Taft family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Current regionNew England, United States
Place of originNorwich, Norfolk, England
County Louth, Ireland
Connected familiesLippitt family
Estate(s)Ohio compound

The Taft family of the United States has historic origins in Massachusetts;[1] its members have served Ohio, Massachusetts, Vermont, Rhode Island, Utah, and the United States in various positions such as U.S. Representative (two), Governor of Ohio, Governor of Rhode Island, U.S. Senator (three), U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Attorney General, U.S. Secretary of War (two), President of the United States, and Chief Justice of the United States.


The first known ancestor of the Taft family is Richard Robert Taft, who died in County Louth, Kingdom of Ireland in 1700, which is also where his son, Robert Taft Sr., was born circa 1640. Robert Taft Sr. would be the first Taft to migrate to what is now the United States. He married his wife Sarah Simpson, who was born in January 1640 in England, in 1668 in Braintree, Massachusetts. Robert Taft Sr. began a homestead in what is today Uxbridge and then Mendon, circa 1680, and which was where he and his wife died in 1725 and 1726 respectively. His son, Robert Taft Jr., was a member of the founding Board of Selectmen for the new town of Uxbridge in 1727.

A branch of the Massachusetts Taft family descended from Daniel Taft Sr., son of Robert Taft Sr., born at Braintree, 1677–1761, died at Mendon. Daniel, a justice of the peace in Mendon, had a son Josiah Taft, later of Uxbridge,[2] who died in 1756. This branch of the Taft family claims America's first woman voter, Lydia Taft, and five generations of Massachusetts legislators and public servants beginning with Lydia's husband, Josiah Taft.[3]

The Tafts were very prominently represented as soldiers in the Revolutionary War, mostly in the New England states. Peter Rawson Taft I was born in Uxbridge in 1785 and moved to Townshend, Vermont circa 1800. He became a Vermont state legislator. He died in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio. His son, Alphonso Taft, was born in Townshend, Vermont, and attended Yale University, where he founded the Skull and Bones society. He later was Secretary of War and Attorney General of the United States and the father of President William Howard Taft.[4] Elmshade in Massachusetts was the site of Taft family reunions such as in 1874.[5]


The American Taft family began with Robert Taft Sr. who immigrated to Braintree, Massachusetts circa, 1675. There was early settlement at Mendon, Massachusetts circa 1669 and again in 1680 at what was later Uxbridge, after the King Philip's War ended.[6] Robert's homestead was in western Mendon, in what later became Uxbridge, and his son was on the founding board of selectmen. In 1734, Benjamin Taft started an iron forge, in Uxbridge, where some of the earliest beginnings of America's industrial revolution began. Robert Sr.'s son, Daniel, a justice of the peace in Mendon had a son Josiah Taft, later of Uxbridge,[6] who died in 1756. Josiah's widow became "America's first woman voter", Lydia Chapin Taft, when she voted in three Uxbridge town meetings.[3] President George Washington visited Samuel Taft's Tavern in Uxbridge in 1789 on his "inaugural tour" of New England.[7] President William Howard Taft's grandfather, Peter Rawson Taft I, was born in Uxbridge in 1785.[8] The Hon. Bezaleel Taft Sr., Lydia's son, left a legacy of five generations or more of public service, including at least three generations in the state legislature of Tafts in Massachusetts.[9][10][11] [12] Ezra Taft Benson, Sr, a famous Mormon pioneer, lived here between 1817–1835, and married his first wife Pamela, of Northbridge, in 1832.[13] This family eventually became an American political dynasty.

