Tadeusz Czesław Malinowski

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Tadeusz Malinowski
Prof dr hab Tadeusz Malinowski.jpg
Tadeusz Malinowski, 2009
BornApril 8, 1932
Poznań, Poland
ResidencePoland
NationalityPolish
Alma materAdam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
AwardsCross of Merit (Poland)
Knight's Cross, Order of Polonia Restituta
Medal of the Commission of National Education
Scientific career
FieldsArchaeology
InstitutionsUniversity of Zielona Góra Akademia Pomorska in Słupsk
Doctoral advisorJózef Kostrzewski

Tadeusz Czesław Malinowski (born April 8, 1932, in Poznań, Poland) is a Polish scientist and archaeologist specialising in the Bronze Age and early Iron Age.

Early life and education[edit]

Malinowski is the son of Czesława Malinowska (born Brożek) and Czesław Pobóg Malinowski. His brother is Andrzej Malinowski, a Polish anthropologist.

As a child, Malinowski witnessed the Second World War. After his father escaped to the United Kingdom and his mother was arrested by the Gestapo, he lived through the Nazi occupation of Poland with his extended family in Radom and Lublin.[1]

He studied archaeology at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, where he received his doctoral title in 1960 and his habilitation in 1969. His main teachers were Józef Kostrzewski, Witold Hensel, and Eugeniusz Frankowski. By the time he received his doctorate, he had written 47 scientific publications.[1] In 1980, he became a professor.

Career[edit]

He worked in the Museum of Archaeology in Poznań from 1950–1975, as a professor at the Higher Pedagogical School in Słupsk until 1993, and at the University of Zielona Góra until 2002. He lectured in the Department of Archaeology at the University of Lodz from 1973–1974, at the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń from 1979–1980, and at the School of Social Skills in Poznań from 2002–2004.[1]

Malinowski in the Museum of Archaeology in Poznań, 1958.

Malinowski has participated in numerous archaeological excavations in Greater Poland and beyond. He was a member of a team that researched an early settlement in Saint-Jean-le-Froid, France, in the department of Aveyron. In Poland, he has studied fortified settlements from the early Iron Age in Słupca, Smuszewo, and Komorowo. He also worked on a late medieval cemetery on Rowokół hill in Smołdzino, and on an early medieval cemetery in Komorowo.[2]

He is the author of over 380 scientific and popular publications, including more than a dozen books published in Poland and abroad.[3] After he retired, his extensive collection of books (several thousand volumes), illustrative material (photographs and drawings), and slides were purchased by the University of Rzeszów for its Institute of Archaeology.

As a professor emeritus, Malinowski lives in Poznań, where he reviews doctoral works and habilitations and continues his scientific research and writing.

Scientific research[edit]

Malinowski's research mainly dealt with Central European funeral rites in prehistory and the early Middle Ages. He also studied the meaning of amber in prehistory and the early Middle Ages in Europe, facial representations in ceramic rituals in prehistorical Europe, and musical instruments from prehistory to modern times in Central Europe. Further, he worked on Slavic ethnogenesis issues and conducted interdisciplinary research in prehistory. Through 25 years of work at the Museum of Archaeology in Poznań, he specialised in archaeological museology.[1]

On an excavation, 1980

Other work[edit]

Malinowski was vice-president of the Trade Union of Workers of Culture and Arts in Poznań from 1970–1973.[4] With his brother, Andrzej, he published the book Wspomnienia z obozów: Majdanek-Oświęcim-Ravensbrück-Neu Rohlau-Zwodau (2008) on the diaries of their mother, who survived several Nazi concentration camps during World War II.[5] He was featured in the documentary film Resettlement by Filip Antoni Malinowski in 2012.[6]

He is married to archaeologist Maria Malinowska (born Konieczna in 1932 in Poznań). They have a daughter, Anna, and a son, Antoni.

