪情想 Top 25%
62 4 spear, halberd (かのほこ kanohoko?) 116 成式弐戦
63 戸 (,户) 4 door, house (とびらのと tobiranoto?) 44 戸戻所
64 (扌,龵) 4 hand ( te?) 1,203 68 手 才 挙 拜 拳 掌 掣 擧 (持 掛 打 批 技 抱 押) Top 25%
65 4 branch (しにょう shinyō?) 26 攱攲
66 攵 () 4 strike, whip (のぶん nobun?) 296 收敍數斅 Top 75%
67 4 script, literature (ぶん bun?) 26 文 斊 斈 斌 斐 斑 斕
68 4 dipper, measuring scoop (とます tomasu?) 32 料 斡
69 4 axe (おの ono?) 55 斦 斧 新 斥 斬 斷
70 4 way, square, raft (ほう ?) 92 方 放 旅 族
71 (旡) 4 have not (むにょう munyō?) 12 无 旡 既 旣
72 4 sun, day (にち nichi?) 453 51 日白百明的映時晩 Top 50%
73 4 say (いわく iwaku?) 37 書 最 晉 曷 曹 曾
74 (⺝) 4 moon, month; body, flesh (つき tsuki?) 69 47 有 服 青 朝 Top 50% (肉)
75 4 tree ( ki?) 1,369 86 木 杢 板 相 根 森 楽 機 末 本 杉 林 Top 25%
76 4 yawn, lack (あくび akubi?) 235 欣 欽 欧 欲 歌
77 4 stop (とめる tomeru?) 99 正 歩 此 步 武 歪 歲
78 (歺) 4 death, decay (がつへん gatsuhen?) 231 死 列 殕
79 4 weapon, lance (ほこつくり hokotsukuri?) 93 役 投 殴 殷
80 (,⺟) 4 do not; mother (なかれ-nakare; はは haha?) 16 毋 母 毎 姆 梅
81 4 compare, compete (くらべる kuraberu?) 21 皆 批 毕 毖 毘 毚
82 4 fur, hair ( ke?) 211 毟 毡 毦 毫 毳 耗
83 4 clan (うじ uji?) 10 氏 民 紙 婚 氓
84 4 steam, breath (きがまえ kigamae?) 17 気 汽 氧
85 (氵,氺) 4 water (みず mizu?) 1,595 98 水 永 泳 決 治 海 演 漢 瀬 Top 25%
86 (灬) 4 fire ( hi?) 639 火 灯 毯 爆 (烈 烹 焦 然 煮) Top 75%
87 (爫,⺥,⺤) 4 claw, nail, talon (つめ tsume?) 36 爬 爯 爭 爰 爲
88 4 father (ちち chichi?) 10 斧 釜
89 4 mix, twine, cross (こう ?) 16 爼 爽 爾
90 (丬) 4 split wood (しょうへん shōhen?) 48 牀 奘 牃
91 4 (a) slice (かた kata?) 77 版 牌 牒
92 5 fang (きばへん kibahen?) 9 芽 呀 牚
93 (牜, ⺧) 4 cow (うし ushi?) 233 告 牟 牧 物 特 解
94 (犭) 4 dog (いぬ inu?) 444 犬 犯 狂 狙 狗 献 獣 Top 75%
95 5 dark, profound (げん gen?) 6 弦玆
96 (, 玊, ⺩) 4 king; ball, jade (おう-ō; たま tama?) 473 王 玉 主 弄 皇 理 差 聖 Top 75%
97 6 melon (うり uri?) 55 呱 瓞
98 5 tile (かわら kawara?) 174 瓧 瓮 甄
99 5 sweet (あまい amai?) 22 柑 甜 酣
100 5 life (うまれる umareru?) 22 牲 笙 甥
101 (甩) 5 use; (throw) (もちいる mochīru?) 10 佣 甬 甯
102 5 field ( ta?) 192 田 町 思 留 略 番 Top 75%
103 (⺪) 5 bolt of cloth (ひき hiki?) 15 疏 楚 胥 延
104 5 sickness (やまいだれ yamaidare?) 526 病 症 痛 癌 癖 Top 75%
105 5 footsteps (はつがしら hatsugashira?) 15 発 登
106 5 white (しろ shiro?) 109 皃 的 皆 皇
107 5 skin (けがわ kegawa?) 94 披 彼 波
108 5 dish (さら sara?) 129 盂 盉 盍 監 蘯
109 5 eye ( me?) 647 目 見 具 省 眠 眼 観 覧
110 5 spear, pike (むのほこ munohoko?) 65 茅 矜
111 5 arrow ( ya?) 64 医 族 矩
