View of Tahara, from Mount Zao
Location of Tahara in Aichi Prefecture
|• Total||188.81 km2 (72.90 sq mi)|
|Population (February 2012)|
|• Density||338/km2 (880/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Cinnamomum camphora|
|Address||30-1 Minami Banba, Tahara-cho, Tahara-shi, Aichi-ken 441-3492|
|Website||City of Tahara|
Tahara is situated in southern Aichi Prefecture, and occupies most of Atsumi Peninsula. The peninsula is bounded on the north by Mikawa Bay and to the south lies the Philippine Sea, though it is commonly believed to be the Pacific Ocean. Situated as it is between those two bodies of water, Tahara has a warm, maritime climate.
The area of present-day Tahara has been continuously occupied since prehistoric times. Archaeologists have found numerous remains from the Jōmon period and burial mounds from the Kofun period. During the Nara period, the area was assigned to ancient Atsumi County, and was divided into several shōen during the Heian period. During the Kamakura period, the area was noted for production of a certain type of pottery. During the Sengoku period, the area was under the control of the Toda clan, who constructed Tahara Castle. The Toda, who were allied with Tokugawa Ieyasu were dispossessed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, but returned as daimyō of Tahara Domain at the start of the Edo period. The Toda were later replaced by the Miyake clan, who ruled until the end of the Tokugawa shogunate. The noted scholar Watanabe Kazan was from Tahara.
At the start of the Meiji period, on October 1, 1889 Tahara was a collection of villages within Atsumi District, Aichi Prefecture. Tahara Village was elevated to town status on October 3, 1892 and Fukue village became Fukue Town on February 22, 1897. Fukue later changed its name to Atsumi Town on April 15, 1955. On November 11, 1958, the village of Akabane was raised to town status.
The modern city of Tahara was established on August 20, 2003, from the merger the former town of Tahara, absorbing the village of Akabane (both from Atsumi District) to elevate city status. On October 1, 2005, the town of Atsumi (also from Atsumi District) was merged into Tahara. Therefore, Atsumi District was dissolved as a result of this merger.
Tahara is a regional commercial center with a mixed economy of manufacturing and agriculture. Due to its long coastline, Tahara has many ports for commercial fishing. The main industrial employer is Toyota Motor Corporation, which has its award-winning Tahara plant in Tahara which makes many Lexus-brand cars and some Toyota models. The Toyota Celica was manufactured in Tahara from 1979 to 1999. Many Lexus models are manufactured within this plant, as are many Toyota models for domestic and international markets.
Tahara has a consortium of companies investing in renewable energy needs. As of November 2014[update], a new solar energy and wind energy power generation facility will provide 19,000 households with electricity on an infrequent basis that is dependent upon the weather.
Tahara can be accessed by rail, motor vehicle, or ferry.
- Japan National Route 259 is the main highway that runs the length of Atsumi Peninsula. An alternate reading of the kanji in this highway numeral designation is ji-go-ku. In Japanese, the word jigoku means Hell, and thus some locals refer to it as ji-go-ku-douro, or the "Highway to Hell". This term was encouraged by the perception of a higher fatality rate along the road, especially before it was widened and improved.
- Japan National Route 42
Toyotetsu buses and city-operated environmentally friendly public transport facilitate access throughout Tahara, even to the westernmost point at Cape Irago.
From the Port of Irago, the Ise-wan Ferry connects Tahara with the town of Toba, Mie prefecture. The ferry can accommodate motor vehicles. The ferry also docks at the Central Japan International Airport, built on an artificial island in Ise Bay, south of Nagoya.
- - Georgetown, Kentucky, USA since April 20, 1990
- – Princeton, Indiana, USA since August 8, 2002
- - Kunshan, Jiangsu, China, since May 14, 1993
- – Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Korea, since December 2006
- – Miyada, Nagano, Japan since November 9, 1999
Noted people from Tahara
- "Tahara City Profile". Tahara Official Website. Retrieved 11 Nov 2011.
- "Solar/Wind Electricity Generation Project in Tahara City". Toshiba Official Website. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
Media related to Tahara, Aichi at Wikimedia Commons
- Tahara City official website (Japanese) (with link to English pages)