This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
محمد طاہر القادری
|Main interest(s)||Tafsir, Sharia, Fiqh, Hadith, Quran, Usul al-Fiqh, History, Aqidah|
|Alma mater||University of the Punjab|
|Founder of||Minhaj-ul-Quran International|
|Period in office||October 1981 -|
He was also a professor of international constitutional law at the University of the Punjab. Qadri is also the founding chairman of Minhaj-ul-Quran International and also of Minhaj Institute of Qira'at and Tafizul Quran. Qadri has delivered more than 8000 lectures on various topics including radicalism.
|Part of a series on Islam|
- 1 Early Years
- 2 Education
- 3 Political career
- 4 Minhaj-ul-Quran
- 5 Events
- 6 Views
- 7 Books
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
He received both an Islamic and secular education from his father and other scholars in Pakistan and abroad including name="RAndD50" /> He also received a First Class degree, an MA in Islamic Studies and a PhD in Islamic Law from the University of Punjab where he worked as a lecturer and then as Professor of Law.
Qadri was elected as a Member of the National Assembly for his constituency.
On 29 November 2004, Qadri announced his resignation as a Member of the National Assembly protesting the counter terrorism policies of the then President Pervez Musharraf. In 2005 he moved to Canada.
Long March 2012
In December 2012, after living for seven years in Toronto, Canada, Qadri returned to Pakistan and initiated a political campaign. Qadri called for a "million-men" march in Islamabad to protest against the government's corruption. On 14 January 2013, a crowd marched down the city's main avenue. Thousands of people pledged to sit-in until their demands were met. When he started the long march from Lahore about 50,000 people were with him. He told the rally in front of parliament: "There is no Parliament; there is a group of looters, thieves and dacoits [bandits] ... Our lawmakers are the lawbreakers." After four days of sit-in, the Government and Qadri signed an agreement called the Islamabad Long March Declaration, which promised electoral reforms and increased political transparency. Although Qadri called for a "million-men" march, the estimated total present for the sit-in in Islamabad was more than 500,000 .
Critics have charged that the protests were a ploy by the Pakistan Armed Forces to delay elections and weaken the influence of the civilian government, citing Qadri's close ties to the military, dual nationality and suspect foreign and Pakistani sources of funding. Lawyers for the Supreme Court of Pakistan claimed that Qadri's demands are unfeasible because they conflict with the Constitution of Pakistan. The Tribune reported on 17 February 2013, that Qadri seemed to have capitulated on most of his demands in the Islamabad Long March Declaration.
Long March 2014
As of the end of September 2014, the Inqilab March began, with sit-in protests with allied partner Imran Khan, chairman and founder of Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) and organiser of 2014 Azadi March, in the capital of Pakistan, Islamabad.
Imran Khan and Tahir-ul-Qadri did not fully join their protest marches nor decline to support each other. On 10 August 2014, Qadri formally announced that his party's political march, the Inqilab March, would proceed parallel with PTI's Azadi march. Both marches were organised to take different routes, albeit closely mirroring each other. It is apparent that the two parties have similar objectives yet different aims and strategies. The announcement of two parallel marches by parties in opposition gave rise to speculation that a coalition between PTI and PAT was possible. The chiefs of the two parties never clearly stipulated a formal coalition; but an informal agreement to support each other was achieved
On 21 August 2014, Qadri said that the government had not been allowing his workers to supply food items and potable water to the participants of the sit-in.
The Daily Dawn of 31 August 2014 claimed that hundreds of people were injured in the federal capital as police battled throngs of protesters led by Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf and Pakistan Awami Tehreek.[undue weight? ]
It was reported that Tahir-ul-Qadri led the Eid prayer at Islamabad's D-Chowk. The congregation was attended by Imran Khan and other political leaders, including Raja Nasir Abbas Jafary of MWM. Animal sacrifies were also offered in the name of Allah following the Sunnah of Prophet Ibrahim and his son Prophet Ismail.
The organisation promotes religious moderation, effective and sound education, inter-faith dialogue and harmony, and a moderate interpretation of Islam supposedly employing methods of Sufism. During its March 2011 session, the United Nations Economic and Social Council granted special consultative status to Minhaj-ul-Quran International, Qadri also founded the Minhaj University in Lahore, of which he heads the Board of Governors, as well as an international relief charity, Minhaj Welfare Foundation.
