Tagaytay

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Tagaytay
City of Tagaytay
View of the Tagaytay Highlands
View of the Tagaytay Highlands
Official seal of Tagaytay
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Alternative Summer Capital of the Philippines
Map of Cavite with Tagaytay highlighted
Map of Cavite with Tagaytay highlighted
Tagaytay is located in Philippines
Tagaytay
Tagaytay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°06′N 120°56′E / 14.1°N 120.93°E / 14.1; 120.93Coordinates: 14°06′N 120°56′E / 14.1°N 120.93°E / 14.1; 120.93
Country Philippines
RegionCalabarzon (Region IV-A)
ProvinceCavite
District8th District of Cavite
Foundation and CityhoodJune 21, 1938
Barangays34 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorAgnes Tolentino
 • Vice MayorReymond Ambion
 • Electorate47,014 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total65.00 km2 (25.10 sq mi)
Elevation
639 m (2,096 ft)
Population
(2015 census)[3]
 • Total71,181
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Tagaytayeño
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4120
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)46
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class2nd city income class
Revenue (₱)927,597,281.80 (2016)
Native languagesTagalog
Highways
Websitewww.tagaytay.gov.ph

Tagaytay, officially the City of Tagaytay, (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Tagaytay), or simply known as Tagaytay City, is a 2nd class city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 71,181 people.[3]

It is one of the country's most popular tourist destinations because of its beautiful scenery and cooler climate provided by its high altitude. Tagaytay overlooks Taal Lake in Batangas and provides views of Taal Volcano Island in the middle of the lake through various vantage points situated in the city.

Tagaytay is relatively close to the capital city of Manila, only 59 kilometres (37 mi) away via Aguinaldo Highway, providing an easy escape for the locals from the heat of the huge metropolis.

Etymology[edit]

Legend has it that the word Tagaytay came from "taga" meaning to cut and "itay" which means father. A father and son were said to be on a wild boar hunt when the animal they were chasing turned and attacked them. As the boar charged towards the old man, the son cried "taga itay!". The boy's repeated shout reverberated in the alleys of the ridge. Heard by the residents, hunters and wood gatherers, the cries became subject of conversation for several days in the countryside. In time, the place where the shouts came from became known as Tagaytay.[4]

History[edit]

Philippine Revolution[edit]

During the Philippine revolution of 1896, the ridges and forests of Tagaytay became the sanctuary for revolutionaries including those from nearby provinces. The passage to and from towns via Tagaytay added the word "mananagaytay" to the native's vocabulary. It means "to traverse ridges."[4]

World War II[edit]

On February 23, 1945, the 11th Airborne Division of Lt. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger's 8th Army performed a combat jump of the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment and associated elements on the ridge, with a drop zone around the Manila Hotel Annex, which had been cleared of Japanese forces by Filipino soldiers of the 4th, 42nd, 43rd, 45th and 46th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 4th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and recognized guerillas. To commemorate this event, a marker was installed in 1951 at the junction of Silang, Canlubang-Nasugbu roads by the city officials in coordination with the National Historical Institute of the Philippines.[4]

Cityhood[edit]

Tagaytay City Hall

Tagaytay became a chartered city with the passing and signing of Commonwealth Act no. 338 by President Manuel L. Quezon on January 21, 1938, as authored by Rep. Justiniano Montano of Cavite.[5] Like Trece Martires, it is a planned city, with segments created from the towns of Mendez, Silang and Amadeo.

Geography[edit]

Land area[edit]

Tagaytay has a total land area of 66.1 km2 (26 sq mi) which represents about 4.37% of the total area of the Province of Cavite. It lies within 120° 56' longitude and 14° 6' latitude and overlooks Manila Bay to the North, Taal Volcano and Lake to the south and Laguna de Bay to the east.

Topography[edit]

View of the Taal Lake and Volcano from Tagaytay

The southern and eastern portions of Tagaytay are covered by hills and mountains which is generally forests, pine trees and open grasslands. The city lies along Tagaytay Ridge, a ridge stretching about 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Mount Batulao in the west to Mount Sungay in the east with elevations averaging about 610 metres (2,000 ft) above sea level.[6] Mount Sungay, in Tagaytay, is the highest point of the province of Cavite at 709 metres (2,326 ft).[7]

The ridge, which overlooks Taal Lake in Batangas province, is the edge of Taal Caldera. The 25-by-30-kilometre (16 mi × 19 mi) wide cavity is partially filled by Taal Lake.[8] Tagaytay's built-up areas including the urban center is situated in the relatively level top of the caldera rim but beyond the edge are deep ravines that drop steeply to Taal Lake. The portions adjoining the municipalities of Mendez, Indang, Amadeo, Silang and Alfonso are level to nearly level areas interspersed with very gently sloping surface. Across the southern edge of the lake on the opposite side of the city is Mount Macolod, the highest point of the Taal Caldera rim.

