Taifa of Silves

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Taifa of Silves
Taifa Kingdom of Silves, c. 1037.
Capital Şilb
Languages Arabic, Mozarabic, Hebrew
Religion Islam, Roman Catholicism, Judaism
Government Monarchy
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Established 1027
 •  To Seville/Almoravids 1063–1091 / 1091–1145
 •  Conquered by the Almohads 1150
Currency Dirham and Dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Taifa of Badajoz
Almohad dynasty
Today part of  Portugal

The Taifa of Silves was a Muslim taifa kingdom that existed in what is now southern Portugal for two distinct periods: from 1027 to 1063, and again from 1145 to 1150, when it was finally conquered by the Almohads.

The taifa occupied the westernmost part of the presently Portuguese region of Algarve, near Cape St. Vincent, with its capital in Silves. Starting from 1048, the power was held by the family of the Banu Muzayn, including three emirs: Isa II al-Muzaffar (1048–1053), Muhammad II al-Nasir (1053–1058), and Isa III al-Muzaffar (1058–1063). Under the latter the kingdom was conquered by the more powerful taifa of Seville, led by Abbad II al-Mu'tadid.

During the so-called second taifa period, which followed the fall of the Almoravid Empire, Silves was the seat of a second, ephimeral taifa, which lasted from 1145 to 1150, when it was conquered by the Almohads.

View of Silves with its moorish castle.

List of Emirs[edit]

Muzaymid dynasty[edit]

  • 'Isa I: 1027–1040/1
  • Muhammad I: 1040/1–1048
  • 'Isa II: 1048–1053
  • Muhammad II: 1053–1058
  • 'Isa III: 1058–1063

al-Mundirid dynasty[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°11′00″N 8°26′00″W / 37.1833°N 8.4333°W / 37.1833; -8.4333