|Native name||Taipei Rapid Transit System|
|Locale||Taipei and New Taipei, Taiwan|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||5|
|Number of stations||117|
|Daily ridership||2.02 million (2016)
2.24 million (Dec. 2016)
|Annual ridership||739,990,166 (2016)|
|Headquarters||7, Lane 48, Sec. 2, Zhongshan N. Rd., 10448, Taipei, Taiwan|
|Began operation||March 28, 1996|
|Operator(s)||Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation|
|Headway||3–8 minute peak, 8–12 mins off peak|
|System length||131.1 km (81.5 mi)|
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (standard gauge)
1,880 mm (6 ft 2 in)
|Minimum radius of curvature||High-capacity: 200 m
Medium-capacity: 30 m
|Electrification||Third rail 750 V DC|
|Average speed||High-capacity: 34 km/h
Medium-capacity: 33 km/h
|Top speed||High-capacity: 90 km/h
Medium-capacity: 80 km/h
|Second alternative Chinese name|
The Taipei Metro, also known as the MRT or formally as the Taipei Rapid Transit System , is a rapid transit system serving metropolitan Taipei, Taiwan. The system is built by the Department of Rapid Transit Systems, Taipei City Government (DORTS-Taipei) and Department of Rapid Transit Systems, New Taipei City Government (DRTS-New Taipei) and operated by the Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation (TRTC). It consists of 108 stations (117 stations if transfer stations are double-counted) and 5 main routes, operating on 131.1 kilometres (81.5 mi) of revenue track. The system carried an average of around 2.10 million passengers per day in March 2016.
The Taipei Metro is Taiwan's first metro system. Since it first began operations in 1996, the system has been effective in relieving some of Taipei's traffic congestion problems. The system has also proved effective as a catalyst for urban renewal, as well as increasing tourist traffic to outlying towns such as Tamsui. Conversions to existing railway lines were made to integrate them into the metro system.
- 1 Network and operations
- 2 Fares and tickets
- 3 Line names
- 4 History
- 5 Impact
- 6 Facilities
- 7 Rolling stock
- 8 Depots
- 9 Future expansion
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Network and operations
The system operates according to a spoke-hub distribution paradigm, with most rail lines running radially outward from central Taipei. The MRT system operates from 6 am to midnight daily (the last trains finish their runs by 1 am), with extended services during special events (such as New Year festivities). Trains operate at intervals of 1.5 to 15 minutes depending on the line and time of day. Smoking is forbidden in the entire metro system, while eating, drinking, chewing gum and betel nuts are forbidden within the paid area.
Stations become extremely crowded during rush hours, especially at transfer stations such as Taipei Main Station, Zhongxiao Fuxing, and Minquan West Road. Automated station announcements are recorded in Mandarin, English, Taiwanese, and Hakka.
|Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center
(Tamsui, New Taipei)
(Songshan, Taipei / Xinyi, Taipei)
(Xindian, New Taipei)
(Xindian, New Taipei)
(Xindian, New Taipei)
(Xinzhuang, New Taipei / Guishan, Taoyuan)
(Zhonghe, New Taipei)
(Luzhou, New Taipei)
|Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center
(Tucheng, New Taipei)
- Brown Line: The Wenshan and Neihu Lines connect through to each other: [Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center - Taipei Zoo]. The route utilizes four-car configurations, although the platform lengths allow for six-car configurations.
- Red Line: The Xinyi and Tamsui Lines connect through to each other. During regular service hours, trains run alternatively on routes [Xiangshan - Tamsui] and [Daan - Beitou]. During rush hour, additional trains run on a [Daan - Xiangshan] route.
- Green Line: The Songshan and Xindian Lines connect through to each other. During regular service hours, trains run alternatively on routes [Songshan - Xindian] and [Songshan - Taipower Building]. During rush hour, additional trains run on a [Xindian - Taipower Building] route.
- Orange Line: The Xinzhuang and Luzhou Lines currently run on two separate routes: [Nanshijiao - Luzhou] (4B) and [Nanshijiao - Huilong] (4A).
- Blue Line: The Nangang, Banqiao, and Tucheng Lines connect through to each other. During regular service hours, trains run alternatively on routes [Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center - Dingpu] and [Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center - Far Eastern Hospital]. During rush hour, additional trains run on a [Taipei - Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center] route.
- Xinbeitou Branch Line: [Beitou - Xinbeitou].