112 5 stone (いし ishi?) 499 石 岩 砂 破 碑 碧 Top 75%
113 (礻) 5 altar, display (しめす shimesu?) 213 示 奈 祭 禁 礼 社 神 視 福 Top 75%
114 5 track (ぐうのあし gūnoashi?) 12 禹 禺 禽
115 5 two-branch tree (のぎ nogi?) 431 利 私 季 和 科 香 秦 穀
116 5 cave (あな ana?) 298 空 突 窅 窘 窩 窶 竇
117 5 stand, erect (たつ tatsu?) 101 立 音 産 翌 意 新 端 親 競
118 (⺮) 6 bamboo (たけ take?) 953 竺 笑 第 等 簡 Top 75%
119 6 rice (こめ kome?) 318 料 断 奥 糊 麟
120 (糹) 6 thread, string (いと ito?) 823 49 系 級 紙 素 細 組 終 絵 紫 Top 50%
121 6 can, earthenware jar (かん kan?) 77 缶 缸 窑 陶
122 罒 (,罓,⺲,⺳) 5 net (あみがしら amigashira?) 163 買 罪 置 羅
123 (⺶,⺷) 6 sheep (ひつじ hitsuji?) 156 着 羚 翔 着
124 6 feather, wing (はね hane?) 220 習 翀 翁 翔
125 耂 (,⺹) 4 old (ろう ?) 22 耆孝耋
126 6 rake, beard (しかして shikashite?) 22 耎耐耑
127 6 plow (らいすき raisuki?) 84 耔 耝 耨 耰
128 6 ear (みみ mimi?) 172 取 聞 職 叢
129 (⺻) 6 brush (ふでづくり fudedzukuri?) 19 律 書 建
130 (⺼,月) 6 meat (にく niku?) 674 肉 肖 股 胃 腅 脤 Top 50% (月)
131 7 minister, official (しん shin?) 16 臥 宦 蔵
132 6 みずから (mizukara?) 34 自 臫 臬 臲
133 6 arrive (いたる itaru?) 24 致 臸 臺
134 6 mortar (うす usu?) 71 桕 舅 舂 鼠 插
135 6 tongue (した shita?) 31 乱 适 話 舍
136 7 opposite (ます masu?) 10 舛 舜 舞
137 6 boat (ふね fune?) 197 航 船 艦
138 6 stopping (うしとら ushitora?) 5 良 飲 很
139 6 colour, prettiness (いろ iro?) 21 色 艴 艷
140 艹 (,䒑) 3 grass, vegetation (くさ kusa?) 1,902 共 花(37) 英 苦 草 茶 落 幕 靴 鞄 薬 Top 50%
141 6 tiger stripes (とらかんむり torakanmuri?) 114 虎 虐 彪 虒
142 6 insect (むし mushi?) 1,067 蚯 蚓 強 触 蟻 蟹
143 6 blood ( chi?) 60 洫 衁 衅 衆
144 6 go, do (ぎょう gyō?) 53 行 衍 術 衝
145 (衤) 6 clothes (ころも koromo?) 607 衣 装 裁 (初 被 複)
146 西 (襾,覀) 6 west (にし nishi?) 29 西 要 覊
147 7 see (みる miru?) 161 規 親 覺 觀
148 7 horn (つの tsuno?) 158 觚 解 觕 觥 觸
149 (訁) 7 speech (こと koto?) 861 54 誁 詋 詔 評 詗 詥 試 詧 Top 50%
150 7 valley (たに tani?) 54 谿 豀 谸
151 7 bean (まめ mame?) 68 豈 豐 豎
152 7 pig (いのこ inoko?) 148 豕 豚 象
153 7 cat, badger (むじな mujina?) 140 豹 貌 貓 貉
154 7 shell (かい kai?) 277 32 財 賊 賜 贛 貧 貨 貫 貿 Top 50%
155 7 red, bare (あか aka?) 31 赫 赭
156 (赱) 7 run (はしる hashiru?) 285 赴 起 超
157 (⻊) 7 foot (あし ashi?) 580 跑 跨 跟 跪 路
158 7 body ( mi?) 97 躬 躲 軀
159 7 cart, car (くるま kuruma?) 361 軌 軟 較 軍 載
160 7 spicy, bitter (からい karai?) 36 辜 辟 辣 辦 辨
161 7 morning (しんのたつ shinnotatsu?) 15 辱 農
162 ⻌ (,辶) 3 walk (しんにゅう shinnyū?) 381 38 巡 迎 通 追 逃 迎 進 Top 50%
