Table of keyboard shortcuts

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For keyboard shortcuts in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Keyboard shortcuts.

In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a sequence or combination of keystrokes on a computer keyboard which invokes commands in software.

Some keyboard shortcuts require the user to press a single key or a sequence of keys one after the other. Other keyboard shortcuts require pressing and holding several keys simultaneously (indicated in the tables below by this sign: +). Keyboard shortcuts may depend on the keyboard layout (localization).

Comparison of keyboard shortcuts[edit]

Main article: Keyboard shortcut

Keyboard shortcuts are a common aspect of most modern operating systems and associated software applications. Their use is pervasive enough that some users consider them an essential element of their routine interactions with a computer. Whether used as a matter of personal preference or for adaptive technology, the pervasiveness of common conventions enables the comparison of keyboard shortcuts across different systems. The following sections detail some of these comparisons in widely used operating systems.

General shortcuts[edit]

A note regarding KDE's shortcuts is that they can be changed and the below list contains the defaults. Some of the combinations are not true for localized versions of operating systems. For example, in a non-English version of Windows, the Edit menu is not always bound to the "E" shortcut. Furthermore, many shortcuts (such as CTRL-Z, ALT-E, etc.) are just common conventions and are not handled by the operating system. Whether such commands are implemented (or not) depends on how an actual application program (such as an editor) is written. Not all applications follow (all of) these conventions.

Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs Vim
File menu Alt+F, or F10 Ctrl, then F
(requires full keyboard access active;
> System Preferences > Keyboard > Keyboard Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All Controls.
Alternatively use Ctrl+F7 to toggle this setting.)
Alt Meta, then f Alt+f (gvim)

or Ctrl+e (vim + NERDTree)

Edit menu Alt+E Ctrl+F2, then E Alt+E Meta+`, then e Alt+e (gvim)
View menu Alt+V Ctrl+F2, then V Alt+V
Undo the last operation Ctrl+Z, or
Alt+Backspace
⌘ Cmd+Z Ctrl+Z Ctrl+x, then u or

Ctrl+/ or
Ctrl+_ or
Undo

u
Redo the last operation Ctrl+Y, or Shift+Alt+Backspace ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+Z ⇧ Shift+Ctrl+Z, or Ctrl+Y Same as undo, when undo is exhausted, it redoes. Move the cursor after one or more undos, and further undos will be redos. Ctrl+r
Cut the selection and store it in the clipboard Ctrl+X ⌘ Cmd+X Ctrl+X Ctrl+w x

or "ax to cut in register "a" or "+x to cut in system clipboard

Copy the selection into the clipboard Ctrl+C, or Ctrl+Ins ⌘ Cmd+C Ctrl+C Meta+w, or Ctrl+Ins y

or "ay or "+y

Paste contents of clipboard at cursor Ctrl+V,or ⇧ Shift+Ins ⌘ Cmd+V Ctrl+V Ctrl+y, or ⇧ Shift+Ins p

or "ap to paste the content of the "a" register or "+p to paste the content of the system clipboard

Paste special Ctrl+Alt+V Shift+Opt+Cmd+V Ctrl+⇧ Shift+V Meta+y
Select all in focused control or window Ctrl+A ⌘ Cmd+A Ctrl+A Ctrl+x, then h ggVG, unlikely ever needed as most command take an optional range parameter. % means "all in focused windows" here so e.g. to copy all the text, use :%y
Cycle through installed keyboard languages / input methods ⇧ Shift+Alt, or ⊞ Win+Space

The latter displays a menu with the currently selected input method highlighted, and debuted in Windows 8.

Cmd+Space (not MBR)

Configure desired keypress in Keyboard and Mouse Preferences, Keyboard Shortcuts, Select the next source in Input menu.

Ctrl+Alt+K via KDE Keyboard

⇧ Shift+Alt in GNOME

Ctrl+\

Navigation[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE/GNOME
New browser window with same page as current Ctrl+N
(for both explorer.exe and iexplore.exe)
Ctrl+N
New folder Ctrl+⇧ Shift+N ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+N Ctrl+⇧ Shift+N
Applications menu ⊞ Win or
Ctrl+Esc
Ctrl+F2, then "n"
(requires full keyboard access active, using > System Preferences > Keyboard > Keyboard Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All Controls.
Alternatively use Ctrl+F7 to toggle this setting.)
Alt+"n"

e.g. for _File_ Alt+F

Lock desktop ⊞ Win+L Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Eject or MBR Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Pwr