- Xiaobitan Branch Line: [Xiaobitan - Qizhang]
Fares and tickets
Fares range from NT$20 to NT$65 with most locations accessible for around NT$20–30. Beginning April 1, 2011, senior citizens and physically challenged individuals will be entitled to a 50% discount on fares. The fare for the first 5 km on a one-way ticket is NT$20, and each additional 3 km costs an extra NT$5, up to NT$65. A 20% discount is taken with use of an IC card. The table below shows fare amounts versus distance.
|Fare using an IC card||16||20||24||28||32||36||40||44||48||52|
Types of tickets
- Single journey tokens: These single-use RFID tokens can be bought from ticket vending machines in each station. They are valid only on the day of purchase and replaced the existing magnetic cards in 2007.
- One-Day Pass: This card allows for unlimited Taipei Metro travel. They are valid from the first use until the end of service on the same day (not including the Maokong Gondola). Value cannot be added and it costs NT$200 (inclusive of a NT$50 deposit). The deposit can be collected if the card is returned within three days of the first use.
- Paper tickets are no longer being issued. However, they can be obtained in exchange for a Taipei Metro gift coupon.
- Group Ticket: These are available for groups of 10 or more (at a 20% discount) or groups of 40 or more (at a 30% discount). These cannot be refunded once issued and require passengers to enter through the "Group Ticket Entrance/Exit".
- Single Journey Ticket for Cyclists: At a cost of NT$80, this allows for one person to bring a bicycle into the system (at select stations). It is only issued/valid at certain times, and no refunds can be given once issued. In 2008, 102,279 bicycles were taken on the Taipei Metro.
- Rechargeable IC cards: Issued by the various companies (EasyCard, iPass, icash, HappyCash), these cards are stored value cards for contactless electronic payment. They are available as Adult, Student, Concessionaire, and TaipeiPass varieties. For EasyCard, see Types of EasyCards for more information.
- Senior EasyCard passengers enjoy a 60% discount on base fares. Easy Card users receive half-price discounts automatically on connecting bus routes from and towards the Metro stations.
Prior to 2014, line names were highly inconsistent. Much like New York Subway, lines and services did not align. Formal "line" names were given to various sections of the lines as they exist today, such as Nangang Line, Luzhou Line. These names were largely used to identify construction projects. But unlike New York, no unique names were given to services. Depending on the situation, services were identified either by the termini, by the longest "line" or one of the "lines" they ran on (e.g. Tamsui) or by a contraction of "line" names (e.g. Bannan). To make things more complicated, the romanization systems used changed multiple times.
Since 2014, Taipei Metro has made an effort to unify names. Consistent line names were given and used in most situations, although each with alternatives. All services have since belonged to one of the 5 lines, and are referred to by line names. Forked, partial and full-length services are distinguished by termini.
Between 2014 and 2016, the lines were numbered based on the order of the dates the lines first opened. Lines Brown, Red, Green, Orange and Blue were named Lines 1 to 5 respectively. The planned Circular Line, Wanda Line, Minsheng-Xizhi Line were to be Lines 7-9 respectively. The system was scrapped in 2016.
Today, identifier icons BR, R, G, O and BL are used on maps and signs, along with "long" names. Chinese announcements use "long" names while English announcements use alternative "color" names.
The Taipei Metro is one of the most expensive rapid transit systems ever constructed, with Phase One of the system costing US$18 billion and Phase Two (currently under construction) estimated to cost US$13.8 billion upon completion.
The idea of constructing the Taipei Metro was first put forth at a press conference on June 28, 1968, where the Minister of Transportation and Communications Sun Yun-suan announced his ministry's plans to begin researching the possibility of constructing a rapid transit network in the Taipei metropolitan area; however, the plan was shelved due to fiscal concerns and the belief that such a system was not urgently needed at the time. With the increase of traffic congestion accompanying economic growth in the 1970s, the need for a rapid transit system became more pressing. In February 1977, the Institute of Transportation (IOT) of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) released a preliminary rapid transport system report, with the designs of five lines, including U1, U2, U3, S1, and S2, to form a rough sketch of the planned corridors, resulting in the first rapid transit system plan for Taipei.
In 1981, the IOT invited British Mass Transit Consultants (BMTC) and China Engineering Consultants, Inc. to form a team and provide in-depth research on the preliminary report. In 1982, the Taipei City Government commissioned National Chiao Tung University to do a research and feasibility study on medium-capacity rapid transit systems. In January 1984, the university proposed an initial design for a medium-capacity rapid transit system in Taipei City, including plans for Line 1 and Line 2 of the medium-capacity metro system. On March 1, 1985, the Executive Yuan Council for Economic Planning and Development (CEPD) signed a treaty with the Taipei Transit Council (TTC), composed of three American consultant firms, to do overall research on a rapid transit system in metropolitan Taipei. Apart from adjustments made to the initial proposal, Line 1 of the medium-capacity metro system was also included into the network. In 1986, the initial network design of the Taipei Metro by the CEPD was passed by the Executive Yuan, although the network corridors were not yet set. A budget of NT$441.7 billion (US$13.4 billion) was allocated for the project.
