Taipei County

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For the current subdivision, see New Taipei City.
Taipei County
臺北縣
County of the Republic of China

1946–2010
Location of Taipei
Location of Taipei County on Taiwan.
Capital Banqiao
History
 •  Established 7 January 1946
 •  Disestablished 25 December 2010
Political subdivisions 10 County-controlled city
4 Urban townships
14 Rural townships
1 Mountain indigenous township
Today part of Part of the New Taipei City (Special municipality)
Taipei County
Traditional Chinese 臺北 or 台北
Simplified Chinese 台北

Taipei County was a former county of the Republic of China in northern Taiwan before it was upgraded into a special municipality in 2010. The county capital was Banqiao.

History[edit]

Taipei County was established in Taiwan Province on 7 January 1946 after the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in October 1945. On 1 October 2007 Taipei County was given the status of Quasi-municipality. It was upgraded into a special municipality on 25 December 2010 with the name New Taipei City.

Administration[edit]

Before the upgrade, Taipei County administered 10 cities, 4 urban townships and 15 rural townships. All of these became districts of the city of New Taipei.

Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Notes
County-controlled city
Banqiao 板橋市 Bǎnqiáo Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 1 July 1972; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Luzhou 蘆洲市 Lúzhōu Shì Originally a xiang (鄉) until 6 October 1997; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Sanchong 三重市 Sānchóng Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 1 April 1962; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Shulin 樹林市 Shùlín Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) 4 October 1999; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Tucheng 土城市 Tǔchéng Shì Originally a xiang (鄉) until 26 June 1993; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Xizhi 汐止市 Xìzhǐ Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 1 July 1999; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Xindian 新店市 Xīndiàn Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 15 January 1980; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Xinzhuang 新莊市 Xīnzhuāng Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 15 January 1980; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Yonghe 永和市 Yǒnghé Shì Originally a zhen (鎮) until 1 January 1979; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Zhonghe 中和市 Zhōnghé Shì Originally a xiang (鄉) until 1 January 1979; became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Urban townships
Danshui / Tamsui 淡水鎮 Dànshuǐ Zhèn became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Ruifang 瑞芳鎮 Ruìfāng Zhèn became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Sanxia 三峽鎮 Sānxiá Zhèn became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Yingge 鶯歌鎮 Yīnggē Zhèn became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Shilin 士林鎮 Shìlín Zhèn Transferred to Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau on 14 July 1949;
Later transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1968 & became a qu (區)
Beitou 北投鎮 Běitóu Zhèn Transferred to Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau on 14 July 1949;
Later transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1968 & became a qu (區)
Nangang 南港鎮 Nángǎng Zhèn Transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1967 & became a qu (區)
Jingmei 景美鎮 Jǐngměi Zhèn Transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1967 & became a qu (區)
Rural townships
Bali 八里鄉 Bālǐ Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Gongliao 貢寮鄉 Gòngliáo Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Jinshan 金山鄉 Jīnshān Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Linkou 林口鄉 Línkǒu Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Pinglin 坪林鄉 Pínglín Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Pingxi 平溪鄉 Píngxī Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Sanzhi 三芝鄉 Sānzhī Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Shenkeng 深坑鄉 Shēnkēng Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Shiding 石碇鄉 Shídìng Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Shimen 石門鄉 Shímén Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Shuangxi 雙溪鄉 Shuāngxī Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Taishan 泰山鄉 Tàishān Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Wanli 萬里鄉 Wànlǐ Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Wugu 五股鄉 Wǔgǔ Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade
Neihu 內湖鄉 Nèihú Xiāng Transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1967 & became a qu (區)
Muzha 木柵鄉 Mùzhà Xiāng Transferred to Taipei City on 1 July 1967 & became a qu (區)
Mountain indigenous township
Wulai 烏來鄉 Wūlái Xiāng became a qu (區) after 2010 upgrade;
became a shandi yuanzhumin qu (山地原住民區) on 4 February 2014

See also[edit]

References[edit]