Downtown Taitung City
|Nickname(s): 東市 (Eastern City)|
|Country||Republic of China|
|• Total||109.7691 km2 (42.3821 sq mi)|
|Population (December 2014)|
|• Density||970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|Traditional Chinese||台東市 or 臺東市|
|Literal meaning||Eastern Taiwan|
Taitung, officially known as Taitung City (Chinese: 台東市 or 臺東市), is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Taitung County, Taiwan. It lies on the southeast coast of Taiwan facing the Pacific Ocean. Taitung City is the most populous subdivision of Taitung County and it is one of the major cities on the east coast of the island.
Due to the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan, ground transportation to Taitung City is very limited. The city is served by Taitung Airport. Taitung is a gateway to Green Island and Orchid Island, both of which are popular tourist destinations.
Before the 16th century the Taitung plain was settled by agriculturalist Puyuma and Amis aboriginal tribes. Under Dutch rule and during Qing rule, a large part of eastern Taiwan, including today's Taitung, was called "Pi-lam" (卑南).
In the late 19th century, when Liu Mingchuan was the Qing Governor of Taiwan, Han Chinese settlers moved into the Taitung region. Pi-lam Subprefecture (卑南廳) was established in 1875, and was upgraded and renamed to "Taitung State" (臺東直隸州) in 1888. In 1887, the island was made an independent Taiwan Province, which included Taitung Prefecture.
During Japanese rule, the central settlement was called Nankyō Village (南鄉新街). Taitō Chō (臺東廳) was one of twenty local administrative offices established in 1901. English-language works from the era refer to the place as Pinan (from Japanese) and Pilam (from Hokkien). Taitō Town (臺東街) was established in 1920 under Taitō Prefecture, and included modern Taitung City and eastern Beinan Township.
Taitung City government is headquartered at Taitung City Hall which takes the responsibility for the city general administration and all of its other affairs, from folk, education, cultural popularization, negotiation, emergency help, disaster prevention, environmental taxation, cleaning control, finance, public property control, tellership, taxing help, farming and fishing control, wholesale products, marketing and business administration, urban planning, public establishment, tourism, community development, army service administration, welfare, national health insurance program and indigenous administration affairs.
- Civil Affair Section
- Financial Section
- Construction Section
- Labor Affair Section
- Social and Army Service Section
- Aboriginal Administration Section
- Administration Section
- Personnel Office
- Budget, Accounting and Statistics Office
- Ethics Section
Taitung has a tropical monsoon climate, with a wet season from May to October, a dry season from November to April, and consistently very warm to hot temperatures with high humidity. Unlike most tropical climates, however, the dry season is foggy rather than sunny, so that moisture availability during this period is greater than the low rainfall and warm temperatures would suggest.The highest record of temperature of Taiwan was recorded in Taitung on May 9th 2004, with temperatures peaking above 40 degrees Celsius for the first time in Taiwan's recorded history.
|Climate data for Taitung City (1981−2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||19.5
|Average low °C (°F)||16.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||43.2
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8.7||9.6||9.0||11.1||14.1||12.5||10.0||11.0||13.7||9.9||7.8||7.5||124.9|
|Average relative humidity (%)||72.7||74.8||75.4||76.5||78.6||79.4||77.0||77.5||77.4||74.3||72.3||70.9||75.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||100.5||82.5||106.6||122.1||142.1||186.9||242.0||212.0||172.0||150.7||113.7||100.4||1,731.5|
|Source: Central Weather Bureau|
Wenhua Village, Minzu Village, Zijiang Village, Minsheng Village, Baosang Village, Minquan Village, Siwei Village, Zhonghua Village, Renai Village, Jiangguo Village, Datong Village, Chenggong Village, Jianguo Village, Zhongzheng Village, Zhongshan Village, Xingguo Village, Tiehua Village, Tunghai Village, Fuguo Village, Fuxing Village, Xinxing Village, Xinsheng Village, Zhongxin Village, Malan Village, Guangming Village, Fengnian Village, Fengle Village, Yongle Village, Kangle Village, Fengrong Village, Fenggu Village, Fengli Village, Fengyuan Village, Fugang Village, Fufeng Village, Nanrong Village, Yanwan Village, Beinan Village, Nanwang Village, Fengtian Village, Xinyuan Village, Jianhe Village, Jianxing Village, Jianye Village, Zhiben Village, Jiannong Village.
- Beinan Cultural Park
- Fugang Fishery Harbor
- Jhihben Wetlands
- Jialulan Recreation Area
- Liyushan Park
- Makabahai Park
- National Museum of Prehistory
- Taitung Art Museum
- Taitung Forest Park
- Taitung Railway Art Village
- Taitung Story Museum
- Tiehua Music Village
- Xiao Yehliu
- TRA: Hwa-tung Line, South-Link Line
- Taiwan Provincial Highway System
- Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan & co. p. 244. OL 6931635M.
- Davidson (1903): "Pinan (Pilam)"
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