(If "Require password after sleep or screen saver" is enabled in "System Preferences — Security & Privacy")

Ctrl+Alt+L
Show desktop ⊞ Win+D or
⊞ Win+M, then use ⊞ Win+⇧ Shift+M to bring back all windows)
F11 Ctrl+Alt+D
Log out user ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+Q Ctrl+Alt+Delete
Switch active user ⊞ Win+L
Task manager Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Esc,
Ctrl+Alt+Delete+++++↵ Enter
Alt+⌘ Cmd+Esc Ctrl+Esc
Rename object F2 ↵ Enter or F2 F2
Open file or program ↵ Enter or ⇧ Shift+↵ Enter ⌘ Cmd+O or ⌘ Cmd+ ↵ Enter
Switch window (next/previous) Ctrl+Tab ↹ /

⇧ Shift+Ctrl+Tab ↹

⌘ Cmd+Tab ↹ /

⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+Tab ↹

Ctrl+Tab ↹ /

Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Tab ↹

Switch window without dialog (next/previous) Ctrl+Esc /

⇧ Shift+Ctrl+Esc

Only works within single Applications

⌘ Cmd+` / ⌘ Cmd+~

Ctrl+Esc /

⇧ Shift+Ctrl+Esc

Run application ⊞ Win, enter executable name or

⊞ Win+R, enter executable name

⌘ Cmd+Space, enter executable name Alt+F2, enter executable name
Search ⊞ Win, enter executable name or
⊞ Win+F or F3
⌘ Cmd+Space /

Alt+F

Power management[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME
Place computer into sleep/standby mode ⊞ Win+++↵ Enter (Windows 7)
, Sleep (specific keyboards)
Opt+⌘ Cmd+Eject Sleep (available on some keyboards, configurable in Control Panel → Power Options → Advanced tab dialog box)
Windows task manager Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Esc Ctrl+Opt+⌘ Cmd+Eject

(no confirmation, shutdown is immediate)

Ctrl+Alt+⇧ Shift+PageDown

(KDE; no confirmation, shutdown is immediate)

Restart computer Windows 10: ⊞ Win+xur
Windows 7: ⊞ Win++++↵ Enter
Ctrl+⌘ Cmd+Eject

(no confirmation, restart is immediate)

Ctrl+Alt+⇧ Shift+PageUp

(KDE; no confirmation, restart is immediate)

Place display in sleep mode button on monitor Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Eject
Bring up power/sleep dialog box ⊞ Win+Drelease thenAlt+F4 Ctrl+Eject

Screenshots[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME
Save screenshot of entire screen as file ⊞ Win+Print Screen or Print Screen ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+3 Print Screen set the name and click "Save". GNOME Shell
Save screenshot of window as file ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+4 then Space Alt+Print Screen set the name and click "Save". [[GNOME]]
Copy screenshot of window to clipboard Print Screen Ctrl+⇧ Shift+f5+4 then Space Alt+Print Screen click "Copy to Clipboard". [[GNOME]]
Copy screenshot of arbitrary area to clipboard Ctrl+⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+4 ⇧ Shift+Print Screen click "Copy to Clipboard". [[GNOME]]
Save screenshot of arbitrary area as file ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+4 ⇧ Shift+Print Screen set the name and click "Save". [[GNOME]]
Screencasting Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Alt+R

Text editing[edit]

Many of these commands may be combined with ⇧ Shift to select a region of text.[notes 1]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs Vim
Delete char to the right of cursor Del or

Fn+← Backspace

Del or

Ctrl or
Fn+← Backspace

Del Ctrl+d x
Delete word to the right of cursor Ctrl+Del ⌥ Opt+Del or

⌥ Opt+Fn+← Backspace

Ctrl+Del Meta+d dw
(delete space too)

or
de (keep space)

Delete word to the left of cursor Ctrl+← Backspace ⌥ Opt+← Backspace Ctrl+← Backspace Ctrl+← Backspace or

Meta+← Backspace

dge
(delete space too)

or
db (keep space)

