Table of vowels

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This table lists the vowel letters of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

IPA: Vowels
Front Central Back

Paired vowels are: unrounded  rounded

Vowel fact sheet[edit]

name height backness roundness IPA number IPA text IPA image Entity X-SAMPA Kirshenbaum Sound sample
Close front unrounded vowel close front unrounded 301 i Xsampa-i.png i i i About this sound Sound sample
Close front rounded vowel close front rounded 309 y Xsampa-y.png y y y About this sound Sound sample
Close central unrounded vowel close central unrounded 317 ɨ Xsampa-1.png ɨ 1 i" About this sound Sound sample
Close central rounded vowel close central rounded 318 ʉ Xsampa-rightcurly.png ʉ } u" About this sound Sound sample
Close back unrounded vowel close back unrounded 316 ɯ Xsampa-M.png ɯ M u- About this sound Sound sample
Close back rounded vowel close back rounded 308 u Xsampa-u.png u u u About this sound Sound sample
Near-close front unrounded vowel near-close front unrounded 319 ɪ Xsampa-I2.png ɪ I I About this sound Sound sample
Near-close front rounded vowel near-close front rounded 320 ʏ Xsampa-Y2.png ʏ Y I. About this sound Sound sample
Near-close back rounded vowel near-close back rounded 321 ʊ Xsampa-U2.png ʊ U U About this sound Sound sample
Close-mid front unrounded vowel close-mid front unrounded 302 e Xsampa-e.png e e e About this sound Sound sample
Close-mid front rounded vowel close-mid front rounded 310 ø Xsampa-2.png ø 2 Y About this sound Sound sample
Close-mid central unrounded vowel close-mid central unrounded 397 ɘ Xsampa-atslash.png &#600; @\ @<umd> About this sound Sound sample
Close-mid central rounded vowel close-mid central rounded 323 ɵ Xsampa-8.png &#629; 8 @.<umd> About this sound Sound sample
Close-mid back unrounded vowel close-mid back unrounded 315 ɤ Xsampa-7.png &#612; 7 o- About this sound Sound sample
Close-mid back rounded vowel close-mid back rounded 307 o Xsampa-o.png &#111; o o About this sound Sound sample
Mid central vowel mid central undefined 322 ə Xsampa-at.png &#601; @ @ About this sound Sound sample
Open-mid front unrounded vowel open-mid front unrounded 303 ɛ Xsampa-E2.png &#603; E E About this sound Sound sample
Open-mid front rounded vowel open-mid front rounded 311 œ Xsampa-9.png &#339; 9 W About this sound Sound sample
Open-mid central unrounded vowel open-mid central unrounded 326 ɜ Xsampa-3.png &#604; 3 V" About this sound Sound sample
Open-mid central rounded vowel open-mid central rounded 395 ɞ Xsampa-3slash.png &#606; 3\ O" About this sound Sound sample
Open-mid back unrounded vowel open-mid back unrounded 314 ʌ Xsampa-V.png &#652; V V About this sound Sound sample
Open-mid back rounded vowel open-mid back rounded 306 ɔ Xsampa-O2.png &#596; O O About this sound Sound sample
Near-open front unrounded vowel near-open front unrounded 325 æ Xsampa-leftcurly.png &#230; { & About this sound Sound sample
Near-open central vowel near-open central undefined 324 ɐ Xsampa-6.png &#592; 6 &" About this sound Sound sample
Open front unrounded vowel open front unrounded 304 a Xsampa-a.png &#97; a a About this sound Sound sample
Open front rounded vowel open front rounded 312 ɶ Xsampa-amper.png &#630; & a. About this sound Sound sample
Open back unrounded vowel open back unrounded 305 ɑ Xsampa-A2.png &#593; A A About this sound Sound sample
Open back rounded vowel open back rounded 313 ɒ Xsampa-Q.png &#594; Q A. About this sound Sound sample

See also[edit]