List of Ultras of Mexico

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Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl), a stratovolcano on the boundary between the states of Puebla and Veracruz, is the highest mountain peak of México.

The following sortable table comprises the 26 ultra-prominent summits of México. Each of these peaks has at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.[1]

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.[2]
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.[3][2]
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.[4]

Pico de Orizaba exceeds 4000 meters (13,123 feet) of topographic prominence, Popocatépetl exceeds 3000 meters (9843 feet), and Nevado de Colima exceeds 2500 meters (8202 feet). Seven mountain peaks of México exceed 2000 meters (6562 feet), the following 26 ultra-prominent summits exceed 1500 meters (4921 feet), and 42 summits exceed 1000 meters (3281 feet) of topographic prominence.

Ultra-prominent summits[edit]

Of these 26 ultra-prominent summits of Mexico, four are located in Puebla, four in Oaxaca, four in Nuevo León, three in México, three in Jalisco, two in Veracruz, two in Michoacán, two in Baja California Sur, two in Coahuila, and one each in Morelos, Guerrero, Baja California, Tlaxcala, and Querétaro. Four of these peaks lie on a state border.

The 26 ultra-prominent summits of México

Rank Mountain Peak State Mountain Range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
1 Pico de Orizaba[5][6][7]
(Citlaltépetl)
 Puebla
 Veracruz
Cordillera Neovolcanica 5636 m
18,491 ft
4922 m
16,148 ft
2,690 km
1,672 mi
19°01′50″N 97°16′11″W / 19.0305°N 97.2698°W / 19.0305; -97.2698 (Pico de Orizaba)
2 Popocatépetl[8][9][10][11]  México
 Morelos
 Puebla
Cordillera Neovolcanica 5410 m
17,749 ft
3040 m
9,974 ft
143.0 km
88.8 mi
19°01′21″N 98°37′40″W / 19.0225°N 98.6278°W / 19.0225; -98.6278 (Popocatépetl)
3 Nevado de Colima[12][13][14][15]  Jalisco Cordillera Neovolcanica 4270 m
14,009 ft
2720 m
8,924 ft
405 km
252 mi
19°33′48″N 103°36′31″W / 19.5633°N 103.6087°W / 19.5633; -103.6087 (Nevado de Colima)
4 Nevado de Toluca[16][17][18]
(Volcán Xinantécatl)
 México Cordillera Neovolcanica 4690 m
15,387 ft
2225 m
7,300 ft
118.4 km
73.6 mi
19°06′07″N 99°46′04″W / 19.1020°N 99.7677°W / 19.1020; -99.7677 (Nevado de Toluca)
5 Cerro Teotepec[19][20]  Guerrero Sierra Madre del Sur 3550 m
11,647 ft
2180 m
7,152 ft
185.0 km
114.9 mi
17°28′06″N 100°08′11″W / 17.4682°N 100.1364°W / 17.4682; -100.1364 (Cerro Teotepec)
6 Cerro el Nacimiento[21][22][23]  Oaxaca Sierra Madre del Sur 3710 m
12,172 ft
2140 m
7,021 ft
329 km
205 mi
16°12′41″N 96°11′48″W / 16.2115°N 96.1967°W / 16.2115; -96.1967 (Cerro el Nacimiento)
7 Picacho del Diablo[24][25][26][27]  Baja California Sierra de San Pedro Mártir 3095 m
10,154 ft
2125 m
6,972 ft
335 km
208 mi
30°59′33″N 115°22′31″W / 30.9925°N 115.3753°W / 30.9925; -115.3753 (Picacho del Diablo)
8 Cerro Tia Chena[28]  Nuevo León Sierra Madre Oriental 2710 m
8,891 ft
1965 m
6,447 ft
54.9 km
34.1 mi
26°07′11″N 100°33′24″W / 26.1196°N 100.5568°W / 26.1196; -100.5568 (Cerro Tia Chena)
9 Cerro Las Conchas[29][30]  Michoacán Michoacán 2890 m
9,482 ft
1960 m
6,430 ft
103.3 km
64.2 mi
18°43′17″N 102°58′26″W / 18.7215°N 102.9740°W / 18.7215; -102.9740 (Cerro Las Conchas)
10 La Malintzin[31][32][33][34]
(La Malinche)
 Puebla
 Tlaxcala
Cordillera Neovolcanica 4430 m
14,534 ft
1920 m
6,299 ft
63.9 km
39.7 mi
19°13′52″N 98°01′56″W / 19.2310°N 98.0321°W / 19.2310; -98.0321 (La Malintzin)
Pico La Laguna[35][36][37]  Baja California Sur Sierra La Laguna 2090 m
6,857 ft
1920 m
6,299 ft
343 km
213 mi
23°32′21″N 109°57′15″W / 23.5392°N 109.9542°W / 23.5392; -109.9542 (Pico La Laguna)
12 Sierra la Madera[38]  Coahuila Mexican Plateau 3030 m
9,941 ft
1905 m
6,250 ft
226 km
140.7 mi
27°02′04″N 102°23′32″W / 27.0345°N 102.3922°W / 27.0345; -102.3922 (Sierra la Madera)
13 Cerro la Joya[39]  Querétaro Sierra Madre Oriental 2950 m
9,678 ft
