|Native name: Japanese: 平島|
Aerial photograph of Tairajima
|Location||East China Sea|
|Area||2.08 km2 (0.80 sq mi)|
|Length||1.5 km (0.93 mi)|
|Width||1.0 km (0.62 mi)|
|Coastline||7.23 km (4.493 mi)|
|Highest elevation||242.9 m (796.9 ft)|
Tairajima (平島), is one of the Tokara Islands, a sub-group of the Satsunan Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The island, 2.08 km² in area, has a population of 79 persons. The island can only be reached by boat as it has no airport; there is a ferry service twice per week to the city of Kagoshima on the mainland. Travel time is about 9 hours. The islanders are dependent mainly on fishing and seasonal tourism.
Tairajima is located 32 kilometres (17 nmi) southwest of Nakanoshima, and is the second smallest inhabited islands in the archipelago. The island has an area of approximately 2.08 square kilometres (0.80 sq mi) with a length of about 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) and a width of 1.0 kilometre (0.62 mi). The highest elevation on the island is 242.9 metres (797 ft) above sea level. Its climate is classified as subtropical, with a rainy season from May through September. The island has numerous onsen.
Until 1624, the island was part of the Ryukyu Kingdom. During the Edo period, Takarajima was part of Satsuma Domain and was administered as part of Kawabe District. In 1896, the island was transferred to the administrative control of Ōshima District, Kagoshima, and from 1911 was part of the village of Toshima, Kagoshima. From 1946 to 1952, the island was administered by the United States as part of the Provisional Government of Northern Ryukyu Islands.
- National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGIA). Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 Japan Enroute. Prostar Publications (2005). ISBN 1577856511