Tachibana Ginchiyo

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Tachibana Ginchiyo
立花誾千代.jpg
Tachibana family head
In office
1575–1581
Preceded byTachibana Dōsetsu
Succeeded byTachibana Muneshige
Personal details
BornTachibana Castle, Chikuzen Province, Japan
DiedYanagawa, Fukuoka Hizen Province, Japan
Spouse(s)Tachibana Muneshige
FatherTachibana Dōsetsu
Military service
AllegianceJapanese Crest daki Gyouyou.svg Ōtomo clan
Goshichi no kiri inverted.svg Toyotomi clan
大一大万大吉.svg Western Army
UnitGion Mamori.svg Tachibana clan
Battles/warsKyūshū Campaign
Battle of Sekigahara
Siege of Yanagawa

Tachibana Ginchiyo (立花 誾千代, September 23, 1569 – November 30, 1602) was head of the Japanese Tachibana clan during the Sengoku period. She was the daughter of Tachibana Dōsetsu, a powerful retainer of the Ōtomo clan (which were rivals of the Shimazu clan at the time). Because Dosetsu had no sons, he requested that Ginchiyo be made family head.[1]

Biography[edit]

She led the clan in a period of difficulty at only 6 years old. She inherited her father's all interest such as the status of castellan, territory, and belongings.[2] She recruited women to become her elite guard and trained all the maidens of the castle in warfare skills to intimidate visitors[citation needed]. Because the Ōtomo clan had access to European Christians, the Kyushu warriors had access to firearms, Ginchiyo used the female artillery in the Kyushu Campaign.[3] She married Tachibana Muneshige, who had been adopted into the family and continued Dōsetsu's family line after Ginchiyo.

Sekigahara[edit]

In the Kyushu Sekigahara campaign, she defended the Ōtomo clan from the invasion of Kuroda Kanbei and Katō Kiyomasa. After the defeat of Western Army in Sekigahara, the Eastern Army under the leadership of Kanbei, Kyomasa and Nabeshima Katsushige began to march toward their doorstep, Ginchiyo organized her fellow nuns in armed resistance against the advancing army. She faced them alone while wearing armor at the Siege of Yanagawa and protected the rearguard of Muneshige to escape.

Kuroda and Kato were old comrades-in-arms of Tachibana Muneshige from the days of the Korean invasion, and following the unexpected and challenging resistance of Ginchiyo, they proposed that she and her ex-husband should surrender and join them in a campaign against the Shimazu clan, who had also fled from Sekigahara. Muneshige agreed, but Tokugawa leyasu ordered the campaign to stop almost before it had begun because he did not want a further war in Kyushu. Ginchiyo and Muneshige was pardoned nonetheless.[4]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "立花氏". www2.harimaya.com. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  2. ^ "立花家十七代が語る立花宗茂と柳川 | 人物紹介・系図". www.muneshige.com. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  3. ^ "立花 誾千代姫". ww2.tiki.ne.jp. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  4. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (2012-01-20). Samurai Women 1184–1877. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781846039522.


Preceded by
Tachibana Dōsetsu
Tachibana family head
1575–1581
Succeeded by
Tachibana Muneshige