163 (,⻏) 3 town (阝 right) (むら mura?) 350 30 那 邦 郎 部 郭 都 鄉 Top 50% (阝)
164 7 sake (rice-based alcoholic beverage) (とり tori?) 290 酒 醉 油 醒 酸 Top 75%
165 7 divide, distinguish, choose (のごめ nogome?) 14 釉 釋
166 7 village, mile (さと sato?) 14 野 野
167 (釒) 8 metal, gold (かね kane?) 806 銀 銅 釘 銳 鋞 鋙 鉒 鉍 鉗 鈡 鈠 Top 50%
168 (镸) 8 long, grow; leader (ながい-nagai; ちょう chyō?) 55
169 8 gate (もん mon?) 246 間 閑 關 闘 閉 開 閏 間 關
170 (,⻖) 3 mound, dam (阝 left) (ぎふのふ gifunofu?) 348 30 阪 防 阻 陆 陘 院 险 陳 Top 50% (阝)
171 8 slave, capture (れいづくり reidzukuri?) 12 隸 隺
172 8 old bird (ふるとり furutori?) 233 雀 集 雁 难 雀 雅
173 (⻗) 8 rain (あめ ame?) 298 雾 霜 雪 霸 雲 霧 Top 75%
174 (靑) 8 green, blue (あお ao?) 17 靕 靖 靜
175 8 wrong (あらず arazu?) 25 靠 靠 靟
176 (靣) 9 face (めん men?) 66 靦 靨
177 9 leather, rawhide (かくのかわ kakunokawa?) 305 靴 鞍 鞅 鞍 鞭
178 10 tanned leather (なめしがわ nameshigawa?) 100 韋 韓 韜
179 9 leek (にら nira?) 20 韱 韲
180 9 sound (おと oto?) 43 韶 韻 韾
181 9 big shell (おおがい ōgai?) 372 頃 項 順 須 領 頭 頩 頂
182 (𠘨) 9 wind (かぜ kaze?) 182 風 颱 飄 颿 颪
183 9 fly (とぶ tobu?) 92 飜 飝
184 (飠) 9 eat, food (しょく shyoku?) 403 飯 飲 餓 餘 餐 養
185 9 neck, head (くび kubi?) 20 馗 馘
186 9 fragrant (においこう nioikō?) 37
187 10 horse (うま uma?) 472 馮 馴 馳 駐 驚
188 10 bone (ほね hone?) 185 骼 髒 髀 骿 骾
189 (髙) 10 tall, high (たかい takai?) 34 髚 髛
190 10 hair (かみがしら kamigashira?) 243 髮 鬚 鬆 鬍 髦
191 10 fight (とうがまえ tōgamae?) 23 鬧 鬪
192 10 herbs, sacrificial wine (ちょう chyō?) 8 鬰 鬱
193 10 tripod, cauldron (かなえ kanae?) 73 鬶 鬷 鬸
194 10 ghost, demon (おに oni?) 141 魂 魁 鬽 魄
195 11 fish (うお uo?) 571 鯉 鮑 魛 魜 魝 魞 魟 魠
196 11 bird (とり tori?) 750 鳫 鳮 鳱 鳳 鳴 鳿 雞 鳴 鴻 鴛
197 11 salt ( ro?) 44 鹹 鹼 鹽
198 鹿 11 deer (しか shika?) 104 塵 麃 麋 麉 麟
199 麦 () 7 wheat (むぎ mugi?) 131 麴 麵 麱 麨 麺
200 11 hemp, flax (あさ asa?) 34 麼 魔
201 黄 () 11 yellow (きいろ kīro?) 42 黊 黌
202 12 millet (きび kibi?) 46 黏 黎
203 黒 () 11 black (くろ kuro?) 172 點 黛 黱 黨
204 12 embroidery, needlework (ふつ futsu?) 8 黼 黻
205 13 frog, amphibian (べん ben?) 40 黿 鼈
206 13 sacrificial tripod (かなえ kanae?) 14 鼏 鼒
207 13 drum (つづみ tsudzumi?) 46 鼗 鼘
208 13 rat, mouse (ねずみ nezumi?) 92 鼢 鼣 鼤
209 14 nose (はな hana?) 49 鼼 鼽 鼿
210 14 even, uniformly (せい sei?) 18 齋 齏 齏
211 歯 () 12 tooth, molar ( ha?) 162 齡 齠 齗
212 竜 () 10 dragon (りゅう ryū?) 14 龖 龘
213 亀 () 11 turtle, tortoise (かめ kame?) 24
214 17 flute (やく yaku?) 19