Go to start of line Home or

Fn+

⌘ Cmd+ or

Ctrl+A

Home Ctrl+a or

Home

^
(go to first non-space) or
0
(go to column 0)
Go to end of line End or

Fn+

⌘ Cmd+ or

Ctrl+E

End Ctrl+e or

End

$
Go to start of document Ctrl+Home ⌘ Cmd+ Ctrl+Home Meta+< or

Ctrl+Home

gg
Go to end of document Ctrl+End ⌘ Cmd+ Ctrl+End Meta+> or

Ctrl+End

G
Go to previous word Ctrl+ or

Ctrl+/

+⌥ Opt+ Ctrl+ Meta+b or

Ctrl+ or
Meta+

b or
ge
Go to next word Ctrl+ ⌥ Opt+ Ctrl+ Meta+f or

Ctrl+ or
Meta+

w or e
Go to previous line or

Ctrl+p

Ctrl+p or

|k or

k or
Go to next line or

Ctrl+n

Ctrl+n or j or
Go to previous line break (paragraph) Ctrl+ ⌥ Opt+ Ctrl}+
(kword or GNOME)
Meta+( or Control+ (
Go to next line break Ctrl+ ⌥ Opt+ Ctrl+
(kword or GNOME)
Meta+} or
Control+
)
Move the cursor down the length of the viewport Page Down ⌥ Opt+ or

⌥ Opt+Fn+

Page Down Ctrl+v or

Page Down

Ctrl+f or

Page Down

Move the cursor up the length of the viewport Page Up ⌥ Opt+ or

⌥ Opt+Fn+

Page Up Meta+v or

Page Up

Ctrl+b or

Page Up

Find Ctrl+F ⌘ Cmd+F

⌘ Cmd+E
(Search with current selection)

Ctrl+F

Ctrl+K (GNOME; interactive search)

Ctrl+s /
Go to next search result F3 ⌘ Cmd+G Ctrl+G (GNOME) or

F3 (KDE)[1]

Ctrl+s n
Go to previous search result ⇧ Shift+F3 ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+G ⇧ Shift+Ctrl+G (GNOME) or

⇧ Shift+F3 (KDE)[1]

Ctrl+r N
Search and replace Ctrl+H ⌘ Cmd+F Ctrl+H (GNOME) or

Ctrl+R (KDE)

Meta+% %s/fosh/fish/gc[2]
Search with a regular expression Ctrl+Meta+s All search uses regular expressions.
Search and replace with a regular expression Ctrl+Meta+%

Text formatting[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME[3] Emacs Vim
Bold Ctrl+B ⌘ Cmd+B Ctrl+B Meta+o, then b
Underline Ctrl+U ⌘ Cmd+U Ctrl+U Meta+o, then u
Italic Ctrl+I ⌘ Cmd+I Ctrl+I Meta+o, then i
Uppercase / Lowercase ⇧ Shift+F3

or
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+A

⌥ Opt+⌘ Cmd+C ⇧ Shift+F3 Meta+u for upper,

Meta+l for lower, Meta+c for capitalized.

gU for upper, gu for lower, ~ to toggle.
Superscript Ctrl+⇧ Shift+= Ctrl+⌘ Cmd++ (some applications only) Ctrl+⇧ Shift+P[4]
Subscript Ctrl+= Ctrl+⌘ Cmd+- (some applications only) Ctrl+⇧ Shift+B[4]
Selected text larger/smaller Ctrl+⇧ Shift+>, Ctrl+⇧ Shift+<

or
Ctrl+[, Ctrl/core+]

⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+>
⌥ Opt+⇧ Shift+<
Selected text Bullets or Numbered Items Ctrl+⇧ Shift+L
Insert Linebreak ⇧ Shift+↵ Enter Alt+↵ Enter ⇧ Shift+↵ Enter

Browsers / Go menu[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME
Go to Address Bar Alt+D or Alt+C or F6
depending on language
⌘ Cmd+L or ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+G Ctrl+L or Alt+D or F6
Go to the previous location in history[5] Alt+ or ← Backspace ⌘ Cmd+[ or ⌘ Cmd+ Alt+
Go to the next location in history Alt+ or ⇧ Shift+← Backspace (web browser only) ⌘ Cmd+] or ⌘ Cmd+ Alt+
Go up one level in the navigation hierarchy Alt+ (Vista, 7 or 8 only) or ← Backspace (Windows Explorer) ⌘ Cmd+ Alt+
Go to the starting page defined by the user or application Alt+Home ⌘ Cmd+Home Ctrl+Home (KDE) /

Alt+Home (GNOME)

Web browsers[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs-w3m Vimperator
Bookmarks menu Ctrl+B ⌘ Cmd+B

(Firefox)

Alt+B v :bmarks
URL Shortcuts (Adds www. + .com) ↵ Enter ⌘ Cmd+↵ Enter (Firefox) or

