Tail of Spence

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Tail of Spence
Illu lymph chain03.jpg
Lymph nodes - #3 and #4 are in the region of the tail of Spence.
LatinProcessus axillaris,
processus lateralis mammae
Anatomical terminology

The tail of Spence (Spence's tail, axillary process, axillary tail) is an extension of the tissue of the breast that extends into the axilla.[1] It is actually an extension of the upper lateral quadrant of the breast. It passes into the axilla through an opening in the deep fascia called foramen of Langer.

It is named after the Scottish surgeon James Spence.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Memon S, Emanuel JC (2008). "The axillary tail--an important caveat in prophylactic mastectomy". Breast J. 14 (3): 313–4. doi:10.1111/j.1524-4741.2008.00585.x. PMID 18373642.[dead link]
  2. ^ Sebastian, Anton (1999). A dictionary of the history of medicine. Carnforth, Lancs: Parthenon. p. 677. ISBN 1-85070-021-4.

External links[edit]