On June 27, 1986, the Preparatory Office of Rapid Transit Systems was created, which on February 23, 1987 was formally established as the Department of Rapid Transit Systems (DORTS) for the task of handling, planning, design, and construction of the system. Apart from preparing for the construction of the metro system, DORTS also made small changes to the metro corridor. The 6 lines proposed on the initial network were: Tamsui Line and Xindian Line (Lines U1 and U2), Zhonghe Line (Line U3), Nangang Line and Banqiao Line (Line S1), and Muzha (now Wenshan) Line (Line 1 medium-capacity), totaling 79 stations and 76.8 km (47.7 mi) route length, including 34.4 km (21.4 mi) of elevated rail, 9.5 km (5.9 mi) at ground level, and 44.2 km (27.5 mi) underground. The Neihu Line corridor was approved later in 1990. On June 27, 1994, the Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation (TRTC) was formed to oversee the operation of the Taipei Metro system.
Construction of the initial six lines
The Executive Yuan approved the initial network plan for the system on 27 May 1986. Ground was broken and construction began on 15 December 1988. The growing traffic problems of the time, compounded by road closures due to TRTS construction led to what became popularly known as the "Dark Age of Taipei Traffic". The TRTS was the center of political controversy during its construction and shortly after the opening of its first line in 1996 due to incidents such as computer malfunction during a thunderstorm, alleged structural problems in some elevated segments, budget overruns, and fare prices.
The system opened on 28 March 1996, with the 10.5 km (6.5 mi) elevated Muzha Line, a driverless, medium-capacity line with twelve stations running from Zhongshan Junior High School to Taipei Zoo. The first high-capacity line, the Tamsui Line, began service on 28 March 1997, running from Tamsui to Zhongshan Station, then extended to Taipei Main Station at the end of the year. On 23 December 1998, the system passed the milestone of 100 million passengers.
On 24 December 1999, a section of the Banqiao/Nangang Line was opened between Longshan Temple and Taipei City Hall. This section became the first east-west line running through the city, connecting the two previously completed north-south lines. On 31 May 2006, the second stage of the Banqiao/Nangang Line and the Tucheng Line began operation.
On 4 July 2009, with the opening of the Neihu Line, the last of the six original lines was completed. Due to controversy on whether to construct a medium-capacity or high-capacity line, construction of the line did not begin until 2002.
On September 17, 2001, Typhoon Nari flooded all underground tracks as well as 16 stations, the heavy-capacity system operation control center, the administration building, and the Nangang Depot. The elevated Muzha Line was not seriously affected and resumed operations the next day. However, the heavy-capacity lines were not restored to full operational status until three months later. Following this incident, TRTS has devoted more resources to flood prevention in the underground system.
On July 4, 2007, the Maokong Gondola, a new aerial lift/cable-car system, was opened to the public. The system connects the Taipei Zoo, Chi Nan Temple, and Maokong. Service was suspended on October 1, 2008 due to erosion from mudslides under a support pillar following Typhoon Jangmi. The gondola officially resumed service as of March 31, 2010, after relocation of the pillar and passing safety inspections.
On New Year's Eve 2009 and New Year's Day 2010, the Metro system transported 2.17 million passengers in 42 consecutive hours. On April 22, 2010 after 14 years of service, the system achieved the milestone of 4 billion cumulative riders. On December 29, 2010, the system passed the benchmark of 500 million annual passengers for the first time. The record for single day ridership hit 2.5 million passengers during the New Year's Eve celebrations on December 31, 2010. Following opening of the Xinyi Line, the system reached another record of 2.75 million passengers on December 31, 2013.
In May 2016, the Singapore Transport Minister, Khaw Boon Wan, said that his country’s rail operators, SBS Transit and SMRT, should emulate the example of the Taipei MRT system. Speaking at a rail engineering forum, he cited the Taipei MRT’s timely maintenance and replacement of assets, as well as its fast response to rail network problems. Khaw said the Singapore Land Transport Authority (LTA) is working with the TRTC to attach staff from SBS and SMRT to its metro workshops, so they can learn from its asset maintenance practices and engineering improvements.