Ctrl+↵ Enter (Chrome)

Ctrl+↵ Enter
URL Shortcuts (Adds www. + .org) Ctrl+⇧ Shift+↵ Enter ⇧ Shift+⌘ Cmd+↵ Enter (Firefox) Ctrl+⇧ Shift+↵ Enter
URL Shortcuts (Adds www. + .net) ⇧ Shift+↵ Enter ⇧ Shift+↵ Enter (Firefox) ⇧ Shift+↵ Enter
Add bookmark for current page Ctrl+D ⌘ Cmd+D Ctrl+B /

Ctrl+D

a :bmark
Add bookmark for current link Meta+a
Manage bookmarks Ctrl+B ⌘ Cmd+⌥ Opt+B (Chrome/Safari) or

⌘ Cmd+⇧ Shift+B (Firefox)

Ctrl+⇧ Shift+R /

Ctrl+B

Focus and select Web search bar Ctrl+E ⌘ Cmd+E (Opera) or

⌘ Cmd+K (Firefox) or
⌥ Opt+⌘ Cmd+F (Safari)

Ctrl+k t (open in a new tab) or
T (open in current tab)
Focus and select address bar Ctrl+L or

F6 or
Alt+D

⌘ Cmd+L Ctrl+L or

Alt+D or
F6

g O to alter URL,
use y to copy it.
Refresh a webpage F5 or

Ctrl+R

⌘ Cmd+R F5 or

Ctrl}+R

R r
Refresh a webpage ignoring cache Ctrl+F5 or

Ctrl+⇧ Shift+R

⌘ Cmd+⇧ Shift+R Ctrl+ShiftF5 or Ctrl+⇧ Shift+R R
Open a new window Ctrl+N ⌘ Cmd+N
(Chrome)
Ctrl+N :winopen
Zoom Options
(zoom in /
zoom out /
zoom 100%)
Ctrl++ /

Ctrl+- /
Ctrl+0

⌘ Cmd++ /

⌘ Cmd+- /
⌘ Cmd+0

Ctrl++ /

Ctrl+- /
Ctrl+0

zi / zo / zz (text only)

or zI / zO / zZ (text and images)

Tab management[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE / GNOME Emacs-w3m Vimperator
New tab Ctrl+T ⌘ Cmd+T Ctrl+⇧ Shift+N or

Ctrl+⇧ Shift+T or
Ctrl+T

Ctrl+c, then Ctrl+t t
Close tab Ctrl+W ⌘ Cmd+W Ctrl+W Mozilla Firefox[6] & Opera [7] & Chrome [8] & Arora [9] & Epiphany [10] & Midori

Ctrl+F4 Mozilla Firefox [6] & Opera [7] & Chrome [8] & Arora [9]

d
Close all tabs but the current one ⌘ Cmd+⌥ Opt+t (Safari) Ctrl+c, then Meta+w
Go to next tab Ctrl+Tab ↹ Ctrl+Tab ↹ or

⌘ Cmd+⇧ Shift+ (Safari)

Ctrl+PageDown or

Ctrl+Tab ↹ or
Ctrl+.

Ctrl+c, then Ctrl+n gt
Go to previous tab Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Tab ↹ ⇧ Shift+Ctrl+Tab ↹ or

⌘ Cmd+⇧ Shift+ (Safari)

Ctrl+PageUp or

Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Tab ↹
or
Ctrl+,

Ctrl+c, then Ctrl+p gT
Go to tab-n Ctrl+n
(Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer)
⌘ Cmd+N (Chrome) Alt+N (Chrome, Firefox) or

Ctrl+N (Chrome)

First tab: g0

Last tab: g$

Open a previously closed tab Ctrl+⇧ Shift+T ⌘ Cmd+⇧ Shift+T
(Firefox, Opera, Chrome)
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+T

(Firefox, Opera, Chrome)[8][11][12]

Ctrl+⇧ Shift+T (Firefox)[11] u
Open a previously closed window Ctrl+⇧ Shift+N (Firefox)[11]