Climate[edit]

Temperature and precipitation

Tagaytay has a more moderate version of a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification: Am) characterized by relatively milder temperatures compared to Manila, lower humidity and abundant rainfall. The city has an average temperature of 24 °C (75 °F). With its high elevation, the city could be misty at times and is relatively cooler during the months of December, January and February. Like most areas in the province of Cavite, the city has two pronounced seasons: dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. The climate has made the city ideal for sports, picnics, conferences, honeymoons, country homes, and spiritual retreats.

Humidity

Tagaytay has an average humidity of 78% which makes the city cooler than Metro Manila where relative humidity exceeds 81%. Northeasterly winds prevail in the City from October to April. Winds come from southwest from May to September. The cool Tagaytay breeze has made the city ideal for casual and competitive kite flying.

Climate data for Tagaytay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
27.8
(82)
29
(84)
30.1
(86.2)
29.7
(85.5)
28.4
(83.1)
27.2
(81)
27
(81)
27.4
(81.3)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
26.8
(80.2)
28
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.8
(73)
23.3
(73.9)
24.2
(75.6)
25.3
(77.5)
25.3
(77.5)
24.6
(76.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.1
(73.6)
24
(75.1)
Average low °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
18.8
(65.8)
19.5
(67.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21
(70)
20.8
(69.4)
20.2
(68.4)
20.5
(68.9)
20.3
(68.5)
20.3
(68.5)
19.9
(67.8)
19.4
(66.9)
20
(68)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51
(2.01)
27
(1.06)
32
(1.26)
54
(2.13)
205
(8.07)
301
(11.85)
451
(17.76)
459
(18.07)
363
(14.29)
252
(9.92)
213
(8.39)
138
(5.43)
2,546
(100.24)
Source: Climate-Data.org,[9]

Barangays[edit]

Tagaytay is administratively subdivided into 34 barangays.[10]

  • Asisan
  • Bagong Tubig
  • Calabuso
  • Dapdap East
  • Dapdap West
  • Francisco
  • Guinhawa North
  • Guinhawa South
  • Iruhin East
  • Iruhin South
  • Iruhin West
  • Kaybagal Central
  • Kaybagal North
  • Kaybagal South (Poblacion)
  • Mag-Asawang Ilat
  • Maharlika East
  • Maharlika West
  • Maitim 2nd Central
  • Maitim 2nd East
  • Maitim 2nd West
  • Mendez Crossing East
  • Mendez Crossing West
  • Neogan
  • Patutong Malaki North
  • Patutong Malaki South
  • Sambong
  • San Jose
  • Silang Junction North
  • Silang Junction South
  • Sungay East
  • Sungay West
  • Tolentino East
  • Tolentino West
  • Zambal

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Tagaytay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1939 1,657—    
1948 5,233+13.63%
1960 7,203+2.70%
1970 10,907+4.23%
1975 13,388+4.20%
1980 16,322+4.04%
1990 23,739+3.82%
1995 29,419+4.10%
2000 45,287+9.69%
2007 61,623+4.34%
2010 62,030+0.24%
2015 71,181+2.65%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][11][12][13]

In the 2015 census, the population of Tagaytay, was 71,181 people,[3] with a density of 1,100 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,800 inhabitants per square mile.

In the 2010 census, Tagaytay had a population of 62,030 people.[11] Christianity is the majority religion of Tagaytayeños with Roman Catholicism as the most dominant sect compromising of 95.36 percent of the total population. The next prominent sect among residents of Tagaytay are Iglesia ni Cristo (3.37%) and Protestantism (1.07%). The rest of the population (0.20%) subscribes to other religions. Tagalog is the most dominant language in the city with 93.58% of the population speaking the language. The next prominent Philippine languages are Bicolano (1.52%), Ilocano (1.52%), and Cebuano (1.00%).[14]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Pineapple field in Tagaytay with a papaya tree and banana plants in the foreground.

