City of Taft
"Energized For The Future "
|Incorporated||November 7, 1910|
|Named for||William Howard Taft|
|• Mayor||Dave Noerr|
|• State senator||Melissa Hurtado (D)|
|• Assemblymember||Tom Lackey (R)|
|• U.S. Rep.||Jay Obernolte (R)|
|• Total||15.26 sq mi (39.53 km2)|
|• Land||15.26 sq mi (39.53 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||955 ft (291 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||607.44/sq mi (234.54/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1661543, 2412026|
Taft (formerly Moron, Moro, and Siding Number Two) is a city in the foothills at the extreme southwestern edge of the San Joaquin Valley, in Kern County, California. Taft is located 32 miles (51 km) west-southwest of Bakersfield, at an elevation of 955 feet (291 m). The population was 9,327 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.1 square miles (39.1 km2).
The town began as Siding Number Two on the Sunset Railroad. According to a display at the West Kern Oil Museum, local residents asked the Southern Pacific Railroad if the station could be named Moro when the rails arrived in about 1900, but a railroad official declined because the name would be too easily confused with the coastal town of Morro Bay. Instead, the railroad directed the station be called Moron, a word which as yet had no association with lack of intelligence (cf. Spanish word for hillock, morón). Pictures of local businesses, including the Moron Pharmacy, hang in the museum.
Taft and oil
Taft is situated in a major petroleum and natural gas production region in California and is one of the few remaining towns in the United States which exist exclusively because of nearby oil reserves. The discovery of oil in the region occurred in the late 19th century near Maricopa, seven miles (11.27 km) south of Taft. Many other oil and gas accumulations were discovered around Taft during the early-to-mid-20th century, notably the Midway field (near Fellows, California), the Sunset field (later found to be part of the same trend, accounting for the modern combined name of Midway-Sunset), and the Buena Vista. The town is built directly between these two huge fields. The operational activities within these fields, as well as California Resources Corporation's Elk Hills Oil Field north of Taft, have been the economic lifeblood of the town for over 100 years.
The super-giant Midway-Sunset field has produced approximately 2,800,000,000 barrels (450,000,000 m3) of crude oil, most of it heavy gravity (13-14 degrees API). Enhanced oil recovery operations in the form of steam production and injection have been used on the thick viscous crude oil of the Midway-Sunset field since the mid-to-late-1960s. The reservoirs of the Midway-Sunset field are composited layers of mostly unconsolidated sandstones of late Miocene age, shallowly buried. The shallow burial depth and ideal nature of the sandstones make them almost perfectly suited for steam injection. As a result, the amount of oil that can be recovered has greatly increased.
Standard Oil, later the Standard Oil Company of California (modern Chevron), made Taft its corporate operational headquarters. At one time, it is reported that as many as 6,000 inhabitants of Taft were employed by Standard Oil. The hub of this activity was "11-C Camp", so named due to its township location in section 11 and designated "township C" by Standard's mapping department. The infrastructure to run a large oil and gas company included: a rail spur from the line running through Taft, steel and timber for derrick construction and maintenance, pipe, valves, numerous offices, an expansive and highly specialized machine shop, supply shops, the car and truck fleet on one side of the Main Street; bunkhouses for workers, and fourteen blocks on four streets of company homes for employees on the other side. 11-C Camp also included a playground, baseball field, tennis courts, a swimming pool, a cook-house open to the public, landscaped grounds, a clubhouse with a television, pool and card tables, and an ice-cream stand. The huge complex gradually closed down over a period of many years. In 1968, Standard Oil of California moved its accounting and finance offices to Concord, California. In the late 1980s, the machine shop was closed and auctioned, signaling the end of the 11-C Camp era. The houses were moved outside the camp into a new neighborhood.
Many other oil companies had operations in the area, including larger companies such as Shell, Texaco, Exxon, Mobil, Gulf, and ARCO, as well as smaller operations (but with a large local presence), such as Santa Fe Energy, Berry Petroleum, Tannehill, M.H. Whittier, and lately Plains Exploration & Production. In the mid-1990s, according to California's Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR), there were 68 operating companies working the Midway-Sunset field alone. While the names of most of these companies have changed, due to mergers, acquisitions, and liquidations, the production activities have been continuous.
