|Tachibana family head|
|Preceded by||Tachibana Dōsetsu|
|Succeeded by||Tachibana Muneshige|
|Born||Tachibana Castle, Chikuzen Province, Japan|
|Died||Yanagawa, Fukuoka Hizen Province, Japan|
|Allegiance|| Ōtomo clan|
Battle of Sekigahara
Siege of Yanagawa
Tachibana Ginchiyo (立花 誾千代, September 23, 1569 – November 30, 1602) was head of the Japanese Tachibana clan during the Sengoku period. She was the daughter of Tachibana Dōsetsu, a powerful retainer of the Ōtomo clan (which were rivals of the Shimazu clan at the time). Because Dosetsu had no sons, he requested that Ginchiyo be made family head.
She led the clan in a period of difficulty at only 6 years old. She inherited her father's all interest such as the status of castellan, territory, and belongings. She recruited women to become her elite guard and trained all the maidens of the castle in warfare skills to intimidate visitors. Because the Ōtomo clan had access to European Christians, the Kyushu warriors had access to firearms, Ginchiyo used the female artillery in the Kyushu Campaign. She married Tachibana Muneshige, who had been adopted into the family and continued Dōsetsu's family line after Ginchiyo.
In the Kyushu Sekigahara campaign, she defended the Ōtomo clan from the invasion of Kuroda Kanbei and Katō Kiyomasa. After the defeat of Western Army in Sekigahara, the Eastern Army under the leadership of Kanbei, Kyomasa and Nabeshima Katsushige began to march toward their doorstep, Ginchiyo organized her fellow nuns in armed resistance against the advancing army. She faced them alone while wearing armor at the Siege of Yanagawa and protected the rearguard of Muneshige to escape.
Kuroda and Kato were old comrades-in-arms of Tachibana Muneshige from the days of the Korean invasion, and following the unexpected and challenging resistance of Ginchiyo, they proposed that she and her ex-husband should surrender and join them in a campaign against the Shimazu clan, who had also fled from Sekigahara. Muneshige agreed, but Tokugawa leyasu ordered the campaign to stop almost before it had begun because he did not want a further war in Kyushu. Ginchiyo and Muneshige was pardoned nonetheless.
In popular culture
| Tachibana family head
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