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Tachycineta bicolor1.jpg
Tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hirundinidae
Subfamily: Hirundininae
Genus: Tachycineta
Cabanis, 1850

see text

Tachycineta distribution map.png

Tachycineta (Greek: tachýs "fast", kīnéō "move")[1] is a genus of birds in the swallow family. There are nine described species. Its members are restricted to the Americas.

These are slender swallows with forked tails. Most species have a metallic green back, green or blue head, and metallic blue or unglossed brown wings. All have pure white underparts, and four species have a white rump.

Most Tachycineta swallows are at least partially migratory, with only golden and mangrove swallow being essentially resident. All the species use natural or disused cavities for nest sites.

Species in taxonomic order[edit]

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Tachycineta bicolor.jpg Tachycineta bicolor Tree swallow north-central Alaska and up to the tree line in Canada and as far south as Tennessee in the eastern part of its range, California and New Mexico in the west, and Kansas in the centre
Tachycineta thalassina -San Luis Obispo, California, USA -male-8.jpg Tachycineta thalassina Violet-green swallow central Alaska down to Mexico
Adult Hispaniolan Golden Swallow perched on artificial nest-box.jpg Tachycineta euchrysea Golden swallow Hispaniola and Jamaica
Bahama Swallow.jpg Tachycineta cyaneoviridis Bahama swallow northern Bahamas: Andros, Grand Bahama, Abaco, and New Providence
Tachycineta stolzmanni Tumbes swallow northwestern Peru and far southwestern Ecuador.
Mangrove Swallow.jpg Tachycineta albilinea Mangrove swallow native to Mexico and all of Central America (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama)
White-winged Swallow 1052.jpg Tachycineta albiventer White-winged swallow tropical South America from Colombia, Venezuela, and Trinidad south to northern Argentina.
Golondrina rabadilla blanca Tachycineta leucorrhoa Dario Niz.jpg Tachycineta leucorrhoa White-rumped swallow Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay
Andorinha-chilena (Tachycineta leucopyga).jpg Tachycineta leucopyga Chilean swallow Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Falkland Islands, Paraguay, and Uruguay.


  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 377. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.