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Native to Mali, Niger[1]
Ethnicity Dawsahak
Native speakers
100,000 (2007)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 dsq
Glottolog tada1238[3]
Songhay languages.svg
Location of Songhay languages[4]

Northwest Songhay:


Eastern Songhay:

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People Idaksahak
Language Tadáksahak

The Tadaksahak language (also Daoussahak, Dausahaq and other spellings, after the Tuareg name for its speakers, Dăwsăhak[5]) is a Songhay language spoken by the pastoralist Idaksahak of the Ménaka Region of Mali. Its phonology, verb morphology and vocabulary has been strongly influenced by the neighbouring Tuareg languages Tamasheq and Tamajaq.



Front Back
Close i, iː u, uː
Mid e, eː o, oː
Open a, aː


Labial Alveolar Palatoalveolar/Palatal Velar Uvular/Pharyngeal Glottal
plain phary.
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop/Affricate b t d k ɡ q
Fricative f s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ ħ ʕ h
Approximant l j w
Flap ɾ ɾˤ


  1. ^ A. Chaventré, Évolution anthropo-biologique d'une population Touarègue: les Kel Kummer et leurs apparentés, in: Volume 103 of Institut national d'études démographiques: Travaux et documents, INED 1983, pp.29-33
  2. ^ Tadaksahak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tadaksahak". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ This map is based on classification from Glottolog and data from Ethnologue.
  5. ^ Ritter, Georg (2009). Wörterbuch zur Sprache und Kultur der Twareg II Deutsch-Twareg. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. p. 735.