Exterior of Taipei Main Station
|Other names||Taipei Main Station (Taipei Metro)|
|Location||No. 49, Sec. 1, Zhongxiao W. Rd. (TRA)
No. 49, Beiping W. Rd. (Metro)
Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei
|Distance||km from Keelung 28.3|
|Connections||m: 250 Taoyuan Airport MRT (A1 Taipei Main)|
|Classification||特等站 (TRA level)|
|Rebuilt||5 September 1989|
|June 1940||Station rebuilt|
|25 December 1997||Metro added|
|2 March 2007||HSR added|
|Passengers||314,108 daily (2016) (Metro)
138,465 daily (2014) (TRA)
81,666 daily (2016) (HSR)
|Alternative Chinese name|
Taipei Main Station (臺北車站) is a railway station in Taipei, Taiwan served by TRA, Taiwan High Speed Rail and Taipei Metro. The station is a major hub, handling over half a million passengers daily on conventional rail, metro, and high-speed rail. By number of travelers (approximately 213 million per year), Taipei Main Station is the 25th busiest station in the world and the busiest outside Japan in Asia.
- 1 Station overview
- 2 Services
- 3 Platform layout
- 4 Station layout
- 5 Around the station
- 6 History
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The four-level station is located in the Zhongzheng District in downtown Taipei. The underground station area south of the station is known as "station front" because the original railway station's main entrance faced south. Accordingly, the area just north of the station is known as "station rear." The station rear area is actually located in the Datong District. The commercial districts around the station are popular with students and commuters, and boast a large collection of bookstores, eclectic businesses targeting students, and cram schools. Because of its location at what is roughly considered the center of Taipei, the station is a popular meeting point for students and tourists.
The station itself is a large building which houses multiple rail services as well as serving as the headquarters of the Taiwan Railways Administration. The railway platforms are located on the B2 level, while the B1 level serves as a waiting area. Ticketing services are on the first floor while the second floor contains a food court and several stores, including the shopping center (Breeze Taipei Station). The upper levels are occupied by TRA offices.
- Taiwan Railways Administration: Passengers can board a train to most cities in Taiwan without transferring. East-bound (clockwise) trains travel to Keelung, Yilan, Hualien, Taitung, etc. West-bound (counterclockwise) trains go to Hsinchu, Taichung, Tainan, Kaohsiung, etc.
- Taipei Metro: Taipei Main station is served by both the Red line and Blue line directly and is a major transfer hub.
- Taiwan High Speed Rail: Scheduled HSR services began operating from Taipei on 2 March 2007. HSR train used to terminate at Banqiao station. Using platforms originally used by TRA, the station serves around 140 trains per day (departing and arriving).
- Taipei Bus Station This multi-use complex is located adjacent to Taipei station.
- City Buses: Bus routes to destinations within Taipei and New Taipei, both located in the Taipei Basin.
- Intercity Buses: Many bus companies provide service from Taipei to cities in the western half of Taiwan as well as Yilan. They also provide service to the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport with traveling time around forty minutes.
- Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System: A new rail line to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport which started operating on 2 February 2017.
