Taipei Main Station

Coordinates: 25°02′51″N 121°31′01″E / 25.0475°N 121.5170°E / 25.0475; 121.5170
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Taipei

台北·臺北
Taiwan High Speed Rail
Taiwan Railways Administration
Taipei MetroTaiwan High Speed Rail and Taiwan Railway station
Taipei Main Station is the busiest station in Taiwan and one of the busiest stations in Asia
Chinese name
Chinese台北·臺北
General information
Location3 Beiping W Rd
Zhongzheng, Taipei[1]
Taiwan
Coordinates25°02′51″N 121°31′01″E / 25.0475°N 121.5170°E / 25.0475; 121.5170[1]
Distance
Connections
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Other information
Station code
  • TPE/02 (THSR)
  • 100 (TR three-digit)[1]
  • 1008 (TR four-digit)[1]
  • A10 (TR statistical)[4]
  • ㄊㄞ (TRA telegraph)
ClassificationSpecial class (Chinese: 特等) (TRA)[5]
Website
History
Opened20 October 1891 (1891-10-20)[6]
Rebuilt2 September 1989 (1989-09-02)[7]
Electrified9 January 1978 (1978-01-09)[8]
Previous namesTaihoku (Japanese: 臺北)
Key dates
25 August 1901 (1901-08-25)Rebuilt
April 1918 (1918-04)Relocated
1941 (1941)Rebuilt
14 July 1985 (1985-07-14)Rebuilt
2 March 2007 (2007-03-02)THSR opened[9]
Passengers
202256.817 million per year[10]Increase 51.38%
Services
Preceding station Taiwan High Speed Rail Taiwan High Speed Rail Following station
Nangang
Terminus
THSR Banqiao
towards Zuoying
Preceding station Taiwan Railway Taiwan Railway Following station
Songshan
towards Keelung
Western Trunk line Wanhua
towards Pingtung
Location
Taipei is located in Taipei
Taipei
Taipei
Location within Taipei
Taipei is located in Taiwan
Taipei
Taipei
Taipei (Taiwan)
Taipei Main Station

台北車站
Taipei Metro
Taipei metro station
Entrance M4
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese臺北車站
Simplified Chinese台北车站
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinTáiběi Chē Zhàn
Bopomofoㄊㄞˊ ㄅㄟˇ ㄔㄜ ㄓㄢˋ
Wade–GilesTaipei Chechan
Hakka
Pha̍k-fa-sṳThòi-pet Chhâ-chhàm
Southern Min
Tâi-lôTâi-pak Tshia-tsām
General information
Location49 Sec 1 Zhongxiao W Rd
Zhongzheng District, Taipei
Taiwan
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Bicycle facilitiesNo access
Other information
Station codeR10, BL12
Websiteweb.metro.taipei/e/stationdetail2010.asp?ID=BL12+R10-051
History
Opened25 December 1997 (1997-12-25)[11]
Key dates
24 December 1999 (1999-12-24)Bannan line opened
Passengers
2016287,812 daily (December 2020)[12]Increase 0.02%
Rank(Ranked 1st of 109)
Services
Preceding station Taipei Metro Following station
Zhongshan
towards Tamsui or Beitou
Tamsui–Xinyi line NTU Hospital
towards Xiangshan or Daan
Ximen Bannan line Shandao Temple

Taipei Main Station (Chinese: 台北車站; pinyin: Táiběi chēzhàn) is a major metro and railway station in the capital Taipei, Taiwan.[13] It is served by Taipei Metro, the Taiwan High Speed Rail, and Taiwan Railway. It is also connected through underground passageways to the terminal station of Taoyuan Airport MRT and the Taipei Bus Station. It is the busiest station in Taiwan and one of the busiest stations in Asia, with more than 5,000 trains arriving and departing daily; on average, more than 600,000 people use Taipei Main Station every day.