Window management[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME Emacs
Close all internet tabs ⊞ Win+K ⌘ Cmd+F11
Force window mode (Application requires functionality for set action) Alt+↵ Enter ⌥ Option+Alt+↵ Enter or ⌥ Option+Alt+F or ⌘ Cmd+F or ⌘ Cmd+⌥ Option+F
Pop up window menu Alt+Space Alt+F3 Alt+Space Meta+`, then b
Close the focused window Alt+F4 or Alt+Space then C[notes 2] ⌘ Cmd+W Alt+F4 Alt+F4 Ctrl+x, then k
Close all windows of current application ⌘ Cmd+⌥ Option+W
Restore the focused window to its previous size Alt+Space then R[notes 2] Alt+F3 then X Alt+F5 Ctrl+x, then r, then j, then letter of the window state register.
Move the focused window Alt+Space then M[notes 2] then Arrow Keys and ↵ Enter(to save location) Alt+Mouse /

Alt+F3 then M then Arrow Keys

Alt+Mouse /

Alt+F7 then Arrow Keys

Resize the focused window Alt+Space then S[notes 2] then Arrow Keys Alt+F3 then S then Arrow Keys Alt+F8 then Arrow Keys Ctrl+x, then ^ vertically
Hide the focused window ⌘ Cmd+H Meta+x, then bury-buffer, then ↵ Enter
Hide all except the focused window ⌘ Cmd+⌥ Option+H
Lower the focused window Alt+Esc
Minimize the focused window Alt+Space then N,[notes 2] or ⊞ Win+ (Windows Vista Home Premium, Windows >=7) ⌘ Cmd+M Alt+F3 then N Alt+F9 Meta+x, then bury-buffer, then ↵ Enter
Maximize the focused window Alt+Space then X,[notes 2] or ⊞ Win+ (Windows 7, 8, 10) ⌘ Cmd+L Alt+F3 then X Alt+F10 Ctrl+x, then 1
Maximize horizontally Available, but no default Available, but no default
Maximize vertically ⊞ Win+⇧ Shift+ (Windows 7 and Windows 8) Available ('Zoom'), but no default Available, but no default Available, but no default
Minimize all ⊞ Win+M or ⊞ Win+D ⌘ Cmd+Alt+M Available, but no default Ctrl+Alt+D
Minimize all non focused windows ⊞ Win+Home (Windows 7, 8.1, 10) Available, but no default
Undo minimize all ⇧ Shift+⊞ Win+M Available, but no default Ctrl+Alt+D
Switch fullscreen/normal size F11 ⌘ Cmd+⇧ Shift+F F11 F11
Show the window in full screen mode, with no border, menubar, toolbar or statusbar Depends on application, system default: ⌘ Cmd+CTRL+F Ctrl+⇧ Shift+F Ctrl+F11
Rollup/down window Available, but no default Alt+F12
Show all open windows ⊞ Win+Tab ↹ (Windows 7) F9 or

Move mouse pointer to configured hot corner or active screen corner[13][14]

⊞ Win works per desktop on Gnome 3+ Ctrl+x, then Ctrl+b
Show all windows of current application F3 or

Move mouse pointer to configured hot corner or active screen corner[13][14]

Ctrl+` Ctrl+x, then Ctrl+b
Show all workspaces ⊞ Win+Tab ↹ (only Windows 10) F8 or

Move mouse pointer to configured hot corner or active screen corner[13][14]

⊞ Win then mouse over the desktop bar on the right edge of the screen
Move window to left/right/up/down workspace ⊞ Win+/ (Windows 7 and Windows 8) Available, but no default Ctrl+Alt+⇧ Shift+

/ / /

Move window between multiple monitors ⊞ Win+⇧ Shift+/ (Windows 7 and Windows 8)
Move window to workspace n Available, but no default
Switch to next/previous workspace list Available, but no default
Go to workspace n Ctrl+n Ctrl+Fn
Go to left/right/up/down workspace [notes 3] Ctrl+ /

Ctrl+ / Ctrl+ / Ctrl+ (OS X 10.5 to 10.6), Ctrl+ / Ctrl+ (OS X 10.7)

Available, but no default Ctrl+Alt+ /

/ / Template:Key press/core

Quit application of current window Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core or Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core varies[notes 4] Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core[notes 5] Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core
Close dialog Template:Key press/core (Laptop)
Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (Desktop)
Template:Key press/core
Open/Focus (preview) pinned program on the taskbar Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core where "#" is the position of the program on the Windows Taskbar (Windows 7 and Windows 8.1)
Open new program window of pinned program in Quick Launch Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core where "#" is the position of the program on the Quick Launch toolbar (Windows Vista, 7 and 8.1) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Open new program window of the pinned program on the taskbar (if program is already opened) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core where "#" is the position of the program on the Windows Taskbar (Windows 7 and Windows 8.1)
Focus the first taskbar entry. Pressing again will cycle through them Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core, you can Template:Key press/coreTemplate:Key press/core back and forth. Hold Template:Key press/core to cycle backwards (Windows 7 and Windows 8.1)
Peek at the desktop Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (Windows 7 only)
Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (Windows 8 and later)
Template:Key press/core or