The first settler: Robert Taft Sr.[edit]

America's first woman voter and her descendants[edit]

  • Lydia Chapin Taft; Noteworthy among early Uxbridge residents was Lydia Chapin Taft, a Mendon native by birth, who voted in three official Uxbridge town meetings, beginning in 1756.[3] She was the widow of Robert Taft Sr.'s grandson, Josiah Taft, who had served in the Colonial Legislature. Josiah was the son of Daniel Taft of Mendon. Taft was America's First Woman Voter.[3] This is recognized by the Massachusetts legislature. Her first historic vote, a first in Women's suffrage, was in favor of appropriating funds for the regiments engaged in the French and Indian War.
  • Hon. Bezaleel Taft Sr., Lydia's son, held the rank of captain in the American Revolution, and answered the Battle of Lexington and Concord Alarm[11] on April 18, 1775, while Lydia looked on. He went on to become a prominent Massachusetts legislator, and State Senator.[9] At least 12 soldiers with the surname of Taft served in the Revolutionary War from the town of Uxbridge. Many more Tafts from throughout the former colonies also served in the War of Independence.
  • Hon. Bezaleel Taft Jr., the son, followed a legislative career in the Massachusetts General Court, the state Senate, and the State Executive Council.[9]
  • Elmshade- Bezaleel Taft Jr. and five generations of influential Tafts lived in a historic home known as Elmshade which was a gathering place for Taft family reunions, and which is now on the National Register of Historic Places. Young William Howard Taft and his father, Alphonso Taft, Secretary of War and founder of Skull and Bones at Yale, visited this home on a number of occasions.
  • George Spring Taft, Bezaleel Jr.'s son, was the county prosecutor, and Secretary to U.S. Senator, George Hoar.[9] George Spring Taft also lived at Elmshade.
  • The tradition of public service continued for at least five generations in this Massachusetts branch of the Taft family. The "Life of Alphonso Taft by Lewis Alexander Leonard", on Google Books, is a particularly rich source of the history of the Taft family origins in Massachusetts.[4]
  • Other local Tafts Other local Tafts in political service in the Massachusetts legislature included Arthur M. Taft, Arthur Robert Taft, and Zadok Arnold Taft. Royal Chapin Taft, originally from Northbridge, became the Governor of Rhode Island. The number of Tafts in public service across America was extraordinary including New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, Ohio, Michigan, Utah, and other states.

A Presidential visit[edit]

November 8, 1789.
Being informed that you have given my name to one of your sons, and called another after Mrs. Washington's family, and being moreover very much pleased with the modest and innocent looks of your two daughters, Patty and Polly, I do for these reasons send each of these girls a piece of chintz; and to Patty, who bears the name of Mrs. Washington, and who waited more upon us than Polly did, I send five guineas, with which she may buy herself any little ornament she may want, or she may dispose of them in any other manner more agreeable to herself. As I do not give these things with a view to having it talked of, or even to its being known, the less there is said about the matter the better you will please me; but, that I may be sure the chintz and money have got safe to hand, let Patty, who I dare say is equal to it, write me a line informing me thereof, directed to 'The President of the United States at New York.' I wish you and your family well, and am,
etc. Yours,
George Washington
– Letter to Mr. Samuel Taft, written from Hartford, Connecticut on November 8, 1789[7]

Mendon-Uxbridge connections to the Ohio Tafts, Presidential ancestors[edit]

President William Howard Taft's grandfather, Peter Rawson Taft I, was born in Uxbridge in 1785 and grew up there. His father Aaron moved to Townshend, Vermont, because of the difficult economy, when he was fifteen. The story is told that Peter Rawson walked a cow all the way from Uxbridge to Townshend, a distance of well over 100 miles. The "Aaron Taft house" is now on the National Register of Historic Places. Peter Rawson Taft I became a Vermont legislator and eventually died in Hamilton County, Cincinnati, Ohio.[8][15] Peter Rawson Taft's son, Alphonso Taft, founded Skull and Bones at Yale, served as U.S. Secretary of War, and his son William Howard became the U.S. President. The ancestry of U.S. presidents traces to Uxbridge and Mendon more than once, including both presidents bearing the last name Bush.[16] President Taft, a champion for world peace and the only president to also serve as Chief Justice of the United States, returned to Uxbridge for family reunions.[4][9][17] He remarked as he stepped off the train there on April 3, 1905, "Uxbridge,... I think I have more relatives here than in any town in America."[9] Young William Howard Taft had made other trips to Uxbridge, and Bezaleel Taft, Jr.'s home, "Elmshade", in his earlier years. It was at "Elmshade" that young William Howard Taft likely heard his father, Alphonso Taft, proudly deliver an oratory on the Taft family history and the family's roots in Uxbridge, and Mendon, circa 1874.[4][9] President Taft stayed at the Samuel Taft tavern when he visited Uxbridge, as did George Washington 120 years earlier.[9][17] The New York Times recorded President Taft's visits to his ancestral homes in Mendon and Uxbridge during his presidency.[17] William Howard Taft, as a young boy, spent a number of summers in the Blackstone Valley in Millbury, Massachusetts, and even attended schools for at least a term in that nearby town.

