Taipei Railway Station
Exterior of Taipei Railway Station
|Other names||Taipei Railway Station (TRA) / Taipei Main Station (MRT)|
|Location||No. 49, Sec. 1, Zhongxiao W. Rd. (TRA)
No. 49, Beiping W. Rd. (Metro)
|Distance||28.3 km from Keelung|
|Classification||特等站 (TRA level)|
|Opened||TRA: July 5, 1891 (original)
September 5, 1989 (present building)
Metro: December 25, 1997
THSR: March 2, 2007
|Passengers||310,898 daily (2011) (Metro)
138,465 daily (2014) (TRA)
73,059 daily (2013) (HSR)
|Taipei Railway Station|
|Traditional Chinese||臺北車站 or 台北車站|
|Literal meaning||Taipei Station|
|Alternative Chinese name|
Taipei Station, also called Taipei Railway Station (臺北火車站, by the Taiwan Railway Administration) or Taipei Main Station (臺北車站, by the Taipei Metro), refers to the old downtown region in Taipei, Taiwan, where different modes of public transport systems converge; the station is at the center of this region. Prior to the opening of the Taipei Metro lines at the station in 1997, the region was simply known as "Taipei Station" or "Taipei Railway Station". The station handles over half a million passengers daily on conventional rail, metro, and high-speed rail.
Taipei Station and its surroundings are currently undergoing intensive renovation and redevelopment. Projects include the construction of the Taoyuan Airport MRT System (slated to begin service in 2016) and the Gate of Taipei.
The station is located in the Zhongzheng District in downtown Taipei. The area south of the station is known as "station front" because the original railway station's main entrance faced south. Accordingly, the area just north of the station is known as "station rear." The station rear area is actually located in the Datong District. The commercial districts around the station are popular with students and commuters, and boast a large collection of bookstores, eclectic businesses targeting students, and cram schools. Because of its location at what is roughly considered the center of Taipei, the station is a popular meeting point for students and tourists.
The first rail station in Taipei was completed in Twatutia in 1891, during Qing rule, when the railway to Keelung was opened for service. Initially, a temporary station was built while a permanent station was constructed in 1897, during Japanese rule (1895-1945). In 1901, the station was located to the east of its current location. It was rebuilt in 1940 to accommodate growing passenger traffic.
To alleviate traffic congestion caused by railroad crossings in downtown Taipei, an underground railway tunnel between Huashan and Wanhua was built along with the present station building as part of the Taipei Railway Underground Project. When the underground system was completed on September 2, 1989, railway service was moved to the newly completed building (completed on September 5, 1989) and the old building as well as a temporary station were demolished.
The current station was further expanded with the opening of the Taipei Metro. The metro station is connected to the basement of the railway station and opened to passenger traffic in 1997 to the Danshui Line (now the Tamsui Line). Extensive underground malls now exist at the front and back of the station, which emulate those found in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan. The station also became a terminus for Taiwan High Speed Rail trains when the network began service in 2007.
Taipei Station and the area surrounding it have been undergoing renovation since 2005. Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki was chosen to design two skyscrapers that will surround the railroad station. Maki will also oversee the renovation of Taipei Station. The height of the taller tower will be 76 stories, whereas the shorter tower will be 56 stories. The two skyscrapers will be constructed on empty parcels found adjacent to Taipei Station, above the future Taoyuan Airport MRT station.
The station interior underwent renovation work from February to October 2011. Basement restrooms were renovated, the basement and first floor preparations for additional Breeze Plaza retail space began, the large ticket office in the first floor lobby was removed, and additional retail space was allocated. In addition, the flooring on the first floor was completely replaced, fire and evacuation regulations were improved, and solar panels will be installed on the station roof.
The station itself is a large building which houses multiple rail services as well as serving as the headquarters of the Taiwan Railway Administration. The railway platforms are located on the B2 level, while the B1 level serves as a waiting area. Ticketing services are on the first floor while the second floor contains a food court and several stores, including the shopping center (Breeze Taipei Station). The upper levels are occupied by TRA offices.
- Taiwan Railway Administration: Passengers can board a train to most cities in Taiwan without transferring. East-bound (clockwise) trains travel to Keelung, Yilan, Hualien, Taitung, etc. West-bound (counterclockwise) trains go to Hsinchu, Taichung, Tainan, Kaohsiung, etc.
- Taipei Metro: Taipei Main Station is served by both the Line 2 and Line 5 directly and is a major transfer hub.
- Taiwan High Speed Rail: Scheduled HSR services began operating from Taipei Station on March 2, 2007. Previously, southbound travelers had to board at HSR Banqiao Station, in western Taipei. Using platforms originally used by TRA, the station serves around 140 trains per day (departing and arriving).
- Taipei Bus Station This multi-use complex is located adjacent to Taipei Station.
- City Buses: Bus routes to destinations within Taipei and New Taipei, both located in the Taipei Basin.
- Intercity Buses: Many bus companies provide service from Taipei to cites in the western half of Taiwan as well as Yilan. They also provide service to the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport with traveling time around forty minutes.
- Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System: A rail route to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport is planned for completion in 2013.