Invitation to OIC
In August 2010 Qadri held an anti-terrorism camp for Muslim youth at the University of Warwick with the aim of tackling extremism in the UK. He organised the camp under the auspices of Minhaj-ul-Quran UK.
Lahore Public Gathering 2014
Seven days after the Faisalabad Gathering, Qadri made a public gathering in Lahore on 19 October 2014.
Lahore Clash 2014
The 2014 Lahore clash, more commonly known as the Model Town tragedy or the Lahore massacre (Urdu: سانحہ ماڈل ٹاؤن), or simply the Lahore incident, was a violent clash that ensued between the Punjab Police and Pakistan Awami Tehreek activists on 17 June 2014 resulting in several protesters being killed by the police gunfire. Five police officers remain under arrest. The standoff lasted for almost 11 hours when the police's anti-encroachment squad launched an operation to remove the barriers from the road leading to the offices of Minhaj-ul-Quran and the residence of PAT founder Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri in Model Town, Lahore. Although, Police officials were given a court order by PAT leaders, stating "due to terrorism issue place security barriers in front of Minhaj-ul-Quran and the residence of PAT founder Qadri. But police still attacked.
The incident was broadcast live on various local news channels and there were conflicting accounts of how the standoff began. Police claimed that they were attacked by people inside the PAT secretariat, a claim that is denied by party chief Qadri. In the live footage broadcast on television, the policemen were shown firing assault rifles and lobbing tear gas canisters at the protesting masses while the protesters threw stones at the police for defence. Qadri strongly condemned the attack and called it the worst form of state terrorism. Qadri vowed to avenge the deaths of his political workers by bringing about a revolution that would hasten the end of the rule of prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his brother Shahbaz Sharif.
The Day of Martyrs
Qadri and his party observed Youm-e-Shuhada (Day of Martyrs) at 9 August 2014 in Tehreek-e-Minhaj ul Quran secretariat in Model Town. A Country-Wide clash occurred between Police and the Workers of PAT. After the gathering of People, He assured his supporters and the government that the rally on 10 August would be peaceful while requesting his followers to bring their prayer mats for recitation of the Quran.Syed Mustafa Kamal came to Punjab and met Tahir Ul Qadri to settle down the things happening in Model Town.
In July 2011, he gave a lecture on the issues of terrorism and integration at the Parliament of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia where he was invited by the member of the NSW Legislative Council, Shaoquett Moselmane MLC. Qadri also made appearances on Australian media, where he discussed Islam, terrorism and possible troop withdrawals from Afghanistan. On 24 September 2011, Minhaj-ul-Quran convened the "Peace for Humanity Conference" at Wembley Arena in London where Tahir-ul-Qadri and the assembled speakers issued a declaration of peace on behalf of religious representatives of several faiths, scholars, politicians, and 12,000 participants present from various countries. This conference was endorsed by, or received supportive messages from, the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar University, Ban Ki-Moon (Secretary General of the United Nations), Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu (Secretary General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), David Cameron (British Prime Minister), Nick Clegg (British Deputy Prime Minister), Rowan Williams (Archbishop of Canterbury) and others. On 30 November 2011, Qadri delivered a lecture at the "Peaceful Future of Afghanistan" conference in Istanbul, Turkey which was organised by the Center for World Religions, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution of George Mason University together with Marmara University and was attended by more than 120 Afghan leaders.
On 22 February 2012, Qadri visited Delhi for a four-week tour of India. Qadri delivered a message of peace and said: "Terrorism has no place in Islam", while addressing the fatwa book launch in Delhi. People gathered to listen to Qadri along with government officials in Gujarat.  Qadri also urged the Pakistani and Indian governments to reduce their defence expenditures and instead spend money on the welfare of poor people. He also visited Ajmer, where he was given a large reception, at which he gave a lecture on Sufism. On 4 January 2015, he declared terrorism as biggest problem of the world.
Fatwa on Terrorism
The Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings is a 600-page (Urdu version), 512-page (English version) is an Islamic decree by Qadri which demonstrates from the Quran and Sunnah that terrorism and suicide bombings are unjust and evil, and thus un-Islamic. It was published in London as a book. This fatwa is a direct refutation of the ideology of al-Qaeda and the Taliban. It is one of the most extensive Islamic anti-terrorism rulings, an "absolute" condemnation of terrorism without "any excuses or pretexts" which goes further than ever and declares that terrorism is kufr under Islamic law. The launch was organised by Minhaj-ul-Quran UK. Qadri said during the launch that "Terrorism is terrorism, violence is violence and it has no place in Islamic teaching and no justification can be provided for it, or any kind of excuses or ifs or buts."