In his library in Słupsk, ca. 1990

Honours and recognitions[edit]

Memberships[edit]

  • 1957: Poznań Society of Friends of Learning (Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk)
  • 1967: Current Anthropology, University of Chicago
  • 1973: Poznań Committee of Sciences, Department of Archaeology (Komitet Archeologii Oddział PAN w Poznaniu)
  • 1983: Study Group on Music Archaeology, Hanover, Germany
  • 1990: Committee on Science, Work, and Protohistory (Komitet Nauk Pra- i Protohistorycznych PAN)
  • 1993: Committee for Archaeology in Wrocław (Komitet Archeologii Oddział PAN in Wrocław)
  • 1999: Lubusz Scientific Society (Lubuskie Towarzystwo Naukowe)[4]

Selected publications[edit]

Books[4][edit]

  • Katalog cmentarzysk ludności kultury łużyckiej w Polsce, Vol. 1–2, Warsaw, Instytut Historii Kultury Materialnej PAN (1961)
  • Obrządek pogrzebowy ludności kultury pomorskiej, Wrocław/Warsaw/Kraków, Ossolineum (1969)
  • Katalog cmentarzysk ludności kultury pomorskiej, Vol. 1–3, Pedagogical School of Słupsk (1979–1981)
  • Wielkopolska w otchłani wieków, Poznań, Wydawnictwo Poznańskie (1985)
  • Laski. Materiały z cmentarzyska kultury łużyckiej, Part 1–4, Pedagogical School of Słupsk (1988–1991)
  • Komorowo, stanowisko 1: grodzisko kultury łużyckiej – faktoria na szlaku bursztynowym, University of Rzeszów, (2006)

Scientific publications[4][edit]

  • "Grodziska kultury łużyckiej w Wielkopolsce", Fontes Archaeologici Posnanienses, Vol. 5, 1955
  • "Obrządek pogrzebowy ludności kultury łużyckiej w Polsce", Przegląd Archeologiczny, Vol. 14, 1962
  • "Problem pogranicza prasłowiańsko-prailiryjskiego", Slavia Antiqua, Vol. 21, 1975
  • "Les hochets en argile dans la civilisation lusacienne de Pologne (age du bronze – age du fer)", in: "La pluridisciplinarite en archeologie musicale", Vol. 1, Paris, 1994
  • "Niektóre zagadnienia rozwoju kulturowego u schyłku epoki brązu i we wczesnej epoce żelaza w Europie Środkowej", in: "Kultura pomorska i kultura grobów kloszowych", Warsaw, 1995
  • "Łaba – Odra – Wisła: oddziaływania kulturowe u schyłku epoki brązu i we wczesnej epoce żelaza", in: "Rola Odry i Łaby w przemianach kulturowych epoki brązu i epoki żelaza", Wrocław-Gliwice, 1997

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Wojciech Dzieduszycki: Opuscula Archaeologica – Opera Dedicata in Professorem Thaddeum Malinowski. Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, 2007, p. 7-16. ISBN 978-83-7481-073-9.
  2. ^ Tadeusz Malinowski: Mieszkańcy faktorii na szlaku bursztynowym z około IX-VIII wieku przed naszą erą w Komorowie. Kaźmierz: 2012. ISBN 978-83-923985-1-6
  3. ^ Robert Skobelski: Miesięcznik Uniwersytetu Zielonogórskiego nr 3/1 grudzień 2001-styczeń 2002 (pol.). [accessed 2014-12-20]
  4. ^ a b c d e Janusz Kapuścik: Współcześni Uczeni Polscy, Słownik Biograficzny Tom III M-R. Warszawa: 2006, s. 68. ISBN 83-905295-4-8
  5. ^ Grażyna Banaszkiewicz: Piekło, http://www.naturalnie.com.pl/pl/spoleczenstwo/pieklo.html [access 2014-12-20]
  6. ^ International Movie Database: Eksmisja (en), https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2155870/ [access 2014-12-20]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Księga jubileuszowa: Miscellanea archaeologica Thaddaeo Malinowski dedicata, edited by Franciszek Rożnowski, Słupsk/Poznań, 1993, Pedagogical School of Słupsk
  • Opuscula archaeologica – Opera dedicata in Professorem Thaddeum Malinowski, edited by Wojciech Dzieduszycki, University of Zielona Góra, 2007
  • Enzyklopädisches Handbuch zur Ur- und Frühgeschichte Europas, edited by Jan Filip, Vol. 2, Prag, 1969; Vol. 3, Praha, 1998
  • Fifth International Directory of Anthropologists, Chicago/London, 1975
  • Współcześni Uczeni Polscy, Słownik Biograficzny, Vol. III, M-R, edited by Janusz Kapuścik, Warsaw, 2006, Ośrodek Przetwarzania Informacji

External links[edit]