|Name meaning||from "Beth Tappuah"|
Taffuh (Arabic: تفّوح) (lit. fragrance) is a Palestinian town located eight kilometers west of Hebron.The town is in the Hebron Governorate in the southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of over 10,597 in 2007.
The city of Beth-tappuah, literally House of Apple [tree], cited in the Book of Joshua (15: 53), is often located in the hill country of the Tribe of Judah, 5 km west northwest of Hebron. Archaeological finds in the vicinity of the hill site include remains of an ancient road, a well to the west, cisterns, and rock-cuttings. Some, but not all, experts identify this now with the modern Arab village established not far from the cite. The Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) noted : "Evidently an ancient site; there are caves here, with trenches leading down to them, as at Khurbet 'Aziz, and he rock is quarried. An ancient road leads past the village."
In 1863, in the late Ottoman era, Victor Guérin visited, and found the village to have 400 inhabitants. He also noted that several houses seemed ancient. An Ottoman village list of about 1870 counted 54 houses and a population of 161, though the population count included men only.
In 1883, the SWP described Taffuh as "A village of ancient appearance, standing high at the edge of a ridge ; on the north are the steep slopes of Wady Kedir, in which are olives belonging to the place. An ancient main-road passes through the village, and runs along flat ground to the west for a little way, then descends the ridge. There is a well to the west, with cisterns, caves, and rock-cuttings. The village has vineyards round it, and good springs in the valley to the west."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Taffuh had a population of 461 inhabitants, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 580, all Muslim, in 124 inhabited houses.
In 1945 the population of Taffuh was 780, all Muslims, who owned 12,103 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. 1,073 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 3,543 for cereals, while 31 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 408
- 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.119.
- Woudstra, 1981, p. 251
- Bugatti, 2002, p. 59
- Wilkinson, Hill and Ryan, 1988, p. 58, note 13
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 379
- Guérin, 1869, p. 374
- Socin, 1879, p. 161
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 310
- Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10
- Mills, 1932, p. 34.
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 23
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 94
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 143
- Bagatti, Bellarmino (2002). Ancient Christian villages of Judaea and the Negev. Franciscan Printing Press.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, Victor (1869). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 1: Judee, pt. 3. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Wilkinson, John; Hill, Joyce; Ryan, William Francis (1988). Jerusalem pilgrimage, 1099-1185. Hakluyt Society.
- Woudstra, Marten H. (1981). The book of Joshua. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.