A Mormon apostle[edit]

Ezra T. Benson (to distinguish him from his famous great-grandson, Ezra Taft Benson), a Mendon and Uxbridge native, is famous as a key early apostle of the Mormon religion. His own autobiography states that he lived in Uxbridge between 1817–1835, or about 17 years, after his mother, Chloe Taft and father, John Benson, moved to a farm there.[18] Young Ezra married Pamela Andrus, of Northbridge, on January 1, 1832, at Uxbridge. He had moved in with his family in an Uxbridge center Hotel in 1827. He and Pamela lived here in the 1830s, had children, and had a child who died, which is recorded in the Uxbridge Vital Records.[19] He later managed and owned the hotel in Uxbridge Center before investing in a cotton mill at Holland, Massachusetts. He moved to Holland Mass in 1835.[18] He later moved to Illinois, and became a Mormon apostle. Ezra joined the LDS Church at Quincy, Illinois in 1840, entered plural marriages, marrying seven more wives after Pamela. He was called to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles by Brigham Young in 1846, a high post within the LDS Church. He had eight wives and 32 children.[13] He was a Missionary to the Sandwich Islands, also known as Hawaii. He served as a Representative to the Utah Territorial Assembly. He died in Ogden, Utah, in 1869.

Tafts in the Blackstone Valley's industrialization[edit]

Benjamin Taft started the first iron forge in the Ironstone section of Uxbridge in 1734[9] There was good quality "bog iron ore" here. Caleb Handy added a triphammer, and scythes and guns were manufactured here before 1800. The Taft family continued to be instrumental in the early industrialization of the Blackstone Valley including mills built by a 4th generation descendant of Robert Taft I, the son of Deborah Taft, Daniel Day in 1810, and his son in law, Luke Taft (1825) and Luke's son, Moses Taft in (1852).[9] These woolen mills, some of the first to use power looms, and satinets, ran 24/7 during the Civil War producing cloth for U.S. military uniforms.[9] The 1814 Rivulet Mill Complex was established at North Uxbridge by Chandler Taft. In 1855, 2.5 million yards of cloth was produced in the mills of Uxbridge.[20] Uxbridge is the center of the Blackstone Valley, the earliest industrialized region in the United States. It is part of the John H. Chafee Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor. Samuel Slater, who built his mill in (1790), at Pawtucket, Rhode Island, on the Blackstone River, was credited by President Andrew Jackson as the father of America's industrial revolution.

Mayor Henry Chapin: an Uxbridge "Taft" story[edit]

In 1864, Judge Henry Chapin, a three-term Worcester Mayor and Chief Judge, quoted a well known Uxbridge story as follows: A stranger came to town, met a new person and said, "Hello Mr. Taft". Mr. Taft said, "How did you know my name?" The stranger replied, "I presumed that you were a Taft, just like the other 12 Tafts I have just met!".[21] This story was repeated in a poem form by Mayor Chapin, at a famous Taft family reunion here,[where?] recorded in the Life of Alphonso Taft.[4]

Family tree[edit]

Prominent members of the Taft family include:

Robert Taft Sr.
Thomas Taft
Joseph Taft
Robert Taft Jr.
Daniel Taft Sr.

