Tahnun bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan
|Tahnun bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan|
|Ruler of Abu Dhabi|
|Predecessor||Muhammad bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan|
|Successor||Khalifa bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan|
Sheikh Tahnun bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan was the Ruler of Abu Dhabi from 1818–1833. Having deposed his brother Muhammad bin Shakhbut Al Nayhan with his father's support, he ruled in his father's name. Under Tahnun, Abu Dhabi became a Trucial State in 1820, eventually becoming the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Tahnun acceded after having driven his brother Muhammad into exile with his father Shakhbut's support. It was, in fact, Shakhbut who was signatory to the landmark General Maritime Treaty of 1820 with the British, following the sack of Ras Al Khaimah and bombardment of coastal communities which took place during the punitive British Persian Gulf Campaign of 1819. However, in an 1824 peace agreement with Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi of Sharjah over the forts at Buraimi Oasis, it was Tahnun who signed.
Abu Dhabi attacked
The exiled Sheikh Muhammad bin Shakhbut returned to Abu Dhabi in late 1823, together with a force of Manasir Bedouin and sacked the town. He was driven out, with the loss of 35 men, by Tahnun, who had raced from the interior to meet him. Muhammad made for Sharjah, but was followed by Tahnun and his force and Tahnun demanded Sultan bin Saqr of Sharjah hand him over. Sultan was saved the dilemma when Muhammad once again fled into exile.
As Abu Dhabi grew, many of its inhabitants maintained links to the inland oasis town of Buraimi (which would in time be split into Buraimi and the Abu Dhabi city of Al Ain) and Tahnun worked to establish his influence there, brokering a peace between the Na'im of the oasis and their breakaway relatives, the Al Nuami of Ajman and the Al Bu Shamis. A number of interests jostled for Buraimi, including the Sultan of Muscat, the Wahhabis (who had made a number of incursions) and Sultan bin Saqr of Sharjah, who had established a number of forts in the oasis. Tahnun commanded the loyalty of many of the Bedouin families in the area ('You will be aware that Dhahirah belongs to us' he told the British in 1839) and established his primacy there when, in 1824, an agreement was forced on Sharjah in which Sultan bin Saqr recognised Tahnun's claim to Buraimi and then demolished the forts he had built there.
Mistrusting his uncles Sheikh Khalifa bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan and Sultan bin Shakhbut, Tahnun kept them away from Abu Dhabi but his father persuaded him to let them return. He discovered them plotting to remove him and imprisoned a number of the plotters. This action spurred the conspirators to action and Tahnun was killed by his two uncles in 1833. Khalifa became the next Ruler.
- Said., Zahlan, Rosemarie (2016). The Origins of the United Arab Emirates : a Political and Social History of the Trucial States. Taylor and Francis. p. 241. ISBN 9781317244653. OCLC 945874284.
- Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. British Government, Bombay. p. 764.
- 1941-, Heard-Bey, Frauke, (2005). From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates : a society in transition. London: Motivate. p. 48. ISBN 1860631673. OCLC 64689681.
- Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. British Government, Bombay. p. 765.
- 1941-, Heard-Bey, Frauke, (2005). From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates : a society in transition. London: Motivate. p. 49. ISBN 1860631673. OCLC 64689681.