On May 21, 2014, 28 people were stabbed in a mass stabbing by a knife-wielding college student on the Taipei Metro Blue Line. The attack occurred on a train near Jiangzicui Station, resulting in 4 deaths and 24 injured. It was the first fatal attack on the metro system since it began operations in 1996. The suspect was 21-year-old university student Cheng Chieh (鄭捷), who was arrested at Jiangzicui Station immediately after the incident.
Timeline of former and current services
|Date started||Date amended||Terminus||Route||Terminus|
|March 1996||July 2009||Taipei Zoo||Zhongshan Junior High School|
|March 1997||December 1997||Tamsui||Zhongshan|
|December 1997||December 1998||Tamsui||Taipei Main Station|
|December 1998||November 1999||Tamsui||Nanshijiao|
|November 1999||November 2014||Tamsui||Xindian|
|November 1999||June 2013||Beitou||Nanshijiao|
|December 1999||August 2000||Taipei City Hall||Longshan Temple|
|August 2000||December 2000||Taipei City Hall||Xinpu|
|August 2000||November 2013||C.K.S. Memorial Hall||Ximen|
|December 2000||May 2006||Kunyang||Xinpu|
|May 2006||December 2008||Kunyang||Yongning|
|December 2008||February 2011||Nangang||Yongning|
|Far Eastern Hospital|
|July 2009||Current||Taipei Zoo||Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center|
|November 2010||January 2012||Zhongxiao Xinsheng||Luzhou|
|February 2011||July 2015||Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center||Yongning|
|Far Eastern Hospital|
|January 2012||September 2012||Zhongxiao Xinsheng||Luzhou|
|Fu Jen University|
|September 2012||June 2013||Nanshijiao||Luzhou|
|Fu Jen University|
|September 2012||November 2013||Beitou||Taipower Building|
|November 2013||November 2014||Beitou||Xiangshan|
|November 2013||November 2014||Taipower Building||Ximen|
|July 2015||Current||Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center||Dingpu|
|Far Eastern Hospital|
|Rapid Transit Ridership|
|Year||Millions of Journeys||±% p.a.|
Despite earlier controversy, by the time the first phase of construction was completed in 2000, it was generally agreed that the metro project was a success and has since become an essential part of life in Taipei. The system has been effective in reducing traffic congestion in the city and has spurred the revival of satellite towns (like Tamsui) and development of new areas (like Nangang). The system has also helped to increase average vehicle speed for routes running from New Taipei into Taipei. Property prices along metro routes (both new and existing) tend to increase with the opening of more lines.
Since the Taipei Metro joined the Nova International Railway Benchmarking Group and the Community of Metros (Nova/CoMET) in 2002, it has started collecting and analyzing data of the 33 Key Performance Indicators set by Nova/CoMET in order to compare them with those of other metro systems around the world, as a reference to improve its operation. Taipei Metro also has gained keys to success from case studies on different subjects such as safety, reliability, and incidents, and from the operational experiences of other metro systems.
According to a study conducted by the Railway Technology Strategy Centre at Imperial College London, and data gathered by Nova/CoMET, the Taipei Metro has ranked number 1 in the world for four consecutive years in terms of reliability, safety, and quality standards (2004–2007). The most congested route sections handle over 38,000 commuters per hour during peak times.
The Taipei Metro provides an obstacle-free environment within the entire system; all stations and trains are handicap accessible. Features include: handicap-capable restrooms, ramps and elevators for wheelchairs and strollers, tactile guide paths, extra-wide faregates, and trains with a designated wheelchair area.
Beginning in September 2003, the English station names for Taipei Metro stations were converted to use Hanyu pinyin before the end of December, with brackets for Tongyong Pinyin names for signs shown at the station entrances and exits. However, after the conversion, many stations were reported to have multiple conflicting English station names caused by inconsistent conversions, even for stations built after enactment of the new naming policy. The information brochures (臺北市大眾捷運系統捷運站轉乘公車資訊手冊) printed in September 2004 still used Wade–Giles romanizations.
To accommodate increasing passenger numbers, all metro stations have replaced turnstiles with speedgates since 2007, and single journey magnetic cards have been replaced by RFID tokens. TRTS provides free mobile phone connections in all stations, trains, and tunnels and also provides WiFi WLAN connections at several station hotspots. The world's first WiMAX-service metro trains were introduced on the Wenshan Line in 2007, allowing passengers to access the internet and watch live broadcasts. Several stations are also equipped with mobile charging stations.
Most stations on high-capacity lines have island platform configurations while a few have side platform configurations, and vice versa for medium-capacity lines (a few stations have island platform configurations but the majority of medium-capacity stations have side platform configurations). All high-capacity metro stations have a 150 m (490 ft) long platform to accommodate all six train cars on a typical metro train (with the exception of Xiaobitan). The width of the platform and concourse depends on the volume of transit; the largest stations include Taipei Main Station, Zhongxiao Fuxing, and Taipei City Hall. Some other transfer stations, including Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Guting, and Songjiang Nanjing, also have wide platforms.