Descendants of Joseph Taft[edit]

Descendants of Robert Taft Jr.[edit]

Descendants of Daniel Taft Sr.[edit]

Descendants of Thomas Taft[edit]

  • Thomas Taft
    • Joseph Taft
      • Noah Taft
        • Timothy Taft
          • Sullivan Taft
            • Abigail Wright Taft
              • Infant Son Adams
              • Russell Webster Adams
            • Timothy Sullivan Taft
              • Sarah Jane Taft
                • John J. Williams
                • Harry Taft Williams
                  • Marguerite Williams[25]
                • Parker Merrill Williams
            • Mary Flagg Taft
              • Olive Maria Bolton
              • William Henry Bolton
                • George Lemuel Bolton
                  • Bernice L. Bolton[25]
                  • Mildred Annette Bolton[26]
                    • Richard E. Thompson[26]
                    • Eleanor M. Thompson[26]
                    • Gerald J. Thompson[26]
                    • Neil C. Thompson
                • William Henry Bolton Jr
                  • Grace Madeline Bolton
                  • Florence Maud Bolton
                • Mary Eliza Bolton
                  • Earl Dewey Rice[25]
                  • Marion Lucy Rice
                  • Louise May Rice Joy
                  • Gratia Cyrena Rice
                  • Daisy Idella Rice
                  • Clara Ruth Rice
                    • Donald E. Crossin
                • Carrie Louisa Bolton Kingsley
                • Hugh Samuel Bolton
                • Edward Spencer Bolton
                • Ransom Sullivan Bolton
                • Aurora Lucy Bolton
                • Olive Maria Bolton
                  • Louisa Jennie Cook
                • John Martindale Bolton
                  • William Bolton[25]
                  • Arlene Elnora Bolton
                    • Mark Lynn Gilbert
                • Viola Jane Bolton
                • Francis S Bolton
              • Infant Son Bolton
              • Lemuel M. Bolton
              • George Colburn Bolton
                • George Deane Bolton
                • Corrina Mary Bolton
                • Ruth S. Bolton
                • Harold Lester Bolton
              • Samuel Bolton
            • Lucy Eliza Taft
              • William Sullivan Gleason
                • William Everett Gleason
                  • Ellen Melissa Gleason
                    • Infant Son Kinsman
                    • Elton Bliss Kinsman
                    • Francis Swain Kinsman
                      • Russell Walter Kinsman
                      • Francis Rollo Kinsman
                    • Ernest Gleason Kinsman
                      • Elton B Kinsman
                  • Florence Marian Gleason
                    • Leon Martin Blanchard
                    • Lena Swain Blanchard
                    • Irene Marjorie Blanchard
                    • Clyde William Willis
                  • Edwin Spencer Gleason
                  • Bertha Maud Gleason
                    • Harold Everett Johnson
                    • Howard William Johnson
                    • Madelyn Bertha Johnson
                • Henry Lyman Gleason
                  • Earl W. Gleason
                  • Howard H. Gleason
                • Cora Melissa Gleason
                  • Roy E Allard
                  • Alice Cora Allard White
                • Edward Homer Gleason
                • Spencer Lewis Gleason
              • Adoniram Judson Gleason
              • George Bordman Gleason
              • Mary Lucy Gleason Gale
              • Sarah Celicia Gleason
                • Elizabeth Ellen Jones
                • Sarah Maria (Sadie) Jones
              • James Homer Gleason
              • Thomas Spencer Gleason
              • Edward Homer Gleason
              • Julia A. Gleason
                • Nellie Edna Read
                • Homer Taft Read
            • Sarah Maria Taft[27]
              • George Russel Brown
                • Ella Maria Brown
                  • Helen Josephine Shay
                  • Ernest Francis Shay
                  • Florence Louise Shay
                • Etta Branch Brown
                • Winfield Martin Brown
                • Linna May Brown
                • Orville Short Brown
                • Lula Louise Brown (adopted: Temple)
                  • Osburne Amos Hutchins
                  • Olive Glenwood Hutchins
                    • Harold Russell Flanagan
                  • Elliot Clarke Hutchins
                    • Gertrude Ann Hutchins
                  • Helen Louise Hutchins
                • Sadie Russel Brown (adopted: Maxwell)
              • Infant Son Brown
              • Mary Maria Brown
              • Orville Martin Brown
              • Clayton Roberts
            • Andrew Jackson Taft (1815–1816)
            • Andrew Jackson Taft (1817–1901)
            • Adoniram Judson Taft
        • Chloe Taft m. Eastman Taft, son of Jacob Taft, grandson of Israel Taft, who was widowed by Hannah Taft (see above)
          • Eastman Taft, Jr.
          • Chloe Taft
            • John Benson, Jr.
            • Ezra Taft Benson
          • Ezra Taft
        • Micajah Taft
          • Charlotte Taft
            • Emily Carpenter
              • Emily Maria Slater
              • Alice Carpenter Slater
          • Abby Taft m. Chandler Taft, son of Calvin Clark Taft
            • Augustine Calvin Taft
              • Alice Bradford Taft
              • Walton Chandler Taft
          • Maria Taft m. Mellen Taft, son of Calvin Clark Taft
            • Charlotte Isabelle Taft
              • Angelo Mellen Arnold
        • David Taft
          • Hopestill Taft m. Benjamin Clark Taft, son of Calvin Clark Taft
          • Timothy Taft
            • Asenath Cummings Taft
            • Sarah Marsh Taft
            • Emeline Newell Taft
              • Emily H. Wing
              • Henry Taft Wing
              • Edgar Taft Wing
            • Charles Augustus Taft
              • Ellen Bowen Taft
              • Emma Elizabeth Taft
              • Sarah Adeline Taft
            • Lydia Arnold Taft
          • Polly Taft
            • Robert Hague Davis
          • David Taft
          • Chloe Taft
            • Adeline Newall Walker
        • Charlotte Taft
        • Joseph Taft
    • Eleazer Taft