In celebration of its oil heritage, Taft holds its "Oildorado" festival every five years. Oildorado was first started in 1930 (see below) and was held intermittently before then.
In the early days of oil exploration and production, long before the advent of modern blowout preventions, gushers were the norm. Although there were many, the Lakeview Gusher gushed more than any, producing 100,000 barrels (16,000 m3) of oil per day at its peak. In all, the Lakeview No.1 produced about nine million barrels (1,400,000 m3) of oil (a very respectable cumulative production for a single well in this area). The well and its State historical marker can be found along the Petroleum Club road, just off SR 33 south of town.
Taft was also the site of a military airfield, Gardner Army Airfield, which was used to train pilots during World War II. After the base was closed, its abandoned airstrip served as a clandestine dragstrip for many years.
Today, the railroad—originally built to export crude oil and import drinking water—is gone, but the area still has a significant oil industry presence.
A private prison, Taft Correctional Institution, operated by Management & Training Corporation under contract to the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, is located on Cadet Road south of town. There is a large, modern high school serving area students. The West Kern Oil Museum, at 1168 Wood Street, has vast holdings, including pumps, fire apparatus, trucks, a historic wooden derrick, photos, models, and extensive displays of local history back to Indian times. The town's newspaper, the Midway Driller, was reputed to be the oldest daily newspaper in California. About 2005, the Daily Midway Driller became the Midway Driller and is now published on Tuesdays and Fridays. The town's second weekly newspaper, the Taft Independent, began publication on July 4, 2006.
The city owns a 46-acre former BNSF railroad property in the center of town which features the West Kern Oilworker's Monument, a 37 feet (11 m) tall bronze sculpture that features several human figures displayed on an oil derrick by artist Benjamin Victor that was paid for with donations from local residents, visitors and several oil companies. The railroad property is part of a redevelopment project that the city is using to attract new businesses, housing and commercial office space.
A shooting occurred at Taft Union High School on January 10, 2013. A 16-year-old student at the school entered a science classroom with a 12 gauge shotgun and fired shots inside the class. Another 16-year-old student was hit and critically injured. Another student was shot at and not injured. A teacher suffered minor head injuries when struck by a pellet. Fortunately, the shotgun was loaded with birdshot. A campus supervisor asked the shooter to surrender, which he did, and he was taken into custody.
Taft has a desert climate (Köppen BWh), with long, hot, dry summers, and brief, cool, moist winters. Rainfall averages only 5.39 in (137 mm) annually, mostly falling during winter and spring. Typically, no rain falls from June through September. The year with the most rainfall is 1998, with 17.61 in (447 mm). The year with the least rainfall is 2007, with 1.93 in (49 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 6.96 inches (177 mm), in February 1998. The most rainfall in one day was 1.48 inches (38 mm), on May 6, 1998. Taft averages 112.7 days with highs above 90 °F (32.2 °C) and 6.2 days with lows below 32 °F (0 °C). The highest recorded temperature in Taft is 112 °F (44.4 °C) on July 11, 2008. The lowest recorded temperature in Taft is 24 °F (−4.4 °C) on December 23, 1998.
|Climate data for Taft, California (1994–2012 normals)|
|Record high °F (°C)||79
|Average high °F (°C)||57.8
|Average low °F (°C)||41.0
|Record low °F (°C)||26
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.07
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||8||7||5||4||2||0||0||0||1||2||4||6||39|
|Source: TAFT, CALIFORNIA: Period of Record General Climate Summary|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Taft had a population of 9,327. The population density was 617.1 inhabitants per square mile (238.3/km2). The racial makeup of Taft was 7,388 (79.2%) White, 396 (4.2%) African American, 118 (1.3%) Native American, 93 (1.0%) Asian, 65 (0.7%) Pacific Islander, 1,023 (11.0%) from other races, and 244 (2.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,353 persons (35.9%).