Each station is equipped with LED displays and LCD TVs both in the concourse and on the platforms which display the time of arrival of the next train. At all underground stations, red lights along the platform edge (or on automatic platform gates at stations where they are installed) flash one minute prior to train arrival to alert passengers.
All the stations on the Brown Line and Xinzhuang/Luzhou Lines, as well as at Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center, are equipped with platform screen doors. High-traffic stations, including Taipei Main Station, Zhongxiao Fuxing, and Taipei City Hall, have platform gates to prevent passengers and other objects from falling onto the rails. For safety reasons, fifteen additional stations will be equipped with these gates in the future (including Ximen, Guting, and Banqiao). All lines and extensions currently under construction will be equipped with platform screen doors. A Track Intrusion Detection System has also been installed to improve passenger safety at stations without platform doors. The system uses infrared and radio detectors to monitor unusual movement in the track area.
- Zhongshan Metro Mall: Shuanglian Station - Zhongshan Station - Taipei Main Station (815 m, 81 shops).
- Taipei Main Station Underground Mall: on floor B1 of the station.
- Taipei New World Shopping Center: Between the metro and TRA sections of Taipei Station.
- Station Front Metro Mall: West of Taipei Main Station, beneath Zhongxiao W. Road.
- Taipei City Mall: Northwest of Taipei Main Station, beneath Zhengzhou Rd. and Civic Blvd.
- East Metro Mall: Between Zhongxiao Fuxing Station and Zhongxiao Dunhua Station (825 m, 35 shops).
- Ximen Underground Mall: north of Ximen Station (currently used as an office building and library).
- Longshan Temple Underground Mall: Longshan Temple Station north and south sides.
- Global Mall: Banqiao Station floors B1 to 2F.
As of 2008 there are 102 shops within the stations themselves.
In the initial network, important stations such as transfer stations, terminal stations, and stations with heavy passenger flow were chosen for the installation of public art. The principles behind the locations of public art were visual focus and non-interference with passenger circulation and construction schedules. The artworks included murals, children's mosaic collages, sculptures, hung forms, spatial art, interactive art, and window displays. The selection methods included open competitions, invitational competitions, direct assignments, and cooperation with children.
Stations with public art displays include: Shuanglian, National Taiwan University Hospital, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Guting, Gongguan, Xindian, Xiaobitan, Dingxi, Nanshijiao, Taipei City Hall, Kunyang, Nangang, Haishan, and Tucheng. Stations with art galleries include Zhongshan, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Zhongxiao Fuxing, and Taipei Main Station.
The promotion for artwork continues today - the Department of Rapid Transit held a bid on providing public large scale artwork for the interiors of Sanchong Station. The bid is placed at over NTD 9 million.
Transfers to city bus stations are available at all metro stations. In 2009, transfer volume between the metro and bus systems reached 444,100 transfers per day (counting only EasyCard users). Connections to Taiwan Railway Administration and Taiwan High Speed Rail trains are available at Taipei Main Station, Banqiao and Nangang. Connections to Taipei Bus Station and Taipei City Hall Bus Station are available at Taipei Main Station and Taipei City Hall Station, respectively. The Maokong Gondola is accessible from Taipei Zoo.
Taipei Songshan Airport is served by the Songshan Airport Station. A metro system to connect Taipei to Taoyuan International Airport is also available since the February of 2017. Lines currently under construction will connect the system to additional TRA and THSR transfer stations.
Rolling stocks on the Taipei Metro are multiple unit rolling stocks, using a third rail to provide electricity (750 volts DC) for propulsion. Each train is equipped with automatic train operation (ATO) for a partial or complete automatic train piloting and driverless functions.
The medium-capacity trains are 6 ft 2 in (1,880 mm) gauge rubber-tired trains with no onboard train operators but are operated remotely by the medium-capacity system operation control center. The Wenshan-Neihu Line uses a fixed-block Automatic Train Control (ATC) system. Each train consists of two 2-car Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) sets, with a total of 4 cars. Each car is separate and not interconnected; passengers cannot walk between cars except when the train stops at a station.