TRA and THSR
|■ Taiwan High Speed Rail (southbound)||Toward Banqiao, Taoyuan, Taichung, Zuoying|
|■ Taiwan High Speed Rail (northbound)||Toward Nangang|
|5||N/A||■ Through services||Trains do not stop here|
|■ West Coast line (southbound)||Toward Banqiao, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Kaohsiung, Pingtung|
|■ West Coast line (northbound, through traffic)||Toward Banqiao, Shulin|
|■ West Coast line (northbound)||Toward Songshan, Xizhi, Qidu, Keelung|
|■ West Coast line (southbound, through traffic and cross-line)||Toward Yilan, Hualien, Taitung, Kaohsiung (through the South-link line)|
Taipei Metro (MRT)
|1||■ Red line
(northbound, through traffic)
|■ Red line
(northbound, through traffic)
|2||■ Red line (southbound, through traffic)||Toward Xiangshan|
|■ Red line (southbound, through traffic)||Toward Daan|
|3||■ Blue line (Eastbound)||Toward Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center|
|4||■ Blue line (Westbound)||Toward Far Eastern Hospital|
|■ Blue line (Westbound)||Toward Dingpu|
|Taiwan Railways Administration
|Taiwan Railways Administration, Scheduling Control Center
TRA Employee Rooms
YMCA, other private companies (Rented)
|2F||Retail Level||Taipei Station Breeze Center, Food Court (Elevator at East Entrance 2)|
TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, tourism counter
TRA Information Office, TRA Station Manager Office, railway police
TRA information desk, THSR police, THSR military police
|TRA Entrance/Exit, Guard|
|TRA Luggage Office||TRA Parcel Center (Separate structure)|
|B1||Concourse||THSR ticketing, TRA/THSR automatic ticketing, ticket gates, waiting area
|Parking lot, Military Transportation Service|
|Connects to B1 of the Taipei Metro|
|Underground passageway||Zhongshan Metro Mall, Taipei Underground Market, Eslite Taipei Station, restrooms|
|Connects to B1 of TRA/THSR, Taipei Bus Station|
|B2||Metro Lobby||Information desk, faregates, restrooms (Inside fare area)
Red line, Blue line transfer area, escalators to platforms
|Metro Control Center briefing rooms
|2A||TRA Control Level||TRA Traffic Room, Central Station Monitoring Center|
|2B||Platform 1A||THSR toward Zuoying (Banqiao)|
|Platform 1B||THSR toward Zuoying (Banqiao)|
|Platform 2A||THSR toward Nangang|
|Platform 2B||THSR toward Nangang|
|Fifth track||West Coast line does not stop here|
|Platform 3A||West Coast line toward Taichung, Kaohsiung (Wanhua)|
|Platform 3B||West Coast line toward Shulin (Wanhua)|
|Platform 4A||West Coast line toward Keelung (Songshan)|
|Platform 4B||West Coast line toward Yilan, Hualien, Taitung (Songshan)|
|TRA Offices Level||Staff training classroom|
(Transfer to Metro
|TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, ticket gates
Escalator to B2 - TRA/THSR platforms
|Metro faregates, information desk, lost and found, gallery
Restrooms (inside and outside fare zone), Automatic ticket dispensing machines
|Platform 3||← Bannan line toward Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center (BL13 Shandao Temple)|
|Island platform, doors open on the left|
|Platform 4||→ Bannan line toward Dingpu / Far Eastern Hospital (BL11 Ximen) →|
|High-Capacity Traffic Control Center
(Another traffic center exists)
|B4||Platform 1||← Tamsui–Xinyi line toward Tamsui / Beitou (R11 Zhongshan)|
|Island platform, doors open on the left|
|Platform 2||→ Tamsui–Xinyi line toward Xiangshan / Daan (R09 NTU Hospital) →|
Around the station
（K）K Underground Mall
- Exit M1／Y2： TRA／THSR（Entrance North 1）
- Exit M2：Civic Blvd Expressway
- Exit M3：Cosmos Hotel Taipei/ Talk Club Taiwan(美立達留學遊學中心)
- Exit M4：TRA／THSR（Entrance South 1）
- Exit M5：Station Front Plaza
- Exit M6：Caesar Park Hotel Taipei, National Taiwan Museum
- Exit M7：Zhongshan N. Rd.