The Census reported that 6,372 people (68.3% of the population) lived in households, 123 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 2,832 (30.4%) were institutionalized.
There were 2,254 households, out of which 914 (40.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,119 (49.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 289 (12.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 178 (7.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 176 (7.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 9 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 543 households (24.1%) were made up of individuals, and 246 (10.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83. There were 1,586 families (70.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.32.
The population was spread out, with 1,844 people (19.8%) under the age of 18, 1,041 people (11.2%) aged 18 to 24, 3,521 people (37.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,136 people (22.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 785 people (8.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 186.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 219.0 males.
There were 2,525 housing units at an average density of 167.1 per square mile (64.5/km2), of which 1,375 (61.0%) were owner-occupied, and 879 (39.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 10.8%. 3,847 people (41.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units, and 2,525 people (27.1%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the census of 2000, there were 6,400 people, 2,233 households, and 1,565 families residing in the city. The population density was 422.6 inhabitants per square mile (163.2/km2). There were 2,478 housing units at an average density of 163.6 per square mile (63.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.16% White, 1.97% Black or African American, 0.84% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.44% Pacific Islander, 10.39% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. 15.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,233 households, out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.5 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 109.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,861, and the median income for a family was $42,468. Males had a median income of $47,000 versus $26,838 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,564. About 13.1% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
Taft City School District operates elementary and junior high schools:
- Jefferson Elementary School
- Parkview Elementary School
- Conley Elementary School
- Taft Primary School
- Roosevelt Elementary School
- Lincoln Junior High School
Taft Union High School is the local high school.
Taft College is the community college.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2021)
The Taft Police Department employs 16 sworn officers, 12 civilian employees, and 2 volunteers. It operates its own jail.
Arts and culture
In October 2010 Taft had its 100-year birthday.
Every five years during October, Taft holds a birthday celebration. This event began as a parade and civic luncheon, commemorating Taft's 20th birthday in November 1930. These celebrations were held every five years until World War II, during which time none were held.
After the war, in 1946, the celebrations began again and the Taft District Chamber of Commerce made them permanent. A contest was held to choose a name for the event, and "Oildorado" was chosen, having been submitted by W.A. Poff.
Oildorado is a week long celebration honoring the history of Taft as a place of oil production and exploration. There are several oilfield-type skill contests, including: welding, pipe threading and fitting, rod wrenching, various skill tests with a backhoe, and at least as late as 1965 a regular well-pulling contest with local well-servicing rigs and crews. Owing to safety and probably liability issues, the well-pulling contests ceased.
Additionally, there is a beauty pageant where an Oildorado Queen is selected, a facial hair growing contest, talent shows, barbecues, street fairs, parades, and in 2005, motocross races. People usually dress in cowboy boots and a cowboy hat throughout the week.
It is also customary for all men to grow facial hair during this time. If a man does not grow facial hair, he must pay for a permit and wear a bolo tie or lapel pin called a Smooth Puss Badge. If he is caught clean-shaven without his badge, he may be arrested by the Posse, a group of men dressed in western garb, sporting pistols and rifles filled with blanks and, of course, facial hair. The man will be placed in a jail truck called "The Hoosegow" and driven around town for an hour for all to see. Warrants may also be purchased to have somebody else arrested and placed in The Hoosegow.
The Posse is overseen by the Grand Marshal. The group patrols the streets, schools, and businesses and engages in make-believe shootouts with the Bandits (the Wooden Nickel Gang), who customarily wear bandanna masks on their faces.
Taft is the nearest town of any size to the Carrizo Plain National Monument, which is located about an hour west. Note that the shortest route (per Google Maps) has dirt sections and isn't recommended for standard passenger cars. Like many dirt roads in the area, it is impassable after heavy rains.
Taft-Kern County Airport is located at the east edge of town and is a favorite for parachutists in Kern County and the South San Joaquin Valley.