The Wenshan Line was initially operated with VAL 256 trains cars, where two VAL 256 cars in the same set would share the same road number. As a result of this numbering scheme, the 102 cars of the VAL fleet have car numbers from 1 to 51. On June 2003, Bombardier was awarded a contract to supply the Neihu Line with 202 Innovia 256 train cars , to install the communications-based CITYFLO 650 moving-block ATC system to replace the fixed-block ATC system and also to retrofit the existing 102 VAL 256 cars with the CITYFLO 650 ATC system. Integration of Bombardier's trains with the existing Brown Line proved to be difficult in the beginning, with multiple system malfunctions and failures during the first three months of operation. Retrofitting older trains also took longer than expected, as the older trains must undergo several hours of reliability tests during non-service hours. The VAL 256 trains resumed operations in December 2010.
The AnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro will be used on the yellow line, which will be scheduled to be placed into service in June 2018 with the opening of the first section of the yellow line.
The heavy-capacity trains have steel wheels and are operated by an on-board train operator. The trains are computer-controlled. The operator, who is both motorman and conductor, is responsible for opening and closing the doors and making announcements. ATC controls all train movements, including braking, acceleration and speed control, but can be manually overridden by the operator in the case of an emergency.
Each train consists of two 3-car Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) sets with a total of 6 cars. Each 3-car EMU set is permanently coupled as DM-T-M, where DM is the motor car with cab, T is a trailer car and M is the motor car without cab. Each motor car has two AC traction motors. The configuration of a 6-car train is DM-T-M-M-T-DM. Like Toronto subway's Toronto Rocket, each train features open gangways, allowing passengers to move freely between cars.
In Set XXX, the road number of a DM car is 1XXX, the road number of a T car is 2XXX and the road number of an M car is 3XXX. The table below shows the set numbers of the heavy-capacity car types, which include Types C301, C321, C341, C371, and C381. For example, if the car numbers of a C301 train is 1001-2001-3001-3002-2002-1002, two C301 sets 001 and 002 form this train.
A single set cannot be in revenue service except C371 single sets 397-399, where their M car is exactly a DM car despite its car number being 3XXX. These single sets run exclusively on Xinbeitou Branch Line and Xiaobitan Branch Line. Before the C371 single sets were in revenue service on July 22, 2006, the M cars of C301 sets 013-014 were converted to temporary cab cars to run the Xinbeitou Branch Line.
In 2010, the new C381 was built for Taipei Metro to cope with increasing passenger ridership and the expansion of its network route. Upon entering service on October 7, 2012, three C381 trainsets are servicing the Beitou - Taipower Building segment of the Tamsui and Xindian Lines, with the remaining fleet being put into service on October 20, 2012. These trains provided much-needed capacity increase when the Xinyi and Songshan Lines opened in late 2013. After November 2014, the C381 trains are serving Lines 2 (Tamsui-Xinyi Line) and 3 (Songshan-Xindian Line)[needs update]. In addition to their assigned lines, the C381 sets are more distinctive than earlier heavy capacity models with double blue stripes and the re-positioning of the logo from the driver's door to well below of passenger's windows, right on the stripe; as well as the more "sleeker" cab and the new advertising screens (as seen in newer Japanese commuter trains such as the E233 series) to improve energy efficiency, although it retains the same propulsion as the C371s.
|VAL256 / 350||1990~1993||Matra and GEC Alsthom||13.78 m/
|Innovia 256 / 350||2006~2007||Bombardier||13.78 m/
|301||1992~1994||Kawasaki and URC||23.5 m/
|321||1998~1999||Siemens AG||23.5 m/
|341||2003||Siemens AG||23.5 m/
|371||2005~2009||Kawasaki and TRSC||23.5 m/
|321||301/302~337/338 (1st batch)
401/402~465/466 (2nd batch)
397~399 (for branch lines only)
|381||2010~2013||Kawasaki and TRSC||23.5 m/
The system currently has 8 depots, with more under construction.