Move mouse pointer to configured hot corner or active screen corner[13][14]

Bring gadgets to the front of the Z-order and cycle between gadgets Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (Windows Vista,7) or Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (Vista only, no cycling)
External display options (mirror, extend desktop, etc.) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (Windows 7 and Windows 8)

User interface navigation (widgets and controls)[edit]

Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME
Moves keyboard focus to next/previous control Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core With full keyboard access active (System Preferences > Keyboard > Keyboard Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All Controls)

Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core

Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core

Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core

Pop up tooltip for currently focused control Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Show context-sensitive help for currently focused window or control Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Give focus to next/previous pane Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Give focus to splitter bar in paned window Template:Key press/core
Give focus to window's menu bar Template:Key press/core or Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core, then type command name, or
Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (or Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core on some keyboards - requires full keyboard access active using System Preferences > Keyboard > Keyboard Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All Controls))
Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core
Pop up contextual menu for currently selected objects (aka context menu) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core or Template:Key press/core Varies with laptop / extended keyboard type; enable Mouse keys in Universal Access, then Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+5 or Template:Key press/core+5 (numeric keypad) or Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+i (laptop) Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core or Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Toggle selected state of focused checkbox, radio button, or toggle button Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core
Activate focused button, menu item etc. Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core (also Template:Key press/core for menu items) Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core
Select/move to first/last item in selected widget Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core
Scroll selected view by one page up/left/down/right Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core

(or Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core on some keyboards)

Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core /
Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Scroll selected view to top/bottom Template:Key press/core or on MacBook Pro Template:Key press/core + Template:Key press/core + Template:Key press/core

Template:Key press/core or on MacBook Pro Template:Key press/core + Template:Key press/core + Template:Key press/core

Switch focus to the next/previous tab within a window Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core /

Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core

Template:Key press+Template:Key press ->

Template:Key press+Template:Key press+Template:Key press <-

Switch focus to the next/previous panel on the desktop Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Switch focus to the next/previous panel (without dialog) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core /

Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core

Command line shortcuts[edit]

Below is a list of common keyboard shortcuts that are used in a command line environment.

Action Microsoft Windows
(cmd.exe)
Microsoft Windows
(Windows PowerShell)
Unix/Linux/Mac OS X
(bash)
Unix/Linux/Mac OS X
(POSIX shell)
Scroll through History of typed commands Template:Key press/core/Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core/Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core/Template:Key press/core or Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core/Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core / Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core
Signal end-of-file Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Abort current command/typing Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Erase word to the left Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core or Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Erase word to the right Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Erase line to the left Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Erase line to the right Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Yank/paste previously erased string Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Move one word to the left (backward) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Move one word to the right (forward) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Move to beginning of line Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core

or Template:Key press/core

Move to end of line Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core

or Template:Key press/core

Reverse search of history Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Stop execution of the current job Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Insert the next character typed verbatim Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Autocomplete command/file name Template:Key press/core (enabled by default in Windows XP and later) Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core (usually once) Template:Key press/core (usually twice)
Paste contents of clipboard at cursor Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core then Template:Key press/core then Template:Key press/core Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Scroll window up Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (may not work in some versions of Windows XP) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Scroll window down Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core (may not work in some versions of Windows XP) Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core
Clear screen Template:Key press/core+Template:Key press/core

Accessibility[edit]

  • In Windows, it is possible to disable these shortcuts using the Accessibility or Ease of Access control panel.
  • In GNOME, these shortcuts are possible if Universal Access is enabled.
Action Windows Mac OS KDE GNOME
Utility Manager Template:Key press
Use keyboard to control cursor Template:Key press [15]
Allow user to press shortcuts one key at a time Template:Key press press 5 times ***Template:Key press 5 times [16]
Hear beep when -lock key pressed Template:Key press hold 5 seconds
Stop/slow repeating characters when key is pressed Template:Key press hold 8 seconds ***Template:Key press hold for 8 seconds[17]

[18][19]

Inverse (Reverse Colors) Mode Template:Key press Template:Key press Template:Key press (if enabled)
Inverse (Reverse Colors) Mode (Only current window) Template:Key press (if enabled)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

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References[edit]

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External links[edit]