1900 m
6,234 ft
66.1 km
41.1 mi
21°25′51″N 99°07′57″W / 21.4309°N 99.1326°W / 21.4309; -99.1326 (Cerro la Joya)
14 Cerro El Potosí[40][41][42]  Nuevo León Sierra Madre Oriental 3720 m
12,205 ft
1875 m
6,152 ft
571 km
355 mi
24°52′19″N 100°13′58″W / 24.8719°N 100.2327°W / 24.8719; -100.2327 (Cerro el Potosí)
15 Volcán Tancítaro[43][44][45]  Michoacán Cordillera Neovolcanica 3840 m
12,598 ft
1665 m
5,463 ft
136.3 km
84.7 mi
19°25′00″N 102°19′11″W / 19.4166°N 102.3198°W / 19.4166; -102.3198 (Volcán Tancítaro)
16 Cerro El Centinela[46]  Coahuila Mexican Plateau 3122 m
10,243 ft
1657 m
5,436 ft
186.9 km
116.1 mi
25°08′09″N 103°13′49″W / 25.1359°N 103.2304°W / 25.1359; -103.2304 (Cerro El Centinela)
17 Picacho San Onofre[47]
(Sierra Peña Nevada)
 Nuevo León Sierra Madre Oriental 3550 m
11,647 ft
1650 m
5,413 ft
125.0 km
77.6 mi
23°48′03″N 99°50′47″W / 23.8007°N 99.8464°W / 23.8007; -99.8464 (Picacho San Onofre)
El Aguacate Oeste[48]  Oaxaca Sierra Madre del Sur 2830 m
9,285 ft
1650 m
5,413 ft
57.3 km
35.6 mi
16°34′52″N 95°48′13″W / 16.5812°N 95.8035°W / 16.5812; -95.8035 (El Aguacate Oeste)
19 Volcán Las Tres Vírgenes[49]  Baja California Sur Tres Virgenes 1951 m
6,401 ft
1626 m
5,335 ft
340 km
211 mi
27°28′12″N 112°35′31″W / 27.4700°N 112.5919°W / 27.4700; -112.5919 (Volcán Las Tres Vírgenes)
20 Sierra de Santa Martha[50]  Veracruz Cordillera Neovolcanica 1690 m
5,545 ft
1620 m
5,315 ft
180.1 km
111.9 mi
18°20′44″N 94°51′27″W / 18.3455°N 94.8576°W / 18.3455; -94.8576 (Sierra de Santa Martha)
21 Cerro las Capillas[51]  Jalisco Jalisco 2890 m
9,482 ft
1590 m
5,217 ft
55.8 km
34.7 mi
19°33′19″N 104°08′50″W / 19.5552°N 104.1472°W / 19.5552; -104.1472 (Cerro las Capillas)
22 Cerro Zempoaltépetl[52]  Oaxaca Sierra Madre del Sur 3420 m
11,220 ft
1580 m
5,184 ft
103.2 km
64.1 mi
17°07′57″N 96°00′45″W / 17.1324°N 96.0125°W / 17.1324; -96.0125 (Cerro Zempoaltépetl)
23 Iztaccíhuatl[53][54][55]  México
 Puebla
Cordillera Neovolcanica 5230 m
17,159 ft
1560 m
5,118 ft
17.51 km
10.88 mi
19°10′49″N 98°38′29″W / 19.1802°N 98.6415°W / 19.1802; -98.6415 (Iztaccíhuatl)
24 Volcán de Tequila[56][57]  Jalisco Jalisco 2930 m
9,613 ft
1530 m
5,020 ft
63.4 km
39.4 mi
20°47′14″N 103°50′48″W / 20.7872°N 103.8468°W / 20.7872; -103.8468 (Volcán de Tequila)
25 Cerro Atravesado[58]
(Sierra el Cerro Azul)
 Oaxaca Oaxaca 2310 m
7,579 ft
1510 m
4,954 ft
109.6 km
68.1 mi
16°45′55″N 94°27′05″W / 16.7652°N 94.4514°W / 16.7652; -94.4514 (Cerro Atravesado)
Picachos el Fraile[59]  Nuevo León Sierra Madre Oriental 2310 m
7,579 ft
1510 m
4,954 ft
26.2 km
16.26 mi
25°51′52″N 100°36′34″W / 25.8645°N 100.6095°W / 25.8645; -100.6095 (Picachos el Fraile)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  2. ^ a b If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  3. ^ The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  4. ^ The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  5. ^ The summit of Pico de Orizaba is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla, Estado Libre y Soberano de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, and all of México.
  6. ^ "Pico de Orizaba". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Pico de Orizaba". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  8. ^ Popocatépetl on the border of Puebla is the highest point of both Estado Libre y Soberano de México and Estado Libre y Soberano de Morelos.
  9. ^ Popocatépetl is the southernmost 5000-meter (16,404-foot) summit of México and greater North America.
  10. ^ "Popocatépetl". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  11. ^ "Popocatépetl". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  12. ^ The summit of Nevado de Colima is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco.
  13. ^ Nevado de Colima is the northernmost and westernmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of México.
