Taipei main station

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Taipei

台北·臺北
Taiwan High Speed Rail
Taiwan Railways Administration
THSR and TRA railway station
Taipei main station exterior 2018.png
Station exterior
Taipei
Traditional Chinese台北
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese臺北
General information
Location3 Beiping W Rd
Zhongzheng District, Taipei[1]
Taiwan
Coordinates25°02′51″N 121°31′01″E / 25.0475°N 121.5170°E / 25.0475; 121.5170Coordinates: 25°02′51″N 121°31′01″E / 25.0475°N 121.5170°E / 25.0475; 121.5170[1]
Distance
Connections
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Other information
Station code
  • 100 (TRA three-digit)[1]
  • 1008 (TRA four-digit)[1]
  • A10 (TRA statistical)[5]
ClassificationSpecial class (Chinese: 特等) (TRA)[4]
Website
History
Opened1891-10-20[6]
Rebuilt1989-09-02[7]
Electrified1978-01-09[8]
Previous namesTaihoku (Japanese: 臺北)
Key dates
1901-08-25Rebuilt
1918-04Relocated
1941Rebuilt
1985-07-14Rebuilt
2007-03-02THSR opened[9]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)29.441 million per year[10]Decrease 1.51% (THSR)
Rank1 out of 12
Passengers (2017)45.935 million per year[5]Decrease 1.22% (TRA)
Rank1 out of 228
Services
Preceding station Taiwan High Speed Rail Taiwan High Speed Rail Following station
Nangang
Terminus
THSR Banqiao
towards Zuoying
Preceding station Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Following station
Songshan
towards Keelung
West Coast line Wanhua
towards Kaohsiung
Location
Taipei is located in Taiwan
Taipei
Taipei
Location within Taiwan
Taipei main station

台北車站
Taipei Metro
Taipei metro station
Exit M5, Taipei Station 20151222.jpg
Entrance M5
Taipei main station
Traditional Chinese台北車站
General information
Location49 Sec 1 Zhongxiao W Rd
Zhongzheng District, Taipei
Taiwan
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Bicycle facilitiesNo access
Other information
Station codeR10, BL07
Websiteweb.metro.taipei/e/stationdetail2010.asp?ID=BL12+R10-051
History
Opened1997-12-25[11]
Key dates
1999-12-24Bannan line opened
Traffic
Passengers (2017)114.987 million per year[12]Increase 0.02%
Rank1 out of 108
Services
Preceding station Taipei Metro Logo(Logo Only).svg Taipei Metro Following station
Zhongshan
towards Tamsui or Beitou
Tamsui–Xinyi line NTU Hospital
towards Xiangshan or Daan
Ximen Bannan line Shandao Temple
The old Taipei station in 1948.
Taipei station Lobby

Taipei (Chinese: 台北; pinyin: Táiběi) or Taipei main station is a railway and metro station in Taipei, Taiwan served by Taiwan High Speed Rail, TRA and Taipei Metro. It is also connected to the terminal station of Taoyuan Airport MRT. In 2017, it was the busiest station on all three rail systems, with a total of 190 million entries and exits.

Station overview[edit]

The four-level station is located in the Zhongzheng District in downtown Taipei. The underground station area south of the station is known as "station front" because the original railway station's main entrance faced south. Accordingly, the area just north of the station is known as "station rear." The station rear area is actually located in the Datong District. The commercial districts around the station are popular with students and commuters, and boast a large collection of bookstores, eclectic businesses targeting students, and cram schools. Because of its location at what is roughly considered the center of Taipei, the station is a popular meeting point for students and tourists.

Services[edit]

The station itself is a large building which houses multiple rail services as well as serving as the headquarters of the Taiwan Railways Administration. The railway platforms are located on the B2 level, while the B1 level serves as a waiting area. Ticketing services are on the first floor while the second floor contains a food court and several stores, including the shopping center (Breeze Taipei Station).[13] The upper levels are occupied by TRA offices.