TRA and THSR
|■ Taiwan High Speed Rail (Southbound)||Toward Banqiao, Taoyuan, Taichung, Zuoying|
|■ Taiwan High Speed Rail (Northbound)||Toward Nangang (under construction)|
|5||N/A||■ Through services||Trains do not stop here|
|■ Western Line (Southbound)||Toward Banqiao, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Kaohsiung, Pingtung|
|■ Eastern Line (Northbound, through traffic)||Toward Banqiao, Shulin|
|■ Western Line (Northbound)||Toward Songshan, Xizhi, Qidu, Keelung|
|■ Eastern Line (Southbound, through traffic and cross-line)||Toward Yilan, Hualien, Taitung, Kaohsiung (through the South-Link Line)|
|1||■ Line 2
(Northbound, through traffic)
|■ Line 2
(Northbound, through traffic)
|2||■ Line 2 (Southbound, through traffic)||Toward Xiangshan|
|■ Line 2 (Southbound, through traffic)||Toward Daan|
|3||■ Line 5 (Eastbound)||Toward Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center|
|4||■ Line 5 (Westbound)||Toward Far Eastern Hospital|
|■ Line 5 (Westbound)||Toward Dingpu|
|Taiwan Railway Administration
|Taiwan Railway Administration, Scheduling Control Center
TRA Employee Rooms
YMCA, other private companies (Rented)
|2F||Retail Level||Taipei Station Breeze Center, Food Court (Elevator at East Entrance 2)|
TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, tourism counter
TRA Information Office, TRA Station Manager Office, railway police
TRA information desk, THSR police, THSR military police
|TRA Entrance/Exit, Guard|
|TRA Luggage Office||TRA Parcel Center (Separate structure)|
|B1||Concourse||THSR ticketing, TRA/THSR automatic ticketing, ticket gates, waiting area
|Parking lot, Military Transportation Service|
|Connects to B1 of the Taipei Metro|
|Underground passageway||Zhongshan Metro Mall, Taipei Underground Market, restrooms|
|Connects to B1 of TRA/THSR|
|B2||Metro Lobby||Information desk, faregates, restrooms (Inside fare area)
Line 2, Line 5 transfer area, escalators to platforms
|Metro Control Center briefing rooms
|2A||TRA Control Level||TRA Traffic Room, Central Station Monitoring Center|
|2B||Platform 1A||THSR toward Zuoying (Banqiao)|
|Platform 1B||THSR toward Zuoying (Banqiao)|
|Platform 2A||THSR toward Zuoying (Banqiao, for the future extension to Nangang)|
|Platform 2B||THSR toward Zuoying (Banqiao, for the future extension to Nangang)|
|Fifth track||TRA Western Line does not stop here|
|Platform 3A||TRA Western Line toward Taichung, Kaohsiung (Wanhua)|
|Platform 3B||TRA Eastern Line toward Shulin (Wanhua)|
|Platform 4A||TRA Western Line toward Keelung (Songshan)|
|Platform 4B||TRA Eastern Line toward Yilan, Hualien, Taitung (Songshan)|
|TRA Offices Level||Staff training classroom|
(Transfer to Metro
|TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, ticket gates
Escalator to B2 - TRA/THSR platforms
|Metro faregates, information desk, lost and found, gallery
Restrooms (inside and outside fare zone), Automatic ticket dispensing machines
|Platform 3||← Line 5 toward Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center (Shandao Temple)|
|Island platform, doors open on the left|
|Platform 4||→ Line 5 toward Dingpu/ Far Eastern Hospital (Ximen) →|
|High-Capacity Traffic Control Center
(Another traffic center exists)
|B4||Platform 1||← Line 2 toward Tamsui/ Beitou (Zhongshan)|
|Island platform, doors open on the left|
|Platform 2||→ Line 2 toward Xiangshan/ Daan (NTU Hospital) →|
Around the station
- Cosmos Hotel
- Shoude Building
- Caesar Park
- National Taiwan Museum (between this station and NTU Hospital)
- ZhongzhengFirst Police District, Taipei City Police Department
- Chunghwa Post
- National Taiwan University Hospital
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taipei Station.|
- "Passenger Volume at Taipei Rapid Transit Stations" (PDF). Taipei City Department of Transportation. 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
- "Volume of Passenger and Freight Traffic" (PDF). Taiwan Railway Administration. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- "Table 2-9 Passenger Traffic of High-Speed Rail Stations" (PDF). Ministry of Transportation and Communications. January 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- "Building History of Main Routes of Taiwan Railway". Taiwan Railway Administration. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
- Davidson (1903), p. 249.
- "Taiwan Railway History". Taiwan Railway Administration. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
- MacDonald, Phil (2007). Taiwan. National Geographic Books. p. 59. ISBN 1426201451.
- "Japanese architect wins design bid". Taipei Times. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 2005-07-20. p. 11. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
- "Diaphragm Wall and Foundation Piles Construction of Taipei Main Station JD Buildings". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
- 2-10月大翻修 台北車站黑暗期來了 (in Chinese). 中國時報. 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
- "More than just a station". Taiwan Review. 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- 旅運持續成長，台灣高鐵週五至週一增班 (in Chinese). THSRC. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-03.
- "「交九」開發案竣工 臺北轉運站啟用營運". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- "Work on airport MRT's Taipei section starts". Taipei Times. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
- 專題報導 Special Report: 中正國際機場聯外捷運線A1車站之規劃設計. Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
|Preceding station||Taiwan Railway Administration||Following station|
|Preceding station||Taiwan High Speed Rail||Following station|
|Terminus||Taiwan High Speed Rail||
|Preceding station||Taipei Metro||Following station|