Taichung Power Plant

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Taichung Power Plant
Taichung Thermal Power Plant.JPG
Official name台中發電廠
LocationLongjing District, Taichung City
Coordinates24°12′46″N 120°28′52″E / 24.21278°N 120.48111°E / 24.21278; 120.48111Coordinates: 24°12′46″N 120°28′52″E / 24.21278°N 120.48111°E / 24.21278; 120.48111
Commission dateJuly 1990 (Unit 1-4 gas)
March 1991 (Unit 1 coal)[1]
August 1991 (Unit 2 coal)
June 1992 (Unit 3 coal)
October 1992 (Unit 4 coal)
March 1996 (Unit 5 coal)
May 1996 (Unit 6 coal)
October 1996 (Unit 7 coal)
June 1997 (Unit 8 coal)[2]
August 2005 (Unit 9 coal)
June 2006 (Unit 10 coal)[3]
Thermal power station
Primary fuelBituminous coal
Secondary fuelNatural gas
Power generation
Units operational10 X 550 MW (coal)
4 X 70 MW (natural gas)
22 X 2 MW (wind power)
Make and modelGeneral Electric
Nameplate capacity5,824 MW
7,424 MW (Planned, 2030)
Annual net output42 TWh
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons

The Taichung Power Plant (Chinese: 台中發電廠; pinyin: Táizhōng Fādiànchǎng) is a coal-fired power plant in Longjing, Taichung, Taiwan. With an installed coal-fired generation capacity of 5,500 MW, it is the third largest coal-fired power station in the world,[4][5] and also the world's largest emitter of carbon dioxide with approximately 40 million tons annually (or about as much as the country of Switzerland as a whole).[6] Together with its gas-fired and wind generation units, the total installed capacity of the plant is 5,824 MW.

In November 2017, the Taichung city government ordered that the Taichung Power Plant reduce its coal consumption by 24% starting in January 2018.[7]

Generation units[edit]

The power plant consists of ten coal-fired units with nominal capacity of 550 MW each. Four original units were commissioned in 1991 and 1992. In 1996–1997, four additional units were added. The eight older units have a total estimated coal requirement of around 12 million tonnes of bituminous and 2.5 million tonnes of sub-bituminous coal a year. In August 2005 and June 2006, 550 MW sub-critical pressure units 9 and 10 were installed on the adjacent land reclaimed by depositing ash.[5]

In addition to ten coal-fired steam turbines, Taichung Power Plant has another 4 gas turbines and 22 wind turbines which add another 280 MW and 44 MW additional capacity respectively.[8]


The plant has a complex conveyor system. There are three belts from the Harbour which bring the coal into the plant via six ship unloaders, 2 bucket type and four screw type. The coal is either directed straight to a unit or stacked in the coal yard by 5 Stacker/ Reclaimers. The coal can be reclaimed from here and sent to any of the 10 units. There is built in redundancy in the critical conveyor paths.

All of the belts are equipped with fire detection system to monitor the temperature along the belt and to send alarms in the case of fire to minimize damage. The coal receiving facilities were completed in 1992.[9]

The boiler for each unit is drum type, water-cooled, naturally circulated with dry bottom furnace, balance draft and coal and oil-fired capability.

The steam turbine for each unit is a tandem-compound with four flow exhaust, single reheat and 550 MW rated capacity.

The generators are supercritical steam high power density.[2]

The electrostatic precipitator removes 99.8% of the particulates and classifies them for industrial cement and land reclamation.[10]

The power plant is connected to the grid via a 345 kV switchyard.[11]


The power plant is designed for base load service and is able for daily startup and shutdown operation.[10] The plant's electricity is being sold to Taipower under a 25-year power purchase agreement.

Outgoing transmission line from Taichung Power Plant

Fuel supply[edit]

The power plant uses 12 million tons of bituminous and 2.5 million tons of sub-bituminous coal a year. Taipower buys 70% of the plant coal supply through long-term contracts from Australia, United States, South Africa, Indonesia and other sources. Indonesia is the prime source for the sub-bituminous coal. The remaining 30% of its coal supply is purchased on the spot market.[12]


During warnings by the scientific community about increasing prevalence of lung cancer in Taiwan in December 2015, it was claimed that Taichung Power Plant, along with the Sixth Naphtha Cracking Plant of the Formosa Plastics Group account for roughly seventy percent of the air pollution in the Central Taiwan region of the country, emitting large quantities of sulfur oxides.[13]

Future expansion[edit]

There is an expansion plan to build two new 800 MW units by 2016.[3][14]



On 4 August 2017, unit 7 generator of the plant tripped at 9:25 a.m. due to low vacuum in its steam condenser system which triggered the safety protection system.[15] The event caused a power reduction of 500 MW but it was quickly restored and restarted at 12:35 p.m.[16]

On 5 August 2017, unit 1 generator of the plant malfunctioned due to a broken boiler pipe which led to the reduction of 530 MW power generation.[17]


On 8 November 2010, the power plant won the outstanding award at the 23rd National QCC Competition, organized by Industrial Development Bureau of the Ministry of Economic Affairs.[18]


Taichung Power Plant is accessible West from Longjing Station of the Taiwan Railways Administration.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://web3.moeaboe.gov.tw/ECW/english/content/ContentLink.aspx?menu_id=1540
  2. ^ a b http://www.power-technology.com/projects/taichung/
  3. ^ a b "Taichung Power Plant- world's 2nd largest coal fired power plant | Morgan Energy Solutions". Morganenergysol.com. 2013-01-16. Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
  4. ^ Taipower (2008). "2008 Sustainability Reports – Power Generation And Transmission" (PDF): 3. Retrieved 2009-07-10. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ a b "Taichung Coal-Fired Power Plant, Taiwan". power-technology.com. Net Resources International. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  6. ^ "Taichung". CARMA - Carbon Monitoring for Action. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  7. ^ News, Taiwan. "Taiwan's Taichung Power Plant must reduce coal consumption by 24 percent in 2018 | Taiwan News". Taiwan's Taichung Power Plant must reduce coal consumption by 24 percent in 2018 | Taiwan News. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  8. ^ CHen Mao-Jing. "The Status of Coal-Fired Power Generation in TAIWAN" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 15, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  9. ^ LIOS Technology GmbH (2012-11-28). "LIOS Technology - Fire Detection for the Coal Conveyer Belt System at Taichung Power Plant, Taiwan". Lios-tech.com. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
  10. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-07-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ http://www.industcards.com/st-coal-taiwan.htm[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Taichung Coal-Fired". Power Technology. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
  13. ^ Olivia Yang, ed. (7 December 2015). "Lung Cancer Cases Increasing in Taiwan and Medical Community Calls On People to Demonstrate against Air Pollution". Translated by June. The News Lens International Edition.
  14. ^ "st-coal-taiwan". Industcards.com. Archived from the original on 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
  15. ^ Chen, Cheng-wei; Chen, Christie (5 August 2017). "Power supply may flash red after power plant malfunction". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  16. ^ Liao, Yu-yang; Hsu, Elizabeth (4 August 2017). "Power supply will not flash red, despite machine glitch: Taipower". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  17. ^ Tsai, Yi-chu; Hsu, Elizabeth (6 August 2017). "Tight power supply expected to ease with broken pipe repair". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  18. ^ "Taiwan power company-Taipower Events". Taipower.com.tw. Archived from the original on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2014-06-03.