tai-pan ( Chinese: ; 大 班 pinyin: , Dà bān literally 'top class', [1 ] or 'big shot') is a senior business executive or entrepreneur operating in [2 ] China or Hong Kong.
History [ edit ]
In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries,
tai-pans were foreign-born businessmen who headed large trading houses such as Hong Jardine, Matheson & Co. and Dent & Co. amongst others.
The first recorded use of the term in English is in the
of 28 Canton Register October 1834. Historical variant spellings include [3 ] taepan (first appearance), typan, and taipan. The term gained wide currency outside China after the publication of [3 ] Somerset Maugham's 1922 short story " The Taipan" and James Clavell's 1966 novel . Tai-Pan
Taipans [ edit ]
William Jardine, [4 ] Jardine Matheson (1843–1845), Hong Kong
James Matheson, Jardine Matheson (1796–1878), Hong Kong
Lawrence Kadoorie, [5 ] China Light and Power (1899-1993), Hong Kong
Nigel Rich, Jardine Matheson (1989-1994), Hong Kong
Alasdair Morrison, [6 ] Jardine Matheson (1994-2000), Hong Kong
Simon Murray, [7 ] Hutchison Whampoa (1984-1994), Hong Kong
Lucio Tan, (born 1934), Philippines [8 ]
Emilo Yap, Philippines [8 ]
Alfonso Yuchengco, Philippines [9 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Andrew J. Moody, "Transmission Languages and Source Languages of Chinese Borrowings in English", American Speech, Vol. 71, No. 4 (Winter, 1996), pp. 414-415.
^ 汉英词典 — A Chinese-English Dictionary 1988 新华书店北京发行所发行 (Beijing Xinhua Bookshop).
^ a b (2nd edn, 1989). Oxford English Dictionary
^ Nicholas D. Kristof (June 21, 1987). "Jardine Matheson's Heir-Elect: Brian M. Powers; An Asian Trading Empire Picks an American 'Tai-pan. '" . The New York Times ... William Jardine, the first tai-pan, a shrewd Scotsman ...
^ "Lawrence Kadoorie, 94, Is Dead; A Leader in Hong Kong'g . (sic) Growth" . August 26, 1993. The New York Times
^ "The Taipan and the dragon.". . April 8, 1995. The Economist
^ Rone Tempest and Christine Courtney (April 12, 1994). "Hong Kong's New Business Dynasties : The great British trading houses rush to hire more Chinese executives, shed their colonial veneer before Beijing takes over in '97.". . Los Angeles Times Simon Murray was one of the last British 'taipans.'
^ a b Ramon Tulfo (September 8, 2005). "Let's go on with our lives". . Philippine Daily Inquirer Cigarette and beer tycoon Lucio Tan wants to run the Ninoy Aquino International Airport Terminal 3, popularly known as the Naia 3, along with five other taipans. A fellow Chinese taipan, Emilio Yap, ... is bidding for the management of Naia 3 when it opens.
^ Tony Lopez (September 29, 2011). "Revisiting Al Yuchengco, the quintessential taipan". . The Manila Times