Station overview[edit]

Layout of Taipei station in 2021, including the Taoyuan Airport MRT station and Beimen
  Taipei Main Station
  Taoyuan Airport MRT station
  Shopping plaza

The central building of Taipei Main Station is a rectangular building in Zhongzheng District with six stories above ground and four stories below ground. The building is 149 m (488 ft 10 in) long and 110 m (360 ft 11 in) wide. The first floor has a large ticketing hall with a skylight and three ground-level exits in each cardinal direction, the second is occupied by restaurants managed by the Breeze group, and all floors above are office spaces. At the B1 level, there are turnstiles for the TR and THSR platforms, along with a myriad of underground passageways for Taipei Bus Station, the Taoyuan Metro station, and Beimen metro station. Zhongshan Metro Mall, Taipei City Mall, Station Front Metro Mall, and Qsquare all connect on this level as well. TRA and THSR each have two island platforms at the B2 level. As for Taipei Metro, the Bannan line's platforms are located at the south of the station building; the entrances are at the B2 level, and the platforms are at B3. The Tamsui-Xinyi line's entrance is directly under the station building at B3, and the platforms are at B4.[14][15][16]

Station layout[edit]

6F

3F
Taiwan Railways Administration
offices
Taiwan Railway, Scheduling Control Center
TR Employee Rooms
YMCA, other private companies (Rented)
TRA Auditorium
2F Retail level Taipei Station Breeze Center, Food Court (Elevator at East Entrance 2)
Restrooms
L1 Street level Entrance/Exit
TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, tourism counter
TRA Information Office, TRA Station Manager Office, railway police
TRA information desk, THSR police, THSR military police
TRA Entrance/Exit, Guard
TRA Luggage Office TRA Parcel Center (Separate structure)
THSR Administration offices
B1 Concourse THSR ticketing, TRA/THSR automatic ticketing, ticket gates, waiting area
Restrooms
Car park, Military Transportation Service
Connects to B1 of the Taipei Metro
Underground passageway Zhongshan Metro Mall, Taipei Underground Market, Eslite Taipei Station, restrooms
Connects to B1 of TRA/THSR, Taipei Bus Station
B2 Metro Lobby Information desk, faregates, restrooms (Inside fare area)
Red line, Blue line transfer area, escalators to platforms
Metro offices
(Separate structure)
Metro Control Center briefing rooms
2A TRA Control level TRA Traffic Room, Central Station Monitoring Center
2B Platform 1A THSR towards Zuoying (Banqiao)
Island platform
Platform 1B THSR towards Zuoying (Banqiao)
Platform 2A THSR towards Nangang
Island platform
Platform 2B THSR towards Nangang
Fifth track West Coast line does not stop here
Platform 3A West Coast line towards Taichung, Kaohsiung (Wanhua)
Island platform
Platform 3B West Coast line towards Shulin (Wanhua)
Platform 4A West Coast line towards Keelung (Songshan)
Island platform
Platform 4B West Coast line towards Yilan, Hualien, Taitung (Songshan)
TRA offices level Staff training classroom
2C Machinery level Machinery
B3 Concourse
(Transfer to Metro
TRA Entrance)
TRA/THSR ticketing, automatic ticket machines, ticket gates
Escalator to B2 – TRA/THSR platforms
Metro faregates, information desk, lost and found, gallery
Restrooms (inside and outside fare zone), Automatic ticket dispensing machines
One-way faregates
Platform 3 Bannan line towards Nangang Exhib Center / Kunyang (BL13 Shandao Temple)
Island platform, doors open on the left
Platform 4 Bannan line towards Dingpu / Far Eastern Hospital (BL11 Ximen)
Control Center
(Separate structure)
High-Capacity Traffic Control Center
(Another traffic center exists)
B4 Platform 1 Tamsui–Xinyi line towards Tamsui / Beitou (R11 Zhongshan)
Island platform, doors open on the left
Platform 2 Tamsui–Xinyi line towards Xiangshan / Daan (R09 NTU Hospital)

HSR services[edit]

HSR services 1xx, (1)2xx, (1)3xx, (1)5xx[a], (1)6xx, and (8)8xx call at this station. The first two southbound trains in the day are 803 (stops at all stations) at 06:26 and 203 (Taipei-Banqiao-Taichung-Chiayi-Tainan-Zuoying) at 06:30. Service 203 is the only train of the day that departs from Taipei Station, and does not depart from Nangang station like most southbound trains do. Although Service 203 departs four minutes later after Service 803, passengers traveling to major cities such as Taichung, Tainan, and Kaohsiung will save more time taking Train No. 203, while Train No. 803 would be more suitable for traveling to nearby cities such as Taoyuan or Hsinchu.