Despite rapid urbanization of Tagaytay, agriculture remains an important part of the city's economy and development. As of 2009, it is recorded that there is about 1,292 hectares (3,190 acres) of agriculture land which is about 20 percent of the city's total land area. The city was once a cogon land after it was discovered during the Taal eruption. The soil was proven to be with rich volcanic components suitable to farming with main agricultural goods produced are pineapple, coffee, banana, root crops, cacao, camote, cassava other fruits and vegetables, and cut flowers which are supplied to both local and international markets. Garden plant shops thrive the Tagaytay Calamba Road. The city was once an abundant Daisy and gladiola farming haven prior to tourism development and residential boom.[15]

Tourism[edit]

Tagaytay is considered to be the second Summer capital of the Philippines with the first being Baguio due to its cool climate thus is a favored destination from those relatively more humid areas of the Philippines. Tagaytay is also a popular destination for tourists seeking a panoramic view of Taal Volcano and the surrounding lake. In 2015, the Department of Tourism cites Tagaytay as the top tourist destination in the Calabarzon region through the years. Among the most visited sites in Tagaytay are the SM Sky Ranch Amusement Park, Ayala Malls Serin, Robinsons Summit Ridge, Picnic Grove Complex, People's Park in the Sky , Halfway Zoo and different choices of Restaurants known for serving the famous Bulalo and crispy Tawilis. Fresh beef and vegetables are at Tagaytay Mahogany Market. The fruits stands are across the Tagaytay City Market where the fresh Tilapia from Taal Lake are marketed. Tagaytay's proximity to Metro Manila is attributed to the tourism in the city. Tagaytay receives seasonal influx of tourists during the Christmas season and the Lenten Break, the city is a religious Mecca of the South where the Our Lady of Lourdes and Our Lady of Perpetual Help parishes are located. The iconic Taal Vista Hotel is a symbol of Tagaytay glorious past.[16][17]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Tagaytay is linked by national highways to the Metro Manila area and to the provinces of Batangas and Laguna. Secondary roads link the city with the adjoining municipalities of Amadeo, Mendez, Indang, Silang and Alfonso in Cavite towards the northwest, and to the cities of Calamba and Santa Rosa in Laguna in the northeast and to the town of Talisay in Batangas in the south.

The South Luzon Expressway serves the city via Tagaytay–Santa Rosa Road that passes Santa Rosa and Silang from Santa Rosa and Eton City-ABI-Greenfield Exits, and Tagaytay-Calamba Road that passes Tagaytay Highlands and Calamba Premiere International Park from Batino Exit. Manila-Cavite Expressway (CAVITEx or formerly, Coastal Road) also serves Tagaytay via the southbound Aguinaldo Highway. The Cavite–Tagaytay–Batangas Expressway (CTBEx) is a proposed expressway that will connect with the under-construction Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAEx) from CAVITEx-Kawit up to SLEx-Mamplasan. CTBEx and CALAEx also connects with an interchange at Aguinaldo Highway in the future for easier travel of tourists coming from Metro Manila.

From Batangas, the main route to Tagaytay is either Tagaytay–Nasugbu Highway, a major thoroughfare from Tagaytay rotonda to Lian, Batangas, Ligaya Drive, a winding road that starts near the poblacion of Talisay and ends near the Tagaytay Picnic Grove, or Tagaytay–Talisay Road, a 12-kilometre (7.5 mi) road from Lemery–Agoncillo–Laurel–Talisay Road to Tagaytay Rotunda. From Laguna, the main route is the Tagaytay–Santa Rosa Road from Santa Rosa, Laguna and the another route is Tagaytay–Calamba Road (via Tagaytay Highlands) from Calamba Premiere International Park at Calamba, Laguna.

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Local
International

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Tagaytay City Ecological Profile 2013" (PDF). Tagaytay City Official Website. Tagaytay City Government. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  5. ^ "History" Archived 2012-08-05 at the Wayback Machine.. Official Website of Tagaytay City. Retrieved on 2012-02-04.
  6. ^ "Tagaytay City – Geography". Cavite Province Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-02-04.
  7. ^ "Mount Sungay" Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine.. Mountains Mounts. Retrieved on 2012-02-04.
  8. ^ "Taal Volcano Flyer". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. Retrieved on 2012-02-07.
  9. ^ "Climate: Tagaytay – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-data.org. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  10. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Tagaytay – National Statistical Coordination Board.
  11. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Tagaytay City Ecological Profile 2013" (PDF). Tagaytay City Official Website. Tagaytay City Government. pp. 27–28. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  15. ^ "Updated City Development Strategy Report for Tagaytay City 9 Mar 2009" (PDF). Cities Alliance. Cities Alliance. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  16. ^ Giron, Anthony (3 January 2015). "Tagaytay not far behind with 500,000 tourist arrivals". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  17. ^ Limpin, Rogelio (14 December 2014). "Tagaytay tourist visits to reach 2M". The Manila Times. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  18. ^ PIA – Sisterhood agreement between Tagaytay and San Nicolas signed
  19. ^ a b "US-Asia Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, Hawaii: East West Center. Retrieved 2015-02-04.
  20. ^ a b "Tagaytay, Philippines & Rohnert Park, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04.

External links[edit]