Taft Museum of Art

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Baum-Taft House
TaftMuseum.jpg
Taft Museum of Art
Taft Museum of Art is located in Ohio
Taft Museum of Art
Taft Museum of Art is located in the United States
Taft Museum of Art
LocationCincinnati, Ohio
Coordinates39°6′9″N 84°30′12″W / 39.10250°N 84.50333°W / 39.10250; -84.50333Coordinates: 39°6′9″N 84°30′12″W / 39.10250°N 84.50333°W / 39.10250; -84.50333
Built1820
ArchitectUnknown
Architectural styleFederal
NRHP reference No.73001470[1]
Added to NRHPJanuary 29, 1973

The Taft Museum of Art is housed in the 200-year-old historic house at 316 Pike Street. The house – the oldest domestic wooden structure in downtown Cincinnati in situ – was built about 1820 and housed several prominent Cincinnatians, including Martin Baum, Nicholas Longworth, David Sinton, Anna Sinton Taft and Charles Phelps Taft.[2] It now holds a fine art collection, is on the National Register of Historic Places listings, and is a contributing property to the Lytle Park Historic District.[3]

Residents[edit]

Portrait of Mr. Taft, by Joaquin Sorolla (1909)

The Taft house was first built for Martin Baum in 1820[4] and then was the residence of Nicholas Longworth. The building was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976, in honor of the murals on its walls that were painted by Robert S. Duncanson under the commission of Nicholas Longworth. Robert S. Duncanson painted the series of eight large-scale landscapes directly on the plaster walls of the art patron and horticulturist Nicholas Longworth's home between 1851 and 1852. Second to the Taft house itself, the murals — recognized as the most significant pre–Civil War domestic murals in the U.S. —  are one of the museum's largest pieces of art.[5][6] Duncanson was also the first widely known African-American landscape painters to rise to international acclaim.[7]

After Longworth’s residency, the house was purchased by David Sinton, father of museum co-founder Anna Sinton Taft. David Sinton lived in the house with his daughter Anna, who married Charles Phelps Taft, the half-brother of President William Howard Taft. The Tafts lived in the house from 1873 until their respective deaths in 1931 and 1929[8]. William H. Taft accepted his presidential nomination there from its portico in 1908[9] adding to its significance in our nation’s public life. The Tafts were avid art collectors. They bequeathed their home and the collection of art that filled it to the people of Cincinnati in 1927. In the Tafts' deed of gift they stated, "We desire to devote our collection of pictures, porcelains, and other works of art to the people of Cincinnati in such a manner that they may be readily available for all." The Taft Museum opened to the public on November 29, 1932.[10]


Museum's Permanent Collection[edit]

The museum's collections include European old master paintings, with works by Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Thomas Gainsborough, Frans Hals, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Rembrandt van Rijn, Adriaen van Ostade, and J. M. W. Turner, among others, and 19th-century American paintings, including the well-known Duncanson murals. The galleries in the historic house also include Chinese porcelains, European decorative arts, Limoges enamels, watches, sculptures, and furniture.

Collection highlights include:

The museum reopened in May 2004 after an extensive renovation and expansion[12] including a museum shop, the Carl H. Lindner Family Café, and a lecture and performance space, Luther Hall.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  2. ^ Mitchell, Madeline. "Taft Museum of Art receives $750,000 grant to renovate the Historic House". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  3. ^ "National Register Historic Districts – City Planning & Buildings". Cincinnati-oh.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  4. ^ Mitchell, Madeline. "Taft Museum of Art receives $750,000 grant to renovate the Historic House". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  5. ^ Ketner, Joseph D. "The Belmont Murals In The Taft Museum", Queen City Heritage, Volume 46, No. 1 (Spring 1988), p. 51-63.
  6. ^ "Just in Time for the Holidays, Taft Museum's Duncanson Murals are Up for Adoption". CityBeat Cincinnati. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  7. ^ "Artist Duncanson's sweeping, complex life". WCPO. 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  8. ^ "The Spirit of Anna Sinton Taft". Phil Armstrong. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  9. ^ "Taft Museum of Art Cincinnati Review | Fodor's". Fodors.com. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  10. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1943). Cincinnati, a Guide to the Queen City and Its Neighbors. p. 166. Retrieved 2013-05-04.
  11. ^ work previously attributed to Carlo da Camerino
  12. ^ Felix Winternitz & Sacha DeVroomen Bellman (2007). Insiders' Guide to Cincinnati. Globe Pequot. p. 13. Retrieved 2013-05-08.

External links[edit]