March 18, 1938 |
Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan
|Years active||1972 –|
Tadashi Yoyogi (代々木忠 Yoyogi Tadashi?) is a Japanese director of pink film and adult videos (AV). He is known as the "Father of Japanese Adult Video" and has been credited with establishing the model in his early work for many of the adult videos produced since.
Life and career
Tadashi Yoyogi was born in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan on March 18, 1938. For a time he was a manager of an ikebana flower-arranging shop but then joined the pink film company World Eiga in 1963. He started directing first for the small Prima Project (Purima Kikaku) company and then with Watanabe Pro from 1974. His first movie as a director was Memoirs of a Girl of Pleasure (ある少女の手記・快感) which appeared in 1972. Yoyogi and other young directors were able to bring a new direction to pink film and soon established themselves next to the veteran directors. The Japanese Movie Database entry for Yoyogi lists 9 films with Prima and another 26 with Watanabe Pro up to the beginning of 1981.
By 1980 in Japan, market penetration of the VCR was only about 1% and the market for home videos was small but growing and a number of companies started up about this time to take advantage of the new opportunities. Yoyogi directed his first adult video (AV) in November 1981 and soon afterwards founded his own company, Athena Eizou. That first video, April of Lust (淫欲のうずき Inyoku no Uzuki?), starred Kyōko Aizome, and it marked her debut in AV as well. Aizome and Yoyogi would go on to collaborate on a number of other softcore and hardcore projects in the next few years including the August 1982 theatrical film Karei Naru ai no Henreki Aizome Kyōko directed by Yoyogi for Joy Pack Film as well as the March 1983 Joy Pack release Kyōko Aizome's Somber Reminiscence.
Because the new medium of video was cheap and the equipment more portable, a new range of possibilities opened up to the AV director which Yoyogi was the first to take full advantage of. He began his popular AV series Document: The Onanie in 1982, shot in the pseudo-documentary style with an interview with the actress that would become a major component in many subsequent adult videos. The series used real sex and amateur performers to shed light on the "hidden sex life of Japan." When Onanie became a surprise success, investors started to move into the new media of adult video and a number of other companies were formed.
Yoyogi produced the first of his "Onanie" (masturbation) series of theatrical films with The Onanie for the Million Film studio in November 1982. This was followed in April 1983 by Orgasm: The Climax (ＯＮＡＮＩＥ２ ザ・クライマックス) and then in July 1983 by the sequel The Document: Orgasms (ザ・ドキュメント オーガズム), both released by Joy Pack. The Weissers, in their book Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: The Sex Films describe Orgasm: The Climax as depicting masturbation by a prostitute, a model, a TV personality and a transsexual, and ask "But can it really be called a movie?." In The Document: Orgasms, handheld camera technique is used to follow an extended S&M session designed to lead to "orgasmic delight." A later entry in the series was Onanie 3: The Vibe (ＯＮＡＮＩＥ３ザ・バイブ) from Million in October 1984.
In the following years, Yoyogi directed a number of AV series for Athena Eizou including Secret Sexual Technique (性感極秘テクニック Sekan Gokuhi Tekunikku?), Psycho Hypnotic Ecstasy (サイコ催眠エクスタシー Saiko Saimin Ekusutashii?), Lewd Performance (いんらんパフォーマンス Inran Pafōmansu?), and especially his extended The Interview (ザ・面接 Za Mensetsu?) series which was launched in 1993 and reached the 100th installment in December, 2008. Yoyogi has continued directing at Athena Eizou where he maintains a weekly diary and many of his early works are available for download. Volume 108 of his The Interview series was released in April 2010.