- Exit M8：Gongyuan Rd, YMCA Taipei
（M）Zhongshan Metro Mall
- Taipei Bus Station
- Q Square
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Taipei
- Zhongshan Station （R11、G14）, Shuanglian station（R12）
（Y）Taipei City Mall
- Palais de Chine Hotel Taipei
- Taipei Station Wholesale Market
- Taipei Main station（A1）, Taoyuan International Airport MRT
（Z）Station Front Metro Mall
- Taipei West Bus Station Terminal A
- Shin Kong Mitsukoshi Department Store
- Guanqian Rd, Land Bank, Taiwan Cooperative Bank
- Chongqing S. Rd, First Bank
- North Gate
- Taipei Post Office of Chunghwa Post
The first rail station in Taipei was completed in Twatutia in 1891, during Qing rule, when the railway to Keelung was opened for service. Initially, a temporary station was built while a permanent station was constructed in 1897, during Japanese rule (1895-1945). In 1901, the station was located to the east of its current location. It was rebuilt in 1940 to accommodate growing passenger traffic.
To alleviate traffic congestion caused by railroad crossings in downtown Taipei, an underground railway tunnel between Huashan and Wanhua was built along with the present station building as part of the Taipei Railway Underground Project. When the underground system was completed on 2 September 1989, railway service was moved to the newly completed building (completed on 5 September 1989) and the old building as well as a temporary station were demolished.
The current station was further expanded with the opening of the Taipei Metro. The metro station is connected to the basement of the railway station and opened to passenger traffic in 1997 to the Tamsui–Xinyi line. Extensive underground malls now exist at the front and back of the station, which emulate those found in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan. The station also became a terminus for Taiwan High Speed Rail trains when the network began service in 2007.
Taipei Station and the area surrounding it have been undergoing renovation since 2005. Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki was chosen to design two skyscrapers that will surround the railroad station. Maki will also oversee the renovation of Taipei Station. The height of the taller tower will be 76 stories, whereas the shorter tower will be 56 stories. The two skyscrapers will be constructed on empty parcels found adjacent to Taipei Station, above the Taoyuan Airport MRT station.
The station interior underwent renovation work from February to October 2011. Basement restrooms were renovated, the basement and first floor preparations for additional Breeze Plaza retail space began, the large ticket office in the first floor lobby was removed, and additional retail space was allocated. In addition, the flooring on the first floor was completely replaced, fire and evacuation regulations were improved, and solar panels will be installed on the station roof.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taipei Station.|
- "Passenger Volume at Taipei Rapid Transit Stations" (PDF). Taipei City Department of Transportation. 2017-03-13. Retrieved 2017-03-13.
- "Volume of Passenger and Freight Traffic" (PDF). Taiwan Railway Administration. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-08.
- "Table 2-9 Passenger Traffic of High-Speed Rail Stations". Ministry of Transportation and Communications. January 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-13.
- "More than just a station". Taiwan Review. 2010-02-01. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- 旅運持續成長，台灣高鐵週五至週一增班 (in Chinese). THSRC. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-03.
- "「交九」開發案竣工 臺北轉運站啟用營運". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
- "Work on airport MRT's Taipei section starts". Taipei Times. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
- 專題報導 Special Report: 中正國際機場聯外捷運線A1車站之規劃設計 . Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
- "Building History of Main Routes of Taiwan Railway". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
- Davidson (1903), p. 249.
- "Taiwan Railway History". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
- MacDonald, Phil (2007). Taiwan. National Geographic Books. p. 59. ISBN 1426201451.
- "Japanese architect wins design bid". Taipei Times. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 2005-07-20. p. 11. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
- "Diaphragm Wall and Foundation Piles Construction of Taipei Main Station JD Buildings". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
- 2-10月大翻修 台北車站黑暗期來了 (in Chinese). 中國時報. 2011-01-17. Archived from the original on 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
|Preceding station||Taipei Metro||Following station|
|Zhongshan||Tamsui–Xinyi line||NTU Hospital|
|Ximen||Bannan line||Shandao Temple
towards Nangang Exhib Center
|Preceding station||Taiwan High Speed Rail||Following station|
|Preceding station||Taiwan Railways Administration||Following station|
|West Coast line||Wanhua
|Preceding station||Taoyuan Metro||Following station|
|Terminus||Taoyuan Airport MRT
transfer at Taipei Main station