Around the station[edit]

Taipei Main Station of the Taoyuan Airport MRT is connected to Taipei station via underground passageways
Taipei City Mall

(K)K Underground Mall[edit]

  • Exit M1/Y2:  TRA/THSR (Entrance North 1)
  • Exit M2: Civic Blvd Expressway
  • Exit M3: Cosmos Hotel Taipei/ Talk Club Taiwan(美立達留學遊學中心)
  • Exit M4: TRA/THSR (Entrance South 1)
  • Exit M5: Station Front Plaza
  • Exit M6: Caesar Park Hotel Taipei, National Taiwan Museum
  • Exit M7: Zhongshan N. Rd.
  • Exit M8: Gongyuan Rd, YMCA Taipei

(M)Zhongshan Metro Mall[edit]

(Y)Taipei City Mall[edit]

(Z)Station Front Metro Mall[edit]

History[edit]

Taipei station in 1914
The old Taipei station in 1948.

The first rail station in Taipei was completed in Twatutia in 1891, during Qing rule, when the railway to Keelung was opened for service.[17][18] Initially, a temporary station was built while a permanent station was constructed in 1897, during Japanese rule (1895–1945). In 1901, the station was located to the east of its current location. It was rebuilt in 1940 to accommodate growing passenger traffic.

To alleviate traffic congestion caused by railroad crossings in downtown Taipei, an underground railway tunnel between Huashan and Wanhua was built along with the present station building as part of the Taipei Railway Underground Project.[19] When the underground system was completed on 2 September 1989, railway service was moved to the newly completed building (completed on 5 September 1989) and the old building as well as a temporary station were demolished.

The current station was further expanded with the opening of the Taipei Metro. The metro station is connected to the basement of the railway station and opened to passenger traffic in 1997 to the Tamsui–Xinyi line. Extensive underground malls now exist at the front and back of the station,[20] which emulate those found in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan. The station also became a terminus for Taiwan High Speed Rail trains when the network began service in 2007.

Ongoing developments[edit]

Taipei station and the area surrounding it have been undergoing renovation since 2005. Japanese architect Fumihiko Maki was chosen to design two skyscrapers that will surround the railroad station.[21] Maki will also oversee the renovation of Taipei station. The height of the taller tower will be 76 stories, whereas the shorter tower will be 56 stories.[22] The two skyscrapers will be constructed on empty parcels found adjacent to Taipei station, above the Taoyuan Airport MRT station.

The station interior underwent renovation work from February to October 2011.[23] Basement restrooms were renovated, the basement and first floor preparations for additional Breeze Plaza retail space began, the large ticket office in the first floor lobby was removed, and additional retail space was allocated.[23] In addition, the flooring on the first floor was completely replaced, fire and evacuation regulations were improved, and solar panels will be installed on the station roof.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only Nangang - Taichung local train

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "車站基本資料集". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  2. ^ 高鐵沿線里程座標相關資料. data.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  3. ^ 各站營業里程-1.西部幹線. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). 11 December 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  4. ^ 臺鐵統計資訊. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  5. ^ 車站數-按等級別分 (PDF). Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  6. ^ Lee, Yung-chang (April 2017). A Living Landmark (PDF). Taipei, Taiwan: Taiwan Railways Administration, MOTC. ISBN 978-986-05-1933-4. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  7. ^ 臺北車站地下化. Railway Reconstruction Bureau, MOTC (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  8. ^ 臺灣鐵路電訊. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  9. ^ 計畫介紹- 高鐵建設- 台灣高鐵. Railway Bureau, MOTC (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  10. ^ 交通部統計查詢網. stat.motc.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Chronicles". Taipei Metro. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Passenger Volume at Taipei Rapid Transit Stations". Taipei Mass Rapid Transit Co., Ltd. 15 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Taipei Main Station gets facelift on 125th birthday". The Straits Times. 29 July 2016.
  14. ^ "Taipei Main Station Information Map" (PDF). Taipei Metro. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  15. ^ 鍾志鵬 (3 July 2020). "老照片故事/34年前台北車站這樣擠月台 竟然有陽光" (in Chinese (Taiwan)). SET News. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  16. ^ Everington, Keoni (22 July 2017). "New 3D map of Taipei Main Station complex". Taiwan News. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  17. ^ "Building History of Main Routes of Taiwan Railway". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
  18. ^ Davidson (1903), p. 249.
  19. ^ "Taiwan Railway History". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
  20. ^ MacDonald, Phil (2007). Taiwan. National Geographic Books. p. 59. ISBN 978-1426201455.
  21. ^ "Japanese architect wins design bid". Taipei Times. Deutsche Presse-Agentur. 20 July 2005. p. 11. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  22. ^ "Diaphragm Wall and Foundation Piles Construction of Taipei Main Station JD Buildings". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  23. ^ a b c 2–10月大翻修 台北車站黑暗期來了 (in Chinese). 中國時報. 17 January 2011. Archived from the original on 20 January 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]