Taishan Nuclear Power Plant
|Taishan Nuclear Power Plant|
Taishan Units 1 & 2
|Construction cost||50.2 billion yuan (US$7.5 billion)|
|Owner(s)||CGNPC (70%), EDF (30%)|
|Nuclear power station|
|Cooling source||Yaogu Bay|
|Units operational||2 × 1750 MW (gross)|
|Nameplate capacity||3,500 MW|
|Commons||Related media on Commons|
The Taishan Nuclear Power Plant (Chinese: 台山核电站; pinyin: Táishān Hédiànzhàn) is a nuclear power plant in Taishan, Guangdong province, China. The plant features two operational EPR reactors. The first unit, Taishan 1, entered commercial service in December 2018. The second unit, Taishan 2, entered commercial service in September 2019. Delays at other EPR construction sites in Finland and France have meant that Taishan was the first nuclear power plant to have an operational EPR.
The plant's twin reactors each have a nameplate capacity 1750 MWe. Its Arabelle generators are the largest single-piece electrical generators in the world, each weighing 495 tonnes and built by Dongfang Electric. Of the 3500 MWe gross delivered, around 180 MWe will be used by plant systems such as the pumps that circulate cooling water, leaving 3320 MWe net for supply to the grid.
On August 26, 2008, excavation work began. The first concrete for the first unit was poured in October 2009. Construction of each unit was planned to take 46 months, significantly faster and cheaper than the first two EPRs in Finland and France. These plans have proved elusive as start up has been repeatedly delayed. In February 2017 after 88 months of construction, CGNPC announced that completion of the reactors would be delayed until the second half of 2017 and the first half of 2018.
In spite of this announcement, completion of the plant was delayed. In December 2017, Hong Kong media reported that a boiler had cracked during testing, and that welding on the component was considered "problematic". Neither the nuclear plant's operators nor the manufacturer of the affected component responded to the news agency's request for comment. The boiler was later found to be a deareator, which removes dissolved oxygen from water by heating it.
In January 2018 commissioning was rescheduled, with commercial operation expected in late 2018 and 2019. This was the third delay in two years, involving a further deferral of 5 billion yuan (US$770 million). It was estimated that the plant’s investment cost would rise to between 22 and 23 yuan per watt from an originally budgeted 14 yuan.
On April 9, 2018, the Official Letter of Approving the Initial Fuel Loading of the first unit of the Taishan Nuclear Power Plant was issued by the National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA). Taishan Unit 1 began fuel loading at 18:18 on April 10, marking the beginning of fuel loading of the first reactor using the third-generation nuclear power technology EPR.
First criticality was achieved at Taishan Unit 1 on June 6, 2018. On June 29, 2018, Taishan 1 was connected to the grid. It became the first EPR to enter commercial operation on December 13, 2018.
The Taishan Nuclear Power Plant Phase I consists of two reactors: both reactors are in commercial operation. Its Phase II consists of adding two additional reactors.
|Unit||Type||Model||Net power||Gross power||Thermal power||Construction start||First criticality||Grid connection||Commercial operation||Notes|
|Taishan 1||PWR||EPR||1660 MW||1750 MW||4590 MWth||November 18, 2009||June 6, 2018||June 29, 2018||December 13, 2018|||
|Taishan 2||PWR||EPR||1660 MW||1750 MW||4590 MWth||April 15, 2010||May 28, 2019||June 25, 2019||September 7, 2019|||
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taishan Nuclear Power Plant.|
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- "The generator stator for the Taishan 1 EPR has arrived on site and been hoisted into place for installation". World Nuclear News. October 11, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
- "NPP under construction". China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group. Archived from the original on 2011-01-02. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Nuclear Power in China". Information Papers. World Nuclear Association (WNA). 29 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Patel, Tara; de Beaupuy, Francois (2010-11-24). "China Builds Nuclear Reactor for 40% Less Than Cost in France, Areva Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2010-12-02.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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- "Tests reveal crack in key component of Chinese nuclear power plant, 130 km west of Hong Kong". Hong Kong Free Press. FactWire. 12 December 2017.
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- "中法合资广东台山核电站1号机组装料在即". Retrieved 2018-04-10.
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- "China's Taishan 1 reactor connected to grid". www.world-nuclear-news.org. 29 June 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
- "First EPR enters commercial operation". World Nuclear News. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
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- "EDF says first Taishan nuclear plant to be ready end 2015". reuters.com. Reuters. 29 Jan 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
- "Nuclear Power Reactor Details - Taishan 2". PRIS. IAEA. 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "First concrete for second Taishan reactor". World Nuclear News. WNA. 16 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "The second EPR reactor at China's Taishan nuclear power plant about to enter into commercial operation". EDF Energy. EDF. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 9 September 2019.