Collins family[edit]

The related Collins family tree:

  • Ela Collins (1786–1848), New York Assemblyman 1815, U.S. Representative from New York 1823–1825. Father of William Collins.[28]

Lippitt family[edit]

The related Lippitt family tree:

  • Christopher Lippitt (1744–1824) Revolutionary War officer, legislator, manufacturer
  • Henry Lippitt (1818–1891), Governor of Rhode Island 1875–1877. Father of Charles W. Lippitt and Henry F. Lippitt.[30]
    • Charles W. Lippitt (1846–1924), Governor of Rhode Island 1895–1897. Son of Henry Lippitt.[31]
    • Henry F. Lippitt (1856–1933), U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1911–1917. Son of Henry Lippitt and married Lucy Herron Laughlin, sister of Helen Herron, who married President William Howard Taft.[32]
      • Frederick Lippitt (1916–2005), Rhode Island State Representative 1961–1983. Military officer, political figure and philanthropist.

Chafee family[edit]

  • John Chafee (1922–1999), Rhode Island State Representative 1957–1963, Governor of Rhode Island 1963–1969, U.S. Secretary of the Navy 1969–1972, candidate for U.S. Senate from Rhode Island 1972, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1976–1999. Grandnephew of Henry F. Lippitt.[33]
    • Lincoln Chafee (b. 1953), Mayor of Warwick, Rhode Island 1992–1999; U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1999–2007; Governor of Rhode Island 2011–2015 and 2016 Democratic presidential candidate. Son of John Chafee.[34]


  • Thomas Wilson (1827–1910), delegate to the Minnesota Constitutional Convention 1857, District Court Judge in Minnesota 1857–1864, Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court 1864–1865, Chief Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court 1865–1869, Minnesota State Representative 1880–1882, Minnesota State Senator 1880–1882, U.S. Representative from Minnesota 1887–1889, candidate for Governor of Minnesota 1890. Grandfather of Martha Wheaton Bowers, who married Senator Robert A. Taft.[35]
  • John W. Herron, delegate to the Ohio Constitutional Convention 1873, U.S. Attorney in Ohio 1889–1894. Father-in-law of President William Howard Taft.[36]
  • Paul Douglas (1892–1976), Chicago, Illinois Alderman; candidate for U.S. Senate from Illinois 1942, U.S. Senator from Illinois 1949–1967. Husband of Emily Taft Douglas.