Platform layout[edit]

TRA and THSR[edit]

1
2
1A
1B
Taiwan High Speed Rail (southbound) Towards Banqiao, Taoyuan, Taichung, Zuoying
3
4
2A
2B
Taiwan High Speed Rail (northbound) Towards Nangang
5 N/A Through services Trains do not stop here
6
7
3A
3B
West Coast line (southbound) Towards Banqiao, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Kaohsiung, Pingtung
West Coast line (northbound, through traffic) Towards Banqiao, Shulin
8
9
4A
4B
West Coast line (northbound) Towards Songshan, Xizhi, Qidu, Keelung
West Coast line (southbound, through traffic and cross-line) Towards Yilan, Hualien, Taitung, Kaohsiung (through the South-link line)

Taipei Metro (MRT)[edit]

The Metro concourse of Taipei Main station
1 Red line
(northbound, through traffic)
Towards Tamsui
Red line
(northbound, through traffic)
Towards Beitou
2 Red line (southbound, through traffic) Towards Xiangshan
Red line (southbound, through traffic) Towards Daan
3 Blue line (Eastbound) Towards Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center
4 Blue line (Westbound) Towards Far Eastern Hospital
Blue line (Westbound) Towards Dingpu

Station layout[edit]

TRA station front
One of the underground railway platforms of the TRA
Platform of the Metro Red line
Platform of the Metro Blue line
THSR underground tracks
6F

3F
Taiwan Railways Administration
offices
Taiwan Railways Administration, Scheduling Control Center
TRA Employee Rooms
YMCA, other private companies (Rented)
TRA Auditorium
2F Retail level Taipei Station Breeze Center, Food Court (Elevator at East Entrance 2)
Restrooms
L1 Street level Entrance/Exit
TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, tourism counter
TRA Information Office, TRA Station Manager Office, railway police
TRA information desk, THSR police, THSR military police
TRA Entrance/Exit, Guard
TRA Luggage Office TRA Parcel Center (Separate structure)
THSR Administration offices
B1 Concourse THSR ticketing, TRA/THSR automatic ticketing, ticket gates, waiting area
Restrooms
Car park, Military Transportation Service
Connects to B1 of the Taipei Metro
Underground passageway Zhongshan Metro Mall, Taipei Underground Market, Eslite Taipei Station, restrooms
Connects to B1 of TRA/THSR, Taipei Bus Station
B2 Metro Lobby Information desk, faregates, restrooms (Inside fare area)
Red line, Blue line transfer area, escalators to platforms
Metro offices
(Separate structure)
Metro Control Center briefing rooms
2A TRA Control level TRA Traffic Room, Central Station Monitoring Center
2B Platform 1A THSR towards Zuoying (Banqiao)
Island platform
Platform 1B THSR towards Zuoying (Banqiao)
Platform 2A THSR towards Nangang
Island platform
Platform 2B THSR towards Nangang
Fifth track West Coast line does not stop here
Platform 3A West Coast line towards Taichung, Kaohsiung (Wanhua)
Island platform
Platform 3B West Coast line towards Shulin (Wanhua)
Platform 4A West Coast line towards Keelung (Songshan)
Island platform
Platform 4B West Coast line towards Yilan, Hualien, Taitung (Songshan)
TRA offices level Staff training classroom
2C Machinery level Machinery
B3 Concourse
(Transfer to Metro
TRA Entrance)
TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, ticket gates
Escalator to B2 - TRA/THSR platforms
Metro faregates, information desk, lost and found, gallery
Restrooms (inside and outside fare zone), Automatic ticket dispensing machines
One-way faregates
Platform 3 Taipei Metro Line BL.svg Bannan line towards Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center (BL13 Shandao Temple)
Island platform, doors open on the left
Platform 4 Taipei Metro Line BL.svg Bannan line towards Dingpu / Far Eastern Hospital (BL11 Ximen)
Control Center
(Separate structure)
High-Capacity Traffic Control Center
(Another traffic center exists)
B4 Platform 1 Taipei Metro Line R.svg Tamsui–Xinyi line towards Tamsui / Beitou (R11 Zhongshan)
Island platform, doors open on the left
Platform 2 Taipei Metro Line R.svg Tamsui–Xinyi line towards Xiangshan / Daan (R09 NTU Hospital)

Around the station[edit]

"Daydream" statue in the concourse of the Taipei Main station

(K)K Underground Mall[edit]

  • Exit M1/Y2: TRA/THSR(Entrance North 1)
  • Exit M2:Civic Blvd Expressway
  • Exit M3:Cosmos Hotel Taipei/ Talk Club Taiwan(美立達留學遊學中心)
  • Exit M4:TRA/THSR(Entrance South 1)
  • Exit M5:Station Front Plaza
  • Exit M6:Caesar Park Hotel Taipei, National Taiwan Museum
  • Exit M7:Zhongshan N. Rd.
  • Exit M8:Gongyuan Rd, YMCA Taipei

(M)Zhongshan Metro Mall[edit]

(Y)Taipei City Mall[edit]

Taoyuan Metro A1 Taipei Main station in February 2017.