Yoyogi's activities have also attracted the attention of the world of academia. Masakazu Tanaka, professor and cultural anthropologist at Kyoto University gave a talk “Cult-Like Nature of the Activities of a Japanese Porn Director, Tadashi YOYOGI” before a panel at a conference on Gender and Spiritual Praxis in Asian Contexts, held in September 2006 at Lancaster University and in February 2007, Yoyogi was the subject of a study by Tanaka titled Spiritual Eroticism in the Early Works of a Japanese Porn Director, Tadashi Yoyogi (癒しとイヤラシのポルノグラフィー : 代々木忠監督作品をめぐって?) published in the journal 人文學報 (Journal of Humanities).
|Film title||Release date||Studio||Cast||Notes|
|Document: Terrible Young Teen Pornography
Dokyumento Poruno Osoreru Beki Rōtiin
|1973-04||Prima Kikaku||61 min.|
|Mystery Of a Woman's Body
Semi dokyumento: Nyotai no Shinpi
|1975-02||Watanabe Pro / Nikkatsu||Jun Aoba, Saeko Komiyama & Akiko Kamihara||65 min.|
Semi dokyumento: monzetsu kyabaree
|1976-10-20||Watanabe Pro / Nikkatsu||Timmy Sugimoto & Ayako Hoshi||70 min.|
Karei Naru ai no Henreki Aizome Kyōko
|1982-08-14||Joy Pack||Kyōko Aizome & Masayoshi Nogami||90 min.|
|1982-11||Million Film||60 min.|
|Kyōko Aizome's Somber Reminiscence
Aizome Kyōko Kareinaru Tsuioku
|1983-03-11||Joy Pack||Kyōko Aizome, Masayoshi Nogami & Matsu Takada||90 min.|
|Orgasm: The Climax
Onanie2 Za Kuraimakkusu
|1983-04-22||Joy Pack||Yuko Taki & Kaoru Noguchi||90 min.|
|The Document: Orgasms
Za Dokyumento Ōgazumu
|1983-07-29||Joy Pack||Mami Fujii & Keiko Tanaka||90 min.|
|Kyōko Aizome: The Survival
Aizome Kyōko: Za Sabaibaru
|1984-04||Million Film||Kyōko Aizome, Makoto Narita & Azusa Nakayama||89 min.|
|Onanie 3: The Vibe
Onanie3 Za Baibu
|1984-10||Million Film||Ryōko Orimoto, Naomi Kashiwagi & Matsuhisa Takada||96 min.|
|1986-03||Million Film||85 min.|
|Traci Takes Tokyo||1986||Kyōko Aizome, Traci Lords & Don Fernando||Co-directed with Steven Cartier|
|Video title||Release date||Studio||Cast||Notes|
Adult videos (AV)
|April of Lust
Inyoku no Uzuki
|Kyōko Aizome||Debut AV
|New Document The Onanie Part 11: '81 Miss Nude World 3rd Place
ドキュメント 新ザ・オナニーＰａｒｔ１１ ’８１ミスヌード世界３位
|Chie Yamamiya||28 min.|
|Dizziness Kyoko Aizome
|1982||Athena Eizou||Kyōko Aizome|
|Secret Sexual Technique Part 1: Soaking Wet
|1983||Athena Eizou / Mimizuku Video Pack
|Secret Sexual Technique Part 4: Aa, Minaide...
|1983||Athena Eizou / Mimizuku Video Pack
|New Secret Sexual Technique Part 4
|Hitomi Kobayakawa & Yūko Tamura|
|Secret Sexual Technique Special
|Psycho Hypnotic Ecstasy Part 1
サイコ催眠エクスタシー PART-1 驚異のマインド・オーガズム
|Sexy 4 Volume 2:
セクシー４ ＶＯＬ．２ 奥までムキムキ
|Mizue Morita, Miwa Yamaguchi, Miwako Sugihara & Keiko Takasaki|
|Sexy 4 Volume 8: Kokan DE Uinku
セクシー４ ８ コカンＤＥウィンク
|Chiyako Uemura, Hisako Ishigami, Erika Nishihara & Saki Yamashita|
|Sexual Massage Deluxe Edition
性感マッサージ 奥戯 豪華版
|Yukari Taguchi, Yoshimi Tachiki, Yoshiko Tachibana & Keiko Natsuki|
|Lewd Performance: Ginza Karikari Musume
|Mariko Misaki & Aoi Sakita|
|Lewd Performance: Married Couple
|Lewd Performance: Reverse Shooting
|Mayumi Hoshino & Asami Yūki|
|Lewd Performance: Debauched Girls
|Makoto Yūki, Ayako Sakaguchi & Keiko Hayashi|
|Lewd Performance: Loss of Virginity Kana Kuromochi
いんらんパフォーマンス 処女喪失 倉持佳奈
|New Face Performance: Nurse Mayumi
新人パフォーマンス 看護婦 まゆみ
|1989-07-05||Athena Eizou Directors
|Yumika Hayashi, Rie Takayama & Mako Natsuki|
|Horny Amateur Wife
素人発情地帯 奥さん、そんなとこまで 芳村りえ
|The Interview: Koitsua Jyohdamadaze!
