Tagbanwa script

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Tagbanwa, also known as Apurahuano, is one of the suyat[1] writing systems of the Philippines used by the Tagbanwa people as their ethnic writing system and script.

Tagbanwa
ᝦᝤᝪᝨᝯ
Tagbanwa script sample.svg
Type
Languages Palawan languages
Time period
c. 1300–present
Parent systems
Sister systems

In the Philippines:
Baybayin
Buhid
Hanunó'o
Kulitan

In other countries:
Balinese
Batak
Javanese
Lontara
Sundanese
Rencong
Rejang
Direction Left-to-right
ISO 15924 Tagb, 373
Unicode alias
Tagbanwa
U+1760–U+177F

The Tagbanwa languages (Aborlan, Calamian and Central), which are Austronesian languages with about 25,000 total speakers in the central and northern regions of Palawan, are dying out as the younger generations of Tagbanwa are learning and using non-traditional languages, such as Cuyonon and Tagalog, thus becoming less knowledgeable of their own indigenous cultural heritage. There are proposals to revive the script by teaching it in public and private schools with Tagbanwa populations.[1]

Origin[edit]

The Tagbanwa script was used in the Philippines until the 17th century. Closely related to Baybayin, it is believed to have come from the Kawi script of Java, Bali and Sumatra, which in turn, descended from the Pallava script, one of the southern Indian scripts derived from Brahmi.[2]

Features[edit]

Tagbanwa is a syllabic alphabet in which each consonant has an inherent vowel /a/. Other vowels are indicated by a diacritic above (for /i/) or below (for /u/) the consonant.[3] Vowels at the beginning of syllables are represented by their own, independent characters. Syllables ending in a consonant are written without the final consonant.[4]

Tagbanwa is traditionally written on bamboo in vertical columns from bottom to top and left to right. Though it is read from left to right in horizontal lines.[2]

Tagbanwa.svg

Vowels[edit]

Tagbanwa Vowels[4]
Initial Dependent
transcription a i u i u
letter

Consonants[edit]

Tagbanwa Syllables[4]
transcription k g ng t d n p b m y l w s
consonant + a
consonant + i ᝣᝲ ᝤᝲ ᝥᝲ ᝦᝲ ᝧᝲ ᝨᝲ ᝩᝲ ᝪᝲ ᝫᝲ ᝬᝲ ᝮᝲ ᝯᝲ ᝰᝲ
consonant + u ᝣᝳ ᝤᝳ ᝥᝳ ᝦᝳ ᝧᝳ ᝨᝳ ᝩᝳ ᝪᝳ ᝫᝳ ᝬᝳ ᝮᝳ ᝯᝳ ᝰᝳ

Tagbanwa writing makes use of single () and double () punctuation marks.[4]

Unicode[edit]

Tagbanwa script was added to the Unicode Standard in March, 2002 with the release of version 3.2.

The Unicode block for Tagbanwa is U+1760–U+177F:

Tagbanwa[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+176x
U+177x
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 11.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/985669/protect-all-ph-writing-systems-heritage-advocates-urge-congress
  2. ^ a b Omniglot: Tagbanwa. Accessed October 13, 2016.
  3. ^ Everson, Michael (1998-11-23). "N1933 Revised proposal for encoding the Philippine scripts in the UCS" (PDF).
  4. ^ a b c d "Chapter 17: Indonesia and Oceania" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. June 2018.

External links[edit]