Taipei County

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For the current subdivision, see New Taipei City.
Taipei County
臺北縣
County of the Republic of China

1946–2010
Location of Taipei
Location of Taipei County on Taiwan.
Capital Banqiao
History
 •  Established 7 January 1946
 •  Disestablished 25 December 2010
Political subdivisions 10 County-controlled city
4 Urban townships
14 Rural townships
1 Mountain indigenous township
Today part of Part of the New Taipei City (Special municipality)
Tainan County
Traditional Chinese 臺北 or 台北
Simplified Chinese 台北

Taipei County was a former county of the Republic of China in northern Taiwan before it was upgraded into special municipality in 2010. The county capital was Banqiao.

History[edit]

Taipei County was established in Taiwan Province on 7 January 1946 after the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in October 1945. On 1 October 2007 Taipei County was given the status of Quasi-municipality. It was upgraded into a special municipality on 25 December 2010 with the name New Taipei City.[1]

Administration[edit]

At the time before the upgrade, Taipei County administered 10 cities, 4 urban townships and 15 rural townships. All of these became districts of the city of New Taipei. In 1968, two townships were transferred to Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau later merged with Taipei City and four townships were transferred to Taipei City.

Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Notes
County-controlled city
Banqiao 板橋市 Bǎnqiáo Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 1 July 1972; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Luzhou 蘆洲市 Lúzhōu Shì Originally a xiang (鄉) until 6 October 1997; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Sanchong 三重市 Sānchóng Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 1 April 1962; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Shulin 樹林市 Shùlín Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) 4 October 1999; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Tucheng 土城市 Tǔchéng Shì Originally a xiang (鄉) until 26 June 1993; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Xizhi 汐止市 Xìzhǐ Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 1 July 1999; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Xindian 新店市 Xīndiàn Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 15 January 1980; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Xinzhuang 新莊市 Xīnzhuāng Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 15 January 1980; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Yonghe 永和市 Yǒnghé Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 1 January 1979; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Zhonghe 中和市 Zhōnghé Shì Originally a xiang (鄉) until 1 January 1979; became a qu (區) after upgraded
Urban townships
Danshui / Tamsui 淡水鎮 Dànshuǐ Zhèn became a qu (區) after upgraded
Ruifang 瑞芳鎮 Ruìfāng Zhèn became a qu (區) after upgraded
Sanxia 三峽鎮 Sānxiá Zhèn became a qu (區) after upgraded
Yingge 鶯歌鎮 Yīnggē Zhèn became a qu (區) after upgraded
Shilin 士林鎮 Shìlín Zhèn Transferred to Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau on 14 July 1949;
Later transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1968 & became a qu (區)
Beitou 北投鎮 Běitóu Zhèn Transferred to Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau on 14 July 1949;
Later transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1968 & became a qu (區)
Nangang 南港鎮 Nángǎng Zhèn Transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1967 & became a qu (區)
Jingmei 景美鎮 Jǐngměi Zhèn Transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1967 & became a qu (區)
Rural townships
Bali 八里鄉 Bālǐ Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Gongliao 貢寮鄉 Gòngliáo Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Jinshan 金山鄉 Jīnshān Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Linkou 林口鄉 Línkǒu Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Pinglin 坪林鄉 Pínglín Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Pingxi 平溪鄉 Píngxī Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Sanzhi 三芝鄉 Sānzhī Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Shenkeng 深坑鄉 Shēnkēng Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Shiding 石碇鄉 Shídìng Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Shimen 石門鄉 Shímén Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Shuangxi 雙溪鄉 Shuāngxī Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Taishan 泰山鄉 Tàishān Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Wanli 萬里鄉 Wànlǐ Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Wugu 五股鄉 Wǔgǔ Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded
Neihu 內湖鄉 Nèihú Xiāng Transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1967 & became a qu (區)
Muzha 木柵鄉 Mùzhà Xiāng Transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1967 & became a qu (區)
Mountain indigenous township
Wulai 烏來鄉 Wūlái Xiāng became a qu (區) after upgraded;
became a shandi yuanzhumin qu (山地原住民區) on 4 February 2014

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gao, Pat (2010-11-01). "A Bigger South". Taiwan Today. Retrieved 2012-01-10.