|Ayako Iwasaki, Maki Satō & Eriko Misaki|
|The Interview: Cry! Scream! Writhe in Agony!
|Yuri Kamiyama & Jun Motogi|
|The Interview: Two Prisoners Together!
|Reina Aoki & Erina Togawa|
|The Interview: 6 Nin No Okashi Ya To 7 Nin No Onna Tachi
|The Interview: Yarō Domo Mesu To Musume To Hitoduma Ya!!
|The Interview: Sengyō Shufu Kara Kaji Tetsudai Go Reijō Mo Ōhiraki Ashi!!
|Norika Kajihara, Manami Moriyama, Saori Mochizuki, Yuki Motomiya, Marie Yūki & Satomi Fujii|
|The Interview: Onna No Honshō Dai Mankai!!
|Mika Machida, Aya Takanashi & Idumi Kanda|
|The Interview: Gōka Inran - Shiru Dashi Dai Pafoomansu!
|Eriko Sawamoto, Hitomi Takaoka, Miharu Higuchi, Yū Imori & Rika Kawahara|
- Sharp, Jasper (2008). Behind the Pink Curtain: The Complete History of Japanese Sex Cinema. Guildford: FAB Press. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-903254-54-7.
- "プロフィール (Profile)" (in Japanese). www.athenaeizou.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
- Domenig, Roland (2002). "Vital flesh: the mysterious world of Pink Eiga". Archived from the original on 2004-11-18. Retrieved 2007-02-19.
- 佐々木忠 (in Japanese). JMDB. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- Otsubo, Kemuta (February 20, 2009). アダルトビデオクロニクル 81’～85’/1 (in Japanese). All About. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
- "1981" (in Japanese). AV 研究所 (AV Research Laboratory). Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- "Tadashi Yoyogi". IMdB. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- Schoenherr, Johannes (December 29, 2006). "Company Matsuo and the World of Japanese Adult Video". Midnight Eye. Retrieved 2009-08-07.
- Sharp, p.218
- Weisser, Thomas; Yuko Mihara Weisser (1998). Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: The Sex Films. Miami: Vital Books : Asian Cult Cinema Publications. p. 268. ISBN 1-889288-52-7.
- Weisser p.303
- ザ・面接 １００本記念スペシャル 新妻 若妻 夫のいる身 熟れた女の本気汁 (in Japanese). www.arzon.jp. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "The Tadashi Yoyogi Weekly" (in Japanese). www.athenaeizou.com. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- 代々木忠 (in Japanese). www.athenaeizou.com. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "ザ・面接 VOL.108 女社長は太いのがお好き" (in Japanese). DMM. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "Gender and Spiritual Praxis in Asian Contexts". www.lancs.ac.uk. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "癒しとイヤラシのポルノグラフィー : 代々木忠監督作品をめぐって". repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "THE ZINBUN GAKUHO". www.zinbun.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- Filmography based on 佐々木忠 (in Japanese). JMDB. Retrieved 2009-11-01. and "Tadashi Yoyogi". IMdB. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- Filmography based on 代々木忠（よよぎただし） (in Japanese). www.arzon.jp. Retrieved 2009-10-24., 代々木忠 作品一覧 (in Japanese). www.sokmil.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26. and 代々木忠 (in Japanese). www.athenaeizou.com. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "Tadashi Yoyogi at JMDB" (in Japanese).
- "Tadashi Yoyogi at DMM" (in Japanese).
- "Tadashi Yoyogi at IMdB".