(Z)Station Front Metro Mall[edit]

History[edit]

The first rail station in Taipei was completed in Twatutia in 1891, during Qing rule, when the railway to Keelung was opened for service.[18][19] Initially, a temporary station was built while a permanent station was constructed in 1897, during Japanese rule (1895-1945). In 1901, the station was located to the east of its current location. It was rebuilt in 1940 to accommodate growing passenger traffic.

To alleviate traffic congestion caused by railroad crossings in downtown Taipei, an underground railway tunnel between Huashan and Wanhua was built along with the present station building as part of the Taipei Railway Underground Project.[20] When the underground system was completed on 2 September 1989, railway service was moved to the newly completed building (completed on 5 September 1989) and the old building as well as a temporary station were demolished.

The current station was further expanded with the opening of the Taipei Metro. The metro station is connected to the basement of the railway station and opened to passenger traffic in 1997 to the Tamsui–Xinyi line. Extensive underground malls now exist at the front and back of the station,[21] which emulate those found in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan. The station also became a terminus for Taiwan High Speed Rail trains when the network began service in 2007.

Ongoing developments[edit]

Taipei station and the area surrounding it have been undergoing renovation since 2005. Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki was chosen to design two skyscrapers that will surround the railroad station.[22] Maki will also oversee the renovation of Taipei station. The height of the taller tower will be 76 stories, whereas the shorter tower will be 56 stories.[23] The two skyscrapers will be constructed on empty parcels found adjacent to Taipei station, above the Taoyuan Airport MRT station.

The station interior underwent renovation work from February to October 2011.[24] Basement restrooms were renovated, the basement and first floor preparations for additional Breeze Plaza retail space began, the large ticket office in the first floor lobby was removed, and additional retail space was allocated.[24] In addition, the flooring on the first floor was completely replaced, fire and evacuation regulations were improved, and solar panels will be installed on the station roof.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "車站基本資料集". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  2. ^ "高鐵沿線里程座標相關資料". data.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  3. ^ "各站營業里程-1.西部幹線". Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). 11 December 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  4. ^ "車站數-按等級別分" (PDF). Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b "臺鐵統計資訊". Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  6. ^ Lee, Yung-chang (April 2017). A Living Landmark (PDF). Taipei, Taiwan: Taiwan Railways Administration, MOTC. ISBN 978-986-05-1933-4. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  7. ^ "臺北車站地下化". Railway Reconstruction Bureau, MOTC (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  8. ^ "臺灣鐵路電訊". Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  9. ^ "計畫介紹- 高鐵建設- 台灣高鐵". Railway Bureau, MOTC (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  10. ^ "交通部統計查詢網". stat.motc.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Chronicles". Taipei Metro. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  12. ^ "臺北市交通統計查詢系統". dotstat.taipei.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  13. ^ "More than just a station". Taiwan Review. 2010-02-01. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
  14. ^ 旅運持續成長,台灣高鐵週五至週一增班 (in Chinese). THSRC. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-03.
  15. ^ "「交九」開發案竣工 臺北轉運站啟用營運". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
  16. ^ "Work on airport MRT's Taipei section starts". Taipei Times. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
  17. ^ 專題報導 Special Report: 中正國際機場聯外捷運線A1車站之規劃設計. Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
  18. ^ "Building History of Main Routes of Taiwan Railway". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
  19. ^ Davidson (1903), p. 249.
  20. ^ "Taiwan Railway History". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
  21. ^ MacDonald, Phil (2007). Taiwan. National Geographic Books. p. 59. ISBN 1426201451.
  22. ^ "Japanese architect wins design bid". Taipei Times. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 2005-07-20. p. 11. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
  23. ^ "Diaphragm Wall and Foundation Piles Construction of Taipei Main Station JD Buildings". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
  24. ^ a b c 2-10月大翻修 台北車站黑暗期來了 (in Chinese). 中國時報. 2011-01-17. Archived from the original on 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2011-01-25.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]