|Languages||Marathi and Bhili|
|Populated states||Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh|
|Subdivisions||12 main clans|
The Tadvi Bhil (Urdu: تدوی بهیل ) are a Muslim community found in the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in India and Sindh in Pakistan. They are Muslim converts from the larger Bhil ethnic group and are a clan of it. Tadvi Bhils are descendants of Muslim men and local Bhil women. They are also known as Tadvi Pathan, and use the surname Khan.
History and origin
The Tadvi Bhil inhabit an area which roughly covers the border areas of the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. This territory forms the core of the Faruqi kingdom, a medieval state in central India. A close association between the Bhil of this region, and the Faruqi state led to the conversion of many of them to Islam.
The Tadvi speak a dialect of their own, also known as Tadvi, but many are switching to Hindi and Marathi. Their language is Dhanka, which belongs to the Bhil group of the Indo-Aryan language family. They inhabit villages which are largely Tadvi, although interact with neighbouring Muslim communities such as the Bohra and Pinjara. The community consist mainly of small cultivators. Like the wider Bhil community, they maintain the custom of gotra exogamy, and are strictly endogamous. In Maharashtra, their main clans are the Sirsat, Mankar, Dhopi, Tadvi, Khate, Solanki and Wade. They are found mainly in Dhule and Jalgaon, and in this state are mainly small and medium sized farmers. They are also raise sheep and other livestock.
- Marginal Muslim Communities in India edited by M.K.A Siddiqui pages 1 to 13 Institute of Objective Studies
- People of India Maharshtra Volume XXX Part One edited by B.V Bhanu, B.R Bhatnagar, D.K Bose, V.S Kulkarni and J Sreenath pages 326-335
- "List of Scheduled Tribes". Census of India: Government of India. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2012.