  1. ^ Leonard, Lewis Alexander (1920). Life of Alphonso Taft. New York: Hawke publishing Company (incorporated). OCLC 392382.
  2. ^ Crane, Ellery Bicknell (1907). Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memories of Worcester County, MA with a history of Worcester Society of Antiquity;. Chicago and New York: Lewis. pp. 223. josiah taft son of daniel taft and lydia chapin.
  3. ^ a b c d "Uxbridge Breaks Tradition and Makes History: Lydia Chapin Taft, by Carol Masiello". Blackstone Daily. Archived from the original on 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2007-09-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
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  5. ^ "Walking Tour". Blackstone Daily. Archived from the original on November 1, 2006. Retrieved 2007-10-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
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  7. ^ a b c Chapin, Judge Henry (1881). Address Delivered at the Unitarian Church in Uxbridge, 1864. Worcester, MA: Press of C. Hamilton. pp. 172. address delivered at unitarian church chapin henry first woman voter.
  8. ^ a b "Descendants of Robert and Sarah Taft". rootsweb.com. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Uxbridge Walking Tour". Blackstone Daily. Archived from the original on November 1, 2006. Retrieved 2007-10-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  10. ^ "Taft descendants". rootsweb. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
  11. ^ a b "Tafts Massachusetts Revolutionary War". rootsweb. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  12. ^ "Tafts Descendants 5". freepages. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  13. ^ a b "Ezra T. Benson". gapages.com. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
  14. ^ Marvin, Rev. Abijah Perkins (1879). History of Worcester County, Massachusetts, Embracing a Comprehensive History of the County from its earliest beginnings to the present time; Vol. lI. Boston, MA: CF Jewitt and Company. pp. 421–436. rev nathan webb year of death.
  15. ^ "History of Hamilton County". heritage pursuit. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
  16. ^ "Ancestry of George W. Bush". William Addams Reitwiesner. Retrieved 2007-09-28.
  17. ^ a b c "Taft visits Home of His Ancestors" (PDF). New York Times. 1910-08-20. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
  18. ^ a b "Early Saints". boap.org. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
  19. ^ Mass., Uxbridge (1851). Vital Records of Uxbridge, Massachusetts to the Year 1850. Thomas Williams Baldwin. pp. 409. Retrieved 2007-10-27. Samuel Taft of Uxbridge.
  20. ^ "MHC Reconnaissance Survey Town Report: Uxbridge; Report Date: 1984 Associated Regional Report: Central Massachusetts;" (PDF). Massachusetts Historical Commission. 1984. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2007-11-20.
  21. ^ Chapin, Judge Henry (1881). Address Delivered at the Unitarian Church in Uxbridge; 1864. Worcester, Mass.: Worcester, Press of C. Hamilton.
  22. ^ "Begum Bengu, William Taft V". New York Times. 6 November 2005. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  23. ^ E. Clark, Alfred (February 14, 1983). "Horace Dwight Taft, Physics Professor at Yale". The New York Times. New York City, New York, United States. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  24. ^ McPhee, Martha (December 11, 1977). "Miss McPhee Is Betrothed To John Taft". The New York Times. New York City, New York, United States. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  25. ^ a b c d e 1920 United States Federal Census
  26. ^ a b c d 1940 United States Federal Census
  27. ^ "Read the eBook Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts; (Volume 4) by William Richard Cutter online for free (page 114 of 142)". www.ebooksread.com.
  28. ^ "Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress - Retro Member details". bioguideretro.congress.gov.
  29. ^ "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Collins, U to Z". politicalgraveyard.com.
  30. ^ "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Linna to Littinsky". politicalgraveyard.com.
  31. ^ "Rhode Island Governor Charles Warren Lippitt". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011.
  32. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "Taft family". The Political Graveyard. Archived from the original on May 1, 2010.
  33. ^ "John Chafee (R) Senate – Rhode Island". The Washington Post.
  34. ^ "Our Campaigns - Candidate - Lincoln Chafee". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  35. ^ "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Wilson, S to T". politicalgraveyard.com.
  36. ^ "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Herridge to Hespel". politicalgraveyard.com.

External links[edit]