The fatwa received widespread media attention and was positively covered by the international press.
According to CNN, experts see the fatwa as a significant blow to terrorist recruiting. CNN's Amanpour show added the fatwa summary to its website and declared it to be fatwa for peace, while the US State Department declares the fatwa to be significant step in taking Islam back from terrorists.
Before it had been released, Douglas Murray described the Fatwa on Terrorism, in an article in the Evening Standard, as "potentially important", although he said "A single-fatwa will not change the level of denial and self criticism inherent in so much of modern Islam".
ITV news channel questioned the credibility of the fatwa and asks if it was not by the British government because senior counter-terrorism officials from Scotland Yard and MI5 were present at the launch.
The 512-page English book version of the fatwa, Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings, (London: Minhaj-ul-Quran, 2011. ISBN 978-0-9551888-9-3) has a foreword by John Esposito and an introduction by Joel Hayward, both of whom share Qadri's scholarly assessment that, regardless of any intention, the evil of terrorism remains evil and must be exposed, opposed and condemned.
The Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings has been officially endorsed by Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt. In January 2011, the fatwa was discussed at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2011. In June 2011, Pope Benedict XVI received a copy of the fatwa from representatives of Minhaj Interfaith Relations. The Pope reportedly appreciated that it promoted peace, harmony and interfaith dialogue.
The Fatwa on Terrorism and Suicide Bombings has been reviewed positively by international scholars including Kemal Argon who published a review in the Journal of Rotterdam Islamic and Social Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2011, pp. 149–160. Islamic University of Rotterdam, Netherlands.
He has published 550 books, including an "eight-volume, 7,000-page Qur’anic Encyclopaedia in English covering all 6,000-plus verses of the Koran."
- Naeem Siddiqui
- Minhaj-ul-Quran International
- The Amman Message
- Contemporary Islamic philosophy
- London Declaration for Global Peace and Resistance against Extremism 2011
- "PUNISHMENTS IN ISLAM THEIR CLASSIFICATION & PHILOSOPHY – Pakistan Research Repository". Eprints.hec.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 16 November 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- "USIP official site". Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- "Young Muslims attend anti-terror camp at Keele University". BBC News. 25 August 2017. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- Clarke, Matthew; Halafoff, Anna (25 August 2016). Religion and Development in the Asia-Pacific: Sacred Places as Development Spaces. Taylor & Francis. p. 49. ISBN 9781317647454.
- Nielsen, Jørgen S. (2012). Islam in Denmark: The Challenge of Diversity. Lexington Books. p. 23. ISBN 9780739150924.
- "Minhaj.org". www.minhaj.org. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- Clarke, Matthew; Halafoff, Anna (25 August 2016). Religion and Development in the Asia-Pacific: Sacred Places as Development Spaces. Taylor & Francis. p. 50. ISBN 9781317647454.
- Qadri sends 41-page resignation to speaker Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Tahir ul-Qadri: A political 'enigma' Archived 4 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine aljazeera.com
- "Pakistani city prepares for cleric's march". 3 News NZ. 14 January 2013. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- "Long march: Walking in the name of 'revolution'". 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
- "Pakistanis protest 'corrupt' government". 3 News NZ. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- Declan Walsh (15 January 2013). "Internal Forces Besiege Pakistan Ahead of Voting". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Anita Joshua. "Qadri's picketing ends with 'Long March Declaration'". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- Arab News, "Pak crisis deepends: PM arrest ordered as rally shakes capital," front page, Vol. XXXVIII, #45. Wednesday, 16 January 2013
- Rodriguez, Alex (14 January 2013). "Pakistan 'Long March' protest draws tens of thousands to capital". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "'Long march' show not in millions, but not a flop". The News International. 8 January 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Abdul Manan. "Two steps back: Qadri capitulates on earlier demands". Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- "Pakistan: Eight die as Lahore police clash with Qadri supporters". BBC News. Archived from the original on 23 December 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- "7 Killed as Pakistan Police Clash With Preacher's Followers". The New York Times. 18 June 2014. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "'Revolution March' to Begin on August 14: Tahirul Qadri" Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine, The News International, 10 August 2014.