|Depot Name||Year Opened||Location||Rolling Stock Housed||Line(s) Served|
|Muzha||1996||Wenshan, northeast of Taipei Zoo Station||VAL256|
|Beitou||1997||Beitou, southwest of Fuxinggang Station||Kawasaki C301, C381|
|Zhonghe||1998||Zhonghe, east of Nanshijiao Station||Kawasaki C371|
|Xindian||1999||Xindian, northwest of Xiaobitan Station||Kawasaki C371, C381|
|Nangang||2000||Nangang, southeast of Kunyang Station||Siemens C321, C341|
|Tucheng||2006||Tucheng, southwest of Far Eastern Hospital Station||Siemens C321, C341|
|Neihu||2009||Nangang, northeast of Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center Station||Innovia 256|
|Luzhou||2010||Luzhou, northeast of Luzhou Station||Kawasaki C371|
Lines approved and under construction
|Line||Planned opening date||Termini||Stations||Length (km)||Depot|
|Y||Circular Line Stage 1||June 2018||New Taipei Industrial Park||Dapinglin||14||15.4||South|
|Danhai LRT||Green Mountain Line||2019||Hongshulin Station||Kanding||11||7.34||Danhai|
|Blue Coast Line||Tamsui Fisherman's Wharf||Kanding||6||9.1|
|Wanda-Shulin||Wanda Line Stage 1||December 2020||CKS Memorial Hall||Zhonghe Senior
|x||Ankeng Line||2021||Shisizhang||Erbazi Botanical Garden||9||7.8||Erbazi|
|LB||Sanying Line Stage 1||2023||Dingpu||Yingtao Fude||12||14.29||Sanxia|
Xinzhuang Line extension
The Circular Line is an elevated, medium-capacity line currently under construction in New Taipei. The first section is scheduled to open in mid 2018. Stage I construction consists of the section from New Taipei Industrial Park to Dapinglin on the Xindian Line and will be about 15.4 km (9.6 mi) long with 14 stations. Ansaldo STS will supply electromechanical equipment for the line, including driverless technology and CBTC Radio signalling.
Construction has started on the road level part between station K1 and K5 so far. This should be a tram based LRT and although the official Transportation Department claims that this line is still under planning, work has been ongoing since April 2016. From station K6 to K9 the tracks will be elevated. The initial work between station K6 and K7 have been done and is clearly visible on Google maps. It's passing through a cemetery and will be going across Ankang Road. It's currently unknown when this line is planned to open, but as it connects to station Y7 on the circular line (also known as line 6) which is still under construction, it's unlikely to open until that line is finished.
The following lines are currently in the planning stages:
|LG||Wanda-Zhonghe-Shulin Line||Zhonghe Senior
|Y||Circular Line North Section||Jiannan Road||Business Exhibition Center||11||14.3||East|
|Circular Line South Section||Dapinglin||Taipei Zoo||6||5.6|
|Sanying LRT||Yingtao Fude||Pade||2||3.7|
|Shezi, Shilin, and Beitou Light Rail Lines||Shezi||Tianmu||11||8.8|
|Danhai LRT||Sanzhi Extension Line||Kanding||St. John's University||4||Danhai|
|Blue Coast Line Stage 2||Tamsui Fisherman's Wharf||Tamsui||7|
|Bali Line||Tamsui Fisherman's Wharf||Bali||4||5.14|
|North-South Line||Jiannan Road||Xiulang Bridge||16||17.1|
|Shenkeng LRT||Taipei Zoo||Shiding Service Area||6||7.8|
||This section needs to be updated. (June 2016)|
As of February 2011, New Taipei has been pursuing the construction of the 17.52-km Minsheng-Xizhi Line, though the most recent plan was rejected by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, citing the need for further evidence for the line's viability. The city plans to re-submit the proposal, and the project is estimated to cost NT$42.2 billion (US$1.44 billion). A possible 4.25-km extension of the line to connect with Keelung's Lightrail Transit System is also being considered.
- Maokong Gondola
- Taoyuan International Airport MRT
- Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit
- Rail transport in Taiwan
- Lists of rapid transit systems
- Neihu and Wenshan Line are collectively called Wenshan–Neihu Line or Wenhu Line since October 8, 2009. Wenshan Line was previously known as Muzha Line.
- Tamsui was previously known as Danshui.
- Xinzhuang and Luzhou Line are collectively called Xinlu Line since January 5, 2012.
- Banqiao and Nangang Line are collectively called Bannan Line and become the formal name since 2009.
- 2 301 sets per train in revenue service, not mixable with other car types.
- 2 C321 sets per train in revenue service, not mixable with other car types.
- 2 C341 sets per train in revenue service, not mixable with other car types.
- 2 371 sets per train in revenue service except Sets 397-399, which run as single sets. Not mixable with other car types
- 2 381 sets per train in revenue service, not mixable with other car types.
- "Network and Systems". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. July 5, 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-08.
- "Ridership Counts". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. April 12, 2016. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- Tamsui-Xinyi Line headway info
- 捷運百科—軌道工程（台北市捷運工程局）. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- "Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation '08 Annual Report" (pdf). Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- "Taipei Subway Ranks as one of the Best". Wired. October 15, 2007. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- "Traffic nightmares plague Taipei". The China Post. September 20, 2001. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
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- Mo Yan-chih (December 29, 2010). "New Year's Eve revelers urged to use mass transit". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
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- Mody, Ashoka (1997). Infrastructure strategies in East Asia: the untold story. World Bank Publications. p. 16. ISBN 0-8213-4027-1. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
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- Her, Kelly (July 1, 2001). "Sustainable Subways". Taiwan Review. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (Taiwan). Retrieved 2011-01-07.
