Taibe, Galilee

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Taibe
טַּיִּבָּה
لطيبة
Taibe, 2010
Taibe, 2010
Taibe is located in Israel
Taibe
Taibe
Coordinates: 32°36′N 35°26′E / 32.600°N 35.433°E / 32.600; 35.433Coordinates: 32°36′N 35°26′E / 32.600°N 35.433°E / 32.600; 35.433
Grid position 192/223 PAL
Council Gilboa Regional Council

Taibe (Arabic: الطيبة‎; Hebrew: טַּיִּבָּה), meaning "The goodly",[1] is an Arab Muslim village in northeastern Israel. Located in the Jezreel Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gilboa Regional Council. In 2008 it had a population of 2,000.[2]

History[edit]

Taibe village view

It has been proposed that Taibe was Tubi, listed among the places paying tribute to Thutmose III.[3] Remains from the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Crusader, and Mamluk periods have been found.[4][5]

During the Crusader period there was a castle here called (Le) Forbelet (in medieval Arabic: 'Afrabala).[6] It was probably Hospitaller and dependent on nearby Belvoir.[6] In July 1182 the castle was the background of the pitched large-scale Battle of Forbelet between Baldwin IV and Saladin.[7] The castle was sacked by Saladin in 1183, and occupied by the Muslims besieging Belvoir in 1187-88.[6] Parts of the castle keep's basement still survive, as do other installations from the Crusader Period.[4][6] Recent excavations indicate that new buildings were constructed alongside the partially destroyed Crusader castle in Mamluk and Ottoman times.[8]

Ottoman era[edit]

Taibe was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers under the name of Tayyibat al-Ism as being in the Nahiya of Shafa of the Liwa of Lajjun, apparently sharing this name with another village farther south-west. It had a population of 13 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, and goats or beehives.[9] Pierre Jacotin named the village Taibeh on his map from 1799.[10]

In 1875, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village and described it as poor, but formerly an important city,[11] while in 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Taibe as: "A straggling village, of moderate size, lying on flat ground, and containing several good stone houses. There is one in the middle of the village, belonging to the Sheikh, which is larger than the rest."[3]

British Mandate era[edit]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Taibeh had a population of 220, all Muslim,[12] while at the time of the 1931 census, At-Taiyiba had 43 occupied houses and a population of 186 Muslims.[13]

In 1945 Taibe had a population of 280 Arabs (counted with 150 Jews at Modelet) with 7,127 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[14] Of this, 7,103 dunams were used for cereals,[15] while 22 dunams were built-up land.[16]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

Taibe village mosque

After 1948, Taibe has been part under Israeli rule.

To mark Israel's 60th anniversary in 2008, the dome of the local mosque was painted in the Israeli colors, blue and white.[2][17]

Nearly all the residents of Taibe are members of the Zuabi family, one of the larger clans in Israel.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.167
  2. ^ a b "Galilee Arabs paint mosque blue and white for Israel's 60th". Haaretz. 12 January 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 87
  4. ^ a b Covello-Paran and Tepper, 2008, Et-Taiyiba
  5. ^ Tepper, 2012, E-Taiyiba, Survey Final Report
  6. ^ a b c d Pringle, 1997, p. 104
  7. ^ Corliss K. Slack (2013). Historical Dictionary of the Crusades. Plymouth: Scarecrow Press of Rowman & Littlefield. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-8108-7830-3. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  8. ^ Abu Zidan, 2011, Et-Taiyiba Final Report
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 157
  10. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 169
  11. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 126–127 as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 126 -127: "This village, poor and miserable, is now nothing but a wretched relic of an important city, situated on the slope of a hill whose summit was surrounded by a fortress. This was formerly constructed of very fine basaltic blocks, cut and dressed with care ; a ditch cut in the rock and now three-fourths filled up surrounded it, at least on the south and west. There remain of this stronghold several thick parts of the wall, and within vaulted magazines which now serve the fellahin for refuge : rude dwelling-houses have also been built within the inclosure. One of these houses, more considerable than the others, and partly constructed of good basaltic stones taken from the ruins of the fort, occupies the top of the acropolis, which I regard as ancient, although allowing that it may have received attention from the Mohammedans or the Crusaders. As for the city, which extended to the north and east of the castle, it now, with the exception of a few courses still upright, presents nothing but a heap of ruins.'
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Baisan, p. 31
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 81
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 44
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 85
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 135
  17. ^ Dudu Bazak (4 July 2008). "Identifying with the country: The mosque was painted blue and white". Maariv. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  18. ^ Arab villagers in A-Taibeh struggle to be accepted as Israelis, Jan. 12, 2011, Haaretz

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]