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|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,759 km2 (679 sq mi)|
|• Density||790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Taikang County (Chinese: 太康县; pinyin: Tàikāng Xiàn) is a county in the north of Zhoukou prefecture-level city, Henan. It is divided into 23 townships and 766 villages. The county is home to 1.43 million Han Chinese and 25,000 Hui, with a population density of 581 people per kilometre squared.
The name comes from the Xia dynasty king Tai Kang, who sited his capital in the area. It was also called Yangxia, also a reference to the Xia king. As a major thoroughfare, the county has been historically important. It was the hometown of Wu Guang, one of the peasant leaders of the rebellion against the Qin dynasty. It was also the ancestral hometown of the Xia and Yuan surnames, who dominated the government of the Southern Dynasties.
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