|Meaning||poet, philosopher, storyteller|
|Cognate(s)||Tadgh, Taigh, Taidgh, Tighe, Tigue, Teague, Taig, Ty|
Tadhg (alternative spellings include Tadgh and Tadg) (English //, // or //; Irish [t̪ˠəiɡ]), is an Irish and Scottish Gaelic masculine name that was very common when the Goidelic languages predominated, to the extent that it is a synecdoche for Irish-speaking man. The name signifies "poet" or "philosopher". This was also the name of many Gaelic Irish kings from the 10th to the 16th centuries, particularly in Connacht and Munster. Tadhg is most common in south-west Ireland, particularly in County Cork and County Kerry.
The commonly accepted meaning of Tadhg is "poet" or "storyteller". The ultimate derivation is from the Celtic *tazg(j)o-, who were poets in early Celtic society. In any case, the name is widely attested in Gaulish and early British names.
When the whole of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom, many Irish names and place-names were given English meanings. Due to similarity in sound, Tadhg is often listed as an Irish equivalent of the English-language names Thaddeus, Timothy (Tim) or sometimes Thomas, but these names are not actually related.
The name is also spelled "Taḋg" in Gaelic type with an overdot over the d to indicate it is lenited; the "dh" serves a similar purpose in the modern spelling. Tadhg has been anglicized as "Tighe" and "Teague". Alternative spellings are "Tadgh", "Tadhgh","Taigh", "Taidgh" (found in North London).
Tadhg is also a synecdoche and was once so common as an Irish name that it became synonymous with the typical Irishman in the same way that Paddy or Mick might be today. Hence, Irish phrases such as Tadhg an mhargaidh (lit: Tadhg of the market) or Tadhg na sráide (lit: Tadhg of the street) are similar to the English language expression "average Joe" or "the man on the street"
The anglicisation Taig (and formerly Teague) has been used in English since the seventeenth century as an ethnic slur for a stage Irishman. The Irish-language name is used defiantly in a Jacobite poem written in the 1690s:
Original Translation "You Popish rogue", ní leomhaid a labhairt sinn "You Popish rogue" is not spoken acht "Cromwellian dog" is focal faire againn but "Cromwellian dog" is our watchword, nó "cia sud thall" go teann gan eagla "Who goes there" does not provoke fear, "Mise Tadhg" géadh teinn an t-agallamh "I am Tadhg" is the answer given
People with the name
- Tadg mac Conchobair (died 900), king of Connacht
- Tadg mac Cathail (died 956), king of Connacht
- Tadg mac Conchobair (died 962), king of Ailech
- Tadhg mac Muircheartach (died 971), king of Uí Díarmata
- Tadhg Mór Ua Cellaigh (died 1014), king of Uí Maine
- Tadc mac Briain (died 1023), contender for king of Munster
- Tadg in Eich Gil (died 1030), king of Connacht
- Tadhg mac Muirchertach (fl. 11th century), king of Moylurg
- Tadg mac Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair (died 1097), king of Connacht
- Tadhg mac Muireadach Mac Cárthaigh (died 1123), king of Desmond
- Tadhg Mor mac Maelruanaidh (died 1124), king of Moylurg
- Tadhg Ua Cellaigh (abducted 1145), king of Uí Maine
- Teige Ua Con Ceannainn (fl. 1152), king of Uí Díarmata
- Tadg Gláe macDiarmata Ó Briain (died 1154), claimed king of Desmond
- Tadhg Cael Uisce Ó Briain (died 1269), tanist of Thomond
- Tadhg mac Diarmata (died 1281), king of Moylurg
- Tadhg Ó Cellaigh (died 1316), king of Uí Maine
- Tadgh Óg Ó Cellaigh (died 1340), king of Uí Maine
- Tadgh na gcoar Ó Ruairc (died 1376), king of West Breifne
- Tadgh Ruadh Ó Cellaigh (died 1410), king of Uí Maine
- Tadhg na Mainistreach Mac Carthaigh Mór (died 1428), king of Desmond
- Tadhg Riabhach Ó Dubhda (died 1432), king of Ui Fiachrach Muaidhe
- Tadhg mac Tigernán Mór Ó Ruairc (died 1435), king of West Breifne
- Tadhg an Glemore Ó Briain (died 1438), king of Thomond
- Tadhg an Chomhaid Ó Briain (died 1466), king of Thomond
- Tadhg mac Diarmaid Ó Máille (died 1467), king of Umaill
- Tadhg Caech Ó Cellaigh (abdicated 1476), king of Uí Maine
- Tadhg mac Diarmata (died 1499), king of Moylurg
- Tadgh Liath Mac Carthaigh Mór (died 1503), king of Desmond
- Tadgh na Leamhna Mac Cárthaigh (died 1514), claimed king of Desmond
- Tadhg Ruadh mac Toirrdelbach (died 1553), king of Mide
- Tadhg mac Brian Ballach Ó Ruairc (died 1560), king of West Breifne
- Tadhg mac Diarmata (died 1585), king of Moylurg
- Tadhg mac Briain na Murtha Ó Ruairc (died 1605), king of West Breifne
- Tadhg Cooke, Irish contemporary musician
- Tadhg Slater, Abstract expressionist, MOMA, Boston and NYC.
- Tadhg Fleming, Irish social media personality
- Tadhg Ó Donnchadha (1874–1949), activist for the Gaelic League
- Tadhg Furlong (born 1992), Irish rugby player
- Tadhg Kennelly (born 1981), Gaelic and Australian Rules footballer
- Tadhg Dall Ó hÚigínn (1550–1591), Irish poet murdered allegedly for writing a satirical poem which insulted a rival aristocratic family
- George MacDonald Fraser's 1977 novel Flashman's Lady features the comic character Daedalus Tighe, and John B. Keane's 1965 play The Field, has a character named Tadhg McCabe.
- Nash, J. (2006). New Essays on Maria Edgeworth. Ashgate Pub. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-7546-5175-8. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Coghlan, P. (1998). Irish Names for Children. Mercier Press. p. 56. ISBN 978-1-85635-214-7. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Moser, J.P. (2013). Irish Masculinity on Screen: The Pugilists and Peacemakers of John Ford, Jim Sheridan and Paul Greengrass. MCFARLAND & Company Incorporated. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-7864-7416-5. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Mountain, H. (1998). The Celtic Encyclopedia. 4. Universal Publishers. p. 991. ISBN 978-1-58112-893-2. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Mike Campbell. "Behind the Name: Meaning, origin and history of the name Tadg". behindthename.com. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Teague, Taig". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.) (pronunciations given for the name Tadgh separately from those for the slang/pejorative Teague)
- Irish Babies' Names 2010, Central Statistics Office
- Babies' Names, Oxford University Press, 1995, ISBN 0-19-211647-9, entry for "Tadhg"
- A Way With Words, Taig
- Céad buidhe re Dia ("A hundred thanks to God") by Diarmaid Mac Cárthaigh
- "Tadg: What Is The Meaning of the Name Tadg? Analysis Numerology Origin". whatisthemeaningofname.com. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- George MacDonald Fraser (1 December 2011). Flashman's Lady (The Flashman Papers, Book 3). HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0-00-744949-1.
- Lance Pettitt (2000). Screening Ireland: Film and Television Representation. Manchester University Press. pp. 124–. ISBN 978-0-7190-5270-5.
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