  14. ^ "Nevado de Colima". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  15. ^ "Nevado de Colima". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  16. ^ Nevado de Toluca is the westernmost summit of its elevation in México.
  17. ^ "Nevado de Toluca". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  18. ^ "Nevado de Toluca". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  19. ^ The summit of Cerro Teotepec is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Guerrero.
  20. ^ "Cerro Teotepec". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  21. ^ The summit of Cerro el Nacimiento is the highest point of Sierra Madre del Sur and Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca.
  22. ^ "Cerro el Nacimiento". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  23. ^ "Cerro el Nacimiento". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  24. ^ The summit of Picacho del Diablo is the highest point of Sierra de San Pedro Mártir and the Baja California Peninsula.
  25. ^ Picacho del Diablo is the northernmost and westernmost 3000-meter (9843-foot) summit and ultra-prominent summit of México.
  26. ^ "Picacho del Diablo". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Picacho del Diablo". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  28. ^ "Cerro Tia Chena". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  29. ^ "Cerro Las Conchas". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  30. ^ "Cerro Las Conchas". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  31. ^ La Malintzin on the border of Puebla is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala.
  32. ^ La Malintzin is the northernmost summit of its elevation in México.
  33. ^ "La Malintzin". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  34. ^ "La Malintzin". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  35. ^ The summit of Pico La Laguna is the highest point of Sierra San Lazaro and Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur.
  36. ^ "Pico La Laguna". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  37. ^ "Pico La Laguna". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  38. ^ "Sierra la Madera". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  39. ^ "Cerro la Joya". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  40. ^ The summit of Cerro El Potosí is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León.
  41. ^ "Cerro El Potosí". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  42. ^ "Cerro El Potosí". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  43. ^ The summit of Volcán Tancítaro is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Michoacán de Ocampo.
  44. ^ "Volcán Tancítaro". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  45. ^ "Volcán Tancítaro". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  46. ^ "Cerro El Centinela". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  47. ^ "Picacho San Onofre". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  48. ^ "El Aguacate Oeste". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  49. ^ "Volcán Las Tres Vírgenes". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  50. ^ "Sierra de Santa Martha". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  51. ^ "Cerro las Capillas". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  52. ^ "Cerro Zempoaltépetl". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  53. ^ Iztaccíhuatl is the northernmost and westernmost 5000-meter (16,404-foot) summit of México.
  54. ^ "Iztaccíhuatl". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  55. ^ "Iztaccíhuatl". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  56. ^ "Volcán de Tequila". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  57. ^ "Volcán de Tequila". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  58. ^ "Cerro Atravesado". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  59. ^ "Picachos el Fraile". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°01′50″N 97°16′11″W / 19.0305°N 97.2698°W / 19.0305; -97.2698 (Pico de Orizaba)