- "Inqilab, Azadi march will go together on Aug 14: Qadri". dunyanews.tv.
- "I meant people should kill me, Imran Khan if retracted from mission: Qadri". dunyanews.tv.
- Amjad Mahmood. "Qadri to march side by side with Imran". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "Battleground Islamabad: Imran vows to advance as clashes continue". Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "Tahir Blasts Tahir". The Nation's Staff reporter. 9 October 2014. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
- "Khan, Qadri offer Eid prayer at D-Chowk". Samaa.tv. 6 October 2014. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
- "retrieved: 12 October 2014". Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "Report of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations on its 2011 regular session" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- The News https://www.thenews.com.pk/amp/454414-qadri-to-address-oic-moot-in-riyadh - Qadri invited to Riadh for attending OIC Conference
- Casciani, Dominic (8 August 2010). "Muslim summer camp preaches 'anti-terror' message". Bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 May 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- Casciani, Dominic (7 August 2010). "Muslim group Minhaj ul-Quran runs 'anti-terrorism' camp". Bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Dunya News Videos". Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- Tanveer, Rana (20 June 2014). "Lahore clashes: Will accept only JIT with ISI, IB, MI reps, says Qadri". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- "Pakistan: Eight die as Seikh amir saleem and others clash with Qadri supporters". BBC News. 17 June 2014. Archived from the original on 22 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Tanveer, Rana; Manan, Abdul (21 June 2014). "The axe falls: Heads finally roll over Model Town tragedy". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Gillani, Waqar (17 June 2014). "7 Killed as Pakistan Police Clash With Preacher's Followers". New York Times. Archived from the original on 14 August 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "PPP, MQM resolutions condemn Lahore killings". The News International. 20 June 2014. Archived from the original on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Nauman, Qasim (17 June 2014). "Pakistan Police Clash With Supporters of Canada-Based Cleric". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "State Terrorism will not be tolerated: Qadri". The News International. 17 June 2014. Archived from the original on 20 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Qadri vows to take revenge by revolution". The Nation. 23 June 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "PAT set to observe Youm-e-Shuhada today".
- "Youme Shuhada, Pakistan Today". Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- "Tahir-ul-Qadri to deliver speech at 2010 Global Peace and Unity event". Presstv.ir. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Associated Press of Pakistan ( Pakistan's Premier NEWS Agency ) – Muslims urged to stand up against terrorism". App.com.pk. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- "Tahir-ul-Qadri's Struggle Against Radicalism in Islam". Usip.org. 10 November 2010. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Full Day Hansard Transcript (Legislative Council, 5 August 2011, Corrected Copy)". Parliament.nsw.gov.au. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Coming: Pak Islamic scholar who pulls no punches against terror". Archived from the original on 3 February 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2012. Archived 3 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Qadri given honour in India". Nation.com.pk. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Pakistani scholar thanks Modi for security". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 26 February 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Terrorism has no place in Islam: Sufi scholar". Indianexpress.com. 23 February 2012. Archived from the original on 13 March 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- Pak scholar debunks Islamic stereotypes Archived 13 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine Archived 13 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Stay away from communal clashes in future: Pak Islamic scholar". Ibnlive.in.com. 25 February 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Pak scholar to speak on Sufism in dargah". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- Samaa TV (4 January 2015). "Tahirul Qadri terms terrorism as biggest problem". Samaa TV. Archived from the original on 5 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- "Influential Pakistani cleric based in GTA". Archived from the original on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "Sheikh issues fatwa against all terrorists". The Independent. Archived from the original on 12 September 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Tahir ul-Qadri and the difficulty of reporting on fatwas". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Some experts see fatwa as significant blow to terrorist recruiting". Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Fatwa for Peace". Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Muslim leader's edict decries terrorism – Washington Times". The Washingtion Times. Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Is this a triumph for the Islamic peacemakers?". The Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 22 January 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Fatwa condemns terror". Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2015. Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Reality of Terrorism". The Reality of Terrorism – World Economic Forum. Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Minhaj man meets Pope[permanent dead link][permanent dead link]
- "a-closer-look-at-tahirul-qadris-thesis". Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Tahir-ul-Qadri's Vision for a Democratic Pakistan, CNN News". Archived from the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- Bryan Appleyard, "The Koran is a work of peace, not violence", The Times. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
Media related to Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri at Wikimedia Commons