- Sam Andrew, artist and founding member and guitarist of Big Brother and the Holding Company, born in Taft
- Bill Bagnall, editor and publisher, member of Motorcycle Hall of Fame
- Jordan Belfort, businessman and convicted felon, "Wolf of Wall Street"; not originally from Taft, spent time at Taft Correctional Institution
- Jeanne Cooper, actress
- Loren Cunningham, co-founder of Youth With A Mission
- Dennis Fimple, actor
- Leon Goldman, San Francisco-based surgeon and father of Dianne Feinstein
- Ron Graham, mathematician, juggler
- Billy Nelson, 2008 Olympian, track & field
- Tracy Rogers, NFL football player
- Ryan Shuck, guitarist
- Benjamin Victor, sculptor
Appearances in popular culture
- 25 Hill
- Attack of the 50 Ft. Woman
- The Best of Times. A movie about Taft.
- Five Easy Pieces
- A Girl Walks Home Alone at Night
- No Breaks. A 1976 film detailing the town's attempts to break the world record for longest loaf of bread and longest submarine sandwich in the Guinness Book of World Records, which it did successfully.
- Thelma & Louise
- Too Young to Die?
- Robbers by The 1975. A music video directed by Tim Matti in 2014. The video depicts a couple who rob a shop to obtain money to "fund their alcohol and drug addiction."
- John Dies at the End. A 2012 film based on the book of the same name written by David Wong, which features many of Taft's iconic Center Street scenes.
- Break Up. A 1998 film starring Kiefer Sutherland and Bridget Fonda.
- Today. A 1993 music video by The Smashing Pumpkins; opens with Billy Corgan sitting on the curb outside Wilson's Taft Hardware store.
- California's Gold, Episode 609
- California's Gold, Episode 13002
- Oildorado - Road Trip with Huell Howser Episode 137
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Council". Taft, CA. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- "Representing California's 16th Senate District". Senator Jean Fuller. Archived from the original on November 21, 2018. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
- "Assemblyman Vince Fong". California State Assembly. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
- "Our District, 23rd District of California". Kevin McCarthy. December 4, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- "Taft". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1114. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
- Capace, Nancy (1999). Encyclopedia of California. North American Book Dist LLC. Page 449. ISBN 9780403093182.
- "Calif. Town Chases Blacks Out, And Few People Seem To Mind". Arizona Daily Star. Tucson, Arizona. Associated Press. June 15, 1975. p. 2E – via Newspapers.com.
Many residents came here from the South. Taft once was known as a 'sundown town,' meaning blacks weren't welcome. 'Although the "no colored allowed" signs are down now, there is still a lot of resentment,' said Police Chief McKee.
- Loewen, James W. (2005). Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism. New York City: The New Press. pp. 344, 430. ISBN 978-1-62097-454-4.
- Beason, Tyrone (November 10, 2019). "In this California 'Trump country' town, folks hear the impeachment talk, but it feels a world away". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
- Kimble, Lise (October 24, 2014). "Named After: Famoso Raceway". The Bakersfield Californian. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
- "CI Taft". Federal Bureau of Prisons.
- "Oilworkers Monument Groundbreaking". The Taft Independent. April 3, 2009. Archived from the original on March 15, 2010. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
- Taft High School shooting update: Reports indicate at least 1 person shot in California high school Archived 2013-01-12 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved January 10, 2013
- Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L., and McMahon, T. A.: Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633–1644, 200 7.
- "Taft General Climate Summary - WRCC". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Taft city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "人気WEBサービスの要因分析". Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- "Kern Transit | Route 120".
- Keepnews, Peter (February 16, 2015). "Sam Andrew, Guitarist for Big Brother and the Holding Company, Dies at 73". New York Times. New York City. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "Oil – California's Gold (609) – Huell Howser Archives at Chapman University".
- "Oil Workers- California's Gold (13002) – Huell Howser Archives at Chapman University".
- "Oildorado – Road Trip with Huell Howser (137) – Huell Howser Archives at Chapman University".