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- "台北捷運內湖線大直段二十三日動工（大紀元時報）". May 20, 2002. Retrieved 2006-09-02.
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- "FEATURE: Halted gondola confirms worries". Taipei Times. October 14, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
- "Maokong Gondola reopens, featuring glass-bottomed car". The China Post. March 31, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- 誕生與成長 (in Chinese). Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. October 11, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- "Record breaking year for Taipei's MRT network". The China Post. December 30, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
- 跨年 北捷疏運250萬人次. CNA News (in Chinese). January 1, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
- "Taipei Metro Successfully Meets the Challenge of New Year's Eve Transport Service". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. January 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- "MRT ridership smashes record". Taipei Times. January 2, 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
- "Four killed, 21 wounded in Taipei subway knife attack". Taipei News.net. May 21, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
- Huang, Sunrise; Wang, Hung-kuo; Holzer, Wesley (May 21, 2014). "3 critically injured in stabbing on Taipei metro (update)". Focus Taiwan. Central News Agency (Republic of China). Retrieved 2014-05-21.
- "Four killed, 21 wounded in Taipei subway knife attack". The Straits Times. Agence France-Presse. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
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- 張家嘯 (November 26, 2010). 蘆洲線試乘破305萬 橘色路線圖沒標錯. CardU 焦點新聞 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "Luzhou Line property value rises through the roof". The China Post. September 3, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-06.
- "Apartments near MRT stations see prices soar". The China Post. February 18, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-18.
- "Taipei Metro Rating". Taipei Rapid Transit System. November 22, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-10-18. Retrieved 2007-11-22.
- "Railway And transport strategy centre (rtsc)". Imperial College London.
- "MRT ignores safety: councilors". Taipei Times. February 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- "Facilities Inside the Station". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. October 21, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "Facilities Outside the Station". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. August 21, 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "Trial Facilities". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. December 30, 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "Facilities for the Disabled". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. December 30, 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- 台北捷運車站英譯 年底全面改為漢語拼音式
- 台鐵英譯亂象 年底清查正名
- 台鐵站名英譯混亂 交通部：半年內改善
- 無線服務 (in Chinese). 臺北捷運公司. July 14, 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- "World's first WiMAX-service MRT trains available in Taipei". Taiwan News. June 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- "MRT offers mobile charging at six stations". Taipei Times. March 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2009/new/feb/12/today-taipei9-3.htm 防跳軌 捷運3站將設月台門- 自由電子報
- http://126.96.36.199/?FID=6&CID=47840 台灣新生報 | 防跳軌 北捷增3站設月台門
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- "Safeguards for Passengers Waiting on Platforms --- Platform Screen Doors and Track Intrusion Detection System". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. December 2, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- "MRT station suicide attempt fails". The China Post. January 22, 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- "FAQ: Affiliated Business". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. July 7, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "East Metro Mall". TaipeiTravel.net. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- "Department of Rapid Transit" (PDF). DORTS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
- "2010 Annual Report" (PDF). Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- "Route Map". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. November 13, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- "The Wenhu Line closed down for 4 hours". Taiwan News Online. August 6, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "新店線小碧潭支線 第一列電聯車公開展示". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. February 1, 2006. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- "Taipei Metropolitan Area MRT Route Map". Retrieved 2010-12-15.
- "臺北捷運 Taipei MRT" (PDF) (in Chinese). September 2010. p. 14. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- 捷運白皮書 (in Chinese). Department of Rapid Transit Systems. December 23, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- 新莊線施工現況 (in Chinese). Department of Rapid Transit Systems. June 17, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- "Network: Second Stage". Department of Rapid Transit Systems, Taipei City Government. July 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-19.
- "Second Stage of Taipei MRT (Approved MRT Line)". Comprehensive Planning Division. April 8, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-17.
- "Taipei Circular Line kicks off". Railway Gazette. March 17, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- "Third Stage of Taipei MRT (Planned MRT Routes)". Department of Rapid Transit Systems, TCG. March 12, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
- "New Taipei City to re-examine proposed MRT". Taipei Times. February 22, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
- "Keelung Mayor Visits City Hall, Seeks Backing for MRT Line Extension". Taipei City Government. January 5, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
|Chinese Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taipei Metro.|
- Taipei Future Rail Network Map
- Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation – official website
- Taipei Department of Rapid Transit Systems
- Taipei City Government – official website
- Taipei at UrbanRail.net
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