Kanji radicals not recognized by Kangxi[edit]

These radicals are either listed as variants or not listed at all in the kangxi radical table.

The 214 Kangxi radicals are technically classifiers as they are not always etymologically correct,[3] but since linguistics uses that word in the sense of "classifying" nouns (such as in counter words) dictionaries commonly call the kanji components radicals. As dictionaries have moved from textbooks to interactive screens the term "radicals" seems to now be used for any kanji component used in a visual search.

New radical Stroke count Kanji note
2 Variant of
𠆢 2 Some dictionaries use 个.
丷 (䒑) 2 Variant of 艸/艹
2 Katakana -ma.
2 Japanese nine, きゅう-kyū.
2 Katakana -yu.
2 From 丿.
2 Variant of
3 Variant of .
3 Variant of .
3 Variant of .
3 From .
3 From .
3 及 = 丿 + ㇋ + ㇃.
3 From 丿.
3 Variant of .
3 Variant of .
3 Variant of .
3 Variant of .
4 Variant of .
4 From .
4 井 = + ノ + |
4 From .
4 Variant of .
4 Japanese five.
4 From 屮/艸/艹
4 From 已/己
4 Variant of
5 Variant of .
5 Modern form of 丗, from 山 + .
5 From 匚 + .
5 Modern form of 册, from . (⺵)
5 Variant of .
8 From + .
8 岡 = 冂 + 䒑 +
8 免 = ⺈ + 口 + | +
8 Variant of .
9 Variant of .
11 啇 = 立 + 冂 + 古 (十 + )
12 Variant of .

Other possible radical candidates[edit]

New radical Stroke count Kanji note
2 Variant of or
6 Variant of 西
6 Variant of
  • 竹 and 西 (西 to a lesser extent) are only used in their original form when representing the original meanings. As components of jouyou kanji they always appear as ⺮ and 覀.

Position of radical within character[edit]

There are fourteen different radical positions, seven basic types and seven variant. The following table lists radical types with Japanese name and position in red and indicate how Kanji is formed by radical with example.

Position Japanese name Chinese Meaning Example
Busyu-hen.svg hen (?) Left sided element consists of Radical 102 and .
Busyu-tsukuri.svg tsukuri (?) Right accompanying element consists of Radical 74 and .
Busyu-kanmuri.svg kanmuri (?) Crown element consists of Radical 77 and , consist of Radical 102 and .

Note that single radical (e.g., Radical 102 ) is used for other type as well, and lesser strokes simple Kanji works as a radical, like is also Radical 19.

Busyu-ashi.svg ashi (?) Foot element consists of Radical 61 and , consists of Radical 102 and .

Also note that single radical is interchangeably used for other type as well, and is Radical 106 too, but not used as crown type for .

Busyu-ashi2.svg ashi variant Top and bottom element consists of Radical 7 and .
Busyu-ashi3.svg Center element consists of Radical 72 with upper and lower .
Busyu-tare.svg tare (?) Dangle / left shoulder element consists of Radical 63 and .
Busyu-nyou.svg nyō (?) Surround / left and bottom element consists of Radical 156 and .
Busyu-kamae.svg kamae (?) Posture (box, enclosure) element consists of Radical 31 and .
Busyu-kamae2.svg kamae variant Box, bottom open consists of Radical 169 and .
Busyu-kamae3.svg Box, top open consists of Radical 17 and .
Busyu-kamae4.svg Box, right open consists of Radical 22 and .
Busyu-kamae5.svg Right shoulder consists of Radical 56 and .
Busyu-kamae6.svg Left and right sided consists of Radical 144 and .

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]